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. a pot of paint thrown in the face of the public ') | account as the condition upon which he would order there was one particular afternoon when the the gradual liquidation of the rest of the debt. hopes of Whistler's admirers sank very low To this condition Mrs. A. would not accede :: because Walter Sickert, giving evidence as one of Louis XVIII. died : the accounts were again them, had failed miserably in cross-examination. brought forward. Charles X. was just going to give That evening Strang called at Whistler's house, the order for paying the debt by instalments when and the following dialogue took place : Strang, the revolution came, and Mrs. A. seems now further * I can't understand how Walter came to make than ever from obtaining any part of her money, such a mess of it to-day.' Whistler-'No, more

It is to me very sad that Mac. does not seem to can I.' Strang- I suppose it must have been feel that, admitting all her premises, her story tells conceit.' Whistler— Very likely, but I can't very much against her beloved Bourbons......She understand anybody being conceited but me!'" concludes the history I have just written by saying,

J. LANGDON BONYTHON. I had a message for Mrs. A. from Holyrood, which Carclew, Adelaide, South Australia.

I was desired to deliver in person. I had great difficulty in tracing her: at last I found her a week ago,' (she told me where but I have forgotten). She represents her as preserving remains of beauty at

about 70, coiffée en cheveux, with a mask of paint. Queries.

...... It seems that they are all convinced, and this

Mrs. A. is ready to make any oath, that the We must request correspondents desiring in. Dauphin did not die as was supposed in the Temple. ormation on family matters of only private interest The Duchesse d'Angoulême has always said, I to affix their names and addresses to their queries have no evidence of his death, and know that it in order that answers may be sent to them direct.

did not take place in the Temple, but I have no evidence of his being alive at any subsequent

period. COUNTESS MACNAMARA.—Miss Frances The Miss W. is Miss Charlotte Walpole ; Williams Wynne, the writer of The Diaries the Mr. A. is Mr. Edward Atkyns. See of a Lady of Quality,' which were edited by 10 S. ix. 343, xi. 457 and the authorities Abraham Hayward in 1864, writing at there quoted. Richmond in August 1832, says (op. cit.

Who was Countess Macnamara ? pp. 216-9):

John B. WAINEWRIGHT. “We have just had Countess Macnamara here

BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER.—Can any ..she gave me a singular instance of devotion to her beloved Bourbons, which, being asserted on her reader kindly tell me whether the_three personal knowledge, is, I suppose, in the main, true. Primers which preceded the first Prayer A Miss W., who some fifty years ago was an admired Book of Edward VI. can be obtained in a singer on the English stage, made a conquest of a reprint, and if so, where ; also, the same Mr. A. a man of large property, who married her. information as to the Scottish Prayer Book Whether the lady's character was not immaculate, or whether, the march of intellect not having begun,

of 1637.

EVERARD HAMILTON. actresses of the best character were not yet reckoned fit society for ladies, does not appear; certain it

ALCHEMICAL MSS.—I shall be extremely is, that, finding she could not get any society in grateful if any of your readers can help me England, the A's went to establish themselves at trace the whereabouts of two interesting Versailles, where they took a fine house, gave fêtes, alchemical manuscripts. One is a four&c., &c. His wealth gave splendour; her beauty, teenth century volume that belonged to the came to her fêtes, and afterwards introduced her to late Reginald Cholmondeley of Condover the little society, to the intimate réunions, of Hall and is described in the Historical which Marie Antoinette was a constant member. MSS. Commission Report,' vol. v. p. 334. When adversity befell this object of admiration, of Among numerous other alchemical texts it almost idolatry, Mrs. A.devoted herself, her talents, is said to contain a copy of Roger Bacon's and (better than all) her purse to her service. It was chiefly during the Queen's melancholy

Tractatus trium verborum ad Johannem abode in the Temple that Mrs. A. most exerted Parisiensem.' herself. In bribes, in various means employed for The other manuscript was the property the relief of the poor Queen, she expended between of the late J. Eliot Hodgkin of Richmond, £30,000 and £40,000 sterling. This of course was taken Surrey. It is a fifteenth-century alchemical under the name of a loan, and soon after the restora. tion Mrs. A. made a demand upon Louis XVIII. work and is described in the ‘Historical Every item of her account was discussed and most | MSS. Commission Report,' vol. xv., part 2, allowed, till they came to a very large bribe given | pp. 2–4. to the minister of police, one to the gaolor, and bribes to various persons, to manage the escape of

