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5. T. Farmer Baily, Sunnyside, Ryde, afterwards Duke of Cleveland, and died I.W. (Armorial shield in a beaded oval sur- June 17, 1807. See Burke's Peerage.' mounted by a foreign coronet, in red).

Sir Henry Berkeley, of Brewton, was Perhaps the additional fact that Baily knighted in 1585, and was Sheriff of Somer. apparently also lived in the Isle of Wight set in 1587. He may be of assistance to MR. CLEMENTS.

“married Margaret, daughter of William Leggon, Farmer Baily purchased the estate of of Staffordshire, esq., by whom he had three sons, Hall Place in the erish of Leigh, Kent in viz., Sir Maurice, Sir Henry (from whom descended 1821, and died in Oct. 1828. His only son and the Berkeleys of Yarlington, which branch is now heir (by Amelia Perkins his wife who married extinct), and Sir Edward Berkeley." See Collin

son's 'Somerset,' I. xxxvii. ; iii. 280–1. secondly, Sept.' 2, 1832 Wm. Smith of Sydenham) was Thos. Farmer Bailey of dau. of Henry Nevill of Billingbear, Berk

This second Sir Henry married Elizabeth, Hall Place. He was born Sept. 24, 1823, shire.

HARMATOPEGOS. and married on Feb. 21, 1863 Gertrude Sarah, daughter of James Addison, and grand- PEACOCKS' FEATHERS (12 S. vi. 334 ; daughter of the Rev. James Addison, vicar vii. 137, 277, 477).—In Baron von Haxt. of Thornton-cum-Allerthorpe, Yorks. He hausen's “Transcaucasia,' trans. J. E.

a J.P., D.L., High Sheriff 1866 and Taylor, London, 1854, pp. 260–61, the Lord of the Manor of Leigh Hollanden. Yezidis are spoken of thus :CHAS HALL CROUCH.

“Of the Holy Spirit they know nothing: they

designate Christ as the Son of God, but do not BOTTLE-SLIDER, COASTER (12 S. vii. 471, recognise his divinity. They believe that Satan 516).—If St. SWITHIN had gone to the (Speitan) was the first-created, greatest, and most “mammoth mother,” he might have found exalted of the arch-angeli ; that the world was made

by him at God's command, and that to him was en.6 coaster

fully explained, with quotations trusted its government; but that, for esteeming him. for c. 1887 and 1888. We have a pair that self equal with God, he was banished trom the Divine date from the time of William IV. or earlier. presence. Nevertheless he will be again received They appear to be papier mâché, varnished into favour and his kingdom (this world) restored black, with grapes and vine leaves gilt | On a certain day they offer to Satan thirty sheep;

to him, they suffer no one to speak ill ot Satan...... thereon.

J. T. F.

at Easter they sacrifice to Christ. but only a single

sheep...... Satan is called Melik Taous (King Nola (12 S. vii. 502).-See Glossary to Peacock).” Durham Account Rolls under Knoll, Has not this heretical association of Satan and p: 601, “ad campanan vocatam le and peacock been the cause of some Euroknoll (1397–8). The particular bell at peans' opinions that peacocks' feathers are Ripon described as “le knoll,” also as “le unlucky ? KUMAGUSU MINAKATA. blank knoll,” required timber and

Tanabe, Kii, Japan. penters' work, doubtless for the bell-frame, in 1379–80. See “Memorials of Ripon THE ORIGINAL WAR OFFICE (12 S. vii. (Surtees Soc.) iii. 99. The term nola appears 310, 354, 416, 435, 452).--Up to the present to have been applied also to a clapper, as at I have only been able to trace back the Winchester in 1572–80.

J. T. F. quotation given me by Professor Andrews Winterton, Lincs.

to 1721 ; out hope for further success.

As his book (“Guide to the Materials for LADY CATHERINE PAULET : Sir HENRY | American History to 1783, in the Public BERKELEY (12 S. vii. 511).-—As Mr. FOSTER Record Office of Great Britain 1914 ') is does not tell us the approximate dates of the not very accessible to some of your readers, miniatures to which he refers, it is impossible I may perhaps quote (from vol. ii, 274) :to answer his queries.

