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when Count Beust happily availed himself of the opportunity thus afforded to exert his diplomatic talents in aiding to avert the impending crisis. A war between Turkey and Egypt would have been attended with far more serious consequences to Eastern affairs than any conflict of the Porte with the Christian population of her dominions, as it must of necessity have greatly endangered the security of the very key-stone of her power,—the unity of the Mahomedan element. We cannot in this, as in the other questions of foreign policy which we have discussed in these pages, lay before our readers the diplomatic correspondence, because Count Beust's presence at Constantinople and Cairo rendered superfluous all documentary communications to the high personages with whom the decision rested. But we can confirm the fact which the most important and best informed English and French journals imparted to the public, of the salutary and conciliatory influence which both the Austrian Emperor and his Minister of Foreign Affairs exercised upon the Porte as well as upon the Khedive. It was Count Beust who persuaded the Ministers of the Sublime Porte to abandon all idea of an Ultimatum, and who suggested a means of removing existing differences which should, while protecting the rights of the Sultan, confirm the Khedive in his acquired powers. As soon as the Porte had consented to adopt in all its essential points this good advice, it became allimportant to induce the successor of Ibrahim Pasha respectfully to submit to the manifestation of the will of his Suzerain, as wisely and moderately expressed in the Firman. This Count Beust also accomplished, and it must be borne in mind that his diplomatic action in this matter, while it undoubtedly prevented a most dangerous war, was the means of protecting the great interests Austria has at stake in Egypt. Numbers of Austrian subjects are domiciled in Alexandria and in other localities on the great Egypto-Oriental highway, either as proprietors of prosperous commercial establishments, or as engineers, officials, and workmen in connection with the Suez Canal. To these the results of a rupture between the Sultan and Khedive must have been most disastrous.

In the foregoing pages we have endeavoured to lay before our readers a succinct account of every

phase of Austria's foreign policy during the last three years, proving every proposition we have advanced by authentic documents. We cannot think that it is necessary to recapitulate any of the facts upon which we have already dwelt, in order once again to demonstrate that Austria's present position in the councils of Europe has vastly improved, and that the policy pursued by her Foreign Minister, Count Beust, has been essentially one of

peace and goodwill," and, as such, has been eminently successful.

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PART III.

QUESTION OF THE NATIONALITIES.—THE ANGLO

AUSTRIAN COMMERCIAL TREATY.

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