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upon the first occasion.be glad to visit it, if I knew its visiting. for a Roman to say, “In other matters I may confide in you, days and hours, so as not to disturb it.
but in a thing of this weight it is not consistent with my My friend said there remained but two books more, one of gravity and prudence. I will trust nothing but my own sea and the other of river fish, in the account of which he eyes. Bring the fish hither, let me see him breathe his last." would not be long, seeing his memory began to fail him And when the poor fish was brought to table swimming and almost as much as my patience.
gasping, would cry out, “Nothing is more beautiful than a
dying mullet!” My friend says, “the annotator looks upon "'Tis true, in a long work, soft slumbers creep, And gently sink the artist into sleep;”
these as jests made by the Stoics, and spoken absurdly and
beyond nature ;" though the annotator at the same time tells especially when treating of dormice.
us, that it was a law at Athens that the fishermen should not The ninth book is concerning sea fish, where, cmongst wash their fisk, but bring them as they came out of the sea. other learned annotations, is recorded that famous voyage of Happy were the Athenians in good laws, and the Romans in Apicius, who, having spent many millions, and being retired great examples ! But I believe our Britons need wish their into Campania, heard that there were lobsters of a vast and friends no longer life, than till they see London served with unusual bigness in Africa, and thereupon impatiently got on live herrings and gasping mackerel. It is true, we are not shipboard the same day; and, having suffered much at sea, quite so barbarous but that we throw our crabs alive into came at last to the coast. But the fame of so great a man's scalding water, and tie our lobsters to the spit to hear them coming had landed before him, and all the fishermen sailed squeak when they are roasted; our eels use the same periout to meet him, and presented him with their fairest lobsters. staltic motion upon the gridiron, when their skin is off and He asked if they had no larger. They answered, “ Their their guts are out, as they did before; and our gudgeons, sea produced nothing more excellent than what they had taking opportunity of jumping after they are flowered, give brought.” This honest freedom of theirs, with his disap- occasion to the admirable remark of some persons' folly, when, pointment, so disgusted him, that he took pet, and bade the to avoid the danger of the frying-pan, they leap into the fire. master return home again immediately: so, it seems, Africa My friend said that the mention of eels put him in mind of lost the breed of one monster more than it had before. There the concluding remark of the annotator, " That they who are many receipts in the book to dress cramp-fish, that numb amongst the Sybarites would fish for eels, or sell them, should the hands of those that touch them; the cuttle-fish, whose blood be free from all taxes." I was glad to hear of the word is like ink; the pourcontrel, or many-feet; the sea-urchin, or conclude; and told him nothing could be more acceptable to hodge-hog; with several others, whose sauces are agreeable me than the mention of the Sybarites, of whom I shortly to their natures. But, to the comfort of us moderns, the intend a history, showing how they deservedly banished ancients often eat their oysters alive, and spread hard eggs cocks for waking them in a morning, and smiths for being minced over their sprats as we do now over our salt-fish. useful; how one cried out because one of the rose-leaves he There is one thing very curious concerning herrings: It lay on was rumpled; how they taught their horses to dance; seems the ancients were very fantastical in making one thing and so their enemies coming against them with guitars and pass for another; so, at Petronius's supper, the cook sent up harpsichords, set them so upon their round O's and minucts, a fat goose, fish, and wild-fowl of all sorts to appearance, but that the form of their battle was broken, and three hundred still all were made out of the several parts of one single thousand of them slain, as Gouldman, Littleton, and several porker. The great Nicomedes, king of Bithynia, had a very other good authors, affirm. I told my friend, I had much delightful deception of this nature put upon him by his cook ; overstayed my hour; but if, at any time, he would find Dick the king was extremely affected with fresh herrings (as Humelbergius, Caspar Barthius, and another friend, with indeed who is not ?); but, being far up in Asia from the sea himself, I would invite him to dinner of a few but choice coast, his whole wealth could not have purchased one ; but dishes to cover the table at once, which, except they would his cook contrived some sort of meat which, put into a frame, think of anything better, should be a salacacaby, a dish of 80 resembled a herring, that it was extremely satisfactory fenugreek, a wild sheep's head and appurtenance with a both to this Prince's eyes and gusto. My friend told me suitable electuary, a ragout of capons' stones, and some that, to the honour of the city of London, he had seen a dormouse sausages. thing of this nature thero ; that is, a herring, or rather a If, as friends do with one another at a venison-pasty, you salmagundy, with the head and tail so neatly laid, that it should send for a plate, you know you may command it; for surprised him. He says, many of the species may be found what is mine is yours, as being entirely your, &c. at the Sugar-loaf in Bell Yard, as giving an excellent relish to Burton Ale, and not costing above six pence, an incon- Dr. King was a high churchman, who contributed siderable price for so imperial a dainty.
