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THE TRAGEDY OF NEW ENGLAND (12 S. Hughes not only owned Oatlands, where vii. 446, 493). —The authorities for the note the honeymoon was spent, but also rented hereon are many and varied, but chiefly a mansion in Greenwich Park where he seventeenth and eighteenth century his- and his wife torians. Amongst others Speed's

* Views

‘kept open house; but after a while there wer of the American Colonies ’; Neale's ‘His- quarrels, which led to a separation, and eventually tory (not of the Puritans, but) of New a divorce. It is not clear, however, on which side England,' and another author whose name

was the fault." is not given in the 'History History' (1708-41)

Hughes served for a short time in the which is dedicated to the Attorney-General army:

He was commissioned a cornet ir of Barbadoes. In the preface it is declared the 7th Light Dragoons, Aug. 28, 1817, and that

placed on half-pay Feb. 11, 1819. See

Army List of 1834. ROBERT PIERPOINT. there was no part of this history which had not been shown to persons who have lived. in those parts of the world, and been approved by them.”

FRIDAY STREET (12 S. vii. 490).–Stow in One of those who were largely responsible his "Survey' (1842 edn. at p. 131), dealing for the prosecutions for witchcraft

with the Friday Street in the City of London Cotton Mather, the son of a Lancashire man.

says “so called of fishmongers dwelling

Per His book on the Wonders of the Invisible there, and serving Friday's market.

fisl World, with a further Account of the Trials haps the other Friday Streets were


John B. WAINEWRIGHT. of the New England Witches,' by Increase Mather over-confirms some of the things

According to Hare ( Walks in London, charged against the “witch

prosecutors, for where one author affirms that even a

vol. i. p. 185), Stow says that the metro dog was hung for witchcraft,” Cotton

politan example gets its name from “Fish Mather says two were executed.

mongers dwelling there and serving Friday's Nothing was charged against the “Pil


ST. SWITHIN. grims for their treatment of the native Indians, but in this matter the Duke de

Does not this name usually denote a fish

market ? I fancy this is the case with the la Rochefoucauld's “Travels in the United

old Marché de Vendredi, at AntwerpStates ’ (circa 1794) may be consulted ; and although nowadays it attracts because of the the speech of “Red Jacket,” an Indian chief at an assembly of tribes at New York before with its interesting ancient domestic utensils

presence there of the Folk Lore Museum General Knox the Governor; and for the


J. LÅNDFEAR LUCAS. names of the founders of the First Settle.

101 Piccadilly, W. ments of North America, and the dates thereof Guthrie's 'Grammar of Geography THE TALBOT INN, ASHBOURNE (12 S published in 1798. This book names nine-vii

. 350, 438, 515).—The following additiona teen separate colonies founded in North information, also contributed to The Ash America between 1608 and 1787.

bourne News, has reached me : M. N. “Mr. A. M. Wither, of Parr's Bank, Ashbourne

informs us that the late Mr. W. R. Holland, who See Rufus M. Jones, The Quakers in the was admittedly an authority on local history, or American Colonies (Macmillan, 1911) for one occasion pointed out to him the premises nex the persecution of the Quakers in New Eng. Messrs. Allsopp, the Burton brewers, as the old

to the Town Hall, and formerly the offices o land, and also for the exile of Anne Hutchin- Talbot Inn, and there is certainly a good deal abou son and others from the Massachusetts Bay the appearance of the building that suggests it may colony in 1637 for their religious opinions. have been a hostelry at one time. So far, it will be


seen, there are three opinions expressed as to the Home House, Kell's Lane, Low Fell, Gateshead.

