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Addison and he were now at the head of poetry and [Dr. Swift was the principal man of talk and busicriticism; and both in such a state of elevation, Iness, and acted as master of requests.-Then he that, like the two rivals in the Roman state, one instructed a young nobleman that the best Poet in could no longer bear an equal, nor the other a su- England was Mr. Pope (a papist,) who had beperior. Of the gradual abatement of kindness begun a translation of Homer into English verse, for tween friends, the beginning is often scarcely dis- which he must have them all subscribe; for, says he, cernible to themselves, and the process is continued the author shall not begin to print till I have a by petty provocations, and incivilities sometimes thousand guineas for him.” peevishly returned, and sometimes contemptuously About this time it is likely that Steele, who neglected, which would escape all attention but was, with all his political fury, good-natured and that of pride, and drop from any memory but that officious, procured an interview between these anof resentment. That the quarrel of these two gry rivals, which ended in aggravated malevowits should be minutely deduced, is not to be ex-lence. On this occasion, if the reports be true, pected from a writer to whom, as Homer says, Pope made his complaint with frankness and spirit, “nothing but rumour has reached, and who has no as a man undeservedly neglected or opposed; and personal knowledge.”
Addison affected a contemptuous unconcern, and, Pope doubtless approached Addison, when the in a calm even voice, reproached Pope with his reputation of their wit first brought them together, vanity, and, telling him of the improvements with the respect due to a man whose abilities were which his early works had received from his own acknowledged, and who, having attained that emi- remarks and those of Steele, said, that he, being nence to which he was himself aspiring, had in his now engaged in public business, had no longer any hands the distribution of literary fame. He paid care for his poetical reputation, nor had any other court with sufficient diligence by his Prologue to desire, with regard to Pope, than that he should *Cato,' by his abuse of Dennis, and with praise yet not, by too much arrogance, alienate the public. more direct, by his poem on the Dialogues on To this Pope is said to have replied with great Medals,' of which the immediate publication was keenness and severity, upbraiding Addison with then intended. In all this, there was no hypocrisy; perpetual dependance, and with the abuse of those for he confessed that he found in Addison some- qualifications which he had obtained at the public thing more pleasing than in any other man. cost, and charging him with mean endeavours to
It may be supposed, that as Pope saw himself Jobstruct the progress of rising merit. The contest favoured by the world, and more frequently com- rose so high, that they parted at last without any pared his own powers with those of others, his con- interchange of civility. fidence increased, and his submission lessened; and The first volume of Homer' was (1715) in time that Addison felt no delight from the advances of a published: and a rival version of the first “Iliad," young wit, who might soon contend with him for for rivals the time of their appearance inevitably the highest place. Every great man, of whatever made them, was immediately printed, with the kind be his greatness, has among his friends those name of Tickell. It was soon perceived that, who officiously or insidiously quicken his attention among the followers of Addison, Tickell had the to offences, heighten his disgust, and stimulate his preference, and the critics and poets divided into resentment. Of such adherents Addison doubtless factions. “I," says Pope, “have the town, that had many; and Pope was now too high to be with is, the mob, on my side; but it is not uncommon for out them.
. the smaller party to supply by industry what it From the emission and reception of the proposals wants in numbers.--I appeal to the people as my for the Iliad,' the kindness of Addison seems to rightful judges, and, while they are not inclined to have abated. Jervas the painter once pleased him- condemn me, shall not fear the high-flyers at Butself (August 20, 1714) with imagining that he had ton's." This opposition he immediately imputed re-established their friendship; and wrote to Pope to Addison, and complained of it in terms suffithat Addison once suspected him of too close a con- ciently resentful to Craggs, their common friend. federacy with Swift, but was now satisfied with When Addison's opinion was asked, he declared his conduct. To this Pope answered, a week af- the versions to be both good, but Tickell's the best ter, that his engagements to Swift were such as his that had ever been written; and sometimes said, services in regard to the subscription demanded, that they were both good, but that Tickell had and that the Tories never put him under the neces- more of 'Homer.' sity of asking leave to be grateful. "But,” says Pope was now sufficiently irritated; his reputahe," as Mr. Addison must be the judge in what tion and his interest were at hazard. He once inregards himself, and seems to have no very just tended to print together the four versions of Dryone in regard to me, so I must own to you I expect den, Maynwaring, Pope, and Tickell, that they nothing but civility from him.” In the same letter might be readily compared, and fairly estimated he mentions Phillips, as having been busy to kindle This design seems to have been defeated by the reanimosity between them; but in a letter to Addi- fusal of Tonson, who was the proprietor of the son, he expresses some consciousness of behaviour, other three versions. inattentively deficient in respect. :
| Pope intended, at another time, a rigorous critiOf Swift's industry in promoting the subscription, cism of Tickell's translation, and had marked a there remains the testimony of Kennet, no friend copy, which I have seen, in all places that appearto either him or Pope.