to The Examiner, used his wit on behalf of SacheThe tenth book, as my friend tells me, is concerning fish verell, and was a friend of Swift's. Though lively sauces, which consist of variety of ingredients, amongst and a jovial man at table, he was religious and purewhich is generally a kind of frumetary. But it is not to be minded. He was made Gazetteer in 1711, but, forgotten by any person who would boil fish exactly, that
though the office was worth £300 a year, Dr. King they threw them alive into the water, which at present is found the work of it too troublesome, and gave it said to be a Dutch receipt, but was derived from the Romans.
up, for his health was then failing seriously, and he It seems Seneca the philosopher (a man from whose morose
died on Christmas Day in the year 1712. temper little good in the art of cookery could be expected), in his third book of Natural Questions, correcting the luxury of the times, says, the Romans were come to that daintiness,
The Tatler-published three times a week-having that they would not eat a fish unless upon the sime day it
been brought to a close by Steele on the 2nd of was taken, " that it might taste of the sea,” as they expressed January, 1711, on the 1st of March following apit; and therefore had them brought by persons who rode post, peared the first number of The Spectator, also a penny and made a great outcry, whereupon all other people were paper, which appeared in daily numbers until the 6th obliged to give them the road. It was an usual expression of December, 1712. The imposition of a halfpenny
stamp duty on the 1st of Angust, 1712, raised the price of The Spectator from that date to twopence. Of The Spectator Steele alone was proprietor and editor, but Addison was now from the first his fellow-worker, and they began with fair division of the labour of producing. In the first paper Addison sketched an imaginary character of The Spectator himself. In the second paper Steele sketched in clear outline the characters of The Spectator Club, which were to be afterwards from time to time developed and playfully associated with discussion of the forms of life they typified. This is Steele’s opening of
THE SPECTATOR CLUB.
Ast Alii sex
Et plures uno conclamant ore, l-Juv. The first of our Society is a Gentleman of Worcestershire, of antient Descent, a Baronet, his Name Sir Roger DE COVERLY.? His great Grandfather was Inventor of that famous Country Dance which is call’d after him. All who know that Shire are very well acquainted with the Parts and Merits of Sir Roger. He is a Gentleman that is very singular in his Behaviour, but his Singularities proceed from his good Sense, and are Contradictions to the Manners of the World, only as he thinks the World is in the wrong. However, this Humour creates him no Enemies, for he does nothing with Sourness or Obstinacy; and his being unconfined to Modes and Forms, makes him but the readier and more capable to please and oblige all who know him. When he is in town he lives in Soho Square :3 It is said, he keeps himself a Batchelour by reason he was crossed in Love by a perverse beautiful Widow of the next County to him. Before this Disappointment Sir Roger was what you call a fine Gentleman, and often supped with my Lord Rochester4 and Sir George Etherege,5 fought a Duel upon his first coming to
Town, and kick’a Bully Dawsons in a publick Coffee-house for calling him Youngster. But being ill-used by the abovementioned Widow, he was very serious for a Year and a half; and tho' his Temper being naturally jovial, he at last got over it, he grew careless of himself and never dressed afterwards; he continues to wear a Coat and Doublet of the same Cut that were in Fashion at the Time of his Repulse, which, in his merry Humours, he tells us, has been in and out twelve Times since he first wore it. 'Tis said Sir Roger grew humble in his Desires after he had forgot this cruol Beauty, insomuch that it is reported he has frequently offended in Point of Chastity with Beggars and Gipsies: but this is look'd upon by his Friends rather as Matter of Raillery than Truth. He is now in his Fifty-sixth Year, cheerful, gay, and hearty, keeps a good House in both Town and Country; a great Lover of Mankind; but there is such a mirthful Cast in his Behaviour, that he is rather beloved than esteemed. His Tenants grow rich, his Servants look satisfied, all the young Women profess Love to him, and the young lien are glad of his Company: When he comes into a House he calls the Servants by their Names, and talks all the way Up Stairs to a Visit. I must not omit that Sir Roger is a Justice of the Quorum ; that he fills the chair at a Quarter-Session with great Abilities, and three Months ago, gained universal Applause by explaining a passage in the Game-Act.
