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Manners with candour are to Benson given;
To Berkley every virtue under heaven.
But does the court a worthy man remove ?
That instant, I declare, he has my love :
I shun his zenith, court his mild decline;
Thus Somers once, and Halifax, were mine.
On, in the clear still mirror of retreat,
I studied Shrewsbury, the wise and great ;
Carleton's calm sense, and Stanhope's noble flame
Compared, and knew their generous end the same:
How pleasing Atterbury's softer hour!
How shined the soul, unconquer'd in the Tower!
How can I Pulteney, Chesterfield, forget,
While Roman spirit charms, and Attic wit ?
Argyle, the state's whole thunder born to wield,
And shake alike the senate and the field ?
Or Wyndham, just to freedom and the throne,
The master of our passions, and his own ?
Names, which I long have loved, nor loved in vain,
Rank'd with their friends, and number'd with their
And if yet higher the proud list should end,
Still let me say, no follower, but a friend.
Yet think not, friendship only prompts my lays, I follow virtue ; where she shines, I praise; Points she to priest or elder, Whig or Tory, Or round a quaker's beaver cast a glory. I never (to my sorrow I declare) Dined with the Man of Ross, or my Lord Mayor. Some in their choice of friends (nay look not grave) Have still a secret bias to a knave : To find an honest man I beat about, And love him, court him, praise him, in or out. F. Then why so few commended ?
P. Not so fierce; Find you the virtue, and I'll find the verse. But random praise--the task can ne'er be done : Each mother asks it for her booby son;
Each widow asks it for the best of men,
For him she weeps, for him she weds again.
Praise cannot stoop, like satire, to the ground :
The number may be hang’d, but not be crown'd.
Enough for half the greatest of these days,
To escape my censure, not expect my praise.
Are they not rich ? what more can they pretend ?
Dare they to hope a poet for their friend?
What Richlieu wanted, Louis scarce could gain,
And what young Ammon wish'd, but wish'd in vain.
No power the muse's friendship can command ;
when virtue claims it, can withstand :
To Cato, Virgil paid one honest line :
O let my country's friends illumine mine !
What are you thinking? F. 'Faith the thought 's no sia,
I think your friends are out, and would be in.
P. If merely to come in, sir, they go out, The way they take is strangely round about.
F. They too may be corrupted, you'll allow.
P. I only call those knaves who are so now.
Is that too little ? Come then, I'll comply-
Spirit of Arnall! aid me while I lie :
Cobham's a coward, Polwarth is a slave,
And Lyttleton a dark, designing knave;
St. John has ever been a wealthy fool
But let me add, Sir Robert's mighty dull,
Has never made a friend in private life,
And was, besides, a tyrant to his wife.
But pray when others praise him, do I blame?
Call Verres, Wolsey, any odious name!
Why rail they then, if but a wreath of mine,
O all-accomplish'd St. John! deck thy shrine ?
What! shall each spur-gall’d hackney of the day,
When Paston gives him double pots and pay,
Or each new-pension'd sycophant, pretend
To break my windows, if I treat a friend,
Then wisely plead, to me they meant no hurt,
But 'twas my guest at whom they threw the dirt ?
Sure, if I spare the minister, no rules
Of honouz bind me, not to-maul his tools ;
Sure, if they cannot cut, it may be said
His saws are toothless, and his hatchets lead.
It angerd Turenne, onee upon a day,
To see a foosman kiek'd that took his pay;
But when he heard the affront the fellow gave,
Knew one a man of honour, one a knave;
The prudent general turn'd it to a jost,
And begg'd he'd take the pains to kick the rest :
Which not at present having time to do
F. Hold, sir! for God's sake, where's the affront
Against your worship when had S-k writ? (to you?
Or P-ge pour'd forth the torrent of his wit ?
grant the bard whose distich all commend [In power a servant, out of power a friend), To W-le guilty of some venial sin ; What's that to you who ne'er was out nor in?
