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do with two novels of the same name. The these mystical dispensers of liberty. He slept title is a natural one for a Gothic novel, and with Horrid Mysteries under his pillow, and br war of illustration it may be pointed out confederates holding midnight conventions in

dreamed of renerable eleutherarchs and ghastly that there are two German terror novels subterranean caves. with much the same name at much the same

It will be seen that all this “rubbish " time. Christian Heinrich Spiess, Maria falls within the six years from 1793 to 1798. Clement, oder die Glocke um Vitternacht, The passage in question was probably written Omütz, 1500 (Goedeke, Grundruss zur Ge. in 1798, and records strictly contemporary schichte der deutschen Dichtung,'., p. 508), horrors. No doubt this amazing young lady and Heinrich August Kerndöffer, Der of twenty-three had read all seven books Schreckensthurm am See oder die mitter: without rapture or terror, and then by a few nāchtliche Todtengloeke,' Chemnitz, 1801 strokes of her pen gave them comic im(Goedeke, 5., p. 400. The book of this title


ALAN D. McKiLLOP. mentioned in Jane Austen's letter of Oct. 4, 1798, and in Northanger Abbey' is no

The Rice Institute, Houston, Texas, C.S.A. doubt -The Midnight Bell ; a German Szort Founded on Incidents in Real Life.' 3 ro's Symonds, 1795. Voted in The

SARACEN OR SAXOX? Critical Reries, wi (1798), p. 472. The

A QUESTION OF Arys. reviewer judges that it is not a translation When Vers. Want and Price. in May, from the German, but an English original.

1921, advertised the sale of Gwydyt Castle 6. “The Orphan of the Rhine : Romance.' By Mrs Sleath. 4 vois Lane, Wunne familir; 'ineal descendants from the

a it was dexribed as “the home of the ancient 1:98. Voici and ceasuri in The Craene Reval Wes Princes ior upwards of five Rerier, mm., 1799.p. 35ô The Biographi- centuries "; ani among its contents was cal Dierenary of Living Authors Leation, the renownedi Hizne cabines," of which Islo, girs this writer's name as Elenor the divertismens gave a sketch. Of the Seach, and attributes to her, bied 'The Ostan oshe Rune Whe's the Munierr; ste bilder e Guri Casie in 1535, Jr.

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from the royal Welsh princes. Therefore Edward, his paramount claims in North the present question at issue is, why-Wales, but Llewelyn ap Gruffudd strenuin the face of so romantic an origin for their ously opposed him, with the result that there coat of arms, does Burke's Peerage,' was prolonged war, mostly in favour of the under Williams Bulkeley, blazon them as Welsh. “Gules, a chevron ermine between three Reading the two English chroniclers, Saracens' heads couped at the shoulders ” ? Matthew Paris and Matthew of WestThe account of Vychan's exploit nd the minster, it appears that, in 1257, an English sequel is given by both Matthew Paris and force, including 200 knights, was led into an Matthew of Westminster, so that it can only ambush by Rhys Vychan. The force was be supposed that the modern description of massacred and the names of two of the the arms, of three Saracens' heads, is a English leaders, who were slain, are given. corruption of the Welsh for three English - The · Brut y Tywysogion,' which tells the men's heads.

story under 1256, estimates the loss at 2,000, Welsh heraldry retained the old name and is quite clear that this hero-for to the “Saxons” for the English of medieval times, Welsh he was a hero if to the English a and in Welsh that was Saeson. Hence, as traitor-was Rhys Vychan, which agrees the Saracen's head was so well known with with the account of Matthew of Westminster. English heralds, when the Welsh scribe The dates, however, do not quite fit in, wrote Saeson he was probably assumed since Llewelyn ap Jorwerth—the Greatto mean Sarcen for Saracen. At all events, according to the 'D.N.B.,' died in 1246, and in Berry's 'Encyclopedia Heraldica' of 100 the only Vychan given by that authority is years ago, the arms were correctly given as the Edny-Ved Vychan (Vaughan, i.e. "the

Williams, Gu: a chev : erm : betw: three little”) previously mentioned, and he is Saxons' heads couped argent.

described as statesman and warrior Williams of Penrhyn, the same with due who signed a truce with Henry III. and difference.

chev : Williams (Cychwillan), Gu: a

Llewelyn ap Jorwerth in 1231. He took betw : three men's heads in profile, couped at part in the Apud in 1241 and was the anthe neck, ppr. hair and beards sa :

cestor of the Tudors.” In the Williams Williams (Voynal, Caernarvonshire), Gu: a pedigree, Griffith ap Heillen of Cochwillan chev : erm : betw : three men's heads or, crined married Eva, the daughter and heiress of

Griffith ap Tudor, eldest son of Tudor Altogether, the arms are given of 62

ap Madoc, Lord of Penrhyn. Perhaps families of Williams, yet these are all in

correspondent learned in Welsh which human heads are mentioned.

