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f for sixty years. But, in the early spring o LONDON, JANUARY 15, 1921,
1917, the Rev. Walter Slater, Minor Canon' Sacrist, and formerly Precentor of Win
chester Cathedral, kindly went carefully CONTENTS.-No. 144.
through the whole of the music contained in
these boxes, and subsequently gave NOTES :-Old Church Music at Wimborne Minster, 41Letters of 1720 from the Low Countries and Hanover, 42 lecture on the subject, to the members of - Among the Shakespeare Archives, 45- An English Arwy the Gild of St. Cuthberga. List of 1740, 46–The Geophone, 47-Poor Relief Badge- But how came this music to be at Wim. Loretto-Female Pseudonyms used by Men-Ann Vane - Stories of Whistler, 48.
borne ? The Minster, which stands on the QUERIES :-Countess Macnamara-Book of Common site of an old Roman church, or temple, the Prayer-Alchemical M-S., 49–Education of the First remains of which still exist beneath the Duke ) Marlborough-St. Thomas's Day Custom Yew; floor of the nave, dates back to the year 705. trees in Churchyards—An Old Silver Charm-" - Leigh Hunt and Charles Dickens-The Legend of Dun. It was first founded by St. Cuthberga, fraoich-Passage in Lockhart's Life of Scott'- Nortons sister of Ina, as a Benedictine nunnery; but in Ireland, 50—The First Lord Westbury-Bishopsgate : Drawings Wanted-G. P. R. James, Novelist-Simeon was destroyed by the Danes in the early
Drummond Campbell : Forbes: Hankey, 51 - Light and Dark A Headpiece–Tulcban slab which covered the remains of Ethelred,
part of the eleventh century ; although the Bishops-Authors of Quotations Wanted, 52. REPLIES :-John Thornton of Coventry and the Great the elder brother of Alfred the Great, who, Kast Window of York Minster, 52- Bottle-slider, 53- as the A. S. Chronicle records, was buried Beverly Whiting-Christian Wegersloff - Louis Napoleon: there, still remains. The Minster was rePoetical Works - Representative County Libraries : Public and Private-John Hughes of Liverpool, 1708—
founded as a secular foundation, with a Hambley House, Streathain, 54 - Mode of Concluding Dean and Canons, by Edward the Confessor. * Life in Boubay’ London Postmarks-The Western It became a Royal Free Chapel, and so Miscellany,'1775 and 1776-English Views by Canaletto- continued until the reign of Edward VI., Chartularies, 56 – Kensington Gravel at VersaillesThe Glomery, 57–"To Outrun the Constable" - Matthew when the College was dissolved. By letters Paris-The vid Horse Guards Buildings, 58–The British patent of Queen Elizabeth it was refounded in Corsica-Gaspar Barlaeus--Huddlings-Warwickshire in 1563, and three priests and three clerks Sayings-Gold Bowl Gift of George I.-Edward Dixon,
were to be provided to perform Divine service NOTES ON BOOKS :- Studies in Statecraft : being in the church, &c. From that time, now
Chapters, Biographical and Bibliographical, mainly on more than four hundred years ago (whatthe Sixteenth Century'- The Antiquaries Journal.'
ever may have been the case previous to the Notices to Correspoodents.
dissolution of the College in 1547), there appear to have been a surpliced choir and a choral service at the Minster. The earliest
existing Minute Book of the Governors Notes.
dates back to 1579. On Nov. 30 of that year there is a minute recording that orders
were issued by the Governors to the effect OLD CHURCH MUSIC AT WIMBORNE that “the servitors (i.e., 'secondaries,' or MINSTER.
“reading-clerks ') are not to come into the
choir without their surplices ; but to go In The Times of Saturday, Dec. 11, appeared into the vestry and put them on and to a notice of William Byrd in connection with come into the choir together.” On the same the recent publication of his works as day it was ordered that surplices were to be vols. xiv. to xvi. of the “ English Madrigal made for four querister boys. And, a School ”; and, in the following Thursday's month later, it was enacted that Thomas issue, was a report of the discovery of Toogood, one of the secondaries,” should some of his music in manuscript at Wimborne have 20s., in addition to the 41. which he Minster.
already received as wages, for teaching the It was well known that there was a chorister boys and pricking the books quantity of old Church Music put away in needful for the choir.” By a later charter, boxes which were stored in the room above of Charles I., 1639, it was provided that there the vestry, which was formerly the Treasury should be “four choristers, two singers and of the Minster, but which, for nearly two one organist, in addition to the three priests hundred and fifty years, has been the apart. and three clerks, whom they were to assist ment in which the celebrated Library of in the services of the church.” Although Chained Books has been kept. In all prob- there had been choristers before, they were ability these boxes had never been opened now placed legally on the foundation.