I am at present engaged in completing a the Dauphin and the substitution of a dying child catalogue of the early alchemical MSS. in in his place.. Louis XVIII. would not agree to this the British Isles, which is to be printed as article, and insisted upon its being erased from the I the opening volume of an International




Catalogue of Alchemical MSS. published by “CONTY.”—In a letter of Nov. 28, 1843, the Union Académique Internationale under my father (Edward Whitwell) described a the General Editorship of Prof. Bidez of visit to a Thief School," where he was Ghent.

asked to help in teaching the first class. It is much to be desired that the contribu- One of the boys opened a conversation with tion from this country should be as far as a mate with: “Your brother nailed three possible complete, and any assistance in half conties," and insisted on explaining to tracing either the above mentioned manu- his teacher that it meant that he had stolen scripts or any other early alchemical manu. three half-sovereigns. What is the origin scripts in private hands will be warmly of the word ? ROBT. J. WHITWELL. welcomed and of course duly acknowledged 10 Brompton Square, S.W.3. in the publication.


any appearance of Leigh Hunt's sonnet of EDUCATION


welcome to Household Words (1850) known MARLBOROUGH.-Can any reader give me

earlier than the posthumous edition of
in 1860 ?

F. PAGE. any information as to where the first Duke of Marlborough was educated when a small

THE LEGEND OF DUNFRAOICH.— I shall be boy? I have reason to believe that his first school was a French one, but cannot very grateful if you can tell me something find any details of his education in the connected with Loch Fraochy in the parish

about the “Legend of Dunfraoich. It is Lives 'which are at my disposal here.

of Kenmore, Perthshire, Scotland. I should

F. M. M. Rochester.

also e glad to know where I am obtain a

copy of Gillies' Collection of Gaelic Songs St. Thomas's Day CUSTOM.-In a letter in English).

M. D. ADAMSON. from his Vicarage of Fen Drayton, Cambs, Lisle Court, Lymington, Hants. my son mentions the occurrence there of what appears to be a very old custom.

PASSAGE IN LOCKHART'S LIFE OF SCOTT.' On Dec. 21, St. Thomas's Day, all the

-In Lockhart's ‘Life of Scott,' vol. viii., will widows (or, as on the last occasion, all repre

be found at pp. 70-1 the following passage :sentatives) go round the village and collect “I was much struck by his description of a scene money which is then divided equally among

he had once with Lady- (the divorced Lady them. I should feel obliged if any of your born before her marriage with Lord

-). upon whom her oldest boy, who had been

- asking correspondents could inform me if this her why he himself was not Lord - (the second custom is practised elsewhere, and what its title). Do you hear that?' she exclaimed wildly origin was ?

ALEX. THOMS. to Scott, and then rushing to the pianoforte played 7 Playfair Terrace, St. Andrews, Fife.

in a sort of frenzy, some hurried airs, as if to drive

away the dark thoughts then in her mind. It YEW-TREES IN CHURCHYARDS.—Could any had been something more than mere friendship

struck me that he spoke of this lady as if there roader kindly give precise date and reference between them. He described her as beautiful and to the Statute, or other authority, ordering full of character." yew-trees to be grown in churchyards for

Who is the lady referred to ? supplying bows ? The date was about 1474.

FREDK. CHARLES WHITE. And why to be grown in churchyards ? Was

14 Esplanade, Lowestoft. it on account of the poisonous nature of the

G. B. M. NORTONS IN IRELAND.--Can any reader AN OLD SILVER CHARM.-Can any one

interested in genealogy inform me whether

a younger branch of the Norton family explain the symbolism of a small antique (formerly) of Rotherfield Park, Hampshire ; silver ornament in the form of a leafy twig, went over to Ireland and settled there about with a heart, a key, and a queer little the seventeenth century ? A great-grandserpentine bird, arranged among the leaves ? father of mine, Samuel Norton, came from

The end of the twig has a hole drilled | Ireland and settled in Hampshire at the end thrɔugh it (as if the ornament were intended of the eighteenth century, and he is supto be worn round the neck), and a coil of posed to have been a descendant of a silver cord round it. The heart looks as if younger branch of these Hampshire Nortons, meant to be pierced.

but I have not yet been able to trace which G. A. ANDERSON. Woldingham.

particular branch of this family settled in

yew ?


