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ftare. All Knights Errants Palfreys were distinguish'd by lofty names : we see no reason why a Paftoral Lady's sheep and calves should want names of the softer sound, we have therefore given her the name of Cæsar's wife, Calfurnia: imagining, that as Romulus and Remus were suckled by a wolf, this Roman lady was suckled by a cow, from whence she took that name. In order to celebrate this birth-day, we had à cold dinner at Marblehill *, Mrs. Sufan offered us wine upon the occa. sion, and

such an occasion we could not refuse it. Our entertainment consisted of flesh and fish, and the lettice of a greek Island called Coś. We have some thoughts of dining there to-morrow, to celebrate the day after the birth-day, and on friday to celebrate the day after that, where we intend to entertain Dean Swift; because

we think


hall the most delightful room in the world except that where you are.

If it was not for forswear all courts ; and really it is the most mortifying thing in nature, that we can neither get into the court to live with you, nor you get into the country to live with us ; so we will take up with what we can get that belongs to you, and make ourselves as happy as we can, in your house.

I hope we shall be brought into no worse company, when you all come to Richmond : for whatever our friend Gay may wish as to getting into Court, I disclaim it, and desire to see nothing of the court but yourself, being wholly and solely

you, we would

Your, &e.

* Mrs. Howard's house.


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July 21. OU have the same share in my memory

that good things generally have I always know (whenever I reflect) that you should be in my mind; only I reflect too feldom. However, you ought to allow me the indulgence I allow all my friends (and if I did not, they would take it) in consideration that they have other avocations, which may prevent the proofs of their remembring me, tho' they preserve for me all the friendship and good-will which I deserve from them. In like manner I expect from you, that my past life of twenty years may be set against the omission of (perhaps) one month : and if you complain of this to any other, 'tis you are in the spleen, and not I in the wrong.

If you think this letter splenetic, consider I have just receiv’d the news of the death of a friend, whom I esteem'd almost as many years as you ; poor Fenton. He died at Easthamstead, of indolence and inactivity ; let it not be your fate, but use exercise. I hope the Duchess * will take care of you in this respect, and either make you gallop after her, or teize you enough at home to serve instead of exercise abroad. Mrs. Howard is so concern'd about you, and so angry at me for not writing to you, and at Mrs. Blount for not doing the same, that I am piqu’d with jealousy and envy at you, and hare you as much as if you had a great place at court ; which you will confefs a proper cause of envy and hatred, in any Poet militant, or unpenfion’d.' But to set matters even, I own I love you;



am, as I ever was and just as I ever shall be,

Your, &c. • Of Queensberry,



Oct. 6, 1727

Have many years ago magnify’d in my own

I , ,

added to the eighth in the Scripture; “ Blessed is “ he who expects nothing, for he shall never be

disappointed.” I could find in my heart to congratulate you on this happy dismission from all Courtdependance ; I dare say I shall find you the better and the honester man' for it, many years hence: very probably the healthfuller, and the chcarfuller into the bargain. You are happily rid of many cursed ceremonies, as well as of many ill, and vicious Habits, of which few or no men escape the infection, who are hackney'd and tramelled in the ways of a court. Princes indeed, and Peers (the lackies of Princes) and Ladies (the fools of peers) will smile on you the less ; but men of worth, and real friends will look on you the better. There is a thing, the only thing which Kings and Queens cannot give you (for they have it not to give) Liberty, and which is worth all they have; which, as yet, I thank God, Englishmen need not ask from their hands. You will enjoy that, and your own integrity, and the fatisfactory consciousness of having not merited fuch-graces from courts as are bestow'd only on the mean, fervile, flattering, interefted, and undeserving. The only steps to the favour of the Great are such complacencies, such compliances, such distant decorums, as delude them in their vanities, or engage them in their paffions. He is their greatest favourite, who is the falleft: and when a man, by such vile gradations, arrives at the height of grandeur and power, he is then at belt but in a circumstance to be hated, and in a


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condition to be hanged;- for fçrving their ends : So
many a Minifter has found it !..
I believe

you did not want advice, in the letter
you sent by my Lord Grantham ; I presume you
writ it not, without :: and you could not have bet-
ter, if I guess right at the person who, agreed to
your doing it, in refpect to any, Decency you
ought to observer for I take that person to be a
perfect judge of decencies and forms. I am
without fears even on that person's account: I think
it a bad omen : but what have I to do with Court-
omens ? --Dear Gay, adieu. I can only add a
plain uncourtly speech : While you are no body's
servant, you may be any one's friend; and as
such I embrace you, in all conditions of life. While
I have a shilling, you shall have fix-pence, nay,
eight pence, if I can contrive to live upon a groat.
I am faithfully.

Your, &c.



From Mr. GAY to Mr. POPE.

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Aug. 2, 1728. WAS two or three weeks ago that I writ

you a letter ; I might indeed have done it fooner ; I thought of you every post-day upon that account, and every other day upon some account or other. I must beg you to give Mrs. B. my fincere thanks for her kind way of thinking of me,, which I have heard of more than once from our friend at court, who seein'd in the letter she writ to be in high health and spirits. Considering the multiplicity of pleasures and delights that one is over-run with in those places, I wonder how any


body 'hath health and spirits enough to support them: I am heartily glad she has, and whenever 1 hear so, I find it contributes to mine. You fee I am not free from dependance, tho' I have less attendance than I had formerly; for a great deal of my own welfare still depends upon hers. Is thie widow's house to be dispos'd of yet? I have not given up my pretensions to the Dean ; if it was to be parted with, I wish one of us had it; I hope you wish fo too, and that Mrs. Blount and Mrs. Howard with the same, and for the


same reason that I wish it. All I could hear of you of late hath been by advertisements in news-papers, by which one would think the race of Curls was mul.“ tiplied ; and, by the indignation such fellows fhow against you, that you have more merit than any body alive could have. Homer himself hath not been worse us’d by the French. I am to tell you that the Duchess makes you her compliments, and is always inclin'd to like any thing you do; that Mr. Congreve admires, with me, your fortitude": and loves, not envies your performance, for we are not Dunces. Adieu.



April 18, 1730. F my friendship were as effectual as it is fin

cere, you would be one of those people who would be vastly advantag'd and enrich'd by it. I' ever honour'd those Popes who were most famous for Nepotism, 'tis a sign that the old fellows loved Somebody, which is not usual in such advanced years. And I now honour Sir Robert Walpole for his extensive bounty and goodness to his private friends and relations. But it vexes me to the 6


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