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The mid-Lent fête, known in Hazebrouck its interruption by the war.

At its resumpas “Den Graef van Half Vasten,” has a very tion in 1920 : distinct local interest, its origin going back “ la distribution des noix fut abondante. Le to the beginnings of the town, and it semeur de largesse les jetaient à tour de bras

On les recueillait may be said to combine the ancient “Fête dans toutes les directions. du Lièvre ” (den Haeze Feste) with the later avidement pour les emporter au loin ou les en

voyer aux membres dispersés des familles. “Fête des Noix.” At the Fête du Lièvre a

Though nothing of the ancient Haeze hare was let loose in the market-place, and Feste finds place in the fête of to-day, it was chased by the inhabitants, but in course


be considered as the embryo from of time the amusement degenerated, and, which the present festival emerged. For having become a source of animosities and

a long time the two fêtes existed side by disturbances, the fête was suppressed in side, then one disappeared and the other 1539. The custom of distributing nuts held the field alone. The hare, in the words among the people at the mid-Lent festival, of M. Pattein, has now taken refuge in the which gives its

to the Fête des

arms, of the town, where it appears on a Noix, is said to have originated in

golden escutcheon held by the legendary nincident of the feudal period when a Lord Lion of Flanders, or in heraldic languageof Hazebrouck refused to grant the town a Argent, & lion salient sable holding an fair in mid-Lent for which the inhabitants escutcheon or, thereon a hare courant bendhad petitioned. The townspeople replied wise proper.

F. H. CHEETHAM. by causing a mannequin in the semblance of their Seigneur to be paraded on horseback through the streets on the day in AMONG THE SHAKESPEARE question, accompanied by a servant who

ARCHIVES. threw nuts among the crowd derisively to symbolize their lord's largesse. Held annu- (See ante, pp. 23, 45, 66, 83, 124.) ally the spectacle attracted the inhabitants

MASTER JOHN BRETCHGIRDLE. of the whole district to Hazebrouck and in time the fête gained for the town the advan- While John Shakespeare was administering tages which had been sought and refused. his father's affairs at Snitterfield a Protestant Such in brief is the story of the origin of the vicar was instituted at Stratford in succession Fête des Noix. It is told in some detail in to Roger Dyos. John Bretchgirdle was a an interesting article by M. Joseph Pattein, native of Bagulev in Cheshire and was of Hazebrouck, in Le Beffroi de Flandre, educated in that nest of heresy, the home of Feb. 15, 1920. Discontinued for five years

the * Christian Brothers," Christchurch, during the war, the fête was again cele- Oxford. He and a fellow-student, who was brated, though shorn of some of its former probably also a fellow-countryman, John pageantry, on Mar. 15, 1920. The effigy Sankey, supplicated for their B.A. in Mar. of the feudal lord led on horseback through 1544, were alınitted on the same day, Apr. 7, the streets amidst the jeers of the towns

and after being twice dispensed in the people will naturally recall to Lancashire Michaelmas term, determined together in readers the somewhat analogous procession 1545. Bretchgirdle took his II. A. on July 11, of the Black Knight at Ashton-under-Lyne, 1546, and early in King Edward's reign which takes place on Whit-Monday. At

returned to his native country as perpetual Hazebrouck the procession of the manne

curate of Witton cum Twenbrooke near quin took on a new significance in 1602 as

Northwich. At Witton he had a school, the result of a local incident in that year whom was å gifted and loved scholar named

attended hy boys from Northwich, anong the details of which are too long to repeat here. The distribution of nuts

was dis.

John Brownsword (pronounced Brown's contirmed in 1782, but was revived ten word). In 1550 or 1551 he obtained for his yea's later, when the municipality decided home and school, from Sir Thomas l'enables (November, 1792) that

of Kinderton, the lease of a messuage, a pour ne plus donner un nom d'ancien esclavage adjoining the Chapel vard,

croft and half an acre of land, "lying and ou de féodalité à cette fête, elle sera dès à present

and entering dénommée la fête des Sans-Culottes' et le

on the premises he occupied and enjoyed bonnet de la liberté sera arboré en signe de cette the same by the space of seven years,” during liberté'conquise.”

