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Lives of the Lindsays;

OR,

A MEMOIR OF THE HOUSES OF

CRAWFORD AND BALCARRES,

BI LORD LINDSAT.

TO WHICH ARE ADDED,

EXTRACTS FROM THE

OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF ALEXANDER SIXTH EARL OF BALCARRES,

DURING THE MAROON WAR ;

TOGETHER WITH

PERSONAL NARRATIVES BY HIS BROTHERS,
THE HON. ROBERT, COLIN, JAMES, JOHN, AND HUGH LINDSAY ;

AND BY HIS SISTER, LADY ANNE BARNARD.

IN THREE VOLUMES.-VOL. II.

LONDON:

JOHN MURRY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

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London : Printed by WillIAM Clowes and Sons, Stamford Street.

CONTENTS OF VOL. II.

CHAPTER XIV.

Page

Sect. I. Sir David Lindsay, first Lord Balcarres — his character - an era of

peace and advancing civilization- his education abroad --- his library -

his pursuits, scientific and literary -- friendship with Drummond of Haw-

thornden -- decay of the old Scottish language and literature — his wife,

Lady Sophia Seyton — the family circle -- death of Sir David's daughter,

Margaret — his other children — character of his eldest sou, Alexander

Master of Balcarres — Lord Balcarres' letter to him on returning to

college

SECT. II. Commencement of the troubles — the cloud like a man's hand rising

out of the sea — results of the reintroduction of Episcopacy — James's

determination to assimilate the religion of the two nations-inherited by

Charles I. - arbitrary measures of both monarchs David Lindsay,

Bishop of Brechin, and afterwards of Edinburgh, the leader of the move-

ment in Scotland visit of Charles to Edinburgh in 1633 Sir David

Lindsay created Lord Balcarres, and John tenth Lord L. of the Byres

Earl of Lindsay - imposition of the Service Book or Liturgy, 1637

tumults, and narrow escape of Bishop Lindsay -- remonstrances to Charles

- treated with contempt — subscription of the National Covenant, Lord

Lindsay one of the leaders — abolitiou of Episcopacy Charles and the

Covenanters meet in arms at Dunselaw — treaty of Berwick, and mo-

mentary pacification

SECT. III. Marriage of the Master of Balcarres with Lady Anna MacKenzie,

and preliminary correspondence - death of David Lord Balcarres, 1641

- his character - letter from Lord Lauderdale to Alexander Lord Bal-

carres, son and heir of Lord David .

ments

Page
SECT. II. Visit of the King to Edinburgh Montrose quits the party of the

Covenant — the “ Incident” — imprisonment of Crawford — alleged visit
to him in prison by Lord Lindsay - Crawford's surrender of the Earldom
to King Charles, and new patent, introducing the House of Byres between
himself and the Houses of Edzell and Balcarres · Earl Ludovic joins the
King at the rearing of the standard at Nottingham - his military move-

successes of Charles - the Scottish Covenanters determine to
send an army to the assistance of the English Parliament - the Solemn
League and Covenant embraced by both nations Montrose, Crawford,
and Ogilvie unsuccessfully attempt to enter Scotland — Montrose sets off
in disguise, reaches the Highlands, and raises the clans battle of
Marstonmoor Crawford throws himself into Newcastle - is forfeited
in Edinburgh by the Parliament, and his Earldom granted to Lord
Lindsay, who is thenceforward designated as Earl of Crawford-Lindsay,
and is at the same time appointed sole High Treasurer, and soon after-
wards President of the Parliament storm of Newcastle Earl Ludovic
taken prisoner, brought to Edinburgh, and condemned to death, but spared
through fear of retaliation on the part of Montrose - Montrose's victories
in the North Alex. Lord Balcarres' services in the cause of the
Covenant battles of Alford —- of Kilsyth — victory of Montrose, and
release of Crawford defeat of the royalists at Philiphaugh — escape of
Montrose and Crawford to the Highlands — Montrose, Crawford, and
Urie excepted from pardon, but permitted to retire beyond seas —
Crawford's retreat to Ireland negotiations there, and arrival at Paris

his propositions for a new League and insurrection in the King's cause
discouraged by Henrietta Maria returns to Spain

- his last appear-
ance as a partisan of Cardinal de Retz in the tumults of the Fronde at

Paris - his death
SECT. III. Position of affairs at the commencement of 1646 the King takes

refuge with the Scottish army Lord Balcarres' mission from the
Covenanters — the King is surrendered to the Parliament — opposition of
Balcarres, Crawford-Lindsay, and Spynie to this surrender - Cromwell
marches to London, and usurps the government — Charles negotiates with
the Scots, and agrees to confirm the Covenant, and establish Presbyterian-
ism for a probation of three years appointment of Lord Balcarres to the
government, provisionally, of the Castle of Edinburgh — the moderate
Presbyterians, Crawford-Lindsay, Balcarres, &c., join with the Cavaliers
in the “Engagement" for the King's rescue - Argyle and the rigid Cove-
nanters oppose this, and are named Protesters — march of the army of the
Engagers into England under the Duke of Hamilton - its dispersion
Argyle and the Protesters obtain the dominant power in Scotland — fall
of Crawford-Lindsay; he is deprived of his offices, confined to his house,
voted a public enemy, and secluded from Parliament Balcarres retires
to his estates, but from henceforth sides with the King execution of
King Charles, 1649 - Argyle and the Protesters proclaim his eldest son
King of Scotland by the title of King Charles II. -- letter of Charles to
Lord Balcarres — defeat of Argyle at Dunbar by Cromwell — Crawford-
Lindsay and the Constitutionalists regain the ascendancy, and crown the
King - Balcarres is created an Earl, and appointed Commissioner to the

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