In the Churchwardens' Account Books The Organ Books, numbered 5, 6, 7" there are records of payments made in contain, in addition to services which are 1494-5 for repairs to the organ in the chapel printed and easily accessible, works by of St. Mary and to another organ in the rood- former organists of the church, e.g., George loft, and in 1496 mention is made of a pay- Day, 1695–1713 ; John Fyler, 1713-43, and ment to “Richard Gilbert, keeper of the George Combes, 1743–56. The latter was organs. From that time onwards there afterwards Organist of Bristol Cathedral. are constant records of payments for repairs, An anthem of Day's, 'Haste Thee, O Lord,' for organ blowing, and to the organ players. seems to have escaped the notice of Mr.
Enough has been said to show why it is Myles Foster, in his « Anthem and Anthem not to be wondered at that some old Church Composers. music should be found at Wimborne. The There are also some interesting books collection contains an Organ Book in which containing the separate voice parts in
Toccatas, or Voluntaries, by different volumes, including Weelkes's Girolamo Fescobaldi (born 1601), and two (b. 1758), Verse Evening Service in other organ pieces, viz., a Verse for ye G minor. He was Organist of Winchester Double Organ' (apparently a two manual College, and afterwards of Chichester Catheinstrument), by Mr. Richard Portman dral. (b. about 1610, a pupil of Gibbons, and Amongst other composers, whose works Organist of Westminster Abbey in 1633) ; are in the Minster collection, are Thomas and a ‘Verse for ye Single Organ' (or one- John Mudd (b. 1580, Organist of Petermanual instrument), by Dr. Orlando Gibbons borough Cathedral), Thomas Carter (b. 1735), (b. 1583, and also Organist of Westminster Samuel Howard, and Hawkins. Abbey). The Organ Book contains, too, The Minster MSS. ought to be useful for many services and anthems by composers, collating with other MSS., e.g., The Nicene some number of whom lived before the Civil Creed by Tallis, in one of the part-books at War, when so much of the Church Music was Wimborne, shows variations from his Creed destroyed. The Minster possesses what in Boyce's (printed) Cathedral Music appears to be an unique setting of the (Warren's Edition). Benedicite by Richard Farrant. It seems
Enough has been said to show the interest to have no connexion with the Alto part of a of the old church music at Wimborne Benedicite, for men's voices by R. Farrant, Minster, and why it is to be found there. which is in the British Museum, nor with his I must add that I am indebted for what organ part which is in the Library at Christ I have written about the music itself to the Church, Oxford. There are half-a-dozen notes which were given to me by the Rev. anthems by Michael Wise, who was Organist Walter Slater, after his inspection referred at Salisbury Cathedral, 1668–87 ; in par. to above.
Jas. M. J. FLETCHER. ticular two very beautiful ones, ‘Prepare ye the way of the Lord,' and 'The ways of Sion do mourn.' There is also one for
LETTERS OF 1720 FROM THE LOW Christmas, 'Behold I bring you good tidings,' which seems not to be extant else- COUNTRIES AND HANOVER. where. It is not given in Myles Foster's The four letters which follow (recently book, nor is it in the British Museum Catalogue of MSS. sacred vocal music. This acquired from Mr. P. M. Barnard of Tun
bridge Wells) were written during a lengthy Minster Book has six lined staves, and on
tour of the Low Countries and Germany the cover is the date 1670.
(lasting from 1720 to 1723) by one Robert One of the MSS. books, written in score, Whatley to a recipient whose name does not contains the Creed, Sanctus, and Gloria in indeed appear in the text of any of them; Excelsis, by Ebdon in C. It is remarkable but who is evidently Sir Peter King, later because it omits the Kyrie, and because it Lord Chancellor and at this time Chief seems to be the indication of Choral Cele. Justice of the Common Pleas. This attribubration of the Holy Communion between tion is arrived at primarily by reason of the the Restoration and modern times. It fact that the cover of letter II has been contains, also, in addition to known anthems, preserved and is addressed in Whatley's one by John Goldwin, 1670-1719, 'Come ye hand to King, while the four letters obviously children, hearken unto me,' which is not in form series. If further proof any other library.
needed, we might observe that the writer is