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L O N D ON:
Printed for T. Cooper, at the Globe in Pater-noster-Row.

M.DCC.XxxvII.
(Price One Shilling.)

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HE Reflections of Horace, and the Judgments past
in this Epistle to Auguftus, seem'd fo feasonable to:

the present Times, that I could not help applying
them to the use of my own Country. The Author thought
them considerable enough to address them to His Prince ;
whom he paints with all the great and good Qualities of a
Monarch, upon whom the Romans depended for the En-
crease of an Absolute Empire. But to make the Poemen-
tirely English, I was willing to add one or two such, as
contribute to the Happiness of a Free People, and are
more consistent with the Welfare of our Neighbours.
This Epistle will show the learned World to have

fallen
into two mistakes; one, that Augustus was a Patron of
Poets in general; whereas he not only prohibited all but
the Best Writers to name him, but recommended that Care
even to the Civil Magistrate : Admonebat Prætores, ne
paterentur Nomen suum obfolefieri, &c. The other to
imagine this Piece to be a general Discourse of Poetry;
whereas it is an Apology for the Poets, in order to render
Augustus more their Patron. Horace here pleads the
Cause of his Cotemporaries, first against the Taste of the

2

Town,

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iv

ADVERTISEMEN T.

Town, whose humour it was to magnify the Authors of the preceding Age ; secondly against the Court and Nobility, who encouraged only the Writers for the Theatre; and lastly against the Emperor himself, who had conceived them of little use to the Government. He hews (by a view of the Progress of Learning, and the Change of Taste among the Romans) that the Introduction of the Polite Arts of Greece had given the Writers of his Time great advantages over their Predecessors, that their Morals were much improved, and the Licence of those ancient Poets restrained: that Satire and Comedy were become more just and useful; that whatever extravagancies were left on the Stage, were owing to the III Taste of the Nobility ; that Poets, under due Regulations, were in many respects ufeful to the State; and concludes, that it was upon them the Emperor himself must depend, for his Fame with Posterity.

We may farther learn from this Epiftle, that Horace made bis Court to this Great Prince, by writing with a decent Freedom toward bim, with a juft Contempt of his low Flatterers, and with a manly Regard to his own Character.

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OTE

W

Hile You, great Patron of Mankind, fuftain

The balanc'd World, and open all the Main;
Your Country, chief, in Arms abroad defend,
At home, with Morals, Arts, and Laws amend; :
How shall the Mufe, from such a Monarch, steal 1)
An hour, and not defraud the Publick Weal?

Bici?
2 Edward and Henry, now the Boast of Fame,
And virtuous Alfred, a more sacred Name,

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