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but a few, and its extent is equally faulty
REPLIES :-Cruikshank and Westininster School, 12-
the Modern Taste,' which was written in
was written in 1722.
-"Now then-!” – Domestic divine. The first of the sections is remark-
SWIFT's name is nuw generally associated of a Modern Lady, 'An Answer to Paulus
second of these sections there are several comprised thirteen pieces. That collection pieces relating to English politics, such as was followed by the one in the Miscellanies The Run upon the Bankers,' 'The Horrid in which Swift and Pope joined in 1727. Plot discovered by Harlequin, the Bishcp It added twenty-two pieces to the thirteen, of Rochester's Dog,' 'The Dog and Thief,' which were reprinted in it. To these and “Mr. Pulteney being put out of the there were added in another volume of Council. No attention has been paid to Swift and Pope's Miscellanies, published in chronology in placing the pieces written 1732, ten more pieces. Then in 1735 the during the agitation against Wood's copper prince of Dublin printers as Swift called coinage and some
of these pieces are George Faulkner, issued the second separated by an interval of many pages volume of his edition of Swift's Works a from the others.
collection in which an addition of sixty Finally, the last section is devoted to pieces was made to the forty-five previously pieces which are designated Trifles, but collected. To that
collection Faulkner presented as they are without method or added further in the sixth, eighth and comment they might more fitly be termed eleventh volumes of his edition of Swift's Nonsense. Pieces which have an important Works issued respectively in 1738, 1746, bearing on Swift's life are mixed with and 1762. Meantime in England Dr. Johnpieces of no value, and by the ingenuity son's contemporary, John Hawkesworth, of successive editors the battle of rime whose ambition was greater than his perbetween Swift and Sheridan has been formance, took a part, and to him sucbroken up until it is unintelligible.
ceeded John Nichols, whose researches in No verse requires annotation more than relation to Swift have afforded vast material that of Swift. In it the spirit of poetry for subsequent editors and biographers. has no part, and each piece has its origin Finally, Vice-Provost Barrett, whose fame in some public or private incident. What now rests more on his penurious habits than light is thrown on ‘A Ballad on the Game of on his academic attainments, and Sir Traffic ' and 'A Ballad to the Tune of the Walter Scott gave their aid. Cut-purse,' when it is known that they were The efforts of the later contributors to written at the same time in the summer of the collection have resulted in the addition 1702 after the famous Gloucestershire elec- not only of pieces of doubtful authenticity, tion in which Jack Howe was a protagonist, but even of pieces actually known to be and that the scene was Berkeley Castle and written by others. Amongst these not as one of the headings states Dublin Jack Frenchman's Lamentation,' which as Castle. What interest does it give to "The Prof. Firth kindly pointed out to me was Journal of a Modern Lady' and 'An Epistle written by Congreve ; "The Garden Plot, to a Lady who desired the Author to make which was written by Dr. William King ; Verses on her in the Heroic Style,' when it A Town Eclogue,' which was written by is known that the lady was the wife of Jonathan Smedley, Leonard Welsted, and Lord Gosford's ancestor, Sir Arthur Acheson, two others; John Dennis, the Sheltering and the only child of Philip Savage, one of Poet's Invitation to Richard Steele,'; 'A the great men of Ireland in Swift's day. Parody on the Speech of the Provost of What light is thrown on The Progress of Trinity College to the Prince of Wales'; Marriage' when it is known. that the Dr. Delany's Villa,' which was written by marriage in question was that of Dean Sheridan; “To the Citizens '; 'A Young Pratt, erstwhile Provost of Trinity College, Lady's Complaint for the stay of Dean to Lady Philippa Hamilton, and that the Swift in England '; 'The Logicians Refuted,' autograph is dated January, 1722, a few which is claimed as the work of Goldsmith; weeks after Pratt's death. Again what 'A Vindication of the Libel,' which was light is thrown on the Directions for written by William Dunkin ; ‘An Ode to making a Birthday Song 'when it is known Humphrey French,' and 'An Answer to a that the autograph is dated October, 1729, Friend's Question.' In addition John and that its recipient was the wily Matthew Forster has attributed to Swift ‘An Answer Pilkington who produced soon afterwards to Lines from Mayfair,' which appears to an ode for the birthday of George II.
have been written by Prior. On the other The present collection of Swift's verse hand several pieces correctly attributed to has been the work of many hands. The Swift, by the earlier contributors to the first collection was in the Miscellanies which collection have been rejected by their were issued by John Morphew in 1711. It successors. Amongst these are 'The Life
and Genuine Character of Dean Swift,' 'A there is an extract from The Weekly Register Christmas-box for Namby-Pamby,' Hard: referring to a speech of Pitt's on the Corn ing's Resurrection from Hell upon Earth,'| Importation Bill in October, 1799. But. and “A Trip to Dunkirk.'
perhaps the most interesting entry is a set To supply the deficiencies of existing of doggerel verses entitled The New editions of Swift's verse is not impossible. Fashion Shaver.' From a literary point of A small expenditure of time and labour has view there is of course little to be said for enabled me to date and trace the origin of these verses, but they have a certain interest almost every piece that Swift is known to as representing a section of Radical opinion have written, and to add some new pieces of the period. The reference to the siege to the collection, and this work will, I hope, of Toulon as taking place “last year prove of assistance to the future editor of a dates the writing of the lines from 1794. worthy edition.
