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V. BACON AS A MORALIST
DEDICATION OF THE ESSAYS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PRINCIPAL EVENTS IN BACON'S LIFE,
Born (youngest of eight children, six of whom were by a
former marriage). Son of Sir Nicholas Bacon, Jan. 22 1560-1* The Council of Trent breaks up.
1563 Revolt of the Netherlands ; Execution of Counts Egmont and Horn. .
1566-7 Elizabeth is excommunicated
1570 The Turks are defeated off Lepanto
1571 Massacre of St. Bartholomew
1572 Bacon goes to Trinity College, Cambridge
1573 Union of Utrecht between the seven northern provinces of the Netherlands
1575 He is admitted 'de societate magistrorum'at Gray's Inn 1576 In France with Sir Amias Paulet.
1576-8 His father dies, and he returns to England
1579 Admitted 'Utter Barrister'
1582 Conspiracies against Elizabeth ; The Parliament sanctions
the Voluntary Association formed in defence of the
Queen ; Severe laws passed against Priests and Jesuits 1583-4 Represents Melcombe Regis in the House of Commons 1584 William of Orange assassinated
1584 Writes Letter of Advice to Queen Elizabeth+
1584 About this time was written the Greatest Birth of Time 1585 Becomes a Bencher of Gray's Inn. Execution of Mary Stuart
1587 Destruction of the Spanish Armada
1588 Assassination of the Duke of Guise
* This is our 1561. But in Bacon's time the 'civil' year began with March 25, the historical' year with January 1. The dates that follow will be given according to the modern reckoning. + Mr. Spedding inclines to think this letter was written by Bacon.
Writing in 1625, Bacon says: 'It being now forty years, as I remember, since I composed a juvenile work on this subject, which, with great confidence and a magnificent title, I named “The Greatest Birth of Time.'”— Life, Vol. vii. p. 533.
Asks the Earl of Leicester to further a suit urged in his
behalf by Essex *; death of Leicester
granted to Bacon in reversion .
tude,' 'the Praise of Love,' 'the Praise of Knowledge,'
the Praise of the Queen.' Certain Observations made upon a Libelt published this
present year. Some Members of Parliament are imprisoned for present
ing a Petition touching the succession Bacon opposes the Government in a speech on a motion
for a grant of three subsidies payable in four years I: he is consequently forbidden to come into the Queen's
presence . A true Report of the detestable treason intended by Dr.
Roderigo Lopez, a physician attending upon the person
of the Queen's Majesty .
that of Solicitor-General .
him for his disappointment; Bacon's Device, written
for Essex Alliance between Elizabeth and Henry IV. Essays (first edition) with Colours of Good and Evil and
1593-5 1594 1595
* Mr. Spedding informs me that this letter, which fixes the acquaintance of Bacon with Essex a little earlier than was supposed, was mentioned to him by Mr. Bruce, after the publication of his earlier volumes.
† The 'Libel' is described by Mr. Spedding as ' a laboured invective against the government, charging upon the Queen and her advisers all the evils of England and all the disturbances of Christendom.'
1 'The gentlemen,' he says in his speech, 'must sell their plate, and the farmers their brass pots, ere this will be paid.'
Speaks in Parliament against Enclosures
1597 Quarrel between Essex and the Queen
1598 Edict of Nantes
1598 Death of Lord Burghley
1598 Victory of Tyrone in Ireland
1599 Essex goes over to Ireland
1599 Essex suddenly makes truce with Tyrone, and returns, against orders, to England
1599 Essex placed under restraint, and not restored to favour, though set at liberty
1600 Outbreak of. Essex: his arraignment (in which Bacon takes part) and execution
1601 Speaks against Repeal of 'Statute of Tillage'
1601 A declaration of the Practices and Treasons attempted and
committed by Robert, late Earl of Essex, and his Complices
Ібот Death of Bacon's brother Anthony
Ібоr Bacon mortgages Twickenham Park.
1601 Death of Elizabeth
1603 Accession of James I.
1603 Bacon seeks to get himself recommended to the King's favour
1603 About this time comes Valerius Terminus, written before the Advancement of Learning
1603 The First book of the Advancement of Learning probably written during this year
1603 Bacon is knighted
1603 A brief discourse touching the happy Union of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland
1603 He desires 'to meddle as little as he can in the King's
causes,' and to put his ambition wholly upon his pen.'
bably writes the De Interpretatione Nature Proæmium 1603 Certain considerations touching the better pacification and edification of the Church of England
1603 Conference at Hampton Court ; Translation of the Bible
into the Authorised Version ; Proclamation of the Act of Uniformity.