The Gentleman next in Esteem and Authority among us, is another Batchelour, who is a Member of the Inner Temple ; a Man of great Probity, Wit, and Understanding ; but he has chosen his Place of Residence rather to obey the Direction of an old humoursome Father, than in pursuit of his own Inclinations. He was plac'd there to study the Laws of the Land, and is the most learned of any of the House in those of the Stage. Aristotle and Longinus are much better understood by him than Littleton or Cooke. The Father sends up every Post Questions relating to Marriage-Articles, Leases, and Tenures, in the Neighbourhood; all which Questions he agrees with an Attorney to answer and take care of in the Lump. He is studying the Passions themselves, when he should be inquiring into the Debates among Men which arise from them. He knows the Argument of each of the Orations of Demosthenes and Tully, but not one Case in the Reports of our own Courts. No one ever took him for a Fool, but none, except his intimate Friends, know he has a great deal of Wit. This Turn makes him at once both disinterested and agreeable : As few of his Thoughts are drawn from Business, they are most of them fit for Conversation. His Taste of Books is a little too just for the Age he lives in ; he has read all, but approves of very few. His Familiarity with the Customs, Manners, Actions, and Writings of the Antients, makes him a very delicate Observer of what occurs to him in the present World. He is an excellent Critick, and the Time of the Play is his Hour of Business; exactly at five he passes through New Inn, crosses through Russel Court ; and takes a turn at Will's till the play begins; he has his shoes rubb’d and his Perriwig powder'd at the Barber's as you go into the Rose. It is for the Good of the Audience when he is at a Play, for the Actors have an Ambition to please him.
The Person of next Consideration is Sir ANDREW FREEPORT, a Merchant of great Eminence in the City of London : A
I Juvenal, Sat. VII., 1. 166, 7. “ Six and more besides cry all together with one voice." Steele here sketches sis characters.
* The character of Sir Roger de Coverley is said to have been drawn from Sir Jobn Pakington, of Worcestershire, a Tory, whose name, family, and politics are represented by a statesman of the present time. But see note 2, page 238. The name, on this its first appearance in The Spectator, is spelt Coverly; also in the first reprint.
The papers here quoted from The Spectator are taken, with the notes, from my annotated three-and-sixpenny edition of The Spectator in Routledge's Standard Library. The volume was exactly printed from the first edition of the original, and thus escaped the corruptions of text which for the last hundred years have abounded in all other reprints.
3 Soho Square was then a new and most fashionable part of the town. It was built in 1681. The Duke of Monmouth lived in the centre house, facing the statue. Originally the square was called King Square. Pennant mentions, on Pegg's authority, a tradition that, on the death of Monmouth, his admirers changed the name to Soho, the word of the day at the field of Sedgemoor. But the ground upon which the Square stands was called Soho as early as the year 1632. So ho' was the old call in hunting when a hare was found.
* John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, b. 1648, d. 1680. His licentious wit made him a favourite of Charles II. His strength was exhausted by licentions living at the age of one and thirty. His chief work is a poem upon 'Nothing.' He died repentant of his wasted life, in which, as he told Burnet, he had 'for five years been continually drunk,' or so much affected by frequent drunkenness as in no instance to be master of himself.
