Natural Experiments in the Social Sciences: A Design-Based Approach

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Cambridge University Press, 06.09.2012 - 358 Seiten
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This unique book is the first comprehensive guide to the discovery, analysis, and evaluation of natural experiments - an increasingly popular methodology in the social sciences. Thad Dunning provides an introduction to key issues in causal inference, including model specification, and emphasizes the importance of strong research design over complex statistical analysis. Surveying many examples of standard natural experiments, regression-discontinuity designs, and instrumental-variables designs, Dunning highlights both the strengths and potential weaknesses of these methods, aiding researchers in better harnessing the promise of natural experiments while avoiding the pitfalls. Dunning also demonstrates the contribution of qualitative methods to natural experiments and proposes new ways to integrate qualitative and quantitative techniques. Chapters complete with exercises, and appendices covering specialized topics such as cluster-randomized natural experiments, make this an ideal teaching tool as well as a valuable book for professional researchers.
 

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Inhalt

why natural experiments?
11
Part Discovering natural experiments
39
Regressiondiscontinuity designs 63
1
Instrumentalvariables designs 87
1
keys to quantitative analysis 105
Sampling processes and standard errors 165
The central role of qualitative evidence 208
How plausible is asif random? 235
How credible is the model? 256
1 Homogeneous partial effects with multiple treatments
Building strong designs through multimethod research 313
References 338
Index 353
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Über den Autor (2012)

Thad Dunning is Associate Professor of Political Science at Yale University and a research fellow at Yale's Institution for Social and Policy Studies and the Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies. He has written on a range of methodological topics, including impact evaluation, econometric corrections for selection effects and multi-method research in the social sciences, and his first book, Crude Democracy: Natural Resource Wealth and Political Regimes (Cambridge University Press, 2008), won the Best Book Award from the Comparative Democratization Section of the American Political Science Association.

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