The office of the Secretary at War must have Lady Catherine Paulet, dau. of William, been at first in or near the chambers of the Duke third Marquess of Winchester, married Sir of Albemarle at the Cockpit. Lock is mentioned Giles Wroughton, Kt. Lady Catherine as having an office at the Guards House in 1676, Paulet, second da 1. of Harry, fourth Duke and probably Blathwayt used Little Wallingford

House for the same purpose. Clarke dated his of Bolton, married first William Ashe, and letters from the Horse Guards in 1697. We learn secondly, 1734, Adam Drummond of Meg. that for a time the War Office was located on the ginch, and died in 1775. Lady Catherine south side of Pall Mall, in the old Ordnance Office, Margaret Paulet, second dau. of Harry, general. For the greater part of the early

built for the Duke of Cumberland when captainsixth Duke of Bolton, married Sept. 17, eighteenth century, however, the Secretary, at 1787, William Henry, Earl of Darlington, War, the deputy secretary and clerks


as an


Paymaster-General of the forces and the Com- in a London theatre, and married an Englishmissary-General of the Musters bad their quarters woman.. Henry made his first appearance in a building on the east side of the street leading from Charing Cross to Westminster, about where

English boy pianist, aged 12,” at the War Office is to-day. This building had a

When in

Covent Garden Theatre in 1832. frontage on the street of 65 feet, but was only his 17th year he married an English girl a 46 feet wide at the rear, while the dimensions up little older than himself. In 1851 he settled one flight of stairs were only 31 feet before and in Brunswick, became a naturalized German behind. Horse Guards was begun and [it was) completed (citizen of the Duchy), married the widow of in 1756, on the site of the old Guards House, the

à German musical publisher, and gave his yard, and the stables, and thither the War Office name to the still

flourishing firm of Litolff was removed in the latter year.”

(London agent, Enoch, Great Marlborough The office of Secretary at War was Street). Three years before the Francoabolished by Stat. 26 and 27: Vict. c. 12, to German War, Henry Litolff settled in Paris, which the royal assento was signified on May 4, married his third wife, the Comtesse de 1863.

Q. V.

Larochefoucauld, and died a Frenchman at

Bois le Combes (near Paris) in August, 1891. HERALDIC (12 S. vii. 490).—I wish your

ANDREW DE TERNANT. correspondent had cited an instance or some 36 Somerleyton Road, Brixton, S.W. instances of the occurrence of the blazon which is the cause of his query. I imagine

TERCENTENARY HANDLIST NEWSit to be due to the canting device, the inter- PAPERS (12 S. vii. 480).-A preliminary laced knot of the Lacy family, or to the search in the Index of Titles to ‘Section II. double B twist of the Bourchiers.

The Provincial Press shows that the ST. SWITHIN. Addenda for one county will amount to

about 150, almost entirely belonging to the Wool-GATHERING (12 S. vii. 510).—In nineteenth century. The compiler's plan. the early part of the nineteenth century of admitting school magazines to his list, when people were careful of everything, while excluding parish magazines, has been and not ashamed of small economies, poor borne in mind.

M. women would go wool-gathering, that is, they (We are prepared to print any Addenda to the would glean from hedgerows, &c., flakes or Handlist which our correspondents may care to locks which the thorns had torn from the send us in the last number for each month. They fleeces of sheep that had approached too should reach us not later than one week before the

date of issue.] near to pass untolled. When I was in the nursery a faithful shepherdess suggested THE HERMIT OF HERTFORDSHIRE (12 S. that her charges might pursue this occupa- vii. 466, 516).—My mother remembers that, tion in our own paddock; but the prospect when staying with cousins at Hitchin in of “great cry and little wool ” was not found | 1858, she was taken to see Lucas as one of particularly alluring. . When sheep were the local attractions; and that, being at that washed there must have been pickings for time adherent of Pussyfoot,” she pious standers-by and when the shearing managed to evade drinking from a somewhat came coarse dag-locks would be a precious dirty bottle with which the hermit welcomed perquisite if the farmer did not keep them his visitors.

A. R. BAYLEY. for himself. When at times “ one's wits go a-wool-gathering, as they are supposed to “Now, THEN--!”(12 S. vii. 512 ; viii. 17). do, it is imagined that they stray about to -Your correspondent Mr. John B. WAINEsmall profit as did the women who sought WRIGHT makes the inquiry whether the stuffing for cushions in the hedges.

German Nun as an interjection is not used ST. SWITHIN. in a similar way to “Now, then.” Possibly

he has in his mind the combination Nun FRENCH PRISONERS OF WAR IN ENGLAND also, but the more exact parallel would (12 S. vii. 469, 517).--An interesting volume be found in the two words Nanu. This could be written entitled “Sons of French phrase has exactly the same meaning when Prisoners of War in England who Became spoken to children as the warning Now, Famous.' One of the most conspicuous is then,” or “stop-it.' It has a second mean. Henry Litolff, the composer-pianist, born in ing, being an exclamation of surprise Nanu London in 1818. He was the son of a What can this be ?”—a startled inquiry. French-Alsatian soldier taken prisoner in The first word na is frequently used as a the Peninsular War, who became a violinist prefix, thus Naja, Nanu, Naso, also as the



expression of doubt, na, na, na. Is there certainly known,” neither is there of the any connexion between this and the nahmotive for that death. Yet one wonders having the same pronunciation—so fre- why Nello did not find a corner to himself quently used in the West Riding of York- in 'Inf.' xii. amongst the "violenti contro shire and referred to by your correspondent, il prossimo. Dante's retributive justice is J. T. F.? HENRY W. BUSH. oftentimes curiously unbalanced.