which term he“ did upon his own costs and Under varying forms the fête, with its dis- charges newly erect à chamber, and also tribution of nuts, continued to be held till I amended and repaired divers other houses



and buildings at an outlay of 201. and Mary, however, died on Nov. 17, 1358, and above ”-say 2001. in our pre-war money. great changes followea. Bretchgirdle reIn 1557 an old Northwich boy, a native of signed the vicarage of Great Budworth Shurlach (a mile or less from the town), a before May 19, 1560, when Richard Eaton wealthy cleric, rector of St. Bartholomew's, was presented ; and in Jan. 1561, he gave Smithfield, Dominus John Deane, invested up the curacy and mastership at Witton to property with local trustees “ for the good become vicar of Stratford-upon-Avon. He instruction of boys within the township of was adm ed to his difficult charge on Witton near Northwich,” and by Michaelmas Feb. 27. Nothing is said in the record of his 1558, a school had been built and statutes investiture about Roger Dvos. The usual per drawn-up for what was thereafter The Free mortem or per resignationem after vacantis is Grammar School of Witton. Bretchgirdle, wanting. The late vicar, it seems, had without doubt, had to do with this, and was neither deceased nor “resigned,” but had among the “ learned ” whose “godly and taken his "departure" because the Corporadiscreet advice was taken in the framing tion had adopted the simple but effective of the statutes and course of instruction ; expedient of withholding his “wages.” and, without doubt, he became the first

For four years and four months John headmaster (with a salary of 121. and Bretchgirdle, unmarried, with sister, ** lodgings”), as his boys, including John perhaps two, to keep house for him, was head Brownsword, became the first scholars (with of the wide Stratford parish in the contenfree teaching) of the new fcundation. From tious days of transition from Roman ('athofirst to last Brownsword was nearly thirteen licism to Protestantism. The Prayer Book years under John Bretchgirdle. He owed services were organized on Puritan lines, to him his excellent, if sometvhat pedantic frescoes were whitewashed, stained glass was Latinity; and in view of the fact that the replaced by plain, and carvings were hacked. pupil in a few years followed his master to Feeling ran high. (ases of assault were Stratford and became himself the head again dealt with at the Court Leet of May 4, master of Stratford School, we read with 1561. John Ichiner (or Ichiver), a yeoman more than curiosity the statute respecting of Packwood and a brewer in Stratford, the authors to be studied at Witton:

living in his own house in Henley Street, a "I will.” said the founder following John Colet, stirring active man and one of the Tasters • the children learn the Catechisma, and then the of this year, was presented for a fray on John Accidence and Grammar set out by King Henry

Tho nas Dickson the Eight, or some other if any can be better for Bradshaw the currier ; the purpose, to induce children more speedily to alias Waterman, of the Swan,

was preLatin speech, and then Institutum Christiani sented for a fray upon his brother Richard, Hominis that learned Erasmus made, and then and for a fray also on his brother-in-law, Copia of the same Erasmus, Colloquia Erasmi, Edward Walford ; Vaster John Grantham, Ovidius: Metamorphoses, Terence, Mantuan, Tully, the Vicar's kinsman, Horace, Salust, Virgil and such other as shall be

was presented for thought most convenient to the purpose unto true drawing blood on Thomas Bates, and Thomas Latin speech.

Bates was presented for drawing blood on a Deane was less of Protestant than stranger of Birmingham ; John Lane of Bretchgirdle, but his language in describing Bridge Street, brother of Nicholas Lane of the old learning is significant :

Bridge Town, was presented for a fray on "All barbary, all corruption and filthiness, and one Tibbins of Langley ; and Thomas such abusion which the blind world, brought in Knight the younger, coverlet-weaver, son of utterly banish and exclude out of this School, and Thomas Knight of Middle Row (next door to and read to them such authors as have with wisdom the 'Swan") was presented for drawing joined the pure chaste eloquence."

blood on a stranger in Edmund Barrett's Like Colet he had had enough of monkish house, the “ Crown Inn” in Bridge Street. Latin and monkish morals.

The fine for reviling an officer was still kept But Bretchgirdle had hardly got into the at 208. Henry Biddle, Lewis ap Williams, ne:v premises when Christchurch presented William Minsky and John Shakespeare acted him to the vicerage of Great Budworth, on as afleerors and attached their marks to Nov. 14, 1558. Apparently he did not their names written at the end of the minutes object to be a pluralist, and with clerical by Richard Symons-& cross, the churchassistance kept his curacy and mastership at gable, a headless cross and the glover's Witton while he held the wealthy living of compasses—a more elaborate pair, again the mother parish. So we gather, at any daintily drawn. Symons, it will be observed rate, from the slender facts available. Queen always spells Shakespeare in his own fashion