Whether or not they are original I do not F. ELRINGTON BALL. know. There is no mention of their being
copied from a newspaper, and the spelling
is faulty and punctuation entirely absent. A RADICAL WEAVER'S COMMON.
In the following transcript I have corrected
the one and supplied the other. The writer, PLACE BOOK.
whoever he may have been, was a clumsy The book from which the extracts given rimester. In the last verse the reference is below are taken is a small volume of sixty- clearly to some local incident. eight pages backed with stiff brown paper
THE NEW FASHION SHAVER. covered boards and measuring 7} in. by The leaves are stitched and the
1. paper varies in quality, suggesting that the As Paddy, was walking upon the highway, volume had a domestic origin. The book He met his friend Dondle and to him did say:
Good-morrow, dear Dondle, come tell me I pray, has been used from both ends, forty-five Do you think it is true what the people do say? pages in one direction and twenty-three After all their humming and drumming, in the other, and here and there a leaf has some say that the French they are coming, been torn out. Originally meant
Without breeches and broogs they are running, weaver's Casting and Calculating Book Believe me, dear Dondle, it's true. it came to be used by the owner also for
2. other purposes, and some twenty-six pages The French they are fighting for all the world dear, are used, not for technical or business This world of oppression they shortly will clear : entries, but a kind of commonplace if they meet with a traitor they'll stop his career, book into which are copied paragraphs and cut his head off quite close to his ear! from newspapers and books, epitaphs, arith- A delicate new way of shaving! metical problems, &c.
There are also some I would not lie under the Razor entries which may be original matter.
For anything under the sun ! There is no owner's name on the first
3. page at either end or on the covers, and
There's one thing I'll ask you and then I'll from among the numerous names of persons have done, scattered among the pages of the book it What would you do if the French they should would be difficult to decide which, if any, come? belonged to the writer of the extracts. Would you fight for them, or would you run, That the book belonged to a hand-loom When you hear the sound of the trumpet and weaver living and working in the vicinity By my faith, I would speak of their favour, of Manchester is, however, perfectly clear. For fear of the new fashioned shaver ! The period covered lies between the years I would not lie under their Razor 1793 and 1816, these being the earliest and For anything under the sun ! latest dates that occur, and judging from
4. the nature of the political entries the owner
As for Billy Pitt I would have him to take care, seems to have been a man of very decided For the French they are conquering everywhere: Radical opinions, of a type made familiar And all the whole chief they do solemnly swear later by Samuel Bamford and G. J. Holy. If they get hold of him they'll clip off his hair. oake. Some “Questions and Answers rela. He's a hell of a fellow for vaunting, tive to the National Debt’ are taken from I wish that the Devil may haunt him,
He's got such a fit of carranting, The Manchester News of Apr. 23, 1796, and And carry him out of the way.
equal to that of the “New Fashion Shaver.' Come fill up your bumper and let us drink deep The neat writing suggests a copy, but there Of whisky itself, it composes to sleep;
are some corrections, one or two words A toast we must have, and the French it must be, being struck out and others inserted, and For they never intended to hurt you or me.
the sixth and seventh verses are placed in But Justice they always commended, And Mankind they always befriended,
This occasions a footnote, And Friendship to us they intended,
which reads :To set poor old England free !
“ Mr. Editor,—The 6th and 7th verses they 6.
are placed wrong, for the 6th is where the 7th
should be and 7th where the 6th should be. Don't you remember, dear Dondle, last year,
I am, Yours, &c., Jas. Greaves." They sent us to Toulon like sheep from the shear? They bid us set down without dread or fear, From this it would appear that James For the French were so frightened, they durst not Greaves was the writer or transcriber of the
verses and that he contributed them to some But they came running like bulls of a tedder,
local newspaper. And thrashed us as thick as tanned leather,
Possibly Greaves was And drove us into ships altogether,
the owner of the book, but this is by no Like as many young pigs in a creel.
A loose sheet of paper
preserved between the leaves, and setting 7.
forth a petition of weavers in the year 1758, Good morrow, dear Dondle, before that we part,
is dated from Let's drink to the memory of honest young heart,
Hollinwood, and bears Who died like a man although but a boy, eighteen signatures the first of which is that To think of his fate, how it sickened my joy. of J. Greaves, who seems to have been the For he died for the good of the Nation,
draftsman. Perhaps this Greaves was the For which he has got a fine station,
father of the writer of the 'Rambling Boy.' A man may be sure of salvation That dies for his Liberty's cause.
Hollinwood lies between Oldham and ManAnother entry, in the same handwriting; former town, with which it is now merged.
chester, about two miles south-west of the and entitled 'Å Church and King Creed,' But in the eighteenth century it was a selfappears to belong to about the same period,
contained village. but may be later than 1794, as the war taxes became very heavy only after 1796,
THE RAMBLING Boy. when the outcry was general among all classes.
