Elements of Physics, Or, Natural Philosophy

Cover
 

Was andere dazu sagen - Rezension schreiben

Es wurden keine Rezensionen gefunden.

Inhalt

illustrations restoration of cohesion
23
Force of cohesion varies with distance
28
Three states of matter solid liquid gas determined by cohe sion and heatmotion
29
Varieties of cohesive manifestation
30
illustrations petrifaction
31
specific gravity
36
TAGE ArT 37 Chemical changes in the properties of bodies 93
37
Crystallization a result of a molecular polar cohesion
40
Analysis of the section
41
velocity table of velocities
42
Uniform motion or velocity
45
The amorphous state of bodies
46
Uniformly accelerated or retarded motion Absolute and relative motion
47
Mohrs scale tempering
48
resultant
49
Parallelogram of motions or velocities
50
components
51
Ruperts drops annealing
52
Force a compound of matter and motion Actual and potential force
53
elastic limit
54
measure of force examples
55
Composition and Resolution of force
56
asbestos
58
metallic leaf
59
platinum wire
62
Attwoods machine 65 Laws of falling bodies
63
resistance of materials to stretching table
64
limpid and viscous liquids
68
illustrations 69 Newtons Laws of Motion First
69
examples
70
Porosity density and elasticity of liquids
71
perpetual motion impossible
73
celestial motions
74
All natural motions retarded
75
examples
76
examples
77
adhesion in solids and liquids
78
Solution due to adhesion
81
Adhesion between liquids
82
rise of liquids in fine tubes
84
Concussion of elastic bodies Interference of pendulum vibrations and of vibrating magnets
86
The principle of Energy
88
measure of work workpower
89
Footpound Kilogrammetre
90
Relations of Energy to Velocity
91
Different Forms of Energy
93
Kinetic and Potential condition of all Energy
95
watchspring
96
Chemical kinetic and potential Energy
97
Kinetic and potential heatenergy
98
Correlation of Energies or Forces
99
Mechanical Equivalent of Heat
101
Conservation of Energy ARt 183 184 IS5 186 1SS 190 192 193
102
PART II
103
Centre of gravity defined 104 Practical method of finding the Centre of Gravity 105 Centre of Gravity of homogeneous mass Of any two connected ...
105
Of a triangular plate or rods 106 Of a pyramid and of a cone 107 Centre of gravity tends downwards 108 Illustrations of this tendency 109 Stability ...
110
Attitudes of animals illustrate this
112
Seasickness
114
centre of centrifugal force 117 Centre of percussion of oscillation
115
The S1mple Mach1nes 119 Analysis of the section The mechanical Powers
119
Real object of simple machines
120
does not magnify force Perpetual motion impossible
122
its real use examined
123
illustrations
124
steelyard 127 Lever of second kind examples 128 Lever of third kind compound and bent levers 129 Wheel and axle capstan windlass
131
its applications 136 The pulley fixed and movable pullies
135
Extension of the term Mechanical Power
138
the kneejoint the lazy tongs 254
140
flywheels 257
147
the seconds pendulum the metronome 267
150
examples
158
girders tubular bridges
160
The strength of the arched form illustrated 291
162
PART III
165
centre of buoyancy 324
191
lifepreservers Boytons lifesaving dress 325 195 Increase of buoyancy with density of liquid 328
197
Finding specific gravity of solids 333
199
specific gravity of liquids and gases of soluble solids of powders 335
201
Nicholsons hydrometer 341
203
Specific gravity of spirits milk c 343
205
Analysis of the section
207
Capillary depression 88
264
liquid gas
293
Fundamental property of fluids
294
The hydrostatic paradox
297
the hydrostatic bellows the Bramah Press
298
illustrations
301
173 Liquids press in all directions
304
Horizontal surface of liquids at rest
306
75 Liquids seek their own level
308
Illustrations of this law
309
the spiritlevel
310
the Suez canal
311
Geological effects of liquids seeking their level
312
the Nile Rhone Rhine Ganges c tides inundations
314
194
315
Liquids of different densities
316
liquid buoyancy the conditions of floating
317
PACK ARt 318 The stethoscope 487
318
its measure its variation with
319
Loss of weight in water
320
temperature c 488
321
hydrostatic paradox
322
reflection of sound 495
324
the speakingtrumpet acoustic deceptions 503
338
The three elements of a musical sound 512
339
its cause the syren its construction and use 513
342
Numerical relations between the notes of the scale 517
343
IIistory of the science
346
Law of liquids issuing by an crificc
347
The vena contracta
349
Frictional resistance to moving fluids
350
The flow of liquids through orifices
352
Liquid friction
355
height form the bore of a river
357
law of liquid resistance
360
Applications to navigation
362
organpipes their mode of vibration reedpipes the voice the glottis
363
Aerial resistance
364
Limit to velocity through air and other fluids
365
the chemical harmonicon 551
366
Fluid resistance influenced by shape of solid
367
undershot breast and overshot
369
the waterhammer
370
ventriloquism 553
372
levigating geological action of liquids winnowing
373
Oblique fluid actionof wind on a sailing vessel
375
gun rilling
377
feathering of an arrow
381
The screwpropellerits power due to oblique action
383
Mechanical theory of Heat
384
The Sun the natural source of Heat
385
Amount and intensity of Solar radiation
386
bucketwheel chainpump ropepump
387
The source of Solar Heat
388
Persian wheel
389
Volcanoes
390
Barkers mill Turbine Centrifugalpump
391
Deep sea temperatures
392
Polar currents in the Atlantic
394
Analysis of the section History of the science
395
Physical states of matter dependent on heat
396
Illustrations from mercury and camphor
397
Airits lightness and elasticity
398
Liquefaction and solidification of gases
399
condensing syringe the airpump
400
equalization of temperature
401
Heat and Cold relative terms
402
Law of gaseous elasticity
403
airgun
404
Conductors and Nonconductors
405
