Seneca on Society: A Guide to De Beneficiis
OUP Oxford, 14.03.2013 - 397 Seiten
Seneca's De Beneficiis (On Benefits) is the only work surviving from antiquity that discusses the exchange of gifts and services. Though the topic is of great importance, in practical moral philosophy, sociology, and in the historical study of how Roman society worked, the treatise has received comparatively little scholarly notice in modern times. This is partly attributable to its length, Seneca's fullest treatment of a single subject, and its puzzling structure. In this volume Griffin aims to explain the philosophical, sociological, and historical significance of De Beneficiis, and make it more accessible to readers. Divided into three sections, the volume firstly defines the phenomenon Seneca treats in De Beneficiis, pointing out his Stoic orientation and the relevance of his discussion to the Roman elite's code of conduct and to the phenomenon of the Princeps. The second section explores the work itself: its date, addressee, structure, teaching strategy, its relation to other works of Seneca, and its later reputation up to the Renaissance. The final section provides a detailed synopsis of each book, accompanied by notes in commentary form, as well as separate biographical notes on the persons mentioned in De Beneficiis.
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action addressee Alexander argument Aristotle Augustus benefactor beneficiary beneficiis beneficium Book Caesar charis Chaumartin Chrysippus Cicero Claudius clementia concerned conferring a benefit Cooper and Procopé debt Demaratus Demetrius discussion divine donor Emperor enim Epicurean Epicurus Eudorus example exchange of benefits exemplum fact father favour friendship Gaius generosity gift given giver giving benefits gods gratia gratitude Griffin Hecato honourable human ingratitude injury Inwood Letter Liberalis Livy Lucilius mentioned moral Nero Nero’s obligation officiis officium one’s Panaetius paradox Peri person philosophical Plato Plin Pliny Pliny’s political Pompey practice praecepta praetor precepts Préchac Princeps quae quam question Quintilian quod receiving benefits recipient regards repay returning benefits Roman Rome Sage Saller senate Seneca says sense shows slave social someone Stobaeus Stoic Stoicism suggests sunt Tacitus teaching theseis things Tiberius tion topic Trajan treated treatise ungrateful virtue Xenophon