A reassessment of the marine salvage posture of the United States
National Academy Press, 01.10.1994 - 133 Seiten
A prompt and effective response to ship casualties can prevent pollution and economic disruption of ports and waterways. This report of the Committee on Marine Salvage Issues of the National Research Council assesses the adequacy of marine salvage in the United States and evaluates significant changes that have taken place in the salvage industry over the last two decades. The report addresses and makes recommendations concerning business conditions in the salvage industry, arrangement for time-critical decision making in response to marine emergencies, national salvage policy, the concept of the professional salvor, the importance and adequacy of human resources in the salvage industry, rescue towing, marine firefighting, cargo transfer, damage stability information, salvage in the presence of hazardous cargo, purposeful jettison as a salvage technique, designation of safe havens for stricken vessels, the salvage readiness of vessels and crews, and the contribution of the Navy to the national salvage capability.
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NATIONAL SALVAGE POSTURE ISSUES
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action areas aspects of salvage authority ballast barge cargo transfer Collision commercial salvage committee therefore recommends Contingency Plan contract contractors crew criteria damage stability dedicated salvage discharge East Coast emergency ensure environment environmental protection Exxon Valdez federal federal on-scene coordinator fire firefighting capability Florida Straits FOSC Grounded Gulf hazardous cargoes horsepower liability lightering lightering barge loaded marine casualties marine firefighting Marine Safety Office marine salvage marine transportation Maritime MARPOL minimize national salvage policy ocean offloaded offshore oil spill personnel port prevent Prince William Sound professional salvors programs pumping refloat rescue towing safe havens salvage capability salvage companies salvage equipment salvage industry salvage operations salvage readiness salvage resources salvage response salvage services salvage vessels salvors scenario ship stranded tanker tanks tons tugs U.S. Coast Guard U.S. Navy U.S. waters United vessel casualties VLCC wave height Wet salvage