I am a rambling shoemaker from Belfast town A CHURCH AND KING CREED.
I came, “I believe in one Billy Fitt, Chancellor of the And to my great misfortune, I 'listed in the Train. Exchequer, mighty Master of Lords and Commons Their usage being very bad with me did not agree, and of all Court İntrigues visible and invisible ; Therefore I am resolv’d, my boys, to take my and in one Secretary Henry Dundas, beloved of
Liberty. Pitt before all women, Minister of Ministers,
2. Head of Heads, Light of Lights, Very Man of We marched to Tipperary witb courage stout and Very Man, beloved not hated, being of one opinion
bold, with our Creator, by whom all Ministers are They thought to make a slave of me, but them made ; who for us men, and for our taxation came up from Scotland, and was incarnate by To work upon a Sunday with me did not agree,
I plainly told the Devil, and was made fit for Billy's purpose, So therefore, boys, I am resolv'd to take my and is now chief Controller of the East India
Liberty. Company: he descended into Scotland and was
3. there burnt in effigy, and the third day he came again according to the Newspapers, and now The very first night that we came there, our sitteth at the right hand of Pitt, from whence
Captain gave command, he shall come to judge both the loyal and dis- That me and my poor comrade all on the guard loyal, till folly shall have an end. And I believe
should stand ; in old George, the giver of all places and pensions, The night being dark and very wet, as you may who together with Pitt and Dundas is worshipped
plainly see, and glorified, who speaks by Proclamation. I That was the night, my brave boys, I took my believe in one system of corruption, and I believe
Liberty. that the remission of taxes will not take place
4. till the Resurrection of the dead, and I look for a better Government in the world to come. Amen. Straightway I deserted and set out for the North,
At the other end of the book is a further I being something weary I rested on a fort. set of verses entitled “New Song, called The I had not rested long there till I got up again,
And looking all around me I spied five of the Rambling Boy,' the merit of which is about
I bid them to dry up their tears and weeping to
refrain, I was not afraid to face them all with courage For, my pretty maids, I'm not afraid of Liberty stout and bold,
again. I marched up to them and to them I plainly told,
13. “ Your officers I do defy, and all that they can say,
Oh, but if I was in Paris I would be a valiant man,. So therefore, boys, I'm not afraid to fight for I would fight for my Liberty, but never for the Liberty.”
I would beat as many Train men as would stand
in a row, Straightway I engaged them, and soon I beat And I'd make them fly before me like an arrow them all,
from a bow. Soon I beat them all, my boys, for mercy they did call,
These three extracts form the chief items Saying Spare our lives, bold Irvine, and we will of political interest in the book. The other for you pray,
entries call for no particular notice, but the And we'll declare you beat us all, and took your following recipe for making porter is worth Liberty.” 7.
quoting for the sake of the prices. No date
is given but it is opposite a sales item of 1801. I said “ You cowardly rascals, what other can you say?
INGREDIENTS FOR 6 GALLONS OF PORTER. Now since that I have beat you all and you will for me pray,
2 O yes, now I shall spare your lives, you may One peck of malt declare and say
A quarter of a pound of liquorice root ở 7 2 That noble Irvine beat you all and took his
of Spanish Liberty."
of colour Straightways there I left them and set off for Half a pound of treacle
2 Inceleed, I worked there a half a year at my shoemaking Capsicum and ginger
A quarter do. of hops trade,
0 Rambling notions came in my mind my parents for to see,
0 3 11} And I met two of the Train men a coming to take me. 2.
Bought at the Public Houses at 6d. per
0 12 0 A-meeting these two Train men not knowing Brewed at home
3 115 what to say, A-meeting these two Train men barefaced on the Leaves clear gain
08 01 highway, They pulled out their hangers, I winded round
A note of earlier date, from a loose And leathered these two Train men till they inserted sheet, states that in February, weren't worth a groat.
1759, potatoes were “sold out by retail 10.
10 pounds for one penny, and the buyer wanted Trust."
F. H. CHEETHAM. Londonderry fair was coming on, that fair I went And cowardly Steward he was there a thinking to
take me, And in that bloody quarrel my hammer they did ORDERS AND ORDINANCES OF THE
steal, And pledged it there for seven bobs, wasn't that
HOSPITALS,' 1532. a precious meal ? 11.
In endeavouring to unravel the apparent confusion of this
work and its The guards did there surround me, I might have several reprints I have experienced diffi
beat them all, Till out of the back window I got a shocking fall. culty in identifying a reprint said to have The guards did there surround me with a party
been prepared for Samuel Pepys, the of the Train,
diarist. I have not traced this statement And lodged me in the guard-house my sorrows to its source, but it is evident many book to bewail.
collectors and even a few bookseilers are 12.
misled by “the shadow of doubt that The pretty girls of Belfast, hearing this news of this illusive reprint was an exact facsimile
me, Came flocking to the guard-house there me for of the original. The perplexity is therefore to see ;
to identify it definitely. Apparently, the