J. B. MCGOVERN. JOHN WILSON, BOOKSELLER, HIS CATA- St. Stephen's Rectory, C.-on-M., Manchester. LOGUE (12 S. v. 237, 277, 297 ; vi. 21). — It may interest contributors at above

Hook: OXENBRIDGE: MORTON (12 S. references to know that in The Bookworm, viii. 10).—If the Morton referred to is the iv. 336 (1891), are thirteen lines commencing : son of Robert Morton and an ėjected minister Give me a nook and a book,

afterwards an M.D. there is a portrait of him And let the proud world spin round,

in a full bottom wig and a gown of the giving William Freeland as the author.

R.C.P. engraved in line by W. Elder after
W. B. H.
B. Orchard


DANTEIANA, 'Purg.' v. 130–136 (12 S. vi. 226).—Stendhal, as quoted by MR. T. PERCY ARMSTRONG at this reference, pro

Notes on Books. vides a charitable, and therefore acceptable, The Place-Names of Northumberland and Durham. version of the story of the unfortunate Pia By Allen

Mawer. (Cambridge University de'Tolomei. But why did Dante place her Press, 11. net.) in the 'Purgatorio amongst the “Neghit. This volume is worthy of its place in the Camtosi morti violentemente (as Scartazzini bridge Archæological and Ethnological Series. It terms those in this canto), or, as Lombardi established, and the author claims to have

carries forward a tradition of study now well calls them “negligenti che tardando il developed this tradition in one or two respects on pentimento, sopraggiunti da morte violenta, new and fruitful lines. In the first place he si pentirono, e furono salvi ” ? Of what had virtually confines himself to names for which we she to repent ? Not assuredly of Nello's have documentary evidence dating before 1500,

making a clear distinction between documented mere suspicions of her infidelity nor of his and un documented names. Next, he lays great taciturnity. Clearly Dante, in consigning stress on the importance of topographical condiher to purgatorial sufferings must have tions and has rejected explanations which do not shared the then common belief in her lapse harmonize with those conditions, even if ety

mologically satisfactory. This principle is unfrom fidelity to her husband, and have had doubtedly sound. We are glad, too, to note his some knowledge of her repentence as of her interest in sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth violent death. Lombardi quotes Volpi as century spellings, with their suggestion of pecuholding that:

liarities in local pronunciation.

The great mass of names in Northumberland “Pia, moglie di M. Nello della Pietra, la quale, and Durham are of Anglian origin, and Mr. come fu creduto, trovata dal marito in adulterio, Mawer notes that no special frequency of Celtic fu da lui condotta in Maremma e quivi uccisa," names is to be observed on the north-western or but Lombardi's Nuovo Editore' adds :

western border whence the survival of a Celtic "Il Postill. del Cod. Caet. con molta da grazia He observes, however, with justice that names

population in the hill-country might be deduced. la storia, che sembra la più genuina di questa readily assigned to English and plausibly exdonna, in tal guisa : Ista fuit la Pia nobilis plained may, after all, be etymological perverDomipa de Tholomeis de Senis, et uxor Domini sions of Celtic forms-instancing the old English Nelli de Petra de Panoteschis in Maritima, quæ forms for York and Salisbury which could (and cum staret ad fenestram per æstatem, maritus ejus assuredly would) have been explained quite misit unum famulum, qui cæpit eam per crura, et wrongly but for the Roman version of the projecit deorsum, propter suspectum, quem habuit original Celtic having been preserved. Several de ipsa, et ex hoc ortum est magnum odium inter examples occur in which folk-etymology may illas domos.'»

well be suspected--almost detected-as Hexham, Seeing that opinions differ so widely as Gateshead and Auckland-which are well disto the guilt or innocence of Pia (Landini, cussed here. L'Ottimo and Commente, Volpi, and Buti of -ing names is dealt with in a good note, wherein

The interesting question of the interpretation for the former, with the Anonimo Fiorentino, Mr. Mawer accepts Prof. Moorman's dictum that Benvenuti, &c., for the latter view), and in the ordinary 0.E. -ing-name (as distinct from doubt as to Dante's bias, I am constrained to -inga- and inges-names) is simply a compound of a hold that, to quote Mr. H. F. Tozer's words, genitive, ing- . being the possessive element

therein. This is certainly the only view that of the manner of her death nothing is

covers all the, facts and Mr. Mawer is able to


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bring forward among others a new and clinching example where an -ing- form is equated with a

Obituary. possessive. Birch has a seventh-century charter dealing with a grant of land at Wieghelmestun,