position of the Talbot. In his letter last week

Mr. Twells referred to the late Rev. Francis Jour MLLE. MERCANDOTTI (12 S. vii. 448, 493). the present Town Hall. We quote the following

dain's contention that the idu occupied the site o There is a good deal about Edward Hughes from the rev. gentleman's article on · Ashbourne Ball Hughes and Maria Mercandotti, in Signs : Ancient and Modern,' which appeared ir • The aux of the Regency by Lewis the · Ashbourne Annual' of '1898 :- The Talbot Melville, 1908, which is well indexed. stood in the Market Place, on the site of the Facing p. 159 of vol. ii. is an etching by present Town Hall. This reminds us of the Earls Richard Dighton (1819) of 'The Golden nected with Ashbourne. In the Grammar Schoo Ball.'

books the following entry occurs : ‘1614. Itm laid


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of Shrewsburie, at Ashburne. for two gallons of over the entrance porch à representation of downe for a prnt (i. e., present) given to the Earl Prince of Wales from Spain, has in stone claret wine 53. ijid. To Gregory Bircumshaw for the Prince of Wales's feathers and below it a cake xviijd. To Thomis Taylor for sugar iis.' Two Talbots vor Mistiffs are to this day the sup

an inscription reading “D.O.M.S. ob felicissiporters of the Shrewsbury arms. The inn itselt mum Caroli Principis ex Hispanijs reditum was evidently a place of note, and the arms in its hoc Sacellum d.d. 1625, J. P.' windows were noted by the Herald when visiting A house in Gold Street, Saffron Walden, Ashbourne in 1611. It is thus mentioned in Essex, on the east side, has in plaster work Walton & Cotton's · Angler,' where Piscator says : * We will only call and drink a glass on horseback the feathers and motto of the Prince of at the Talbot and away,'--and the travellers order Wales, with the initials P. A., of probably ale, in spite of the warning given later on, that early seventeenth-century date ; and in the * Ashbourne has, which is a kind of riddle, always oriel window of.the great hall of Horham in it the best malt, and the worst ale in England. Hall, also in Essex, is a panel of glass dating The following notices of this famous house appear in the register: Buried 1639, Edmund Buxton, of probably from the early sixteenth century the Talbot. Baptized June 15, 1715. Ann, daughter which also bears the motto and feathers. of Mr. Rob. Law, at the Talbot. Received July 24,

STEPHEN J. BARNS. 1717, to church, Richard, son of Mr. Rob. Law, of

Frating, Woodside Road, Woodford Wells. the Talbot, which child was baptized by Mr. Dakin above a month ago. Baptized March 8, 1722–2, “Now THEN-!" (12 S. vii. 469, 512).— Gilbert, son of Mr. Jeremiah Groves ' (Talbot), This expression was used in Anglo-Saxon Ashburne.'

times and is found in sentences indicating a *This should prove of interest.

command. There is no temporal signification

CECIL CLARKE. Junior Athenæum Club.

attached to the

and the “then "

is unemphatic and enclitic. A somewhat DEATH OF QUEEN ANNE (12 S. vii. 508).

similar French expression is or çà, which is There seems to have been another “white used to imply that something begins, or handkerchief incident connected with this being synonymous with maintenant and çà event. I have seen it related that on that an interjection that is intended as memorable Aug. 1 Bishop Burnet, driving encouragement. to court, met near Sinithfield Mr. John

T. PERCY ARMSTRONG. Bradford whom he stopped to speak to, and to whom he promised that should the CENTURY (12 S. vii. 191, 216, 257, 295, 399,

DOMESTIC HISTORY OF THE NINETEENTH Queen have passed away he would send a messenger to Mr. Bradford's chapel, who last" novel, A Fool in Her Folly,' when

452).—The late Rhoda Broughton, in her should announce the event by dropping & white handkerchief from the gallery. This writing about a matter which appears to was duly done, but Bradford took no notice have taken place soon after the Indian until in his closing prayer he invoked bless. Mutiny had been suppressed, states, in ings on the head of our rightful Sovereign chap. xiii

. :King George the First ! It is matter of

Afternoon tea was still an upstart struggling history how profoundly the Queen's death future, but in many cases to be indulged in

for recognition ; born indeed and with a great .at that moment affected the fortunes of privately like dram-drinkiug, smuggled into Yonconformity.