Therefore, perhaps it may be accepted pedigrees will be able to throw more light that:

upon this fascinating story and identify

the ancester of the Williams to whom was 1. Burke's " three Saracens' heads

granted so interesting a coat of arms. should be corrected to three Englishmen's

F. H. S. heads.

2. That the arms were borne by only one family of Williams.

GLASS-PAINTERS OF YORK. 3. And that family was Williams of Pen- (12 S. viii. 127, 323, 364, 406, 442, 485 ; rhyn and Cochwillan, who descend from

ix. 21, 61, 103, 163, 204, 245, 268, 323.) Ednyfed Vychan, a powerful noble in the time of Henry III., who was eighth in descent

WILLIAM PECKITT (continued). from Marshudd ap Cynan, died A.D. 877. PECKITT was not only a man of taste and But who was the Vychan of the story ? refinement, but also a highly ingenious According to the Welsh chronicle, the ‘Brut person and something of author. y Tywysogion,' “in 1245 King Henry III. He had evidently a taste for chemical and assembled the power of England and Ire- scientific research, for in his will he mentions land with the intention of subjecting all his “ tellescope chyme obscura ” and Wales, and came to Dyganny. And after “ large Ring dial,” a glass globe and prism, fortifying the castle and leaving knights microscope and Limiaria.” What this in it, he returned into England, having left last was it is difficult to say, and the ‘N.E.D.' an immense number of his army dead and does not afford any help. It might have unburied.”

been instrument for viewing transThe English version of the story is that parencies painted on glass, or some form Henry III. had assigned to his son, Prince of camera lucida such as was used as an

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mid to drawing wilhouettes before the inven- ornamental patterns being produced by ten of photography. Peckitt probably cutting through the coloured layer to the ewal much of his remarkablo skill in the white ground beneath. It had nothing manufacture of coloured vitrifiable enamels to do with transferring engravings and to Dr. Wall of Worcester, the founder, about staining them glass Dallaway the your 1701, of what are now known as the erroneously states. kiopal l'orvolain Works, for Dr. Wall, who Winston, in his ‘Hints on Glass-Paintwas an autour artist, had worked with ing,' p. 25, remarks that the latest example l\while on windows which they carried out of ruby glass with which he was acquainted Tortler, the one is designer and the other occurred in Peckitt's Lincoln Cathedral

Wall painted on porcelain; window. This was, however, one of the * primion of work of this kind which may artist's comparatively early works, and

te lop attributed to his hand is in the later his reds were produced by silver stain In Trrins collection, teckitt at the on kelp, ruby glass not being re-invented maine came **** Worhing along similar lines until 1826 by Bontemps. Examples of in the punction of plass enamels, and there Peckitt's coloured glass either made by him,

en loci lisele doubt that these two artists or more probably by others from his recipes, Barned my mental chemists worked in close are to be seen in the kaleidoscope pattern ONTMO with me another.

glazing which he inserted in windows in I\xhere monter studiert einemistry: for the minster and parish churches of York. ********* Pous Pakle premie Boris 'The Ver. These tints, which are very streaky and ***** (huisery and small which have been made in small circular or I hustry: Otheir bws in "crown" sheets inelude a large range of dif

in the disparut lain.' Il bås ferent culours, amongst which are opalescent 144418 Pos*** "pridan annensl eni strukr rubr. The glasses were prob. 14****** the phone infanting the one ar nething more than experiments and Mali 4**.*** ****, pour les limita fiti strukture in anything but pattern Poppe open in fimili pippe singur past the uni gas he used in Brita si fute pane seen in this page das wandus Parsis probably obMratibu wa kazi from Sri fe Dr. Pococke, ************ W Heaviw ma 12.23** * 'The's Tin England,' tells የ፡. ' * ናና ፡ ና ኔ ን ና :?: :?**፣ ኒ$.

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form, it being written in a minute hand Peckitt was not much of a figure draughtswhich can only be read by the aid of a lens, man and that the cartoons for most of his scratched with a quill or needle point out principal works were done, frequently in of a thin “ matt or coat of white enamel the form of oil paintings, for him by others. on a piece of glass measuring only 3fin. In his will he mentions “ fourteen oil by 2 in. This, when laid on the studio paintings of figures as large as life and other table or held casually in the hand, would cartoon drawings,” and instructed that these not attract attention, as it appears to be were to be sold, but what became of them nothing more than a small piece of ground is not known. Peckitt's ‘Presentation in glass. It is entitled “The Opperation of the Temple' window at Oriel was designed staining and fluxing the colours on glass,” by Dr. Wall of Worcester, the physician and was bought by the writer's father, Mr. and amateur artist previously mentioned. J. W. Knowles, along with some of Peckitt's According to Bryan's ‘Dict. of Painters,' colours and enamels at the sale of his Dr. Wall designed several other windows, effects in 1866. Peckitt also was some- one of which is in the Bishop's Palace at thing of an author, and wrote a technical Hartlebury, Worcestershire. The Trinity treatise on glass-painting. This is no College Library window was designed by doubt referred to in his will when he be- Giovanni Battista Cipriani (1728-1785) one queathed “the little trunk and maniscript of the original members of the Royal book and drawings in it” to his daughter Academy. Peckitt, however, seems to have Harriot ; whilst later, in 1802, Mrs. Peckitt worked chiefly from the cartoons or oil advertised in The York Herald for paintings of Biagio Rebecca (1735-1808), a June 5 that she had Manuscripts of pupil of Cipriani who, entering the Academy the Art, &c., to dispose of.” The writer schools in 1769, became an associate in 1771. of a life of Peckitt in The Furniture Gazette He is chiefly known for his decorative in 1877 stated that the artist had intended work at Somerset House, Windsor Castle, publishing his treatise at 10 guis. per copy, Audley End, and Harewood House. Bryan's but not enough subscribers coming for- · Dict. of Painters' makes no mention of ward the project was abandoned.