Ireland. Possibly one of the younger of the BISHOPSGATE : DRAWINGS WANTED.-In eight sons of Richard Norton (died 1566) by connexion with a history of the ward of his wife Elizabeth (dau. and heiress of Sir Cripplegate in the City of London, which William Rotherfield, Knt.) may have I am about completing, I should be glad to founded a cadet branch in Ireland.

hear of any original unpublished drawings I shall be glad of any information on this of buildings, &c., of the eighteenth and point.

nineteenth centuries. I have all those con. It may be of interest to note that during tained in the British Museum and the the Civil War the senior branch of this Guildhall Library JOHN J. BADDELEY, family (viz. the descendants of Sir Richard

32 Woodbury Down, N. Norton, Knight [died 1592] by his first wife) were staunch Royalists, and suffered very G. P. R. JAMES, THE NOVELIST.—I should heavily for their loyalty; whilst Colonel be glad to learn some particulars of his Norton, & descendant of the above men- mother, whose name is not recorded in the tioned Sir Richard by his second wife, was a D.N.B.' xxix. 209. His father, Dr. Pinkstaunch Parliamentarian, and, about 1643, stan James, Physician Extraordinary to the tock a leading part in the storming of Basing Prince Regent, died at the novelist's house House, which was held on behalf of King near Evreux, July 14, 1830. Charles by John, 5th Marquis of Winchester

G. F. R. B. (whose nephew Francis Paulet married, in 1674, Elizabeth, d. and heiress of Sir Richard


DRUMMOND.-The Rev. Norton, 2nd Bart.).

Matthew Simson (born 1675, d. May 20, It would be interesting to know if Colonel 1756) ordained to Pentaitland, Sept. 10, Norton and any other of his branch of the 1705, translated to Fala, 1742, married, family accompanied Cromwell to Ireland, or March 1709, Alison (born 1686, died 1736), were sent there by his orders, and whether 5th dau. of Adam Drummond, 9th Baron of if so Colonel Norton left any of his younger Lennoch and 2nd Baron of Megginch, by kinsmen in Ireland. It is known that he Alison Hay his wife, dau of ...... Hay of himself did not settle there, but Cromwell Haystoun, and had, with other issue known frequently stayed with him at old Alresford to me : House (Hants), and he may very probably

Adam, a Lieut., smothered in the black have obtained a position in Ireland for one hole of Calcutta, June 18, 1756. or more of his younger kinsmen through his

James. friendship with the Protector.

Colin, who went to India.

Whom did they marry and are any of Eccleston Park, Prescot.

their descendants living ? Please reply direct.

JAMES SETON-ANDERSON. THE FIRST LORD WESTBURY.---What was 39 Carlisle Road, Hove, Sussex. the episode thus referred to in the notice of Charles Neate (1806–1879) in the ‘D.N.B.'?

CAMPBELL: FORBES JOHNSTON: HANKEY, “ [He] was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn to the careers of the following officers after

-I should be glad of any information as in 1832, but an unfortunate fracas with Sir R. Bethell, afterwards Lord Westbury, terminated they left Ceylon:his career there....'the old scoundrel,' as he was 1. Lieut.-Col. James Campbell of the än the habit of styling Westbury.”

45th Foot, author of 'Excursions, AdvenIn Memory's Harkback,' 1808 to 1858, by tures and Field Sports in Ceylon,' published F. E. Gretton, B.D. (1889) are two allusions in London, 1843. to the same occurrence ; at page 138,

2. Major Jonathan Forbes, 78th High[Bethell] To his juniors he was curt, almost landers, author of . Eleven Years in Ceylon,' rude, so that you wondered that one or another London, 1840. did not, in the robing-room imitate the late 3. Major Arthur Johnston, 19th Foot, Professor Neate, and apply the lex digitalis." author of "A Narrative of the Operations At page 285 :

of a Detachment in an Epedition to * From hard words we come to legal, or illegal, Candy in th Island of Ceylon in 1804,' blows : for example, Mr. Neate boxing Bethell's London, 1810. ears in the robing-room.