The priest whose flattery bedropt the crown,
How burt he you? be only stain'd the gown..
And how did, pray, the tiorid youth offend,
Whose speech you took, and gave it to a friend ?
P. 'Faith, it imports not much from whom it cams;
Whoever borrow'd could not be to blame,
Since the whole house did afterwards the same.
Let courtly wits to wits afford supply
As hog to hog in huts of Westphaly:
If one, through nature's bounty or his ford's,
Has what the frugal, dirty soil affords,
From him the next receives it, thick or thin,
As pure a mess almost as it came in;
The blessed benent, not there confined,
Drops to the third, who nuzzles close behind.
From tail to mouth, they feed and they carouse;
The last fu}l fairly gives it to the house.
F. This filthy simile, this beastly line
Quite lurns my stomach
P. So does flattery mine :
And all your courtly civet-cats can rent,
Perfume to you, to me is excrement.
But hear me further—Japhet, 'tis agreed,
Writ not, and Chartres scarce could write or read,
In all the courts of Pindus guiltless quite :
But pens can forge, my friend, that cannot write ;
And must no egg in Japhet's face be thrown,
Because the deed he forged was not my own?
Must never patriot then declaim at gin,
Unless, od man! he has been fairly in ?
No zealous pastor blame a failing spouse,
Without a staring reason on his brows?
And each blasphemer quite escape the rod,
Because the insult's not on man, but God ?
Ask you what provocation I have had ?
The strong antipathy of good to bad.
When truth and virtue an affront endures,
The affront is mine, my friend, and should be yours
Mine, as a foe profess'd to false pretence,
Who think a coxcomb's honour like his sense ;
Mine, as a friend to every worthy mind;
And mine as man, who feel for all mankind.
F. You're strangely proud.
P. So proud, I am no slave; So impudent, I own myself no knave; So odd, my country's ruin makes me grave. Yes, I am proud : I must be proud to see Men not afraid of God, afraid of me : Safe from the bar, the pulpit, and the throne, Yet touch'd and shamed by ridicule alone.
O sacred weapon! left for Truth's defence, Sole dread of folly, vice, and insolence! To all but heaven-directed hands denied, The muse may give thee, but the gods must guide. Reverent I touch thee! but with honest zeal; To rouse the watchmen of the public weal, To virtue's work provoke the tardy hall, And goad the prelate slumbering in his stall, VOL. II.
Ye tinsel insects! whom a court maintains,
That counts your beauties only by your stains,
Spin all your cobwebs o'er the eye of day!
The muse's wing shall brush you all away:
All his grace preaches, all his lordship sings,
All that makes saints of queens, and gods of kings;
All, all but truth, drops dead-born from the press,
Like the last gazette, or the last address.
When black ambition stains a public cause,
A monarch's sword when mad vain-glory draws,
Not Waller's wreath can hide a nation's scar,
Not Boileau turn the feather to a star.
Not so, when, diadem'd with rays divine,
Touch'd with the flame that breaks from virtue's
Her priestess muse forbids the good to die,
And opes the temple of eternity.
There, other trophies deck the truly brave,
Than such as Anstis casts into the grave;
Far other stars than * and **
wear, And may descend to Mordington from Stair; (Such as on Hough's unsullied mitre shine, Or beam, good Digby, from a heart like thine) Let envy howl, while heaven's whole chorus
And bark at honour not conferr'd by kings;
Let flattery sickening see the incense rise,
Sweet to the world, and grateful to the skies:
Truth guards the poet, sanctifies the line,
And makes immortal verse as mean as mine.
Yes, the last pen for freedom let me draw,
When truth stands trembling on the edge of law ;
Here, last of Britons ! let your names be read:
Are none, none living ? let me praise the dead,
And for that cause which made your fathers shine,
Fall by the votes of their degenerate line.
F. Alas, alas! pray end what you began, And write next winter more Essays on Man.