Opium to Java: Revenue Farming and Chinese Enterprise in Colonial Indonesia, 1860-1910
Equinox Publishing, 2007 - 281 Seiten
Opium smoking was a widespread social custom in nineteenth-century Java, and commercial trade in opium had far-reaching economic and political implications. As in many of the Dutch territories in the Indonesian archipelago, the drug was imported from elsewhere and sold throughout the island under a government monopoly - a system of revenue "farms." These monopoly franchises were regulated by the government and operated by members of Java's Chinese elite, who were frequently also local officials appointed by the Dutch. The farms thus helped support large Chinese patronage networks that vied for control of rural markets throughout Java. James Rush explains the workings of the opium farm system during its mature years by measuring the social, economic, and political reach of these monopolies within the Dutch-dominated colonial society. His analysis of the opium farm incorporates the social history of opium smoking in Java and of the Chinese officer elite that dominated not only the opium farming but also the island's Chinese community and much of its commercial economy. He describes the relations among the various classes of Chinese and Javanese, as well as the relation of the Chinese elite to the Dutch, and he traces the political interplay that smuggling and the black market stimulated among all these elements. An important contribution to the social and political history of Southeast Asia and now brought back to life as a member of Equinox Publishing's Classic Indonesia series, this book gives a new dimension to our knowledge of nineteenth-century Javanese society and the processes of social control and economic dominance during the colonial period. JAMES R. RUSH is a historian of modern Southeast Asia whose other works include The Last Tree: Reclaiming the Environment in Tropical Asia; Java: A Travellers' Anthology; and several volumes of contemporary Asian biography in the Ramon Magsaysay Awards series. His is associate professor of history at Arizona State University.
Was andere dazu sagen - Rezension schreiben
Es wurden keine Rezensionen gefunden.
Andere Ausgaben - Alle anzeigen
administrative Assistant Resident auctions August Bali Batavia Biauw black market Brooshooft Buleleng Cabang Atas candu Castens central Java Charles TeMechelen Chinese community Chinese officers clandestine opium Colonial Service controleurs courts Dalima Dedem Deventer DF to GG DMD to GG Dutch European farm fees farm kongsis farm system farm territory farmers governor HIOR Holland illegal opium important Indies Indische Indonesian Java's opium Javanese Joana Kediri Kediri kongsi kongsi KVvNI Landraad Liem Kok Sing Madiun Mechelen monopoly native Netherlands India nineteenth century October Oei Tiong official opium opium farm Opium Farm Chinese opium farm system opium hunters opium policy Opium Regie opium smoking opium smuggling Opium to Java Pasuruan peranakan Perelaer piculs Pijnacker police mantri police roll regent Rembang Resident Japara Resident Rembang revenue farms Riwajat rural sales mantri Semarang Singapore smugglers subfarmer Surabaya Surakarta SvNI task force tion Tjiauw TM to DF Uljee wedana Yogyakarta