4. Sir Frederick Hankey, G. C. M. G., someThe ‘D.N.B.' does not mention the time of the 51st and 19th Regiments. incident in its account of Lord Westbury. None of these appear in the • D.N.B.' W. B. H.



E LIGHT AND DARK A HEADPIECE.—Many Such a town as this would be sure to books of notable interest or instruction number glass-painters amongst its populapublished during the period 1570-1641 tion. John Aubrey, the Wiltshire antiquary, have on the title-page, or elsewhere, a head (1626–1697) tells us that when & schoolboy piece in which a light A (left) and dark A at Blandford in Dorset, he used to visit the (right) are conspicuous. What is the origin shop and furnaces of “old Harding, the only of the device, and what interpretation can countrey glasse-painter that ever I knew be placed upon this emblem ?

though before the Reformation there was no

R. L. EAGLE. county or great town but had its glass19 Burghill Road, Sydenham, S.E.26.

painters. Harding died 1643, aged

83 or more. TULCHAN BISHOPS.—What are they? In

If a small town like Blandford could still what countries are they found. I. F.

find work for a glass-painter at a time when AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.

the art was thought but little of, what must I should be grateful to any reader of 'N. & Q.

have been the position of affairs in Coventry who would tell me the names of the authors of the during the fifteenth century, when painted following :

glass was in ever increasing demand, and 1. From December and January,' an article in when great abbeys, priories, and churches Blackwood, February, 1886.

were being erected both in the town, and " Though to-morrow, in the experience of most of in the country round about ? us, has generally turned out to be very like yester- 2. MR. KNOWLES has mistaken the purday, it is never necessarily so, and the heart that can still believe in to-morrow is the strength of port of a statement on page 20 of my book humanity, and the hope of the world.”

Ancient Glass in Winchester.' I merely 2. A novel entitled “The Old (or Odd ?) Farm- ventured to suggest that John Thornton of house.'

H. E. G. E. Coventry might be identical with one John

Coventre who as a “clorour and jcynour

was employed upon the King's works at Replies.

Westminster in 1352–3. I did not suggest

that he was a son. This tentative theory is, JOHN THORNTON OF COVENTRY,

however, effectually

effectually disproved by MR.

KNOWLES's further statement that John AND THE GREAT EAST WINDOW OF Thornton was still alive in 1433. This, YORK MINSTER.

Essuming him to be identical with John

Coventre (who must have been at least (12 S. vii. 481.)

18 years of age in 1352), would make him In the course of his very interesting paper

close upon 100 in 1433. Certainly he would upon John Thornton of Coventry, MR. be past taking much interest in glassKNOWLES raises several points which call

painting. for particular comment.

As MR. KNOWLES brings forward to 1405, nothing is known of John Thornton John Coventre, it is naturally impossible to 1. He is correct in stating that previous documentary evidence in support of his

theory that John Thornton was a son of except that he was “of Coventry.” It is quite evident from the details given in the deal further with the point at present, but contract with the Dean and Chepter of it may be added that Thornton's name does York, that he was a master glazier. But

not appear

either amongst the glaziers it is also at least permissible to suggest that employed at Westminster in 1351 and 1352 ; prior to 1405, he had been employed at fabric rolls of Windsor as late as 1367.

or amongst the few men mentioned in the Coventry rather than at Nottingham. It must be remembered that, until the dissolu

3. MR. KNOWLES's suggestion that the tion of monasteries, Coventry was a town work of glazing the Royal Chapels at St. of great importance. In addition to its Stephen's, Westminster, and at Windsor, Benedictine Abbey, and several stately

“rushed through

by means of imchurches, it was the home of numerous by the fabric rolls of

pressed labour, is certainly not borne out

Windsor Castle. wealthy merchants whose trading Guilds were amongst the foremost in the land. *

These fabric rolls are quoted at great length

by the late Sir William St. John Hope in his * For an interesting account of Coventry,

magnificent book upon Windsor Castle past and present, refer Dr. Hutton's Highways (from which much of the following informaand Byways in Shakespeare's Country.'

tion is taken).