SURREY. bed onis during visits, and sometimes shared

with confidential servants in housekeeper's ANCIENT HISTORY ASSAM (12 S. rooms." vii. 110).-If J. S. can see. William Robin- I presume that she refers to about the year son's Assam, Calcutta, 1841, I think he 1860. will find something to his purpose in chap. iv. I do not think that afternoon-tea came

J. W. FAWCETT. into general use until about 1874 ; I think Templetown House, Consett.

it was about this time that the late King

Edward, when Prince of Wales, started the ROYAL ARMS IN CHURCHES ( 12 S. vii. 470, fashion of dining at a much later hour than 517).-In my communication at the second the then recognized time. Afternoon-tea reference, 1. 11, “ It would seem that iu 1614 must have been a very rare thing in 1860 ; it was unusual should read it was usual. friends of mine, who are old enough to

The church of Groombridge in Kent, remember their daily life at that period, built by John Packer, Clerk of the Privy tell me that this date is far too early. I know Seal to Charles I., in fulfilment of a vow, as that when visitors called, in the afternoon, à thanksgiving for the safe return of the at my father's house, they were offered



port, sherry, and sweet biscuits.

This was room to in his hostelry, and the mythical the custom, certainly, about 1866, for law was given as an excuse for his haste. I generally took toll of the biscuits during The yarn about the two men watching for transit. Perhaps this

custom in Dr. Keith's last breath is also ridiculous, what was then called a middle-class family, because they would not be allowed to touch and did not apply to those higher up in a body until the “corpse-viewer ” had seen life ; who were called by the general term it and given permission to remove it. As it of “the Gentry,” whatever that may have was Miss Pardoe who came to the divine's meant. HERBERT SOUTHAM. rescue, perhaps she has related the incident

in her The City of the Magyar ’ (London, LONDON POST-MARKS (12 S. vii. 290, 355). 1840).

L. L. K. -Would MR. WILLIAM GILBERT kindly give further particulars of John G. Hendy's PICTURE BY SIR LESLIE WARD (12 S.

Post-marks of the British Isles from 1840 vii. 470).—The picture, about which L. Q. to 1876’? I have Hendy's work dealing inquires, is not improbably a full-length oil with post-marks down to 1840 ; but the painting, life size, of the first wife of the publishers of it know nothing of the con- late Col. Harry McCalmont who died in tination, nor can I find any mention of the 1902. He married in 1885 Amy, daughter continuation in the ordinary books of of Major General Miller, and she died in reference.

ERNEST S. GLADSTONE. 1889. The portrait was an admirable likeWoolton Vale, Liverpool.

ness of the poor lady, and one of the gifted

If I am correct in FOLK-LORE OF THE ELDER (12 S. vi. 259, artist's happiest efforts. 301 ; vii. 37, 59).—According to Mr. Yoshi- this conjecture, though Sir Leslie may have wara's ‘A Bundle of Magical Cures' in the painted portraits of other ladies, the picture Kôtyo Kenkyó, vol. i., no. 9, p. 563, Tokyo, is now at Syston Court near Bristol, the 1913, some folks in the southern part of the residence of Mrs. Rawlins, a sister of the province Hidachi in Japan have the follow-late Col. McCalmont ing formula for curing the toothache :

WILLOUGHBY MAYCOCK, “ Bake as many beans as the number of years MISSING WORDS WANTED (12 S. vii. 232, 296). of the patient's age till they are quite black, bury -“ Come not when I am dead.” May I say in them under a living elder, and ask it, ‘Please answer to a supplementary question that this take your food with deaf ears and rotting teeth poem has been very beautifully set to music. until these beans begin to grow.'

Í forget by whom, but I remember the air well. Needless it is to say baked beans shall | The song with its setting was included in a never bud and the toothache will never recur.

volume of Songs from Tennyson published som

forty years ago. I should be very glad to know The Japanese elder is Sambucus racemosa L.. whether this is still obtainable. Unfortunately which also grows in Southern Europe.