led defective. But, while he was thus meditating “Nov. 2, 1713, Dr. Swift came into the coffee- defence or revenge, his adversary sunk before him house, and had a bow from every body but me, without a blow; the voice of the Public was not who, I confess, could not but despise him. When long divided, and the preference was universally I came to the anti-chamber to wait, before prayers, Igiven to Pope's performance..
He was convinced, by adding one circumstance dulgences, or that mankind expect from elevated to another, that the other translation was the work genius a uniformity of greatness, and watch its deof Addison himself; but, if he knew it in Addison's gradation with malicious wonder; like him who, life-time, it does not appear that he told it. He having followed with his eye an eagle into the left his illustrious antagonist to be punished by clouds, should lament that she ever descended to a what has been considered as the most painful of all perch. . reflections, the remembrance of a crime perpe- While the volumes of his 'Homer' were annutrated in vain.
ally published, he collected his former works The other circumstances of their quarrel were (1717) into one quarto volume, to which he prethus related by Pope.*
fixed a Preface, written with great sprightliness “Phillips seemed to have been encouraged to and elegance, which was afterwards reprinted, abuse me in coffee-houses and conversations: and with some passages subjoined that he at first omitGildon wrote a thing about Wycherley, in which ted; other marginal additions of the same kind he he had abused both me and my relations very made in the latter editions of his poems. Waller grossly. Lord Warwick himself told me one day, remarks, that poets lose half their praise, because that it was in vain for me to endeavour to be well the reader knows not what they have blotted. with Mr. Addison; that his jealous temper would Pope's voracity of fame taught him the art of obnever admit of a settled friendship between us: taining the accumulated honour, both of what he and, to convince me of what he had said, assured had published, and of what he had suppressed. me, that Addison had encouraged Gildon to publish In this year his father died very suddenly, in his those scandals, and had given him ten guineas after seventy-fifth year, having passed twenty-nine they were published. The next day, while I was years in privacy. He is not known but by the heated with what I had heard, I wrote a letter to character which his son has given him. If the Mr. Addison, to let him know that I was not un- money with which he retired was all gotten by acquainted with this behaviour of his; that, if I was himself, he had traded very successfully in times to speak severely of him in return for it, it should when sudden riches were rarely attainable. not be in such a dirty way; that I should rather! The publication of the Iliad' was at last comtell him, himself, fairly of his faults, and allow pleted in 1720. The splendour and success of this his good qualities; and that it should be something work raised Pope many enemies, that endeavoured in the following manner; I then adjoined the first to depreciate his abilities. Burnet, who was afsketch of what has since been called my satire on terwards a judge of no mean reputation, censured Addison. Mr. Addison used me very civilly ever him in a piece called 'Homerides' before it was after.”+
published. Ducket likewise endeavoured to make The verses on Addison, when they were sent to him ridiculous. Dennis was the perpetual perseAtterbury, were considered by him as the most ex-cutor of all his studies. But, whoever his critics cellent of Pope's performances; and the writer was were, their writings are lost; and the names which advised, since he knew where his strength lay, are preserved, are preserved in the Dunciad.' not to suffer it to remain unemployed.
