Abbildungen der Seite

troduce the system of mutual instruction as soon as a master can be procured. In Patmos there existed before the late revolution a flourishing school, in which were taught with great success the ancient Greek tongue, the philosophy of Aristotle, rhetoric and poetry. This school stillexists, though in less reputation than formerly, on account of circumstances connected with the late troubles. In the same island is a library particularly rich in manuscripts, and a school of mutual instruction. In the Cyclades and the Sporades are from one to three schools in each island, according to its extent. In these are taught ancient Greek and the elements of philosophy, and in some the French and Italian languages. Tripoliiza, St. John, (Astros) and St. Petros, a village near Astros, and Missolunghi, have each a school of mutual instruction and a grammar

school. The


school at St. John has a good library and philosophical instruments. In the province of Karitene are four grammar schools. Many of these schools are kept in the Turkish mosques,


for want of convenient buildings, under the shade of trees. The interests of instruction, however, suffer very much from the scarcity of spelling books; slates and writing materials are so expensive and difficult to obtain, that in most private schools in the small villages, the scholars are only taught to read.

IMPROVISATION.–Paris has at length produced a rival of Querno and Corinna. Mons. Pradel continues to astonish the inhabitants of that city by the facility with which he produces extempore poems on any given subject. On one occasion Christopher Columbus in chains, was prescribed to him as the subject of his verses, and the following lines are given as a part of his poem :

Miserable jouet de la faveur des grands,
Je gemis je languis dans une nuit profonde
Je meurs, helas! victime des tyrans,

Et je viens d'agrandir le monde. At another time he concluded a poem on Spartiates, the only survivor of the three hundred who fought with Leonidas, with this quatrain :

Quel climat, quel pays m'offriront leurs asyles ?

Victime du plus triste sort,
Quand je dirai j'etais aux Thermopyles

Chacun me repondra : Pourquoi n'es tu pas mort?
On the 28th of August M. Pradel delivered an improvisa-
tion for the benefit of the sufferers at the late fire at Salins.
The audience were consulted respecting the subject of his

verses, and several were proposed, among which the Death of Byron, and the Conflagration of Salins, were adopted by acclamation, and were treated by the poet in a manner that showed the admirable readiness of his talent. Some happy verses, it is said, called forth loud applauses.

Magnetic EQUATOR. A French paper mentions, that Capt. Duperrey, of the Coquille sloop of war, which sailed from Soulon on a voyage of discovery, in August, 1822, and returned to Marseilles in April last, has made many interesting magnetic observations in his voyage. Every body knows that there are, on the surface of the globe, a number of spots where the

compass ceases to point; and that a line drawn through those spots is called the magnetic equator. This equator must not be confounded with the terrestrial equator, round which it winds, sometimes passing to the north of it, and sometimes to the south, to a greater or less extent.

In the course of his voyage, Duperrey crossed the magnetic equator six times; and the result of his observations renders it extremely probable, that the whole line is moving in a parallel direction from east to west, with such rapidity, that since the year 1780, when its place was ascertained by scientific men in a very satisfactory manner, it has advanced no less than ten degrees towards the


Miss EDGEWORTH. This lady has lately given the world a work, entitled, Harry and Lucy concluded, being the last part of Early Lessons. It is the continuation of a work begun above half a century ago by her father. It is intended for young people from the age of ten to that of fourteen, and embraces à review of many sciences, and in particular of the mechanic arts, and of manufactures, which have arrived at so high a perfection in England. It has been translated into French immediately on its appearance, and both the British and French journalists speak of it in terms of the highest praise.

Blunt's HISTORICAL SKETCH. We had prepared for the review department of this number, a notice of Mr. Blunt's work, entitled, “ A Historical Sketch of the formation of the Confederacy, particularly with reference to the Provincial limits, and the jurisdiction of the General Government over Indian tribes, and the public territory;” published by the Messrs. Carvill, of this city. The length of the articles entitled to precedence, has excluded our remarks on this work, from the present number. The research and patient labour manifested by the author, on a subject which is now peculiarly important,

and which must soon engage the attention of our national legislature, entitle him to the thanks of the community. He has not only made a faithful compilation of the particulars to be gathered from an investigation of the antiquities of our colonial settlements, but has brought forward some facts, in relation to treaties of more recent date, which have hitherto been but partially known, even by statesmen. We regret, that the reason we have assigned above, perniits us only to refer our readers to the work itself, as throwing much historical light on questions which have recently involved much loose speculation.

