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EARLY HISTORY OF CRICKET (12 S. ix. 1742, and D.D. 1762. This is almost 311).-In 1811 a print was published certainly the son of John and Barbara, and showing 'The Grand Female Cricket Match he is very likely the person required, as no between the Hampshire and Surrey Lasses other Abraham of the period graduated at for 500 Guineas, and played at Newington Trinity. There is a manuscript pedigree Green, near Ball's Pond, Middlesex, October in existence of the descendants of John 2, 1811, when the Hampshire won by Symes and Barbara Sandam. fourteen notches."

H. B. SWANZY. Twenty years ago I had a copy of this, Vicarage, Newry. and sent it to The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, in which paper a repro

If the Sir John Pratt referred to is the

Lord Chief Justice (created 1714), I might duction appeared on July 13, 1901.

I gave the print soon afterwards to some county

be able to give some assistance.

EDITH PRATT. cricket club, I think either Surrey or Hampshire. HERBERT SOUTHAM.

CULCHETH HALL (12 S. ix. 291, 336).

There P.R.S.V.R., &c., PERSEVERE, &c. (11 S. statement that this old house was occupied

appears no sufficient foundation for the xi. 318, 435, 477 ; 12 S. i. 96).- In Edward by a family bearing its name

until the Baines's ‘History, Directory, and Gazetteer middle of the eighteenth century.” The of the County Palatine of Lancaster,' 1824-5, Hearth Tax Rolls of 1673 and the Associavol. ii., p. 30, after a few lines about a tion Oath Rolls of 1696 make no mention milliarium found in the channel of the of the family as of Culcheth, though the Artle-beck rivulet is the following

surname appears in other places, viz., A relic belonging also to Roman times was William and Ralph Culcheth of Burscoughfound in the bed of the Fisher-beck inscribed (unable to write) and another, John Culwith the following consonants :P.R.S.V.R.Y.P.R.F.C.T.M.N.

cheth, who could sign his name; Edward V.R.K.P.T.H.S.P.R.C.P.T.S.T.N.

Culcheth and James (x) in Bickerstaffe which have

been ingeniously supplied with and Skelmersdale ; Thomas in Ince ; Ralph vowels so as to make this monitory couplet :- in Wigan. Persevere ye perfect men,

It would appear that John Rushley, Esq., Ever keep these precepts ten.

and John Holroft, Esq., were the only It is not unlikely that the stops are residents of Culcheth above the rank of printer's errors. It is not explained why yeoman in the Hearth Tax Roll. the stone was believed to belong to Roman

WALLACE GANDY. times. The previous notes have assigned this puzzle inscription to a house at Hangle- OLIVER CROMWELL ON HUNGARY (12 S. ton,

Brighton ; a Welsh church ; ix. 310).-It all depends on the point of Penshaw Church, near Durham ; Beeston view—and it must be kept in mind that Regis Church, near Cromer. Probably, like there is more than one opinion as to what many epitaphs in verse, it was used in many constitutes“ Christianity.” Carlyle gives places. Fisher-beck is, I think, a stream the speech made by Cromwell to the “Lords which falls into the Lune at or near Caton. and Gentlemen of the Two Houses of ROBERT PIERPOINT. Parliament” on Jan. 25, 1658. In this he

points out that the King of Hungary is WILSON : PRATT : SYMES : LE HUNTE aiming “ to make himself Emperor of (12 S. ix. 310).—Burke's Landed Gentry'Germany,” and that he will then follow for 1846, sub. tit. Symes of Ballybeg,' states the policy of his father, whose principles, that Jeremiah Symes of Glascarry, Co. interest, and personal conscience guided Wexford, married Barbara Payne, sister of him to exile all the Protestants out of his the private secretary to King James II., and own patrimonial country.” He then goes had a fourth son, John Symes of Hillbrook, on to say that “the Protestants are tossed Co. Wicklow, who married Mary, second out of Poland into the Empire ; and out daughter of Richard Sandam of Rusha- thence whither they can fly to get their more, Co. Louth, and had numerous de- bread.”, See Oliver Cromwell's "Letters scendants.

and Speeches,' vol. V., p. 106 (Londo Abraham Symes, son of John, Generosus, Chapman and Hall, 1872). This is the born in Co. Wicklow, entered T.C.D. in only reference to the King of Hungary I can 1733, aged 18, and was B.A. 1738, M.A. find in Cromwell's speeches. T. F. D.