In this disastrous year (1720) of national infatuThis year (1715) being, by the subscription, ation, where more riches than Peru can boast were enabled to live more by choice, having persuaded expected from the South Sea, when the contagion his father to sell their estate at Binfield, he pur- of avarice tainted every mind, and even poets chased, I think only for his life, that house at panted after wealth, Pope was seized with the Twickenham, to which his residence afterwards universal passion, and ventured some of his money. procured so much celebration, and removed thither The stock rose in its price; and for a while he with his father and mother
thought himself the lord of thousands. But this Here he planted the vines and the quincunx dream of happiness did not last long; and he seems which his verses mention; and being under the ne- to have waked soon enough to get clear with the cessity of making a subterraneous passage to a gar- loss of what he once thought himself to have won, den on the other side of the road, he adorned it and perhaps not wholly of that. with fossile bodies, and dignified it with the title Next year he published some select poems of his of a grotto, a place of silence and retreat, from friend Dr. Parnell, with a very elegant Dedication which he endeavoured to persuade his friends and to the Earl of Oxford; who, after all his struggles himself that cares and passions could be excluded. and dangers, then lived in retirement, still under
A grotto is not often the wish or pleasure of an the frown of a victorious faction, who could take no Englishman, who has more frequent need to solicit pleasure in hearing his praise. than exclude the sun; but Pope's excavation was He gave the same year (1721) an edition of requisite as an entrance to his garden, and, as some 'Shakspeare.' His name was now of so much aumen try to be proud of their defects, he extracted thority, that Tonson thought himself entitled by an ornament from an inconvenience, and vanity annexing it, to demand a subscription of six guineas produced a grotto where necessity enforced a pas- for Shakspeare's plays in six quarto volumes; nor sage. It may be frequently remarked of the stu- did his expectation much deceive him; for of seven dious and speculative, that they are proud of tri- hundred and fifty which he printed, he dispersed fies, and that their amusements secm frivolous and a great number at the price proposed. The repuchildish; whether it be that men, conscious of great tation of that cdition indeed sunk afterwards so reputation, think themselves above the reach of low, that one hundred and forty copies were sold censure, and safe in the admission of negligent in- at sixteen shillings each.
- On this undertaking, to which Pope was induced * Spence.
† Sec, however Life of Addison, in the Biographia Brilby a reward of two hundred and seventeen pounds tannica.
twelve shillings, he seems never to have reflected
afterwards without vexation; for Theobald, a man | The first copy of Pope's books, with those of of heavy diligence, with very slender powers, first, Fenton, are to be seen in the Museum. The parts in a book called “Shakspeare Restored,' and then of Pope are less interlined than the “Iliad; and in a formal edition, detected his deficiencies with the latter books of the “Iliad' less than the former. all the insolence of victory; and, as he was now He grew dexterous by practice, and every sheet high enough to be feared and hated, Theobald had enabled him to write the next with more facility. from others all the help that could be supplied, by The books of Fenton have very few alterations by the desire of humbling a haughty character. the hand of Pope. Those of Broome have not
From this time Pope became an enemy to edi- been found; but Pope complained, as it is reported, tors, collators, commentators, and verbal critics; that he had much trouble in correcting them. and hoped to persuade the world, that he miscar. His contract with Lintot was the same as for the ried in this undertaking only by having a mind too Iliad,' except that only one hundred pounds were great for such minute employment.
to be paid him for each volume. The number of Pope, in his edition, undoubtedly did many things subscribers were five hundred and seventy-four, wrong, and left many things undone; but let him and of copies eight hundred and nineteen; so that not be defrauded of his due praise. He was the his profits, when he had paid his assistants, were first that knew, at least the first that told, by what still very considerable. The work was finished helps the text might be improved. If he inspected in 1725; and from that time he resolved to make the early editions negligently, he taught others to no more translations. . be more accurate. In his Preface he expanded The sale did not answer Lintot's expectation; with great skill and elegance the character which and he then pretended to discover something of had been given of Shakspeare by Dryden; and he fraud in Pope, and commenced or threatened a suit drew the public attention upon his works, which, in Chancery. though often mentioned, had been little read. On the English Odyssey' a criticism was pub
Soon after the appearance of the “Iliad,' resolv- lished by Spence, at that time Prelector of Poetry ing not to let the general kindness cool, he publish- at Oxford; a man whose learning was not very ed proposals for a translation of the "Odyssey,' in great, and whose mind was not yery powerful. His five volumes, for five guineas. He was willing, criticism, however, was commonly just; what he however, now to have associates in his labour, thought, he thought rightly: and his remarks were being either weary with toiling upon another's recommended by his coolness and candour. In him thoughts, or having heard, as Ruffhead relates, Pope had the first experience of a critic without that Fenton and Broome had already begun the malevolence, who thought it as much his duty to work, and liking better to have them confederates display beauties as expose faults: who censured than rivals.