the fireengine divingbell
406
Natural coverings of animals
408
The Cartesian diver
409
Heros fountain
410
Pressure of fluids in all directions
411
Kinetic theory of gases
412
Table of Contents pae at 248 The Law of Charles
413
The weight of the atmosphere
414
the Magdeburg hemispheres
415
Influence of Clothing
416
Principles of the safety lamp 420 Convection of Heat
417
Torricellis experiment
418
The sucking or lifting pump
419
the syphon
420
Examples of the syphon principle
422
Gulf Stream
423
Climatic changes
425
cupping 424 261 Physiological effects of airpressure
426
The Barometer
427
Use of barometer to find specific gravity
437
Use of barometer in mines
438
Effects of atmospheric pressure
439
Capacity of bodies for heat 44t Specific heat
440
Line of perpetual snow
443
balloons 441 279 The fireballoon modern ascents the Paris siegeballoons 443 282 The principles of ventilation flame and smoke
445
fireplaces and stoves causes of smoky chimneys
447
Wet bulb thermometer 648
448
the tradewinds the seabreeze and landbreeze of the tropics
449
cyclones typhoons
451
The pneumatic trough and gasometer
454
laws of liquid diffusion 456 294 Diffusion of gases its laws
458
osmometer endosmose exosmose
460
dialysisits medical uses
462
experiments operation of osmose
464
Geisslers and Sprengels airpump
468
Boiling point of water 675
469
Spheroidal state of liquids 676
470
influence of form on vibration of a solid
473
Superheated steam 683
476
wavemotion chainwaves amplitude 475 311 Aerial rarefactions and condensations power of air to trans mit mechanical shocks explosions 477 312 E...
479
The steam gun 691
482
The modern Steamengine 692
483
the vocal Memnon seashells 482 315 Sounds conveyed by solids and liquids sympathetic sounds 483 316 Velocity of sound in hydrogen and in air
484
The Cryophorus 700
491
Condensation of vapours 704
494
Freezing mixtures 708
497
The thermometer 711501 The different Scales 713
504
Pyrometers 717
505
Table of high and low temperatures 718
506
Passage of Heat into Light 509 Chemical effects of Heat 721
513
Combustion with and without oxygen 729
515
Spontaneous combustion 731
517
incandescence 734
518
Supporters of combustion and combustibles 735521 Heat and light of combustion 736
523
Products of Combustion 742
525
Fuel 749
529
Temperature of the bodies of animals
536
Light from Combustion
558
Heat the supporter of Animal and Vegetable Life
559
Influence on climate
560
Heat and Temperature
561
Separation of Light and Heat
562
The Radiometer
563
Nonluminous bodies
564
Light proceeds in straight lines
567
Photometry and Photometers
569
Velocity of light
571
573 Transparent and opaque substances
573
Refraction of light
574
Atmospheric refraction
578
810
579
Fata Morgana 582 Decomposition by refraction
580
Action of Lenses
585
196
588
197
590
821
591
Optical Instruments
592
198
594
Phenomena of Vision
596
827
597
199
598
200
599
Persistence of Impressions
601
Complementary colours
604
Rules of Perspective
606
202
608
203
609
Apparent size of objects
612
205
616
207
620
Chiaroscuro
629
210
634
Principles of the Stereoscope
636
The Telescope
642
213
643
214
644
The Microscope
648
217
649
219
654
Concave and Convex mirrors
656
223
657
226
659
228
660
Solar Spectrum and Spectrum analysis
663
231
664
Fluorescence 667 The Spectroscope
665
2J3 236
671
Constitution of the Sun and Stars
672
Chemical properties of Light
673
Emission and Wave theories
676
237
677
Phenomena of Interference
679
240
681
Polarization of Light
683
Polarization of Heat
688
Old and New Theories of Light
689
Electr1c1ty
691
Nature of Electricity
692
244
693
Illustrations of its production
694
246
696
Conductors and Insulators 697 Electrical Machines
697
24S 250
700
The Electroscope
702
253
703
The Electrophorus
704
rxr K 706 Holtzs Induction Machine
706
The Leyden
707
The Electric Battery
709
Velocity of the Electric flash
713
The Electricity of the Atmosphere
714
Current or Voltaic Electricity
715
Voltaic batteries
719
Daniells battery and its varieties
721
Groves and Bunsens Batteries
722
Manipulation of Batteries 726 Galvanic deposition of metals 727 Electrolysis 728 Decomposition of Water 944 945 947 951 952 954 958 959 960 9...
724
964
726
965
727
966
728
the Loadstone 732 Magnetism a polar force
731
Magnetic Induction Magnetization of iron 736 The Electromagnet 737 Diamagnetism 738 Terrestrial Magnetism 739 Variations of the Compass 740...
734
Electromagnetism
741
Galvanometers
743
Electrodynamics
745
Electromagnetic Engines 747 Electric clocks 748 Induced Electric currents
746
Ruhmkorffs Induction coil
749
Magnetoelectric induction 756 Thermoelectricity 757 The Thermopile
752
The Electric Telegraph
758
Heat borne by man and animals
760
Influence of heat on animals
763
Source of animal heat
764
Warming of dwellings
767
Duplex Telegraphy 769 Rapidity of transmission
768
Stoves and firegrates
770
1003
772
Mechanical equivalent of heat
773
The roundness and size of the earth
774
Heat from Collision of bodies
778
The roundness caused by gravitation 1on 1012 1017
779
Light
780
IO38
808
1048
814
1o53
821
1061
827
1071
833
Conductibility of solids 485
835
Constituents of the body 1074
836
The form of the skull 1075
838
The spinal column 1077
840
K40 The ribs and chest 1078
841
Construction of the arm lxjnes 1079
844
S46 Muscular force 1085
846
Constituents of bone 1086
849
Circulation of the blood 10S8
851
Plan of the circulation
852
Constituents of the blood 1089
853
Products of the blood 1090
854
Chemical and vital processes 1091
855
85b Motion of the blood in the arteries 1092
856
The Capillary circulation 1093
857
S58 Circulation through the veins 1094
858
Effects of gravitation on the blood 1095
860
The nature and cause of the pulse 1097
862
Life dependent on the heart 1098
863
The number of pulsations IIOO
864
Respiration or breathing 1102
865
Capacity of the lungs 1108
871
Aspiratory force in breathing 1109
872