Rebecca's designs for glass, which were conTowards the end of his life he applied

siderable. Those for the windows of New

Two more himself to and wrote many MSS. on divinity, College will be noticed later. though his ability in this direction was of his original sketches for figures on glass not equal to his industry; the writer's are in the writer's possession, to whom father saw bundles of these documents they were kindly presented by Mr. C. F.

One of offered for sale when his effects were dis- Bell, of the Ashmolean Museum. posed of. One of his efforts, however, in this these is for the figure of Solomon in the direction, entitled The Wonderful south transept, York Minster.

This figure Love of God to Man, or Heaven opened had evidently been originally designed for on Earth,” published in 8vo in some other building, as its companion 1794, a copy of which is in the York figure is not to be seen amongst the other Minster Library. A portrait of Peckitt by three figures at York. John Raphael Smith (1752-1812) is cata

Peckitt made his will on May 11, 1794. He logued by Evans in his · Catalogue of En- divided his property in the way of real estate graved Portraits'; also by W. Boyne in into three portions, each of approximately his ‘Yorkshire Library' (privately printed), one thousand pounds value, which he gave to 1869, but the present writer has hitherto his wife and two daughters. To his wife been unable to hear of a copy. According he bequeathed two houses in Cumberland to Laurence Binyon, Catal. of Drawings by Row (now New Street) and his Marygate British Artists in the British Museum, cottages ; to his daughter Mary Rowntree, vol. ij., there is in that collection a Head

two houses in Cumberland Row and the of a Cherub cut out and pasted on a piece Davygate House ; and to his daughter of paper inscribed ‘Head of Cherub de- Harriot, in trust until she became twentysigned and painted by the late Wm. Peckitt, one years of age, a house in Cumberland York,'” executed in body colour. There are Row and the whole of the Friar's Walls also many_drawings for glass done either houses and gardens. His scientific instruby or for Peckitt in the possession of Mr. ments and books he divided evenly between George Milburn, the well-known sculptor his two daughters. To his brother Henry of York. It would seem, however, that Peckitt one guinea ; " as he has sufficient


of property I hope he will not be offended its pronunciation was invented by people I have not left him more." To his son-in-, with defective gullets. A century prelaw John Rowntree a similar sum. The will ceding, Swift (in his 1712 ‘Proposal for is seuled with a seal representing a scroll Correcting, Improving, and Ascertaining or roll wound round a rod with the motto [i.e., fixing] the English Tongue') blamed " A Deo lux." Will proved Feb. 14, 1797. ' " the poets from the time of the Restoral'eckitt died on Oct. 14, 1795, and an tion "--but did not Milton himself write obituary notice appeared in The York 'd, 'n, 'r, and th'? which (though Milton (Arumide of the following day; which has printed “flow'ry” and “edg.d") Professor be***1 print«« by Hargrove in his • History Saintsbury fancies that Milton did not so of Torki vol in. p. il n. He was buried pronounce; vet did not the present Post in the chancel of St. Martin-cum-Gregory; Laureate write, with intent of baser sound, Mickiegure. His widow, who survived him not only "flow 'ry” but “faln ” for “fallen," thurrene powrs and who had helped him in his Demeter'?-blamed the poets for an luis warki eru'text sa window in the north “that barbarous custom of abbreviating wisde tu luis memory, which represents a words," forming, so Milton himself mainlarripa funeral urn with the following in- tained, “such harsh inharmonious sounds suprion beneath ---“Sacrel to the memory as none but a northern ear would endure. kot llattam Perkite of this coni Glass

This perpetual disposition to shorten later and Stainer. who died lush (her, our words by retrenching the vowels, * is 1:41 Hari 04 and what remains are nothing else but a tendener to lapse into vierkanteti in the chancel. He was a must the barbarity of those northern nations

shemale laserei lender Parent, and from when we are descended."† Milton, Istinssian. This waaruit was designed in the eveneath century, urged that derived vure by las orderei wataw, 1:40." English “spech .. be fashioned to Hai ******** he was taxistante distinc id car pronunciation, as near und" friewe entir a sua press mer her so the ind i especially in the

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