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books of the eighteenth and early nineteenth used again twenty years. later by John centuries. One firm alone illustrates one Camden Hotten in Napoleon III. from the hundred and five varieties between the Popular Caricatures of the last Thirty Years.' years 1788 and 1815.

F. H. C. Some years ago I recollect being shown at

REPRESENTATIVE COUNTY LIBRARIES : one of the Oxford colleges a miniature kind of railway line on which ran & pair of

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE (12 S. viii. 8, 34). coesters in form of a wagon with wheels,

The Public Library of Newcastle-on-Tyne made of old Sheffield plate, holding two and the Library of the Lit. and Phil. of decanters. Whilst sitting round the hearth Newcastle, are pretty good for local works after dinner, in this manner the Fellows (but not perfect). Two splendid libraries could circulate the bottles by pushing the of local works of the late M. Mackey and t} wagon up and down the rail without leaving late R. Welford) have recently been distheir seats.


persed. Sunderland Public Library is fairly Sheffield.

good for Sunderland printed works, and

Darlington Public Library for works relating BEVERLY WHITING (12 S. viii. 11). to that town. Probably the best private Beverly Whiting was admitted to the Middle Durham library is that of Mr. J. W. Fawcett Temple on Sept. 8, 1722, as the son and heir of Consett (one of your correspondents) of Henry Whiting (American Historical which in 1915 numbered over 15,000 printed Review, vol. xxv. p. 683). He afterwards volumes of which some 5,000 were local became the godfather of George Washington (North country) works. Besides these it (Howe's 'Historical Collections of Virginia,'|had over 10,000 charters, deeds, &c. (copies p. 509). Further particulars about him and and originals) relating to Durham, Northhis family may be found in a 'Memoir of umberland, &c. BESSIE GREENWELL. Rev. Samuel Whiting, D.D., and his wife Newcastle-on-Tyne. Elizabeth St. John,' by William Whiting, former President of N. E. Hist. Geneal. JOHN HUGHES OF LIVERPOOL, 1706 (12 S. Society, Boston, 1871.


. 12).—Presumably the transcript “in C. E. A. BEDWELL. Moson's characters refers to the shorthand Middle Temple Library, E.C.

of William Mason, the famous stenographer CHRISTIAN WEGERSLOFF (12 S. vii. 231).—(see D.N.B.?). Little light can be thrown A man bearing these names, doubtless the and 1708 “Mr. John Hughes" had a sugar

on the identity of John Hughes. In 1705 father of the Westminster boy, petitioned warehouse in John Street and a hc use in Lord for naturalization in the 12th of Will. III. ; | Street, Liverpool. In 1727 one of the name he had then been living for seventeen years in London and the suburbs ; see Huguenot overseer of the poor ; in 1726

sidesman and

was Mayor. In 1719 J. H., mariner, was Society Publications, vol. xviii, p. 300.


in 1727 churchwarden, of the Parish Church.

Possibly this was the transcriber. If so, Louis NAPOLEON : POETICAL WORKS (12 So his will was proved at Chester, 1739, and he vii. 490 ; viii. 14).—The David Bogue publi- may have been a son of Moses Hughes, of cation is not a “translation of a selection

Water Street, buried at St. Nicholas' Church, of the occasional sonnets, songs, and epi- Jan. 27, 1712, will proved at Chester, 1713. grams of Louis Napoleon. It is a political

R. S. B. skit directed against the Prince, who at the time of its publication was in the transition viii. 11).—In the early years of the nine

HAMBLEY HOUSE, STREATHAM (12 so stage from President to Emperor. David teenth century Streatham possessed a numBogue's name on the title-page is followed ber of schools. J. Hassell in ‘Picturesque by the announcement that the book

may Rides and Walks,' published 1817, be had of all French booksellers who have a

says : weakness for Cayenne,” and the “preface

“ The air of Streatham is considered very

salubrious and healthful and being a pleasant by the translator quotes a decree of the and convenient distance from London, is par. Prince President “done at the Elysée, this ticularly desirable for the placing of children 1st of April.” The full title is ‘The Poetic and advantageous for seeing them, being only an Works of Louis Napoleon now first done hour's ride from the bridges. There are coaches into plain English.' There are ninety-five to this village three times a day. Fares inside

28. 6d. ; outside 18. od. The stages go from small woodcut illustrations, the source

Gracechurch Street and the Ship, Charing Cross. of which is not stated. Most of these were There are also the Croydon and Brighton coaches


which pass through the village every hour in the Y. L. ever obliged, Ralph Skynner, 1624 (Walday from the Elephant and Castle, Newington thamstow).