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The glaziers, some thirty in all, were impressing labour entirely confined to home certainly impressed from various parts of service. In 1370 William Wynford, one of England. On the other hand they were the Royal masons, was ordered to retain paid good wages, the master glaziers workmen for the King's works “beyond the receiving 78. a week each, and the lesser Seas. grades in proportion to their tasks, while Again we find King Henry V. on his. they were allowed a fortnight's holiday at second expedition to France in 1416 auWhitsuntide.

thorizing Thomas Morstède, his only Army The work of glazing the windows of surgeon, forcibly to impress as many surgeons St. Stephen's Chapel at Westminster appears as he needed, together with a suitable number to have lasted from June 20 to Nov. 28, 1351, of mechanics for the making of surgical and early in March, 1352, the craftsmen appliances and to embark them in the port commenced work upon the glass intended of Rye.f for Windsor, which, in turn, was finished by Previously to this the King had asked the Michaelmas of that year.

London Corporation of Surgeons to supply The completed panels were not inserted him with a dozen volunteers for the use of in the windows of the Castle Chapel and his Army and it was upon their failure to Chapter-house until the next year, as may comply with his wishes that he resorted to be proved by the following entries in the to drastic measures. fabric rolls for the week beginning, Mar. 18, 4. MR. KNOWLES's concluding suggestion 1353 :

that the east window of Great Malvern Paid for 18 elm boards for making boxes

Priory representing the Passion of our Lord for carrying the panels of glass from

is probably a later work of John Thornton's, Westminster to Windsor 30 elm boards of the same, a piece 44 : 12gd

may easily be tested by a single reference Carriage of the same from London to

to the St. William window at York Minster Westminster

5. with which he compares it. A panel | from the for Hay and Straw to put in the boxes 144 latter window depicting Robert and Richard, 300 nails for making the said boxes 124

two sons of the donor (William, seventh whilst there is a further payment of 188. Baron de Ros) and his wife Margaret, shews to John Talwych for freightage of his that the canopy shaft is enriched with a

shout or sailing barge, carrying 6 boxes small figure standing on a base beneath & of glass from West.ninster to Windsor. projecting canopy. This is a very common

It should also be pointed out that im- characteristic of the York school of glasspressment of labour was not confined to painting but does not appear in the east these few glaziers. Between 1350 and 1377 | window of Great Malvern Priory. King Edward III. carried out very extensive

John D. LE COUTEUR. building operations at Windsor, during Winchester. which several successive Clerks of the Works were appointed (amongst them William of Wykeham, afterwards Bishop of Win

BOTTLE-SLIDER (12 S. vii. 471, 516 ; chester). Each of these officials was given viii

. 37).-The large ornate plated specimens power to impress men and set them to work with florid mounts must have been conupon the King's works at Windsor.

temporary with the introduction of heavily The same practice still prevailed in later cut glass decanters with which they were reigns. Thus in 1390 Letters Patent were

formerly used. They

also granted to Geoffrey Chaucer, Esq., Clerk factured in silver, inlaid wood and japanned. of the King's Works in the Palace of West

ware-to-day, almost invariably made in minster, the Tower of London, and else electro-plate when for hotel use. They are

described as “bottle trays,

“bottle where, authorizing him to choose and set

stands to work masons, carpenters, and other

in the old Sheffield makers' pattern workmen about the necessary repairs of “Our Collegiate Chapel of St. George A. F. Leach, F.S.A.

*'A History of Winchester College,' p. 109, within our Castle of Windsor”; whilst in

† This incident is graphically depicted in The 1472 King Edward IV. granted similar powers Illustrated London News for Sept. 6, 1913, by to “our dearly loved cousin the venerable Mr. A. Forestier to whom I am indebted for father in God, Richard, Bishop of Selisbury,

several interesting particulars. Master Surveyor of the King's works Handbook on Stained Glass, published by the

# The panel in question is illustrated in the at Windsor. Nor this power of South Kensington Museum (p. 64, fig. 43).




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