-Shakspeyr--and pronounced it as we do " HOGLE GRODELES.”—At the risk of

adding yet another column to Dr. Addison's The parish-registers are very defective statistics of the public health might one from the departure of Dyos until the arrival enquire what this fashionable malady was? of Bretchgirdle. They are then well kept The last word of it is easily guessed—but and contain some interesting entries. Among what is “ Hogle”? them we may note the burial of Alderman Lord Mount Cashell wrote to the Marquess Harbage of Corn Street, the skinner (“Francis of Ormonde on June 15, 1706, as follows :Furrier he was sometimes called) on "....(the loss of a lawsuit) which has given Apr. 17, 1561 ; the baptism of Joan, Lady Newburgh one of the fashionable distempers daughter of William Smith haberdasher of that reigns at Tunbridge Wells for vapory people, Henley Street on Apr. 22, the first child of called the Hogle Grodeles.” his second wife, Agnes Chitlaw (whom he The name is that apparently of the actual married on May 17, 1560, after the death complaint and is not a slang description of of his first wife Elizabeth in April, 1559), a (It will be found in a report of the child that lived to be an old lady of eighty Historic Manuscripts Commission; in print.) and one of the last to have known William

R. B. Shakespeare from his birth; the baptism of

Upton. a son of the young Squire Clopton on June 8, A COACHMAN's EPITAPH.—The following Lodovicus filius Gulielmi Clopton de Clopton appears on a carved headstone now built in (as John Bretchgirdle records the event); the wall of Haddiscoe Churchyard, Suffolk. the haptism on June 15 of William Shakes. I do not find it in the various books on peare's future schoolfellow and comrade,

epitaphs : John Sadler, son of John Sadler the miller.

WILLIAM SALTER. and grandson of Roger Sadler the baker ; the marriag- of Sqruire Clopton's sister,

Yarmouth Stage Coach Man.

Died October the 9th, 1776. Rose, with Master John Combe on Aug. 27 ;

Aged 59 Years. and the burial of Alderman Robert Perrott's

Here lies Will Salter honest man first wife, Alice, on Sept. 13.

Deny it Envy if you can This John Combe was the second of the

True to his business and his trust name. His father, John Combe the First,

Always punctual always just was still living in Old Stratford, and had six

His horses coud they speak woud tell Vears to live. John Comte the Second had

They loved their good old master well

His up hill work is chiefly done lost his first wife, Joyce Blount, a few months

His Stage is ended Race is run only before his second marriage. She leit

One journey is remaining still him with five little sons, the youngest of

To climb up Sions holy hill whom, Christopher, was buried on May 15,

Aud now his faults are all forgiven 1561. Bretchgirdle officiated, no doubt, at

Elija like drive up to heaven

Take the Reward of all bis Pains the burial of this child, and at the wedding

And leave to other hands the Reins. of his father and Mistress Rose Clopton on

WILLIAM GILBERT, F.R.N.S. Aug. 27. The wedding must have been a function of importance in the neighbourhood. COUNTS OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE." It had religious as well as social significance. Mr. Yeatman, in his 'Early Genealogy, The Cloptons were Catholics. They main-deals in a large volume with the ‘History tained a priest in their house. John Combe of the House of Arundell,' and gives a full the First, notwithstanding his association translation of the almost unique patent, with the late William Lucy, was little of a which has recently undergone examination Protestant. He may have had enough of at the College of Arms, granting the title of Protestantism, as very many had, in the Count of the Holy Roman Empire to the reign of King Edward. In Oct. 1564, he first Lord Arundell of Wardour. was marked down by a Puritan neighbour as The patent was granted by the Emperor an “adversary of the True Religion.” His Rudolph on Dec. 14, 1595, and what makes sons John and William, on the other hand, it so specially remarkable is that, contrary were of the new faith. To her husband's to the normal custom, the dignity is made fortune Mistress Rose added the 200 marks to descend to all the legitimate issue of the bequeathed to her by her father: and to his original grantee for ever. This is most four sons she added six more children, four of unusual. Queen Elizabeth, Mr. Yeat man whom died in infancy.