I remember neither the editor nor the publisher KUMAGUSU MINAKATA.

but the musical contributors were the most Tanabe, Kii, Japan.

famous English composers of the day, such as

Sullivan, Barnby, Macfarren, &c. The book OXFORD (ORFORD) HOUSE, WALTHAMSTOW was published, I believe, at 21s. C. C. B. (12 S. vii. 469).- This should read Orford

AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.House. The owl cameo denotes the crest

(12 S. vii. 491.) of the family of Kemp, former residents of

The lines which M. P. N. sends are by Tennyson. the premises, otherwise I believe the pro- They are to be found, under the title The Silent perty is without history.

Voices,' on p. 855 of his · Complete Works,' on WILLIAM R. Power. vol., (Macmillan, 1894), having first appeared in 157 Stamford Hill, N.16

1892, in 'The Death of Oenone, and other Poems. Tennyson's own text is less profuse of capitals

black DR. ALEXANDER KEITH (12 S. vii. 406,

and “starry ” in the first and eight!

lines being undistinguished. EDWARD BENSLY. 478).–As Dr. Keith did not understand the language spoken by the natives, it is quite This poem was set to music by Lady Tennyson possible that he got hold of the wrong arranged for four voices by Sir F. Bridge, and version of the tale. On the other hand it sung at the Laureate's funeral in Westminster is quite possible he was deliberately deceived. Abbey on Oct. 12, 1892.

ALICE M. WILLIAMS. It is doubtful that a special law was enacted to meet our differential treatment to dead Of “When the dumb hour," Palgrave in hi: aliens. Probably the facts were that the

Golden Treasury of Songs and Lyrics,' Second

Series, has this note : hotel-keeper was anxious to get rid of the dictated on his deathbed.

“ The poet's last lines

If a friendship of nea body as an undesirable object to give house-half a century may allow me to say it, these

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solemn words • As sorrowful, yet always rejoic- The most interesting of these studies, to our mind, ing,' give the true key to Alfred Tennyson's is that of John Florio as Sir John Falstaff's original. inmost nature, his life and his poetry.

This is introduced by an exceedingly apt quotation

C. C. B. from an eighteenth century criticism of the dramatic (12 S. vii. 511.)

character of Falstaff, the point of which is that those

characters in Shakespeare which are seen only in 2. This is an incorrect quotation from “The part are “capable of being unfolded and understood Stirrup Cup.' as sung by Mr. Santley. Written by in the whole; every part being in fact relative and H. B. Farnie, composed by L. Arditi. London, inferring all the rest.” This “wholeness” of Chappel & Co,

Shakespeare's characters--it has, of course, often Probably the song was published about 1875–80. been commented on-is the subject of several good. It was in its time very popular; witness the fact remarks which conclude with the opinion that these that it was published in three keys. The two verses charaeters may be considered “rather as Historic are as follows:

than as Dramatic beings." Our author proceeds, The last saraband has been danc'd in the hall, after quoting the passage, to declare that the reason The last prayer breath'd by the maiden ere for this life-likeness lies in the fact that every sleeping,

• very distinctive Shakespearean character" when The light of the cresset has died from the wall, acting or speaking from those parts of the com

Yet still a love-watch with my Lady I'm keeping. position which are inferred only and not distinctly My charger is dangling his bridle and chain, shewn" is the portrait of a personage contemporary

The moment is nearing dear love! we must sever; with Shakespeare whom the dramatist knew and But pour out the wine, that thy lover may drain took for his model. Fluellen, thus, is Captain A last stirrup-cup to his true maiden ever! Roger Williams; Falconbridge. Sir John Perrot

and Falstaff Florio. The Falstaff-Florio case is I cannot ride off, I am heavy with fears, No gay disregard froni the flagon I borrow,

set forth most plausibly and against it what

we have to urge is chiefly our ignorance of I pledge thee in wine, but 'tis mingled with tears, Twin-type of the Love that is shaded by sorrow ; quaintance with Florio, and his actual methods

