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value of the protest of Erasmus ? (3) Surely from the leaves, to wet the tobacco with, over the Greeks “at the present day (1528) and over again ; nothing is wasted in a tobacco would be better guides in the matter than

factory." either Erasmus or Smith or Cheke, as

Prescott, in Tobacco and its AdulteraItalians are accounted to be in the pro

tions' (1858), writes :nunciation of Latin. (4) What is the root *Shag tobacco is chiefly prepared from the difference (other than that indicated above) Virginian and Kentucky leaves Returns, from the between the two systems ? (5) Does either small pieres of broken leaf produced in the various of them obtain in our Universities and

processes of manufacture.' colleges in our

W. A. Penn, in 'The Soverane Herbe,' present day"? J. B. McGOVERN.

page 125, states :St. Stephen's Rectory, C.-on-M., Manchester,

Shag, the oldest of cut tobaccos, is prepared

from strong leaf, very finely cut into strips of oneTHE PRESS AND CHRISTMAS.—The general Returns is made in the same way from light coloured

fiftieth of an inch, and steamed and kueaded, suspension of the publication of newspapers and mild tobacco. It is so called from being in England on Christmas Day, 1913, is originally prepared by returning shag for rerecorded at 11 S. viii. 505, The Times being cutting.' the last of the London papers to break the

J. LANDFEAR LUCAS. continuity of issue. It may now be useful

101 Piccadilly, W.1. to note that no newspapers were published PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD STUART'S on Boxing Day, 1920, and that for three SWORDS. —The following short entry is consecutive days (Sunday falling on Dec. 26) transcribed from The Manchester Evening there was an entire suspension of English News, Wednesday, Oct. 13, 1920, which newspapers.


seems worthy of a place in ‘N. & Q.’:MADAME DE SÉVIGNÉ AND MASSON.

“A sword which was worn by Bonnie Prince The 'Selection from the Letters of Madame from Lord Garroch to Mrs. Calhoun of Washing,

Charlie' has gone to the United States as a gift de Sévigné and her Contemporaries ’ (Oxford ton. a descendant of the House of Mar." Clarendon Press Series, French Classics

The underneath subject was on view at first published 1868) was edited by Gustave Royal Jubilee Exhibition, Old Trafford, Masson, professor at Harrow School. The Manchester; department of Old Manchester * Lettres Choisies de Mesdames de Sévigné, and Salford, 1887, and it was described in a de Grignan, de Simiane, et de Maintenon catalogue, 'Relics of Old Manchester and (Paris, Bossange, 1835) was edited by J. R. Salford,' pp. 92. Masson. This is probably the only instance Sword bearing the inscription :of “classics” edited by two annotators of the same surname for educational purposes. Royal Highness Prince Charles Edward Stuart,

Presented to Sir Thomas Sheridan, Kt,, by His The selections (so far as Mme. de Sévigné is Lawful Heir to the Throne of Great Britain. concerned) are nearly similar.

Ireland, France, &c., in the presence of the Chevalier ANDREW DE TERNANT. de St. George, Viscount Strathallan. Lords Nairn, 38 Somerleyton Road, Brixton, S.W.

George Murray, Kilmarnock, Cromarty, and Bal

merino, at our Palace of Holyrood, Edinburgh, TOBACCO : RETURNS.—Inquiry among


1745. Semper fidelis secret et hardi.' tobacco authorities in this country having Owner (the late) Sir William Cunliffe Brooks, failed to elicit an explanation of the origin

Bart., M.P. of this term as applied to a description of

FREDERICK LAWRENCE TAVARÉ. tobacco, I have been favoured by the

22 Trentham Street, Pendleton, Manchester. Tobacco Merchants Association of the THE ANTIDOTE OF MITHRIDATES (See United States, Beekman Street, New York, 12 S. vii. 519).—The antidote of which the with the following references.

receipt is said to have been discovered in Fairholt, in his "Tobacco : its History the cabinet of Mithridates VI, consisted of and Associations '(1876), writes :

20 leaves of rue, 1 grain of salt, 2 nuts, and * The lighter kinds of tobacco, such as Returns, 2 dried figs, but this is not the Mithridatium Orinoco, &c., are very sparingly wetted; only just of the Roman and later physicians, or any. sprinkled, and not allowed to soak. They are thing like it. Celsus gives a receipt (I just sufficiently damp to squeeze into form in the believe the earliest known) containing 38 box; and, owing to their dryness, are less easily cut than damper tobaccos, which owe their dark colour

ingredients. These

afterwards in. principally to‘liquoring”; and to increase this, the creased to 75, but many receipts have manufacturer saves the stained water which drains less, and that adopted in the first London