Butts ....The academies of Streatham and its Y. L. for ever, Samuel Ward, 1626. vicinage have long been reputed as first-class Y. L. poor welwiller, A. Cook, 1626. seminaries, and some of them occupy situations Your Graces in all Duty to be commanded, of great beauty."

Thomas Davis, 1627 (Aleppo). Hambley House Academy was situated Your Lordships ever truly assured, to honour and on the High Road facing the west side of serve you, J. King, 1628 (Layfield). Streatham Common occupying the land A Servant thereoffi.e., of your Grace) most bound between the present No. 412 and Barrow

and devoted Sir] Henry Spelman, 1628 Road. RORY FLETCHER.

(Barbacan). Your Lordships unfeignedly to command, Geo.

Hakewill, 1628 (Exeter Coll.). MODE CONCLUDING LETTERS (2 S.

Whose faithful Servant I remain Jo. Prideaux, x, 326, 376, 434, 501).—The following ex. 1628. amples, from Parr's Life of Usher,' 1686, Your Graces faithful Servant, Jo. Philpot, 1629 cover a period of almost half-a-century :


Your Graces loving poor Friend, and Brother, OO ÓTATOS, Jac. Usserius, 1607, 1611.

Guil. London (Laud), 1629. Ever at your service, Edward Warren, 1610.

Your Lordships most engaged Servant, Ger• Wishing unto you as unto mine own self, James Langbaine, 1647 (Queen's Coll.). Uster, 1611.

Yours in the Lord ; Yours, to use, in the Lord ; Yours as his own, Thomas Lydiat, 1611.

Yours to command in what I may, Thom. Yours in all Christian Affection, James Usher,

Whalley, 1653(?). 1613. Yours ever to his Power in the Lord, H. Briggs,


Portland, Oregon. Yours very loving in the Lord, Tobias Eboracensis, 1616.

ORDERS AND ORDINANCES OF THE Hos. Yours to be commanded in all Christian Duties, PITALS (12 S. viii. 5).—A good example of

Thomas Lydyat, 1616, 1617.
Yours in Christ, William Crashaw, 1617(?).

the 1552 edition, produced by Rycharde Your poor Friend, Edward Warren, 1617.

Grafton, abides in the Guildhail Library. Your assured loving Friend, Samuel Ward, 1613. It is some years since I handled it, but Your truly affectionate and faithful Friend, speaking from memory it is distinctly an Your true affectionate Friend, while I am Henry original impression rather than a reprint.

The size is small octavo, signatures A' to Je Your most assured loving Friend and Brother, in eights, unpaged, black letter. Likely James Usher, 1617, 1619.

places in which to find other issues, or Your most loving and firm Friend, Id., 1618. Your true and devoted Friend, William Camden, reprints,

would be the Bishopsgate Institute and St. Bride's Institute. The very

limited Your unfeigned Well-willer, Alexander Cook, 1614. demand will explain the small number

To Usher when Bishop of Meath. printed, and great rarity of these early Your Lordships to be commanded in the Lord, official publications.

Thomas Gataker, 1621.
Y. L. most affectionate to love and serve you,

One of the surest clues as to precise age William Boswel, 1621 (from Westminster lies in the paper (and watermarks, if any). Colledge).

Both paper and press-work in Pepys's time Y. L. to be commanded (Sir Henry Spelman, 1621. had begun their downward grade. It will be Y. L. humble Servant, J. Selden, 1621. Y. L. constant and assured and to be ever com

noticed, by close observation, that paper, used manded [Sir] Robert Cotton, 1622 (New for official city publications, in the sixteenth Exchange).

and early seventeenth centuries, if not Y. i. in all service, Samuel Ward, 1622.

specially white in tone, was of good honest Y. L. in all duty, Thomas James, 1623.

Hence Y. L. in all observance, Samuel Ward, 1624, 1626. rag substance, with ample tub size. Y. L. in all practice, Id., 1624 (Much-mondon and the longevity of exemplars. For instance, Cambridge).

compare other issues of the kind, to be Y. L. humble Servant to his Power, Abraham found at the Guildhall :Wheelock, 1625 (Clare-Hall). To Usher when Archbishop of Armagh.

Decree for tythes to bee payed. Iohn Wolfe, Your Grace's in all Duty, Thomas James, 1625.

1596." 8vo. Black letter. Your Lordships in what he may, Samuel Ward,

General matters, 1600," 8vo. Black letter. 1625.