with respect, and praised with alacrity. In the patent, instead of saying that he had With this criticism Pope was so little offended, “translated the Odyssey," as he had said of the that he sought the acquaintance of the writer, who
Iliad,' he says, that he had “undertaken” a trans- lived with him from that time in great familiarity, lation; and in the proposals the subscription is said attended him in his last hours, and compiled meto be not solely for his own use, but for that of morials of his conversation. The regard of Pope “two of his friends who have assisted him in this recommended him to the great and powerful; and work."
he obtained very valuable preferments in the In 1723, while he was engaged in this new ver. Church. sion, he appeared before the Lords at the memora- Not long after, Pope was returning home from a ble trial of Bishop Atterbury, with whom he had visit in a friend's coach, which, in passing a bridge, lived in great familiarity, and frequent correspon- was overturned into the water; the windows were dence. Atterbury had honestly recommended to closed, and being unable to force them open, he was him the study of the Popish controversy, in hopel in danger of immediate death, when the postillion of his conversion; to which Pope answered in a snatched him out by breaking the glass, of which manner that cannot much 'recommend his princi- the fragments cut two of his fingers in such a manples, or his judgment. In questions and projects ner, that he lost their use. of learning, they agreed better. He was called at Voltaire, who was then in England, sent him a the trial to give an account of Atterbury's domestic letter of consolation. He had been entertained by life, and private employment, that it might appear Pope at his table, where he talked with so much how little time he had left for plots. Pope had grossness, that Mrs. Pope was driven from the but few words to utter, and in those few he made room. Pope discovered, by a trick, that he was a . several blunders.
spy for the court, and never considered him as a His letters to Atterbury express the utmost es-man worthy of confidence. teem, tenderness, and gratitude; "perhaps," says He soon afterwards (1727) joined, with Swift, he, “it is not only in this world that I may have who was then in England, to publish three volumes cause to remember the Bishop of Rochester." At of Miscellanies,' in which, amongst other things, their last interview in the Tower, Atterbury pre- he inserted the "Memoirs of a Parish Clerk,' in sented him with a Bible.
r ridicule of Burnet's importance in his own History, of the 'Odyssey? Pope translated only twelve and a Debate upon Black and White Horses,' books; the rest were the work of Broome and Fen- written in all the formalities of a legal process, by ton: the notes were written wholly by Broome, the assistance, as is said, of Mr. Fortescue, afterwho was not over liberally rewarded. The public wards Master of the Rolls. Before these Miscelwas carefully kept ignorant of the several shares; lạnies' is a Preface signed by Swift and Pope, but and an account was subjoined at the conclusion, apparently written by Pope, in which he makes a which is now known not to be true.
Tridiculous and romantic complaint of the robberies committed upon authors by the clandestine seizure as had casually got abroad, there was added to and sale of their papers. He tells, in tragic them the Treatise of the Bathos,' or the ‘Art of strains, how “the cabinets of the Sick and the Sinking in Poetry.' It happened that, in one chapclosets of the Dead have been broken open and ter of this piece, the several species of bad poete ransacked;" as if those violences were often.com- were ranged in classes, to which were prefixed almitted for papers of uncertain and accidental value, most all the letters of the alphabet (the greatest which are rarely provoked by real treasures; as if part of them at random;) but such was the number epigrams and essays were in danger where gold of poets eminent in that art, that some one or other and diamonds are safe. A cat hunted for his musk took every letter to himself: all fell into so violent is, according to Pope's account, but the emblem of a fury, that, for half a year or more, the common a wit winded by booksellers.
newspapers (in most of which they had some proHis complaint, however, received some attesta perty, as being hired writers) were filled with the tion; for the same year the Letters written by him most abusive falsehoods and scurrilities they could to Mr. Cromwell, in his youth, were sold by Mrs. possibly devise; a liberty no way to be wondered Thomas to Curll, who printed them.
at in those people, and in those papers, that, for In these Miscellanies was first published the many years during the uncontrolled license of the 'Art of Sinking in Poetry,' which, by such a train press, had aspersed almost all the great characters of consequences as usually passes in literary quar- of the age; and this with impunity, their own per rels, gave, in a short time, according to Pope's ac- sons and names being utterly secret and obscure. count, occasion to the 'Dunciad.'