5 Sir George Etherege, b. 1636, d. 1694. 'Gentle George'and 'Easy Etherege,' a wit and friend of the wits of the Restoration. He bought his knighthood to enable him to marry a rich widow who required a title, and died of a broken neck, by tumbling down-stairs when he was drunk and lighting guests to their apartments. His three comedies, The Comical Revenge,' She Would if she could,' and “The Man of Mode, or Sir Fopling Flutter,' excellent embodiments of the court humour of his time, were collected and printed in 8vo in 1704, and reprinted with addition of five poems, in 1715.
6 Bully Dawson, a swaggering'sharper of Whitefriars, is said to have been sketched by Shadwell in the Captain Hackum of his comedy called ' The Squire of Alsatia.'
7 The Rose Tavern was on the east side of Brgdges Street, near Drury Lane Theatre, much favoured by the looser sort of play-goers. Garrick, when he enlarged the Theatre, made the Rose Taveru a part of it.
THY MATCHLESS PAGE!
Person of indefatigable Industry, strong Reason, and great unacquainted with the Gallantries and Pleasures of the Age, Experience. His Notions of Trade are noble and generous, we have among us the gallant Will. HONEYCOMB, a Gentleand (as every rich Man has usually some sly Way of Jesting, man who, according to his Years, should be in the Decline of which would make no great Figure were he not a rich Man) his Life, but having ever been very careful of his Person, and he calls the Sea the British Common. He is acquainted with always had a very easy fortune, Time has made but very Commerce in all its Parts, and will tell you that it is a stupid little Impression, either by Wrinkles on his Forehead, or and barbarous Way to extend Dominion by Arms; for true Traces in his Brain. His Person is well turned, and of a Power is to be got by Arts and Industry. He will often good Height. He is very ready at that sort of Discourse argue, that if this Part of our Trade were well cultivated, we with which Men usually entertain Women. He has all his should gain from one Nation; and if another, from another. Life dressed very well, and remembers Habits as others do I have heard him prove that Diligence makes more lasting Men. He can smile when one speaks to him, and laughs Acquisitions than Valour, and that Sloth has ruin'd more easily. He knows the History of every Mode, and can inform Nations than the Sword. He abounds in several frugal you from which of the French King's Wenches our Wives Maxims, amongst which the greatest Favourite is, 'A Penny and Daughters had this manner of curling their Hair, that saved is a Penny got.' A General Trader of good Sense is Way of placing their Hoods; whose Frailty was covered by pleasanter Company than a general Scholar; and Sir ANDREW such a sort of Petticoat, and whose Vanity to show her Foot having a natural unaffected Eloquence, the Perspicuity of made that Part of the Dress so short in such a Year. In a his Discourse gives the same Pleasure that Wit would in Word, all his Conversation and Knowledge has been in the another Man. He has made his Fortunes himself; and says female World : As other Men of his Age will take Notice to that England may be richer than other Kingdoms, by as plain Methods as he himself is richer than other Men; tho' at the same Time I can say this of him, that there is not a point in the Compass, but blows home a Ship in which he is an Owner.