E. R. HUGHES, ARTIST (12 S. ix. 250, I. DONOWELL (12 S. ix. 330).—John 294). — The Year's Art, 1897, at p. 106, Donowell (n. 1753-1786), architect and gave his first Christian name as Edis, but draughtsman, exhibited architectural de. probably this was a printer's error for Edw., signs and views of Weymouth, Melcombe though it occurs in other issues of that useful Regis, &c., at the Free Society of Artists publication.

in 1761, at the Incorporated Society of According to 'Who Was Who, 1897-1916,' Artists in 1762-65 and 1767-70, and at the he died May 15, 1908. The portrait- Royal Academy in 1778-81 and 1786 painter Edward Hughes (b. Sept. 14, 1832) (A. Graves, “Society of Artists' and ‘R. A. had died the preceding day. Were they Exhibitors ’). He was director of the related ? John B. WAINEWRIGHT. Incorporated Society of Artists in 1768-71,

1773, and 1775 (Papers of the Society in BURIAL-PLACES OF EMINENT SCIENTISTS

the R.A. Library). (12 S. ix. 250, 315).—John, Lord Wrottesley

In the King's Library, B.M., are views (ob. Oct. 27, 1867), was buried at Tettenhall of the exterior and interior of St. Giles. Church near Wolverhampton.

in-the-Fields, inscribed 'Jno Donowell WILLIAM PEARCE.

delint. Anty Walker sculpt. Published 1 March 1753, and sold by the Proprietor

Jno Donowell in Norris Street near the BAD SEASON : TRAGIC OCCURRENCE (12 S. Haymarket, London ”; also a view. by ix. 309).—In this query the Northumber- him of 'Monkey Island,' between Maidenland Street tragedy is tentatively dated in head Bridge and Windsor, published in the middle or late fifties of last century. It December, 1753. happened on the morning of July 12, 1861.

He drew the well-known view of MaryleIts memory will last, if for no other reason, bone Gardens which has been several times because of Thackeray's 'Roundabout Paper reproduced, but as a rule without any called “On Two Roundabout Papers which I mention of the artist's name. It intended to write.' His comment on the published by J. Tinney in 1755, and reevent is :

published in 1761. The figures are cleverly Have any novelists of our days a scene and drawn, and show the influence of Canaletto. catastrophe more strange and terrible than this which occurs at noonday within a few yards of Dictionary of Artists of the English Scho

Donowell is included in S. Redgrave's the greatest thoroughfare in Europe ? The brave Dumas, the intrepid Ainsworth, the 1878, where it is stated that “ he built Lord terrible Eugène Sue, the cold-shudder-inspiring Le de Spencer's house at Wycombe, the * Woman in White,' the astounding author of the designs for which were printed in Wolfe 'Mysteries of the Court of London,' never invented anything more tremendous than this.

and Gandon's work."

The views of Oxford mentioned by The murderous attack was not on

a well.

W. V. G. are new to me. known attorney,” but on Major William

HILDA F. FINBERG. Murray. On Major Murray's death in 1907,

47, Holland Road, W.14. having“ survived by over forty years one of the most terrible experiences which can possibly fall to the lot of man,The Daily Telegraph for April 4 had a long article on

Notes on Books. this “ classic example in London's annals of

Edited by Sir crime for the ferocious and bloody nature of The Merry Wives of Windsor.

Arthur Quiller-Couch and John Dover Wilson. its hand-to-hand encounter." Murray's

(Cambridge University Press.

8s. net.) own account of the struggle is there reprinted. The theatre has continuously and triumphantly As the Major's assailant died in Charing vindicated * The Merry Wives' against their Cross Hospital and the Coroner's jury peevish detractors of the study. Mr. Harold brought in a verdict of justifiable homicide, Child, in three or four serried and pleasant pages there was no celebrated trial,” which may

at the end of this book, marks the few “improve

ments * revisions ” it has undergone, and its account for the story not being as widely many successes, when performed more or less as known as it deserves. It can be confidently my Lord Chamberlaines servants” left it to recommended to readers who want a thrili. us. John Dennis in 1702 made a fresh version Is there a good account accessible apart from of it, soon abandoned ; Frederick Reynolds in

1824 turned it into an opera ; in 1874 the last ebb the contemporary reports and the news of the notion of improving it was seen in Swinpaper revival at the time of Major Murray's burne and Sullivan's substitution of a new song death?