“This gave Mr. Pope the thought, that he had In the following year (1728) he began to put now some opportunity of doing good, by detecting Atterbury's advice in practice; and showed his and dragging into light these common enemies of satirical powers by publishing the Dunciad,' one mankind; since, to invalidate this universal slanof his greatest and most elaborate performances, in der, it sufficed to show what contemptible men which he endeavoured to sink into contempt all the were the authors of it. He was not without hopes, writers by whom he had been attacked, and some that, by manifesting the dulness of those who had others whom he thought unable to defend them- only malice to recommend them, either the book. selves.
sellers' would not find their account in employing At the head of the Dunces he placed poor Theo-them, or the men themselves, when discovered, bald, whom he accused of ingratitude; but whose want courage to proceed in so unlawful an occupareal crime was supposed to be that of having re- tion. This it was that gave birth to the 'Dunciad;' vised Shakspeare more happily than himself. This and he thought it a happiness, that by the late flood satire had the effect which he intended, by blast- of slander on himself, he had acquired such a peing the characters which it touched. Ralph, who, culiar right over their names as was necessary to unnecessarily interposing in the quarrel, got a this design. place in a subsequent edition, complained that for “On the 12th of March, 1729, at St. James's, a time he was in danger of starving, as the book that poem was presented to the King and Queen sellers had no longer any confidence in his capacity. (who had before been pleased to read it) by the
The prevalence of this poem was gradual and right honourable Sir Robert Walpole; and, 'some slow: the plan, if not wholly new, was little un- days after, the whole impression was taken and derstood by common readers. Many of the allu- dispersed by several noblemen and persons of the sions required illustration; the names were often first distinction. ' expressed only by the initial and final letters, and “ It is certainly a true observation, that no peoif they had been printed at length, were such as ple are so impatient of censure as those who are the few had known or recollected. The subject itself greatest slanderers, which was wonderfully exemhad nothing generally interesting; for whom did it plified on this occasion. On the day the book was concern to know that one or another scribbler was first vended, a crowd of authors besieged the shop; a dunce? If therefore it had been possible for intreaties, advices, threats of law and battery, nay those who were attacked to conceal their pain and cries of treason, were all employed to hinder the their resentment, the 'Dunciad' might have made coming out of the Dunciad;' on the other side, the its way very slowly in the world.
- booksellers and hawkers made as great efforts to Thiş, however, was not to be expected: every procure it. What could a few poor authors do man is of importance to himself, and therefore, in against so great a majority of the public? There his own opinion, to others; and, supposing the was no stopping a torrent with a finger; so out it world already acquainted with all his pleasures came. and his pains, is perhaps the first to publish inju- “Many ludicrous circumstances attended it. The ries or misfortunes, which had never been known Dunces (for by this name they were called) held unless related by himself, and at which those that weekly clubs, to consult of hostilities against the hear them will only laugh; for no man sympathises author; one wrote a letter to a great minister, as, with the sorrows of vanity.
suring him Mr. Pope was the greatest enemy the The history of the 'Dunciad' is very minutely government had; and another bought his image in related by Pope himself, in a Dedication which he clay, to execute him in effigy; with which sad sort wrote to Lord Middlesex in the name of Savage. (of satisfaction the gentlemen were a little com
“I will relate the War of the Dunces' (for so forted. t has been commonly called,) which began in the “Some false editions of the book having an owl Fear 1727, and ended 1730. .
in their frontispiece, the true one, to distinguish it, "When Dr. Swift and Mr. Pope thought it pro- fixed in his stead an ass laden with authors. Then der, for reasons specified in the Preface to their another surreptitious one being printed with the Miscellanies, to publish such little pieces of theirs, same ass, the new edition, in octavo returned, for
distinction, to the owl again. Hence arose a great not idle. He published (1731) a poem on · Taste,' contest of booksellers against booksellers, and ad- in which he very particularly and severely critivertisements against advertisements; some recom- cises the house, the furniture, the gardens, and the mending the edition of the owl, and others the edi- entertainments of Timon, a man of great wealth tion of the ass; by which name they came to be and little taste. By Timon he was universally distinguished, to the great honour also of the gen- supposed, and by the Earl of Burlington, to whom tlemen of the Dunciad.'”
the poem is addressed, was privately said, to mean Pope appears by his narrative to have contem- the Duke of Chandos; a man perhaps too much deplated his victory over the Dunces with great ex- \lighted with pomp and show, but of a temper kind ultation; and such was his delight in the tumult and beneficent, and who had consequently the voice which he had raised, that for a while his natural of the public in his favour. sensibility was suspended, and he read reproaches! A violent outcry was therefore raised against the and invectives without emotion, considering them ingratitude and treachery of Pope, who was said to only as the necessary effects of that pain which he have been indebted to the patronage of Chandos for rejoiced in having given.