OUTH,AND HOARY AGE, ARE BETTERD BY THY MA Next to Sir ANDREW in the Club-room sits Captain SENTRY,' a Gentleman of great Courage, good Understanding, but Invincible Modesty. He is one of those that deserve very well, but are very awkward at putting their Talents within the Observation of such as should take notice of them. He was some Years a Captain, and behaved himself with great Gallantry in several Engagements, and at several Sieges; but having a small Estate of his own, and being next Heir to Sir Roger, he has quitted a Way of Life in which no Man can rise suitably to his Merit, who is not something of a Courtier, a well as Soldier. I have heard him often lament, that in a Profession where Merit is placed in so conspicuous a View, Impudence should get the better of Modesty. When he has talked to this Purpose, I never heard him make a sour
SIR RICHARD STEELE AT. 46. Expression, but frankly confess that he left the World, because he was not fit for it. A strict Honesty and an even
Engrand by Barre regular Behaviour, are in themselves Obstacles to him that RICHARD STEELE. (From the Engraving made for John Nichols's must press through Crowds who endeavour at the same End
Editions of his Letters, &c.) with himself, the Favour of a Commander. He will, however, in this Way of Talk, excuse Generals, for not disposing
you what such a Minister said upon such and such an Occaaccording to Men's Desert, or enquiring into it: For, says he,
sion, he will tell you when the Duke of Monmouth danced at that great Man who has a Mind to help me, has as many to
Court such a Woman was then smitten, another was taken break through to come at me, as I have to come at him :
with him at the Head of his Troop in the Park. In all these Therefore he will conclude, that the Man who would make a
important Relations, he has ever about the same Time reFigure, especially in a military Way, must get over all false
ceived a kind Glance, or a Blow of a Fan, from some celeModesty, and assist his Patron against the Importunity of
brated Beauty, Mother of the present Lord such-a-one. If other Pretenders, by a proper Assurance in his own Vindica- you speak of a young Commoner that said a lively thing in tion. He says it is a civil Cowardice to be backward in
the House, he starts up, 'He has good Blood in his Veins, asserting what you ought to expect, as it is a military Fear . Tom Mirabell begot him, the Rogue cheated me in that to be slow in attacking when it is your Duty. With this
'Affair; that young Fellow's Mother used me more like a Candour does the Gentleman speak of himself and others.
Dog than any Woman I ever made Advances to.' This Way The same Frankness runs through all his Conversation. of Talking of his, very much enlivens the Conversation The military Part of his Life has furnished him with many
among us of a more sedate Turn; and I find there is not one Adventures, in the Relation of which he is very agreeable
of the Company but myself, who rarely speak at all, but to the Company; for he is never over-bearing, though
speaks of him as of that Sort of Man, who is usually called a accustomed to command Men in the utmost Degree below
well-bred fine Gentleman. To conclude his Character, where him; nor ever too obsequious, from an Habit of obeying Men
Women are not concerned, he is an honest worthy Man. highly abore him.
I cannot tell whether I am to account him whom I am But that our Society may not appear a Set of Humourists
next to speak of, as one of our Company; for he visits us
but seldom, but when he does, it adds to every Man else 1 Captain Sentry was by some supposed to have been drawn from
a new Enjoyment of himself. He is a Clergyman, a very Colonel Kempenfelt, the father of the Admiral who went down with the Royal George,
2 Will. Honeycomb was by some found in a Colonel Cleland,
philosophick Man, of general Learning, great Sanctity of Life, and the most exact good Breeding. He has the Misfortuno to be of a very weak Constitution, and consequently cannot accept of such Cares and Business as Preferments in his Function would oblige him to: He is therefore among Divines what a Ohumber-Counsellor is among Lawyers.
The Probity of his Mind, and the Integrity of his Life, create him Followers, as being eloquent or loud advances others. He seldom introduces the Subject he speaks upon; but we are so far gone in Years, that he observes when he is among us, an Earnestness to have him fall on some divine Topick, which he always treats with much Authority, as one who has no Interests in this world, as one who is hastening to the Object of all his Wishes, and conceives Hopes from his Decays and Infirmities. These are my ordinary Companions.
R. The eleventh number, by Steele, contained the
story of —
INKLE AND YARICO.
that Women, whether out of a nicer Regard to their Honour, or what other Reason I cannot tell, are more sensibly touched with those general Aspersions, which are cast upon their Sex, than Men are by what is said of theirs.
When she had a little recovered her self from the serious Anger she was in, she replied in the following manner.