CECIL DEEDES. and this name appears in an endorsement of the tenth or early eleventh century as nunc vigel. By the death of Prebendary Cecil Deedes we mignctun [sic].

have lost one of our most valued correspondents. The Alphabet of names is preceded by a full Those whose studies have led them to any occupabibliography and followed by a useful alphabet of tion with mediæval MSS. will need no indication the elements used as the second part of place of the greatness of the loss, for Prebendary Deedes names ; one of personal names used as the first was widely known as an authority in that field. part; a scheme of phonology and an appendix on Librarian for some time of Chichester Cathedral, change of suffixes.

he edited for the Sussex Record Society the

Registers of Bishop Praty and Bishop Rede, and The Story of Our Mutual Friend.'. Transcribed for the Canterbury and York Society the Muni

into Phonetic Notation from the Work of ments of the Bishopric of Winchester and the Charles Dickens. By C. M. Rice. (Cambridge, Register of John de Pontissara, besides much Heffer, 5s. net.)

other work of a kindred character. It is no doubt In his “Notes on Pronunciation' the transcriber as a scholar and ecclesiastical historian that his tells us that “the pronunciation employed is name will be best remembered, both by readers generally that of an educated Southern English- of N. & Q.'—who owe him much curious informan.” However, according to the notation mation-and by the general public. But his employed, the word “all ” is to be pronounced activities were by no means limited to scholar“orl”—and that at once raises difficulties, for ship. He had worked as a priest at Oxford we are prepared to deny that the “educated (curate of ss, Philip and James and Chaplain of Southern Englishman does so pronounce “ all.” | Christ Church ; vicar of St. Mary Magdalene); Again in the phrase all that is to be told ” the in S. Africa (organizing secretary of Central same symbol represents the vowel sounds in African Mission and Canon of Maritzburg), and

and “to.” Only a very poor and in Essex (Rector of Wickham St. Paul's, Halstead, slovenly speech would make them so ; and the Essex), before coming to Sussex, the county with same may be said about a speech which renders which he is most closely associated. He was

at the end of a word by exactly the same Prebendary_of Chichester (“ Hova Ecclesia," sound as tbe vowel in “the."

1902-3; Exceit,” 1903), and Rector of St. The principle upon which this phonetic nota- Martin and St. Olave in that city, after some tion works seems to be that of noting any vowel thirteen years' work at Brighton as Curate of as sounded at its weakest.

Brighton in charge of St. Stephens. The slight nuance of its true quality which Cecil Deedes was born in 1843-son of the Rev. (1) is usually to be heard in cultivated speech Lewis Deedes, Rector of Bramfield, Herts-and even when rapid, and (2) becomes quite perceptible was unmarried. He had recently resigned the in slow or emphatic speech, is ignored, and living he held in Chichester and gone to live at if this notation ever prevailed would be lost. Frensham where his death took place. Thus the word consolation " has the neutral vowel symbol for the second “ ”: but who can pronounce the word with even a slight retarding

Notices to Correspondents. and keep that vowel neutral? The passage in which it occurs is an utterance of Mortimer's at

EDITORIAL communications should be addressed the Veneering's dinner-party (he is speaking "languidly,” too) and it may perhaps be argued to “The Editor of Notes and Queries ""-Adverthat the spelling is conversational. But spelling

tisements and Business Letters to “The Pub. of such over-refinement drives one into the lishers” at the Office, Printing House Square, opposite direction, making one wish that, if London, E.C.4.; corrected proofs to the Athenæum vowels are no longer etymological, they might be | Press, 11 and 13 Bream's Buildings, E.C.4. eliminated from spelling as far as possible. At When answering a query, or referring to an any rate, if this phonetic method is seriously to article which has already appeared, correspondents be tried it ougnt to be standardized--for ordinary are requested to give within parentheses writing--by the pronunciation of approved and immediately after the exact heading-the numbers carefully chosen speakers. It would then, we of the series, volume, and page at which the conbelieve, be found best always to note the charac, tribution in question is to be found. teristic sound of a vowel even when, in rapid

WHEN sending a letter to be forwarded to speech, it tends to be slurred and nearly lost another contributor correspondents are requested as in the example above. The sound can

to put in the top left-hand corner

of the envelope weakened to suit the fashion ; but if written as

the number of the page of .N. & Q.' to which the merely neutral cannot so easily recover its true letter refers. quality. We confess ourselves inclined to doubt the value of such transcripts as this, and even to be written on a separate slip of paper, with the

It is requested that each note, query, or reply think them undesirable.

signature of the writer and such address as he

wishes to appear. We are informed by the Oxford University Press ALL communications intended for insertion in that the Early English Text Society has appointed our columns should bear the name and address of Mr. Humphrey Milford to be the sole publisher the sender-not necessarily for publication, but as for the Society as from the beginning of this year.

a guarantee of good faith.

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