“ Order of my Lord Maior, Alderman and Earnestly desirous to be directed by your Lord. Sheriffes for meetinges and....apparel through

ship, or confirmed in the Truth, John Cotton, out the yere. Iohn Windet, 1604." 8vo. 1626. (This letter was written from Boston in Black letter. Lincolnshire ; and seven years later the writer Lawes of the market. Wm Jaggard, 1620." of it went to Boston, New England.)

8vo. Black letter.


There is a reason for the conformity of Entertainer for Cornwall and Devon, or the quality which marks these books. The Agreeable and Instructive Repository (1782– enviable and much-sought office of “official | 1815), and Weekly Entertainer and West of printer to the city was given only to work- England Miscellany (1816). men of established reputation. Before ap. Goadby himself died in 1778 (see G. C. pointment they undertook to produce good Boase, “Collectanea Cornubiensia,' col. 1429) work at a fair price. W. JAGGARD, Capt. and a memoir of him appeared (so it is

stated at 8 S. i. 393) in the issue of Jan. 3, I possess a copy of this scarce work in 1820. Goadk y's wife (d. 1798) may have its original binding (whole leather) in edited the paper as she seems to have been excellent condition with a preface signed, a person of some literary ability, if it be Goodfellows, which belonged to my grand- true that she wrote the life of Bampfylde father, Ralph Price, Treasurer of Bridewell Moore Carew, King of the Beggars. Some Hospital in 1836. In the beginning is think, however, that it was Goadby who was written, very scarce.”

the author of the book (see Western AntiLEONARD C. PRICE. quary, vol. vii. p. 86 ; see also 'The Gypsy Essex Lodge, Ewell.

Bibliography,' published by the Gypsy Lore ‘LIFE IN BOMBAY ’ (12 S. viii. 29).— Has

Society in 1914, and at 2 S. iii. 4 ; iv. 330, 401, 522).

M. been attributed to James Gray ; possibly a son of James Gray, poet and linguist, who ENGLISH VIEWS BY CANALETTO (12 S. died in India in 1830, where, says "The vii. 448).—A few years ago a most interesting Dictionary of National Biography,' his collection of paintings of Old London by family mostly settled and also to a Miss Canaletto, Scott, and Boydell were sold at Cormack. The lithographs in the book are Christie's, King Street, St. James's Square. from drawings by the author. Do these Many of these were purchased by the late bear any name (or initials) other than that Mr. Henry Andrade Harben, a good and of the lithographers ?

R. B. enthusiastic London collector, son of the

late Sir Henry Harben, first Mayor of LONDON POSTMARKS (12 S. vii. 290, Hampstead. 365; viii. 18, 34). One of the

Mr. Harben bequeathed a number of these objectionable of these, perhaps, is current to the London County Council, of which at the present time for ship-letters, viz., body he had been a member. Some of them “London: Paquebot.' As the letters

were hung in various parts of the Council's are conveyed on English vessels

surely offices at Spring Gardens and I think the older form “ship letter” might be I recollect one of old Westminster Bridge preserved in place of the mixture of lan-being among them. guages noted above.

I hope this information may be useful to English postmarks, too, are sadly illegible MRS. HILDA F. FINBERG, and that it may be —yet those from abroad (United States or worth investigating further. Switzerland, for example) are clearly arti

E. E. NEWTON. culated throughout showing what can be Hampstead, Upminster, Essex. done.

R. B. Upton,

CHARTULARIES (12 S. vii. 330, 414).-Gross

(“Sources and literature of English History 'THE WESTERN MISCELLANY,' 1775 AND from the earliest times to about 1485,' 1776 (12 S. viii. 11).—Goadby's publication London, 2nd edn., 1915) gives a lot of inforcirculated in several counties in the West of mation with regard to these, both published England (see Western Antiquary, iii. 50), and unpublished. The manuscript index and would seem to have borne different volumes in the Manuscript Room at the titles in different districts. 'The Ter- British Museum are specially arranged under centenary Hand-List of Newspapers ' refers this heading and are drawn up with ad. to it as The Weekly Miscellany, and mentions mirable clearness. I would recommend vols. i.-V., vii.- xix. (1773–83), and again as Dr. Rowe to make friends with the authoThe Weekly Entertainer ; or Agreeable and rities there. Instructive Repository, &c., and mentions The Beaulieu Chartulary is in the possesvol. iii., &c., 1784-1818, and N.S. 1823–25. sion of the Duke of Portland; a MS. tranW. S. B. H. finds it called The Western script by Harbin (eighteenth century), Miscellany, while other titles are Weekly collated with the original in 1831 by Sir