EDWARD BENSLY. for Anne Page's' Fie on sinful fantasy !' On the




whole the stage accepted it as it stands and, of war by the furtherance of international goodmaugre Pepys, found it well worth playing. will. With this in view he found the material

To the student the difficulties of the text and close to hand in the Adult Schools, and set to construction of the play, and the two famous work to organize the Adult School International legends connected with it—that of the deer- Correspondence Bureau, which has now reached stealing in Sir Thomas Lucy's park, and that of considerable dimensions, necessitating the the play's having been written by the express ployment of a voluntary office staff. Started in command of Queen Elizabeth—have made * The and directed from Norwich by Mr. Copeman, its Merry Wives of Windsor' a problem of some headquarters will probably be removed to London solemnity. Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch accepts the in the near future. Sinc: its inception he has tradition of the origin of the play despite its being been in correspondence with nearly every country first mentioned only by the aforesaid John Dennis. in Europe, from which over 1,000 applications His main reason is that this story will account have been received for correspondence in this for the confusion and inconsistencies with which country. It

through this International the play abounds and which are readily under- Correspondence Bureau that Mr. Copeman some stood if the work was hurried through in a fortnight. time since received an invitation to visit Esthonia As evidence of haste he makes much of the hope- and help in starting the Adult School movement less attempt to throw a characteristically Eliza- there. This invitation he accepted and was bethan play back to the time of Henry IV. by making, preparations for an extended stay in allusions to “ the mad Prince” and the like. He Esthonia when early this month the Society of shows that topical allusions were provided and Friends, of which he is a member, requested gives a most ingenious and pleasant elucidation Mr. Copeman to go to Russia at once to assist in of the word " garmombles.He suggests that the administration of the Friends' relief work in • The Merry Wives’ was written up from a play the famine-stricken regions.' belonging to the repertory of Shakespeare's com- “ The temporary Foreign Secretary is Mr. D. pany called 'The Jealous Comedy,' having a plot Hotson Palmer, 3, Claremont Road, Norwich, probably based on an Italian story. Into this and the English Secretary is Mr. Douglas James, had to be inserted the character of Falstaff — National Adult School Union, 30, Bloomsbury which was done by superimposing the knight upon Street, London, W.C.1.” some priggish, long-winded personage whose utterances have not all been taken out.

On the characters of the play Sir Arthur says many illuminating things, but none more inter

Notices to Correspondents. esting than his conjecture as to the identity of the original of Nym. He sets out six reasons which

EDITORIAL communications should be addressed point to Nym's being a caricature of no less a

to “ The Editor of · Notes and Queries "-Adver

“ The Pubperson than Ben Jonson-being, in fact, that tisements and Business Letters to purge which our fellow Shakespeare

lishers ”—at the Office, Printing House Square,

gave him “ that made him bewray his credit.” The

London, E.C.4 ; corrected proofs to The Editor, stage war, which was carried on about the time

N. & Q.,' Printing House Square, London, E.C.4. of the production of 'The Merry Wives,' hinged, as

All communications intended for insertion in Sir Arthur says, upon Jonson's classical theory of

our columns should bear the name and address of the comedy of humours ; Nym, with his " opera

the sender-not necessarily for publication, but as tions” in his head “which be humours of re

a guarantee of good faith.


We cannot undertake venge,” recalls Jonson's well-known head troubles,

queries and the name itself is “ short” for “ Hieronymos,

» privately. the very name of the Marshal of Spain in The

WHEN answering a query, or referring to an Spanish Tragedy' which Jonson was then, or had article which has already appeared, correspondents recently been, playing in the provinces.

requested to give within parentheses--imconjecture strikes us as a brilliantly happy one.

mediately after the exact heading—the numbers The Introduction as a whole is a delightful of the series, volume, and page at which the conexample of the handling of rather tiresome matters tribution in question is to be found. in such a way as to make them delightful.

WHEN sending a letter to be forwarded to But this is an art of which the writer is a past another contributor correspondents are requested master, and on which he needs no commendation. to put in the top left-hand corner of the envelope

The study of the composition of the play and the number of the page of ' N. & Q.’ to which the
of the state of the text is taken further in Mr. letter refers.
Dover Wilson's essay on the copy for The Merry H. WILBERFORCE BELL (The Prisoner of
Wives of Windsor.' 1623,

Chillon).—This was François Bonivard, of whom
a short account will be found in the 'Encyclo-

pædia Britannica.' Mr. GEO. A. STEPHEN, City Librarian of account of the man who hoisted Nelson's signal

CORRIGENDA.-The correct reference to the Norwich, writes :

should read-C.0. 284/43, May 20, 1852. “In reply to the letter of MR. EUGENE F. This refers to The Tasmanian Colonist news. McPIKE, at ante, p. 320, the following extract

paper, which had copied the account from from The Eastern Daily Press of September 23 Chambers's Journal, but the date of which was gives the required information :

not given.

E. H. FAIRBROTHER. "• His experiences on the Western Front led Ante, p. 310, col. 2, s.v. “Artemus Ward,' for Mr. [Tom D. ] Copeman to the resolve to devote “ John Camden's Introduction to read John his energies, when peace came, to the prevention Camden Hotten's Introduction to.

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