Shakespeare's circumstances, his degree of acBut courage, mine own one, and if it be willed That back from the red field thy gallant come has preserved him

of working. That quality in Shakespeare which

anong the greatest and never,

most lively forces in literature down to the present In death he'll remember, the she who had filled

hour has often been described as a capacity for. His last stirrup-cup was his true maiden ever !

seeing and rendering the universal in the individual Later there appeared The Gift and the Giver,' along with-even thereby enhancing-individual sequel to The Stirrup Cup, by the same authors peculiarities. A portrait on such lines would be and publishers, also "sung by Mr. Santley.". A immeasurably more troublesome to produce than a foot-note on p. 1 as to the title The Gift and the work of pure imagination-imagination, that is, Giver' says, A favorite inscription, in olden informed and inspired by observation and close times, on betrothal rings."

knowledge of individual men. Would a man of ROBERT PIERPOINT. Shakespeare's power adopt a method, to his per

ception of what goes to make up a man, so nearly

impossible? Again, admitting he did, it cannot be Notes on Books. proved tnat Florio was the model.

Florio, we

know, was furious with one, H.S., for having made Shakespeare's Last Years in London, 1586–1592 | a satirical use of his initials, J. F. H. S., then, is

By Arthur Acheson. (Bernard Quaritch, fl ls. to be identified with Shakespeare and much hangs net.)

on that identification—but proof thereof is not to A RECONSTRUCTION of Shakespeare's life, even in be had. regard to the periods of which we know most, is a We should, perhaps. follow our author more business which calls for more than ordinary judg- readily if he himself were not so well satisfied as to ment as to the value of such evidence as we the truth of these conjectures and did not so cheerpossess. To make anything, of the obscurer years fully forget how slender are the materials with one had need be, to start with, of so cautious a turn which he is working and how honeycombed with of mind as to count the task impossible. A lively, doubts. And we should also have been grateful to hopeful imagination will certainly create delusions, him for so much more care and polish in his own having vast spaces in which to disport itself, with writing as would have enabled a reader to seize his almost no facts and not very many more clear meaning at once. inferences, to serve as checks or guides. The writer

But we would by no means discourage students of this book, at the very outset, shakes our confi- of Shakespeare from making acquaintance with his dence in his pessimism—the pessimism required by book. the situation. He suggests Jacquespierre as, possibly; the original form of Shakespeare, and therewith a Gallic origin for bearers of the name.

A History of Scotland from the Roman Evacuation to So hopeful and ingenious a mind must be expected

the Disruption, 1843. By Charles Sanford Terry. to show itself rather clever and entertaining than

(Cambridge University Press, £l net.) over-solicitous as to what the evidence in favour of DR. SANFORD TERRY claims for the history of its surmises will bear : and so we find our author. Scotland that it is “ a story of development unsurHe advances little of which one can say positively : passed by the national experience of any modern This cannot be so; but the reasons for which we community.” We concede that claim. and we are invited to agree with him remain slender. further agree with him that a new History of

Scotland is wanted. The History we should like Leicestershire. By G. P. Pingriff. (Cambridge to possess would resemble Green's 'Short History University Press, 48. 6d. net.) of the English People. Green's point of view and we are glad to see another of these excellent the fine proportion, the arresting style, the 'live county guides. The information given is sufficient liness of the portraiture and the movement and to form a sound foundation for future studies ; or, charm of the work as a whole have not, we think, by itself, to make a good body of knowledge con been rivalled, far less surpassed, in any other cerning the physical characteristics, industries,

antiquities, and general history of the county. history of a like compass.