EDGAR I. FRIPP. points out, would not recognize the title, (To be continued.)

saying that "she did not wish her own



sheep. to be shepherded by another shep- used. The reference must be to herd,” and she created Thomas Arundell place in Cambridgeshire or Huntingdonshire Lord Arundell of Wardour. Mr. Yeatman belonging to the late Earl (John the Scot, gives a full translation of the patent, a Latin d. 1237) which owed a mark as a fine for copy of which is at the Heralds' College, waste. We find on the Charter Roll of 1302 while the original is at Wardour Castle :- that John de Hastings (whose ancestor ob

We, by our full Imperial authority and tained a share of the Earl of Chester, and power, have created, made, and nominated you, Huntingdon's honour of Huntingdon) owned the aforesaid Thomas Arundel (who before this lands in Brampton and “Lymmynge, time derive from your ancestors in England the Hunts. This led me to make inquiries as consanguinity of Counts), and all and every of your children, heirs, and legitimate descendants I could find no such place in gazetteers. of both sexes, already born, or that ever hereafter Mr. S. Inskip Ladd, of Huntingdon, states shall be, true Counts and Countesses or the sacred (1) there is a farm called Lymage Farm in Roman Empire : and we have granted and West Perry, parish of Great Staughton, ennobled you with the title, honour, and dignity of the Empire, as by the tenor of these presents, which is now separated by the parish of we do create, make, nominate, grant, and ennoble | Grafham from Brampton, though not far Willing, and firmly and expressly decreeing, by away ; and (2) the old county maps show this our Imperial patent, which will be always ) a wood called Limage Wood, to the north in force, that you the aforesaid Thomas Arundel, of the farm. with all and every oi your children and legitimate

The wood has ceased to exist. posterity, both male and female for ever do have, I think we may safely identify “Limmig possess and assume for ever, the title, stile, and as Lymage.

R. STEWART BROWN. dignity of Counts of the Empire : and that you be honoured, called and stiled by that title, both THE ALBERT MEMORIAL, HYDE writing and speaking in things spiritual ard The following may be worth noting, from temporal, ecclesiastical and prophane." The dignity has thus descended to all the Nevill,” by Ralph Nevill, 1919, p. 276 :

* The Life and Letters of Lady Dorothy issue, by his first marriage, of the fourth Earl of Rosebery ; to all the issue of Sir have been true [Sir Henry] Cole it was who caused

According to a story, which may or may not Henry St. John-Mildmay, fourth Baronet, the Albert Memorial to be built where it is, by and M.P. for Winchester ; and of his brother, persuading Queen Victoria that the site was a Mr. Paulet St. John-Mildmay, M.P. for revelation of Providence.' He declared that if Winchester, and their descendants. Inquiry Exhibition of 1851, and prolonged, and then

line were taken through the centre of the from a member of the Mildmay family has another line breadthways through the Exhibition elicited the fact that while they are fully of 1862, and also prolonged, the two would cut aware that they are possessors of the dignity, each other at the spot where the Monument was they seldom, if ever, make use of it. We

to be placed.” understand that there are very few patents

For Sir Henry Cole, 1808–1882, see the of a similar kind in existence. Mr. Yeat. 'D.N.B.'

W. B. H. man's work, which covers a very extensive field, deals with every known branch of the

DICKENS, MRS. BLIMBER, AND COLLEY great House of Arundell, including the CIBBER.—Dickens wes, or could have been, family of the Duke of Norfolk.

a great actor. His fondness for the stage

is well known. I shall be glad to hear of

any other

I cannot help thinking that Patents of this dignity. I believe that the he must have read Cibber's “ Apology,' and one cited above is almost if not entirely derived from the Dedication to it a hint for unique in its very wide and comprehensive Mrs. Blimber in Dombey and Son. That .

A. A. A.

learned lady in chap. xi. exchanged com

pliments concerning her family with Mr. “LIMMIG,” EARL OF CHESTER : LYMAGE,

Dombey, and then : CO. HANTS.-In the index to Mr. H. L.

" " But really,' pursued Mrs. Blimber, 'I Cannon's "The Great Roll of the Pipe friend, and talked with him in his retirement at

think if I could have known Cicero, and been his 26 Henry III’ (1241–2), 1918, appears, Tusculum (beau-ti-ful Tusculum !), I could have under Cestre, “ Limmig, comes

de.' died contented.'” The reference is to p. 242 where we find, This is sufficiently absurd; but so is under the heading “De Placitis Foreste Cibber's Dedication To a Certain Gentle. (Cambridge and Huntingdon), Limmig? man,' which includes the following highcomitis Cestr' debet jm. pro veteri vasto. flown passage : The indexing is clearly wrong as there was “ Let me therefore only talk to you as at no such Earl of Chester and the genitive is Tusculum (for so I will call that sweet retreat