Pharmacopæia and retained until 1788 had Capt.” Hewitt died at Reading on July 9, from 45 to 48, none of the four named above 1867, aged 89. Tradition states that he and being amongst them. The most active his wife and their daughter Clarissa received ingredient was opium, and to this the medi- until the day of their deaths a secret grant pine doubtless owed its popularity. It owes from a high source. (so far as is known) nothing to Mithridates Can any student of the secret history of but its name.

C. C. B. the period 1750–1850 throw any further light on this mysterious beauty ?

C. PARTRIDGE, F.S.A. Queries.

Stowmarket, Suffolk.

CORNELIUS DREBBEL.-I shall be much WE must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest obliged to any reader of 'N. & Q.’ who can to affix their names and addresses to their queries

, give me further information concerning the in order that answers may be sent to them direct. person and the works of the Dutch naturalist,

inventor and engineer Cornelius Drebbel, A NATURAL DAUGHTER OF GEORGE III.— who lived about 1604–1625 in England at An old diary lately discovered contains this the court of James I, or concerning his entry : “My mother was a very beautiful son - in - law, Dr. Abr. Kufler, dyer, at woman, and was of very high birth.' The Stratford, Bow. I am especially in search of allusion is to Frances Haywood or Hayword, such data as may be found in unpublished who was m. (1) to - Read, Reed, or Reid, records or in the manuscripts of private and (2) on Dec. 22, 1800, at Liverpool to libraries, in judicial acts, bills, &c., the James Waller Hewitt, who was bapt. printed records being already taken into James only on Nov. 2, 1777, at Wickham account by me. Market, Suffolk, being son of William

PROFESSOR DR. F. M. JAEGER. Hewitt and Sarah Waller. Tradition relates The University, Groningen, Holland. that Frances Haywood was natural daughter of George III., that she was some

MATTHEW PARIS.—The following invecyears older than J. W. Hewitt, that she was

tive against the Preaching or Mendicant great friends ”with George III.'s daughters

Friars (presumably a modern translation Sophia, born 1777, and Amelia, born 1783,

from the Latin) is said to have been written and that Mrs. Hewitt's daughter Frances

by Matthew Paris, who was a Benedictine used to go to the Duke of Kent's house and monk at St. Albans, and naturally looked was given a scarf by the Princess Victoria. upon them as rivals :Further, that the beautiful Frances Hay

“The friars who have been founded hardly forty wood-Reed-Hewitt had her portrait painted These are they who enlarging day by day their

have built residences as the palaces of Kings. by Allen Ramsay (1713–1784), or Sir Joshua sumptuous edifices encircling them with lofty Reynolds (1723-92), or Sir Henry Raeburn walls, lay up in them their incalculable treasures, (1756-1823).

imprudently transgressing the bounds of poverty I cannot find any record of the above and violating the very fundamental rules of their marriage at Liverpool. in 1800. On Dec. 11, profession.” 1801, their daughter Frances was bapt. at

If some one will tell me where this passage New Wi sor, Berks. In April, 1803, occurs among the writings of Matthew Paris their daughter Mary Catherine was born,

I shall be very much obliged. and in November, 1807, their daughter

PHILIP NORMAN. Clarissa was born. From October, 1808, to

45 Evelyn Gardens, S.W.7. May, 1811, J. W. Hewitt was ensign and FAMILY OF DICKSON.—I am collecting lieutenant in the Bedfordshire Militia. data for a biographical and genealogical From May, 1811, to November, 1817, he was history of the family of Dickson of Scotland, ensign and lieutenant in the 1st Regt. of and I should be glad to hear from any of Foot, of which the Duke of Kent was that name with genealogical details of their colonel. In November, 1817, he retired on ancestry and any items of interesting family half-pay. About that date he and his wife


JAMES SETON-ANDERSON. 'separated,” and she settled with her three daughters at Belfast, where in 1827-28 the SAMUEL DICKSON, M.D., born 1802, was two elder were married. Mrs. Hewitt died the author of 'Chromo-Thermal System of and was buried at Belfast, as was also hee Medicine.' He studied medicine at Edinunmarried daughter Clarissa about 1888–96. burgh, L.R.C.S. Edin., 1825, obtained a


- till

commission as Asst.-Surgeon in the army It is now the principal inn of the town, but and went to India to join the 30th Regt. according to Bagster's edition of · The of Foot. During five years' service in Complete Angler,' published in 1815, the India he acquired a large surgical experience. Talbot (see 12 S. vii. 350, 438, 515), On his return home in 1833 he took his M.D. about sixty years since was the first inn at degree at Glasgow and_began private Ashbourn.