Leicestershire cannot boast the varied and supreme Undoubtedly the history of Scotland is more interest of say, Warwickshire : but it holds plenty difficult than that of England. Dr. Sanford Terry to reward the curious inquirer'; and, as to history, draws attention to its intimate conuection with the Battle of Bosworth and the names of Wycliffe, genealogy. This is equivalent to saying that not Lady Jane Grey, Latimer, and Macaulay, form no only the character of the people and not only the poor illustration. We should have thought that character of individuals require to be grasped and Grosseteste at least equalled these in importance, delineated; between these two come the great and that, if he was to be mentioned at all, (his families and their relations both with one another connection with Leicester not being a conspicuous and the kingdom at large. Periods of French part of his history) something more to the point History show this peculiarity:. but the stage of than his being."like De Montfort, an opponent of France is ampler and the total effect, therefore, less Henry III.” might have been brought forward. confused and puzzling. In Scottish history influ. ences from difference of race, from family rivalry, the photograph of a bronze_ticket used on the

Some of our correspondents may be interested in from external pressure and from the predominance Leicester and Swannington Railway, supplied by of individuals produce at several points so intricate the Midland Railway Company. Great pains have a tangle that a certain breadth of treatment clearly been taken to collect an unhackneyed series becomes necessary in order to make plain to the of photographs, and, so far as this immediate object reader's eye that development on which Dr. Sanford is concerned, with success. So far as providir'g a Terry justly insists.

good idea of their several subjects goes, many of We do not think he has altogether succeeded them are in truth excellent, but a good numberin this, though we find much in his book to praise. especially those of the divers landscapes—must be By dint of the most minute workmanship he con- pronounced neither here or there. trives to present a huge amount of facts within a narrow compass; and by rather alluding to than relating some of the incidents that are known to “every schoolboy" he finds room for more recon- Notices to Correspondents. dite matters. But the writing is so serried, and sometimes also so involved and abbreviated-as if

EDITORIAL Communications should be addressed space had been saved by pruning sentence by sen- to “The Editor of ‘Notes and Queries'"-Advertence—that the reader will find some difficulty in tisements and Business Letters to “The Pubgetting into the swing of the narrative, and in lishers” at the Office, Printing House Square, passing from detail to a survey of the whole. London, E.C.4. ; corrected proofs to the Athenæum Persons stand out in too shallow relief. and carry Press, 11 and 13 Bream's Buildings, E.C.4. little or no atmosphere, while on the other hand, WHEN answering a query, or referring to an the perception of national progress has to be arrived article which has already appeared, correspondents at mostly by way of laborious inference. Since the are requested to give within parentheses book is calculated for the general reader and the immediately after the exact heading-the numbers student, who already know the picturesque stories of the series, volume, and page at which the conin which Scotland is so rich, we have perhaps no tribution in question is to be found. right to cavil at the omission of even the slightest

WHEN sending a letter to be forwarded to description of Bannockburn, though

may another contributor correspondents are requested wonder why, ou the accepted plan, Rizzio's to put in the top left-hand corner of the envelope murder, for exa:1ple, should have been described. the number of the page of N. & Q.' to which the But that which was intended to be treated should letter refers. have been clearly set out, and arranged in some manner more easy for reference. In a subsequent be written on a separate slip of paper, with the

It is requested that each note, query, or reply edition some breaking up of paragraphs might be of signature of the writer and such address as he service.

wishes to appear. None the less if rather too difficult for a work on the scale decided on and with the purpose it is our columns should bear the name and address of

ALL communications intended for insertion in designed to serve, this history of Scotland should the sender-not necessarily for publication, but as be found very useful, and, if somewhat too thick

& guarantee of good faith. and solid to be called stimulating, will certainly

CORRESPONDENTS repeating queries are requested reward the careful reader by possessing him of a fund of well-authenticated and various knowledge. to head the second communication “Duplicate.” This has been carefully related to the contemporary

For the convenience of the printers, correspon. histories of England and the countries of the dents are requested to write only on one side of Continent by the light of the most recent research. sheet of paper. We are glad to mention the thirty-two genealogical

MANY thanks to those kind correspondents who tables of the great Scottish fa milies—a novel and have sent us the wishes of the season, which we very good feature.

| heartily reciprocate.


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