Andere Ausgaben - Alle anzeigen

Häufige Begriffe und Wortgruppen

Beliebte Passagen

Seite 797 - That the squares of the times of the revolutions of the planets are as the cubes of their mean distances from the sun.
Seite 873 - The Physiological Effects of Severe and Protracted Muscular Exercise; with Special Reference to its Influence upon the Excretion of Nitrogen.
Seite 875 - The Culture demanded by Modern Life. A Series of Addresses and Arguments on the Claims of Scientific Education. Edited, with an Introduction on Mental Discipline in Education. 1 vol., 12mo. Cloth. $2.00. Correlation and Conservation of Forces.
Seite 875 - THE HAND-BOOK OF HOUSEHOLD SCIENCE. A Popular Account of Heat, Light, Air, Aliment, and Cleansing, in their Scientific Principles and Domestic Applications. 12mo. Illustrated. Cloth, $1.75. THE CULTURE DEMANDED BY MODERN LIFE.
Seite 368 - When horses or mules march in company at night, those in front direct their ears forward...
Seite 874 - Haeckel's work, the English reader has access to the latest doctrines of the Continental school of evolution, in its application to the history of man. It is in Germany, beyond any other European country, that the impulse given by Darwin twenty years ago to the theory of evolution has influenced the whole tenor of philosophical opinion. There may be, and are...
Seite 873 - THE PHYSIOLOGY OF MAN. Designed to represent the Existing State of Physiological Science as applied to the Functions of the Human Body.
Seite 267 - ... have become quiet. The first swarm is accompanied by the old queen, and usually leaves the hive between ten o'clock in the morning and four o'clock in the afternoon on a fine day. Should the queen not join the bees when clustered, they will return to the old hive. Swarms- sometimes, although very rarely, are not inclined to cluster ; and when the bee-keeper perceives, that instead of clustering they rise higher and higher into the air, he should endeavour to arrest...
Seite 283 - Chimnies quicken the ascent of hot air by keeping a long column of it together. A column of two feet high rises, or is pressed up with twice as much force as a column of one foot, and so in proportion for all other lengths; just as two or more corks strung together, and immersed in water, tend upwards with...
Seite 213 - The velocity of waves has relation to their magnitude. The large waves just spoken of, proceed at the rate of from thirty to forty miles an hour. — It is a vulgar belief that the water itself advances with the speed of the wave, but in fact the...

Bibliografische Informationen