G. F. R. B. practice at Cheltenham. He subsequently removed to Mayfair. Was an author of CARLYLE'S "FRENCH REVOLUTION.'-Car‘Hints on Cholera,' &c. He married Eliza, lyle in his 'French Revolution 'stated that dau. of D. Johnstone of Overtoun, and died Billaud and Collot in 1795 were shipped at 28 Bolton Street, Piccadilly, W., on for Sinamarri and the hot mud of Surinam.' Oct. 12, 1869, aged 67 years.

Is there not a geographical error here in I seek genealogical details of his ancestry. confusing Dutch Guiana with the French Was he a son of Samuel Dickson, W.S., of penal colony ?

THOMAS FLINT. Edinburgh, born 1777 ?

JAMES SETON-ANDERSON. SPENCER MACKAY, ARMIGER.—Jacobus 39 Carlisle Road, Hove, Sussex.

A[lexander?] Gordon dedicates his thesis

“ Tentamen medicum inaugurale de arsenico' Qui HI IN HINDOSTAN.'—I am anxious (Edinburgh 1814) to his maternal uncle to know who was the author of The Grand" avunculus "), Spencer Mackay, armiger, Master, or Adventures of Qui Hi in Hin- London—“tibi omnia post Deum debeo. dostan,' published in 1816; also where I believe Gordon is identical with Meredith's Rowlandson got the materials for his illus- friend Dr. James Alexander Gordon (1793– trations to the ‘Adventures of Qui Hi.'

1872), father of James Edward Henry S. T. S.

Gordon (1852–93), the electrician. Who was 'LIFE IN BOMBAY.'—Can

Spencer Mackay? The D.N.B.' gets no any


your readers tell me who was the author of Life nearer the origin of James Alexander Gordon in Bombay and the Neighbouring Out- than the statement that he was born in


J. M. BULLOCH. stations,' published by Bentley in 1852 ?

S. T. S.

37 Bedford Square, W.C.1. “To OUTRUN THE CONSTABLE.”—What

THE GLOMERY.—Sir John Cheke (tutor to is the origin of this phrase, which means to King Edward VI.) is mentioned as being the exceed one's financial resources ? It

last Master of the Glomery in Cambridge

appears to have been fairly frequently used during

University. the latter part of the last century. Besant

Perhaps some reader of ‘N. & Q.’ may

R. B. and Rice use it in 'Ready-money Mortiboy,' be able to define his function ? 1872 (vol. ii. chap. v.), and R. L. Stevenson


[The · N.E.D.'explains “ used it in one of his letters a few years later. L. glomeria, prob. ad. AF * glomerie=gramarie,


“ad. med. W. ROBERTS. GRAMMAR, instances the Cambridge Magister. “FRANCKINSENCE.”

Glomeriae, and quotes Mullinger, ‘University of

(See 12 S. vii. 503). Cambridge,' i. 140: “It was "customary in the -Does the entry

for pfumes and Franck- earliest times to delegate to a non-academic funcinsence, xiiiia, given by · MR. ARTHUR tionary the instruction of youth in the elements of WINN, in his Extracts from the Aldeburgh supported conjecture, was the function offritike

the (Latin) language. Such, if we accept the best Records' point to a post-reformation use Magister Glomeriae.' A pupil at a Cambridge of incense ? WILFRED J. CHAMBERS. grammar-school seems to have been called a Clancarty, Regent Road, Lowestoft.