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which your own hands have raised) where, like ARMS : IDENTIFICATION SOUGHT.-I have the famed orator of old, when public cares permit,

a bookplate of arms, viz., a chevron, purpure, you pass so many rational, un bending hours : then, and at such times, to have been admitted, between three (query) cat-a-mountain heads, still plays in my memory more like a fictitious than or. Crest, a Hermit. Are these Barringa real enjoymont! How many golden evenings, ton or Berington ? See Burke's Landed in that theatrical paradise of watered lawns and

Gentry (Berks. Chester, Hereford and hanging groves, have I walked and prated down the sun in social happiness! Whether the retreat

Worcester). of icero, in cost, magnificence, or curious luxury I have miniatures painted on ivory of of antiquities, might not out-blaze the simplex Judge Berington and his wife, and my munditiis, the modest ornaments of your villa, grandmother, his_niece. My grandfather, is not within my reading to determine : but that Paul, came from Datchet, near Windsor, to the united power of nature, art, or elegance of taste, could have thrown so many varied objects Essex. I shall be glad if any reader could into a more delightful harmony, is beyond my throw light on the arms ? conception."

HENRY GOODY. This parade of enthusiasm for classical Colchester. archæology reminds me of Dr. Blimber also,

JOHN CROOK, QUAKER : PORTRAIT though there is a note in it of the subservient WANTED.—Is there any known existing coxcomb which belongs specially to the portrait of John Crook (born 1617), Quaker? ingenious and conceited author. V. R.

Stated to have been of Lancashire stock but resided in Bedfordshire. According to the

• D.N.B.' he wrote a number of books Queries.

several of which had a wide popularity

during the eighteenth century. In 1653 We must request correspondents desiring in he was recommended to the Protector as a formation on family matters of only private interest fit person to serve as knight of the shire for to affix their names and addresses to their queries Bedfordshire. He died at Hertford in 1699 in order that answers may be sent to them direct. and was buried at Sewel (Beds).


Eccleston Park, Prescot.


is copied from a note which was made by a under Mar. 17, 1721-2, states that

AT RIPON.--Hearne in his. “Collections great-grandson of Thomas and Amabilis Skelton :

“Mr. John Bear, Bach. of Arts and Student of “ On a tombstone in Hesket Church-yard

Ch. Ch., who determined the Lept, was about five

months ago made Master of the Free School of * Hic recubat Thomas Skelton et Amabilis uxor Rippon in Yorkshire" (vol. vii. 339). et cinis est unus quæ fuit una caro | Filius hos inter Gulielmus contuitossa | Corpora sic uno

I am unable to find any John Bear of pulvere trina jacent | Sic opifex rerum onni- Ch. Ch. in ‘Alumni Oxon., or in the “Catapotens qui trinus est unus | Pulvere ab hoc uno logue of Oxford Graduates,' and it would corpora trina dabit.

seem that there is a mistake somewhere. SThomas Skelton A.D. 1720 E. 78. Obiere Gulielmus filius A.D. 1726 Æ. 26.

Can any correspondent of N. & Q.’ give Amabilis Skelton A.D. 1759 , 94.

the name of the master of Ripon School, Optimorum parentum memoria sacrum ac grati who was appointed in 1721 ? G. F. R. B. animi argumentum hoc posuere liberi superstites Thos. Isaacus, et Sarah Skelton A.D. 1762.

VOLUNTEERING “ THE FORTIES.". N.B.--Of the ancient family of Skeltons.”

I entered an Edward VI. Grammar School Evidently the writer had reasons for in 1846. We were drilled by an ex-Sergeant thinking the Skeltons buried in Hesket of Militia. There was not then any semb. churchyard were related to the Skeltons lance of a company or corps, but there who were at Armathwaite Castle until1712. survived memories of such an organization ; From the sources open to me at present I and I remember, as a child, seeing at this cannot trace the relationship. Foster's school a senior boy wearing, I think, some * Pedigrees of Lancashire Fa:nilies 'does not sort of uniform and certainly armed with a show Thomas and Amabilis among the sword. Is there any recollection of any Skeltons. I shall be grateful to any one general drilling or enrolment of volunteers who can aid me in tracing the connection.

at this time ? and if so for what reason? E. W. BRUNSKILL. France had been engaged with Abd-el-Kader Cark-in-Cartmel.

and the Sultan of Morocco, and this conflict


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