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tain things which ought to be privileged from it; namely, religion, matters of state, great persons, any man's present business of importance, and any case that deserveth pity; yet there be some that think their wits have been asleep, except they dart out somewhat that is piquant, and to the quick; that is a vein which should be bridled :

“ Parce puer stimulis, et fortius utere loris." And, generally, men ought to find the difference between saltness and bitterness. Certainly, he that hath a satirical vein, as he maketh others afraid of his wit, so he had need be afraid of others’ memory. He that questioneth much shall learn much, and content much; but especially if he apply his questions to the skill of the persons whom he asketh ; for he shall give them occasion to please themselves in speaking, and himself shall continually gather knowledge ; but let his questions not be troublesome, for that is fit for a poser; and let him be sure to leave other med their turns to speak : nay, if there be any that would reign, and take up all the time, let him find means to take them off, and bring others on : as musicians use to do with those that dance too long galliards. If you dissemble sometimes your knowledge of that you are thought to know, you shall be thought, another time, to know that you know not. Speech of a man's self ought to be seldom, and well chosen. I knew one was wont to say in scorn,

“He must Deeds be a wise man, he speaks 80 much of himself :" and there is but one case wherein a man may commend himseif with good grace, and that is in commending virtue in another, especially if it be such a virtue whereunto himself pretendeth. Speech of touch towards others should be sparingly used; for discourse ought to be as a field, without coming home to any man.

I knew two noblemen, of the west part of England, whereof the one was given to scoff, but kept ever royal cheer in his house; the other would ask of those that had been at the other's table, “Tell truly, was there never a flout or dry blow given ?” to which the guest would answer, « Such and such a thing passed :” the lord would say, “ I thought he would mar a good dinner. Discretion of speech is more than eloquence; and to speak agreeably to him with whɔm we deal, is more than to speak in good words, or in good order. A good continued speech, without a good speech of interiocution, shows slowuess; and a good reply, o: second speech, without a good settled speech, showeth shallowness anu weakness. As we see in beasts; those that are weakest in the course, are yet nirablest in the turn; as it is betwixt the greyhound and the hare. To use too many circumstances, ere one come to thy Jatter, is wearisome; to use none at all, is blunt.

OF PLANTA TIONS. PLANTATIONS are amongst ancient, primitive and heroical works. When the world was young it begat more children ; but now it is old it begets fewer : for I may justly account new plantations to be the children of former kingdoms. I like a plantation in a pure soil ; that is, where people are not displanted to the end to plant in others; for else it is rather an extirpation than a plantation. Planting of countries is like planting of woods; for you must make account to lose almost twenty years' profit, and expect your recompense in the end : for the principal thing that hath been the destruction of most plantations hath been the base and hasty drawing of profit in the first Vears. It is true, speedy profit is not to be neglected, as far as it may stand with the good of the plantation, but no farther.

It is a shameful and unblessed thing to take the scum of people, and wicked, condemned men, to be the people with whom you plant; and not only so, but it spoileth the plantation; for they will ever live like rogues, and not fall to work, but be lazy, and do mischief, and spend victuals, and be quickly weary, ar..) then certify over to their country to the discrcdit of the plantation. The people wherewith you plant ought to be gardeners, plouglımen, labourers, smiths, carpenters, joiners, fishermen, fowlers, with some few apothecaries, surgeons,

cooks, and bakers. In a country of plantation, first look about what kind of victual the country yields of itself to hand : as chestnuts, walnuts, pine-apples, olives, dates, plums, cherries, wild honey, and the like, and make use of them.

Then consider what victual, or esculent things there are, which grow speedily, and within the year; as parsnips, carrots, turnips, onions, radish, artichokes of Jerusalem, maize, and the like: for wheat, barley, and oats, they ask too much labour; but with pease and bears you may begin; both because they ask less labour, and because they serve for meat as well as for bread; and of rice, likewise, cometh a great increase, and it is a kind of meat. Above all, there ought to be

, brought store of biscuit, oatmeal, flour, meal, and the like, in the beginning, till bread may be had. For beasts or birds, take chiefly such as are least subject to diseases, and multiply fastest; as swine, goats, cocks, hens, turkeys, geese, house-doves, and the like. The victual in plantations ought to be expended almost as in a besieged town ; that is, with certain allowance : and let the main part of the ground, employed to gardens or corn, be to a common stock; and to be laid in, and stored up, and then delivered out in proportion; besides some spots of ground that any particular person will manure for his own private use. Consid er, likewise, what commodities the soil where the plantation is doth naturally yield, that they maay some way help to defray the charge of

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the plantation; so it be not, as was said, to the untimely prejudice of the main business, as it hath fared with tobacco in Virgiuia. Wood commonly aboundeth but too much ; and therefore timber is fit to be one. If there be iron ore, and streams whereupon to set the mills, irou is a brave commodity where wood aboundeth. Making of bay-sait, if the climate be proper for it, would be put in experience: growing silk, likewise, if any be, is a likely commodity: pitch and tar, where store of firs and pines are, will not fail; so drugs and sweet woods, where they are, cannot but yield profit; soap-ashes, likewise, and oiher things that may be thought of; but moil not too much under ground, for the hope of mines is very uncertain, and useth to make the planters lazy in other things. For government, let it be in the hands of one, assisted with some counsel ; and let them have commission to exercise martial laws, with some limitation; and, above all, let men make that profit of being in the wilderness, as they have God always, and his service, before their eyes : let not the government of the plantation depend upon too many counsellors and undertakers in the country that planteth, but upon a temperate number; and let those be rather noblemen and gentlemen than merchants ; for they look ever to the present gain : let there be freedoms from custom, till the plantation be of strength; and not only freedom from custom, but freedom to carry their commodities wbere they

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