"glomerel.”] THE GREEN MAN, ASHBOURNE.—I should “DAVID LYALL,” PSEUDONYM.—I have like to know when this well-known inn with seen this pseudonym recently in a catalogue its famous signboard, hanging across the as being used by Annie S. Swan, afterwards street, was built. Boswell in September, Mrs. Burnett Smith. The British Museum 1777, took his post-chaise from the Green Catalogue, however, records it as used by Man which he describes as "a very good the late Miss Helen B. Mathers (Mrs. Reeves). inn at Ashbourne,” and adds that the land. Can it be definitely stated to which of these lady, one M. Killingley, presented him ladies may be attributed the novels written

with an engraving of the sign of her house, under this pen-name? to which she had subjoined an address.



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EARLY ASCENTS OF MONT BLANC BY | Budex, Beaudeux and Beaudeaux are, ENGLISH TRAVELLERS.—The fourth ascent I suppose, forms of the modern St. Budeaux. of Mont Blanc was made in 1788 by a young The first evidently recalls the local nineEnglishman named Woodley accompanied teenth-century pronunciation of " Buddix. by the celebrated guides Jacques Balmat What however is the place referred to as and Cachat le Géant, and two others. He Pouldram House and what is the modern is described by the Genevese Alpine traveller, name of “Tadcaster in Cornwall,” taken Marc-Théodore Bourrit, who accompanied along with “Foy”? W. S. B. H. him during part of the ascent, as

“ fils du

Coats OF ARMS : IDENTIFICATION SOUGHT. gouverneur de l'Amérique Angloise." Can any reader of ‘N. & Q.' throw any light on

-Can any reader of ‘N. & Q.' help me to his identity ?

identify the bearers of two coats of arms I should also be particularly glad to know painted on the portraits of a man and his something about the following Englishmen wife, dated 1558 ? the dates of whose ascents of Mont Blanc

His coat is Sable, on a chevron between I give in parenthesis :

three butterflies argent, an escutcheon of 1. Capt. John Undrell (1819). . According

the field, charged with a fleur-de-lys.

His wife's escutcheon shows two coats to the Royal Kalendar' for 1818 he was promoted to the rank of commander in the Gules, a fesse wavy arg. between an escallop

impaled : the first as above; the second R.N. in 1815.

shell of the last in chief, and a crown or 2. Frederick Clissold (1822).

in base. 3. H. H. Jackson (1823).

Some member of the Papillon family 4. Capt. Markham Sherwill (1825). 6. Dr. Edmund Clark (1825).

would seem to be indicated, but I have been 7. Alfred Waddington (1836).

quite unable to trace the lady's family, 8. Mr. Nicholson, & London barrister

which was evidently foreign.

R. T. GUNTHER. (1843). 9. W. Bosworth (1843).

Magdalen College, Oxford. 10. Dr. Archibald Vincent Smith (1847).

MELIORA.'-When a boy I often used to 11. J. D. Gardner (1850).

see copies of a magazine with this title. All of the foregoing except numbers 7, 9, When did it originate and when did it die ? and 10 published narratives of their expedi

Vho were

editors and contributors. tions, but as far as I am aware nothing else

1. F. is known about their lives.

(In The Times Handlist of English and Welsh HENRY F. MONTAGNIER, Newspapers' Meliora is referred to the year 1858

Member of the Alpine Club. and described as “A quarterly review of social Champéry.

science in its ethical, economical, political and

aneliorative repects.” Apparently it came to an KENSINGTON GRAVEL AT VERSAILLES. end in 1869.) An old issue of The Quarterly Review is an STEVENSON AND Miss YONGE.—Which of authority for the statement that the garden Miss Yonge's novels is alluded to by R. L. walks at the Palace of Versailles were laid Stevenson in his essay, 'A Gossip on a Novel out with gravel from Kensington, which was of Dumas's'? In it he writes that he made of European repute. When and by whom the acquaintance of Dumas's 'Le Vicomte was this transaction carried out ? By what de Bragelonne’in 1863, and that he saluted method was the transportation of the gravel the name of d'Artagnan like an old friend, from Kensington to Versailles effected, and having “met it the year before in a work of what was the total quantity of material so Miss Yonge's.' The question is which ? transferred ? Where were the Kensington

EDWARD LATHAM. gravel pits situated ?