Frederick Madden, is at the British Museum THE GLOMERY (12 S. viii. 29).—The late (Harl. 6603). It has never been published. A. F. Leach in The Schools of Medieval

For Montacute Somerset Record England,' speaking of Cambridge in 1276, Society's publications. A query addressed says :to the Editor of Somerset and Dörset Notes

As between the grammar school master and and Queries (Witham Frary, Bath) would the chancellor and archdeacon, the decision was te sure to be answered.

that the master of glomery, as-by a curious It is certainly high time that a “ biblio- had the jurisdiction in all suits in which the

corruption of the word grammar he was calledgraphy of existing monastic records” was glomericules (glomerelli), or grammar school boys, compiled. Will not Dr. Rowe himself fill were defendants" (p. 167). the gan ? If our provincial archæological And the accounts of the Merton College societies would undertake bibliographical | Grammar School (beginning 1277):work of this kind they would be fulfilling a

“show that instead of the term Magister Glomeriæ useful purpose. What is needed to-day is being, as stated by Dr. Rashdall in his . History not the piling up of raw material but the of Universities,' a wholly peculiar Cambridge making accessible of what already exists institution, it was in use at Oxford. The fact is

that the word “ glomery unknown to students. This can only be

is merely a familiar

corruption of the word? grammar,' and was in done through the bibliographies and indices use not only at Oxford and Cambridge, but at geographically arranged.

Orleans and Salisbury and no doubt elsewhere ; 0. G. S. CRAWFORD.

the word glomerelli, for small grammar boys,

being found at Bury St. Edmunds Hon. Sec., Congress of Archæological

(pp. 171-2). Societies.

On p. 180, Mr. Leach, speaking of four

teenth-century Oxford, says :KENSINGTON GRAVEL AT VERSAILLES (12 S. “ These superintending masters (two M.A.S viii. 30).—MR. LANDFEAR LUCAS will find schools) correspond to the Master of Glomery at

yearly elected

to superintend the copious references to the Kensington gravel Cambridge, a term in use there as late as 1540. pits in vol. v. of Walford's 'Old and New There being only one at Cambridge, instead of London,' at pp. 178 et seq.

two as at Oxford, points to a less number of WILLOUGHBY MAYCOCK.

grammar schools and schoolmasters."

A. R. BAYLEY. One of the largest of the Kensington gravel pits, was near Church Street, Ken- function of the Master of the Glomery in

For a brief account of the office and sington. The site is

covered by Sheffield, Vicarage, Berkley, Inverness,

Cambridge University, the following from Brunswick and Courtland Gardens. Another Mr. R. S. Rait's Life in the Medieval is marked on Rocque's

map, 1754, a little University ’ may be of service to R. B. : north of Kensington Palace, and in the conferred in grammar did not involve residence or

“ The degrees which Oxford and Cambridge same, the part of Notting Hill, High Street, entitle the recipients to a vote in Convocation, where it is joined by Church Street, is but the conferment was accompanied by ceremarked “Gravel Pits. I have, many years monies which were almost parodies of the solemn ago, seen letters for the neighbourhood of proceedings of graduation or inception in Campden House, addressed Kensington

recognized Faculty, a birch, taking the place of a

book, as a symbol of the power and authority Gravel Pits.” Pepvs (Diary, June 4, entrusted to the master. A sixteenth-century 1666) refers to “walking through the Park Esquire Bedel of Cambridge left for the benefit and seeing hundreds of people listening at of his successors details of the form for enteryng the Gravel Pits to the sound of the of a master in Gramer.' The 'Father' of the guns of the fleet during the sea“- fight terious individual known

Faculty of Grammar (at Cambridge the mys

as the 'Master of with De Ruvter.

Glomery') brought his

to St. Mary's !W. H. WHITEAR, F.R.Hist.S. Church for eight o'clock mass. When mass is

done_fyrst shall begynne the Acte in Gramer.

