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Origin of Deism—Evolution from the far to the near—Illustrations from
Witchcraft—The primitive Pantheism—The dawn of Dualism .

CHAPTER II.
THE GENESIS OF DEMONS.

Their good names euphemistic—Their mixed character—Illustrations:
Beelzebub, Loki—Demon-germs—The knowledge of good and
evil—Distinction between Demon and Devil - - -

CHAPTFR III.
DEGRADATION.

The degradation of Deities—Indicated in names–Legends of their sall
—Incidental signs of the divine origin of Demons and Devils -

CHAPTER IV.
THE ABCOTT.

The ex-god–Deities demonised by conquest—Theological animosity—
Illustration from the Avesta—Devil-worship an arrested Deism—
Sheik Adi-Why Demons were painted ugly—Survivals of their
beauty - - - - - - - -
WOL. I. b

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X CONTENTS.

C H A P T E R V.
CLASSIFICATION.

The obstructions of man—The twelve chief classes—Modifications of
particular forms for various functions—Theological Demons .

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Descent of Ishtar into Hades—Bardism—Baldur—Herakles—Christ—
Survivals of the Frost Giant in Slavonic and other countries—The
Clavie—The Frozen Hell—The Northern abode of Demons—
North side of churches - - -

CHAPTER IV.

- - ELEMENTS.

A Scottish Munasa—Rudra—Siva's lightning eye—The flaming sword—
Limping Demons—Demons of the storm–Helios, Elias, Perun-

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CONTEAWTS.

Thor arrows — The Bob-tailed Dragon — Whirlwind —Japanese
Thunder God—Christian survivals—Jinni–Inundations—Noah—
Nik, Nicholas, Old Nick—Nixies — Hydras — Demons of the
Danube—Tides—Survivals in Russia and England - -

CHAPTER V.
ANIMALS.

Animal demons distinguished—Trivial sources of Mythology—Hedge-
hog-Fox—Transmigrations in Japan—Horses bewitched—Rats
—Lions—Cats—The Dog—Goethe's horror of dogs—Supersti-
tions of the Parsees, people of Travancore, and American Negroes,
Red Indians, &c.—Cynocephaloi—The Wolf–Traditions of the
Nez Perces—Fenris—Fables—The Boar—The Bear—Serpent—
Every animal power to harm demonised—Horns . - -

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The Holy Tree of Travancore—The growth of Demons in India, and
their decline—The Nepaul Iconoclast—Moral Man and unmoral
Nature—Man's physical and mental migrations—Heine's “Gods
in Exile'—The Goban Saor—Master Smith—A Greek caricature
of the Gods—The Carpenter v. Deity and Devil—Extermination
of the Were-wolf—Refuges of Demons—The Giants reduced to
Little People—Deities and Demons returning to nature

CHAPTER II.

GENERALISATION OF DEMONS.

The Demons’ bequest to their conquerors—Nondescripts—Exaggera-
tions of Tradition—Saurian Theory of Dragons—The Dragon not
primitive in Mythology—Monsters of Egyptian, Iranian, Vedic,
and Jewish Mythologies—Turner's Dragon—Della Bella—The
Conventional Dragon

CHAPTER III.
THE SERPENT.

The beauty of the Serpent — Emerson on ideal forms — Michelet's
thoughts on the viper's head—Unique characters of the Serpent—
The Monkey's horror of Snakes—The Serpent protected by super-
stition — Human defencelessness against its subtle powers —
Dubuse's picture of the Fall of Man - - - -

CHAPTER IV.
THE worM.

An African Serpent-drama in America—The Veiled Serpent—The Ark
of the Covenant–Aaron's Rod—The Worm—An Episode on the
Dii Involuti—The Serapes—The Bambino at Rome–Serpent:
transformations - - - - - - -

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