Ja present of a thousand pounds, and who gained the It cannot however be concealed, that, by his own opportunity of insulting him by the kindness of his confession, he was the aggressor: for nobody believes invitation, that the letters in the Bathos' were placed at ran- The receipt of the thousand pounds Pope publicly dom: and it may be discovered that when he thinks denied; but from the reproach which the attack on himself concealed, he indulges the common vanity a character so amiable brought upon him, he tried of common men, and triumphs in those distinctions all means of escaping. The name of Cleland was which he had affected to despise. He is proud that again employed in an apology, by which no man his book was presented to the King and Queen by was satisfied; and he was at last reduced to shelter the right honourable Sir Robert Walpole; he is his temerity behind dissimulation, and endeavour proud that they had read it before; he is proud that to make that disbelieved which he never had conthe edition was taken off by the nobility and per- fidence openly to deny. He wrote an exculpatory sons of the first distinction.
letter to the Duke, which was answered with The edition of which he speaks was, I believe, great magnanimity, as by a man who accepted his that which, by telling in the text the names, and excuse without believing his professions. He said, in the notes the characters, of those whom he had that to have ridiculed his taste, or his buildings, satirised, was made intelligible and diverting. The had been an indifferent action in another man; but critics had now declared their approbation of the that in Pope, after the reciprocal kindness that had plan, and the common reader began to like it with been exchanged between them, it had been less out fear; those who were strangers to petty litera- easily excused. ture, and therefore unable to decipher initials and Pope, in one of his Letters, complaining of the blanks, had now names and persons brought within treatment which his poem had found, "owns that their view; and delighted in the visible effect of such critics can intimidate him, nay almost persuade those shafts of malice, which they had hitherto him to write no more, which is a compliment this contemplated, as shot into the air.
lage deserves.” The man who threatens the world Dennis, upon the fresh provocation now given is always ridiculous; for the world can easily go on him, renewed the enmity which had for a time without him, and in a short time will ocase to miss been appeased by mutual civilities; and published him. I have heard of an idiot, who used to reremarks, which he had till then suppressed, upon venge his vexations by lying all night upon the the 'Rape of the Lock.' Many more grumbled in bridge. “ There is nothing," says Juvenal, “ that secret, or vented their resentment in the newspa- a man will not believe in his own favour.” Pope pers by epigrams or invectives.
: had been flattered till he thought himself one of the Ducket, indeed, being mentioned as loving Bur- moving powers in the system of life. When he net with “ pious passion," pretended that his moral talked of laying down his pen, those who sat round character was injured, and for some time declared him intreated and implored: and self-love did not his resolution to take vengeance with a cudgel: But suffer him to suspect that they went away and Pope appeased him, by changing “pious passion” laughed. to “ cordial friendship;” and by a note, in which he The following year deprived him of Gay, a man vehemently disclaims the malignity of meaning im- whom he had known early, and whom he seemed puted to the first expression.
to love with more tenderness than any other of his Aaron Hill, who was represented as diving for literary friends. Pope was now forty-four years the prize, expostulated with Pope in a manner so old; an age at which the mind begins less easily to much superior to all mean solicitation, that Pope admit new confidence, and the will to grow less was reduced to sneak and shuffle, sometimes to flexible; and when, therefore, the departure of an deny, and sometimes to apologize; he first endea-fold friend is very acutely felt. vours to wound, and is then afraid to own that he In the next year he lost his mother, not by an meant a blow.
unexpected death, for she had lasted to the age of The Dunciad,' in a complete edition, is ad- ninety-three: but she did not die unlamented. The dressed to Dr. Swift: of the notes, part were writ- filial piety of Pope was in the highest degree amiten by Dr. Arbuthnot; and an apologetical Letter able and exemplary; his parents had the happiness was prefixed, signed by Cleland, but supposed to of living till he was at the summit of poetical repuhave been written by Pope.
tation, till he was at ease in his fortune, and withAfter this general war upon Dulness, he seems out a rival in his fame, and found no diminution of to have indulged himself a while in tranquillity; his respect and tenderness. Whatever was his but his subsequent productions prove that he was pride, to them he was obedient; and whatever was