The Father shall have hys sete made before the Lewis's “Topographical Dictionary,'1835, states that what it calls the “village” of in the church for doctors of the different faculties,

Stage for Physyke (one of the platforms erected Kensington was “amdly supplied with etc.) and shall sytte alofte under the stage for water by the West Middlesex Company, Physyke. The Proctour shall say. Incepiatis. who have a spacious reservoir at Kensing- When the Father hath argyude as shall plese the ton Gravel Pits, elevated more than 120 Proctour, the Bedeyll in Arte shall bring the

Master of Gramer to the Vyce-chancelar, delyverfeet above the level of the Thames."

yng hym a Palmer wyth a Rodde, whych the St. SWITHIN. vyce-chancelar shall gyve to the seyde master


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in Gramer and so create hym Master. Then shall In Scotland “constable is the name of the Bedell purvay for every Master in Gramer a

a very large tumbler or glass goblet, out shrewde Boy, whom the Master in Gramer shall bete openlye in the Scolys, and the Master in of which a guest is compelled to drink should Gramer shall give the Boy a Grote for Hys he fail to consume less than the average Labour, and another grote to hym that provydeth drink of the assembled company. At the and the Palmer, &c. de sigulis. And thus 'Radish feast on May 12, celebrated at endythe the Acte in that Facultye.'

Levens Hall, near Kendal, each visitor We know of the existence of similar stands on one leg only, gives the toast : ceremonies at Oxford. The degree was not a Luck to Levens as long as the Kent flows, popular one; very few names are mentioned and then drains the large glass “constable in the University register of either University. (see at 5 S. viii

. 248). F. A. RUSSELL. If he requires the “constable " recharged, 116 Arran Road, Catford, S.E.6.

the chances are he won't repeat the feat on “To OUTRUN THE CONSTABLE” (12 s. one leg, in which case he would “outrun the


W. JAGGARD, Capt. viii. 29).—This expression doubtless owes its origin to Smollett who in ‘Roderick

MATTHEW PARIS (12 S. viii. 28).—The Random 'says :

passage asked for is in the Chronica “ Harkee, my girl, how far have you overrun Majora,' under the year 1243, on pp. 279, the Constable ? I told him that the debo 280, vol iv. of Dr. H. R. Luard's Edition in amounted to eleven pounds."

the Rolls series. The occasion is a controWILLOUGHBY MAYCOCK.

versy between the Dominicans and Francis. It appears from the ‘New English Dic- cans. tionary” that this phrase, with the meaning

“ Et quod terribile est, et in triste praesagium, of spending more money than one has, was amplius, ordo Monasticus tam festinanter non

per trecentos annos, vel quadringentos, vel used much earlier than Stevenson and cepit praecipitium, sicut eorum ordo, quorum Besant. Brewster in his ‘Dictionary of fratres, jam vix transactis viginti quatuor annis, Phrase and Fable’ explains the phrase by primas in Anglia construxere mansiones, quarum saying, “The constable arrests debtors and Hi jam sunt, qui in sumptuosis et diatim ampliatis

surgunt altitudines. of course represents the creditor ; wherefore aedificiis, et celsis muralibus, thesauros exponunt to overrun the constable is to overrun your impreciabiles, paupertatis limites et basim suae credit account.

G. F. R. B. professionis, juxta prophetiam. Hyldegardis Ale

manniae, impudenter transgredientes.” Yes, people used to talk of doing that in On comparing this with the English the last century. Perhaps their expenditure version that was quoted it will be seen that led them into excesses, beyond those with “hardly forty,"ought to be “hardly twentywhich a parish constable could deal. The four,” and that the Latin adverb qualifying expression may have originated on the the last word of the extract is not impru. stage as many others have that are now denter, but impudenter. almost unintelligible from want of context. Dr. Luard notes that'this passage, with

ST. SWITHIN. what follows about the extortions of the

friars from the dying, has been erased in To overdraw one's banking account, or

the original MS. at Corpus Christi College, spend without caution. This is the usual Cambridge, and that his text is here supplied meaning, and though Shakespeare did not

from the Cottonian copy. use the proverb, a phrase in ‘Macbeth'

EDWARD BENSLY. illustrates it: “To outrun the pauser, reason.” There is another possible meaning of the THE OLD HORSE GUARDS BUILDINGS saying, whereby in outrunning the police (12 S. vii. 232, 258).—A note in The General man you could secure safety, instead of Advertiser of Oct. 16, 1749, states that the losing it. Old Bell Yard, Fleet Street, at old Horse Guards building was to be pulled one time, had nearly two scores of taverns, down that winter. each with “bolt-hole at the rear. The same paper (Oct. 12, 1750), states that Some of the drinkers there, up to the eyes yesterday a free Passage was opened under the in debt, at a given warning, drinking-vessels new Stone Arch at the Horse Guards, for Coaches, in hand, would sally forth down the back &c., into St. James' Park.” yards, and so beyond the jurisdiction of The present building must therefore have Fleet Prison bailiffs, ever on the prowl for been well on the way to completion at that victims.


A. H. S.

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