Ray's Address. We must plead the same excuse for being obliged to express, in such brief terms, the pleasure we have received from a perusal of this address, delivered before the American Academy of the Fine Arts, in this city. It exhibits, in its mechanical execution, gratifying evidence of the improvement of the typographical art, and is a beautiful specimen of what can be done here, in the way of fine printing. The engraving which accompanies it is creditable to the artist, though we cannot, in conscience, say, that the drawing, or the outlines of the figure, would give a just idea of the Apollo Belvidere, to one who had never seen the statue, or its plaster copy.It is highly refreshing to find those who have the ability, not only from intellectual propensities, but from favourable circumstances, to foster and assist the developement of native talent in those departments, which, being least practical, require most encouragement, taking an active part in the work. If the accomplished author of this address be, as we believe he is, a novus hospes in the domain of literature, we bid him welcome with sincerity and joy.

LAWRENCE'S ADDRESS. A second edition of the Address of Mr. Lawrence, delivered at the opening of the eleventh exhibition of the American Academy of the Fine Arts, on the 10th of May last, is nearly ready for publication, by Messrs. G. & C. Carvill, of this city. We have seen part of the impression; it is elegantly printed, and its value is still farther increased by the notes with which the learning of the author has illustrated the text.

07-Since the article on Mr. Verplanck's book was written for the present number, we understand, that the property of the work has been transferred to Messrs. G. & C. Carvill, by whom it is now published.




ART. XIII.—Memoirs of the Life of the Right Honourable

Richard Brinsley Sheridan. By THOMAS MOORE. Pbiladelphia : H. C. Carey & I. Lea. 1825. .

The friends of Sheridan's memory could not have wished that the task of writing his life should be undertaken by one more competent, or more kindly disposed towards his reputation, than Mr. Moore. A native of the same unfortunate country, holding similar political opinions, and possessing a kindred warmth of feeling and brilliancy of wit, he was well qualified to appreciate what ever was excellent in the genius and character of that extraordinary man, at the same time that these circumstances would incline him to touch lightly and tenderly upon bis follies and infirmities. Mr. Moore had become acquainted with Sheridan towards the close of his life, and was one of the few who ministered to the necessities of his last moments, when the train of noble and titled friends, who had courted his intimacy in the days of his health and mental vigour, and who afterwards came in crowds to sport their ribands at his funeral, had abandoned him. Nothing can show in a stronger light how sadly power and high place harden the heart, than the fact, that the man who owed him most, the present king, then the prince regent, of Great Britain, neglected wholly his unfortunate friend in the hour when he stood most in need of his friendship. Sheridan had been one of the most devoted of his servants; his most intimate, faithful, and secret counsellor; he had deemed no sacrifice, not even that of his political character, too great for his service. Yet it was left for plebeian kindness and generosity, to drive away the bailiff from his death-bed, and to provide for his last wants. “It was not fitting that the revelries of Carlton House should be interrupted, because the man whose wit was once the charm of its festivities, was dying in desertion and poverty. A huVol. II.


mane physician, and a couple of poets, were the only persons whose society broke the solitude, and cheered the gloom of his sick room, and to whose compassion it was owing that he was not carried in his blankets to the spunging-house, while in his last agonies. Surely, the framer of that axiom, which denies the virtue of gratitude to republics, could not have just risen from a meditation on the gratitude of princes.

It is not strange, that after all this, Mr. Moore should have looked



of Sheridan as a sort of trust in the hands of the few whose attachment to him was proved, a trust not to be surrendered either to false friends, or open enemies. The work before us is that of one who has evidently strong partialities towards the subject of it.

A pretty fair view is given of his political life and character, but of his private, little except the bright side is shown, and when the writer could not say any thing in palliation, he has generally chosen to say nothing at all. He has spread the shield of his genius over the remains of his friend, but in such a manner as to hide from the multitude many of the features of the dead. Sheridan was a man of notorious irregularity of life and grossness of habits ; yet there are but one or two passages in the book that would lead us to suspect this. The author found it a much more agreeable employment to dwell upon the natural amiableness, frankness, and generosity, of his disposition-qualities which might have been made fruitful of virtue, but which, neglected and untrained, were suffered to waste themselves in follies and excesses.

It would be almost impossible, we should think, for the dullest author to make a dull book of Sheridan's life, provided he had used what the lawyers call ordinary diligence in collecting the abundant materials which must exist for such a work. The inixture of good and bad qualities in his character, the romantic adventures of his early youth, his wit, his conviviality, the very irregularity of his private habits, his public life, his eloquence, his parliamentary dexterity, his intimacy not only with the first literary, but with the most eminent political men of his time, and with those also whose greatness lay only in their titles, as ciphers derive a value from their position, his connexion with the theatre, and the many eccentric adventurers with which it must have thrown him into contact, in short, the constant existence of this man in the midst of society, in all its various modes and classes, must have afforded a rich and various mine of anecdote, such as the lives of few men offer. With a little less tenderness to the reputation of Mr. Sheridan, and a little more fondness for gossiping, it is quite

« ZurückWeiter »