61 Friends Road, Croydon. J. LANDFEAR LUCAS.

“ PRINCIPAL.”—In the official list of 'His WEST COUNTRY PLACE-NAMES IN THE Majesty's Ministers and Heads of Public SEVENTEENTH CENTURY.--I have just been Departments, Revised October, 1920,' this examining Ricraft's 'Survey of England's word appears to be used in a novel sense: it Champions,' the date of which on the first would be a convenience to have that sense title-page is 1647 and on the second 1649. defined. The members of the “ Cabinet I am puzzled at the forms taken by some Secretariat ” have the titles : Secretary, Devon and Cornwall names of places and Principal, Assistant Secretary, Assistant should be glad of information about them. Secretaries (three names), Principals (two

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names), Assistant Principal (Private Secre- Lambert with having overworked Chatterton. tary to the Secretary), Confidential and This charge has not been brought before Chief Clerk, Assistant Chief Clerk.

against Lambert even by the most ardent While the Committee of Imperial Defence defenders of Chatterton. is provided with: Secretary, Principal

G. W. WRIGHT. Assistant Secretary, Assistant Secretaries (three names), Principal, Confidential and

FRANKENSTEIN.'-I should be glad to be Chief Clerk, Assistant Chief Clerk.

informed of the earliest recorded instance The noun Principal does not seem to occur

of the confusion between the protagonists in elsewhere in the list.

Q. V.

Mrs. Shelley's story 'Frankenstein,'in general

literature or journalism. In journalism at THACKERAY : THE NEWCOMES.'-In least three instances have occurred in the vol. i., chap. ix., of “The Newcomes,' past few months of references to the creation "Thackeray speaks of the Rev. Charles of a “Frankenstein,” meaning of course the Honeyman's “ luxurious sofa from Oxford, monster which Frankenstein brought into presented to him by young Cibber Wright existence. of Christchurch.” In later editions, in place It would be interesting to know if there of “young Cibber Wright,” we find young is any satisfactory explanation of the Downy. I shall be obliged to any one extraordinary prevalence of this curious who will explain why Thackeray made this error, which constitutes a problem with few change of name.

parallels in literature. H. J. AYLIFFE. CHARLES E. STRATTON, 2 New Steine, Brighton. Boston, Mass.

BARLOW FAMILY.–At 9 S. viii. 144, I asked for particulars of the Rev. F. Barlow,

Replies. described as Vicar of Burton title-page of his ‘Complete English Peerage,' 1772, &c., but nothing definite was elicited. A NOTE ON SAMUEL PEPYS'S DIARY. At 12 S. i. 469 is mention of a Descendants'

(12 S. vii. 507.) Dinner of the Barlow family, held in London I Am particularly interested in SIR CHARLES in December 1906, and it may now be possible TOMES's note, as I have for some time past to renew the former query with better been endeavouring to trace the exact chance of success. My, principal object is to relationship of Nan Popys of Worcester identify the · Burton " of which the Rev, F. with the Diarist, in connexion with my Barlow was vicar at the period indicated.

W. B. H.

forthcoming book on Pepys and his family.

The only information I have been able to MAJOR-GENERAL SIR ROBERT SALE.-It obtain in relation to any Anne Pepys of is said that in a despatch from him, sent Worcester is the following :from Jellalabad, concealed in a quill, a

In Water's Genealogist's Gleanings,' small paper was enfolded on which was there is a reference to the will, dated Apr. 5, written “iodine.

When this was applied 1658, and proved on Oct. 2 following, of to the invisible writing, written with rice John Danvers of Upton, in the parish of water, the letter became visible.

Ratley, Warwickshire, Esq., whereby he What is the authority for this statement ? bequeathed a legacy of 1001. to Anne Pepes,

G. H. J.

wife of John Pepes of Littleton in the co.

of Worcester. CHATTERTON'S APPRENTICESHIP TO LAM- I searched at Somerset House for the will BERT.--Sir Sidney Lee's account of Chatter- of John Pepes of Worcester, but found none. ton (published in 1906) contains the follow- In the Administration Book now at Somerset ing statement :

House, however, I found that on May 31, "He lived at his master's house, was harshly 1660, Letters of Administration to the used and greatly overworked.

estate of Anne Pepys alias Peakes, late of The italics are mine.) All previous bio. Littleton, Worcester, were granted by the graphers of Chatterton agree that he had Prerogative Court of Canterbury, to her much leisure time, and was thus able during husband John Pepys alias Peakes. This office hours to carry on his own literary proves that this Anne died intestate and work. It would be interesting to know on not leaving a will as Dr. Wheatley con. what grounds Sir Sidney Lee charges jectured.

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