Sir, when I consider, how perfectly new all you have said on this Subject is, and that the Story you have given us is not quite two thousand Years Old, I cannot but think it a Piece of Presumption to dispute with you: But your Quotations put me in Mind of the Fable of the Lion and the Man. The Man walking with that noble Animal, showed him, in the Ostentation of Human Superiority, a Sign of a Man killing a Lion. Upon which the Lion said very justly, We Lions are none of us Painters, else we could show a hundred Men killed by Lions, for one Lion killed by a Man. You Men are Writers, and can represent us Women as Unbecoming as you please in your Works, while we are unable to return the Injury. You have twice or thrice observed in your Discourse, that Hypocrisy is the very Foundation of our Education ; and that an Ability to dissemble our affections, is a professed Part of our Breeding. These and such other Reflections, are sprinkled up and down the Writings of all Ages, by Authors, who leave behind them Memorials of their Resentment against the Scorn of particular Women, in Invectives against the whole Sex. Such a writer, I doubt not, was the celebrated Petronius, who invented the pleasant Aggravations of the Ephesian ady; but when we consider this Questio between the Sexes, which has been either a Point of Dispute or Raillery ever since there were Men and Women, let us take Facts from plain People, and from such as have not either Ambition or Capacity to embellish their Narrations with any Beauties of Imagination. I was the other Day amusing myself with Ligon's Account of Barbadoes; and, in Answer to your well-wrought Tale, I will give you (as it dwells upon my Memory) out of that honest Traveller, in his fifty fifth page, the History of Inkle and Yarico.4
Mr. Thomas Inkle of London, aged twenty Years, embarked in the Downs, on the good Ship called the Achilles, bound for the West Indies, on the 16th of June, 1647, in order to improve his Fortune by Trade and Merchandize. Our Adventurer was the third Son of an eminent Citizen, who had taken particular Care to instil into his Mind an early Love of Gain, by making him a perfect Master of Numbers, and consequently giving him a quick View of Loss and Advantage, and preventing the natural Impulses of his Passions, by Prepossession towards his Interests. With a
Dat veniam corvis, vexat censura columbas.2-Juv. Arietta is visited by all Persons of both Sexes, who may have any Pretence to Wit and Gallantry. She is in that time of Life which is neither affected with the Follies of Youth or Infirmities of Age; and her Conversation is so mixed with Gaiety and Prudence, that she is agreeable both to the Young and the Old. Her Behaviour is very frank, without being in the least blameable; and as she is out of the Tract of any amorous or ambitious Pursuits of her own, her Visitants entertain her with Accounts of themselves very freely, whether they concern their Passions or their Interests. I made her a Visit this Afternoon, having been formerly introduced to the Honour of her Acquaintance, by my friend Will. Honeycomb, who has prevailed upon her to admit me sometimes into her Assembly, as a civil, inoffensive Man. I found her accompanied with one Person only, a Common-Place Talker, who, upon my Entrance, rose, and after a very slight Civility sat down again; then turning to Arietta, pursued his Discourse, which I found was upon the old Topick, of Constancy in Love. He went on with great Facility in repeating what he talks every Day of his Life; and, with the Ornaments of insignificant Laughs and Gestures, enforced his Arguments by Quotations out of Plays and Songs, which allude to the Perjuries of the Fair, and the general Levity of Women. Methought he strove to shine more than ordinarily in his Talkative Way, that he might insult my Silence, and distinguish himself before a Woman of Arietta's Taste and Understanding. She had often an Inclination to interrupt him, but could find no Opportunity, 'till the Larum ceased of its self ; which it did not 'till he had repeated and murdered the celebrated Story of the Ephesian Matron.3
Arietta seemed to regard this Piece of Raillery as an Outrage done to her Sex; as indeed I have always observed
1 Steele's papers in The Spectator are signed with R, L, or T. R (the initial of his Christian name) is thought to mark a paper as of his own writing; L to mark papers founded on hints dropt into the Letter. box; and T to distinguish what he had received, as editor, from un. known correspondents, and adapted to his paper ; signifying Trans. cribed from anonymous communications.
2 Juvenal, Sat. II., 1. 63. Acquits the vultures and condemns the doves.
3 Told in the prose 'Satyricon' ascribed to Petronius, whom Nero called his Arbiter of Elegance. The tale was known in the Middle Ages from the stories of the Seven Wise Masters.' She went down into the vault with her husband's corpse, resolved-to weep to death or die of famine ; but was tempted to share the supper of a soldier who was watching seven bodies hanging upon trees, and that very night, in the grave of her husband and in her funeral garments, married her new and stranger guest.
*'A True and Exact History of the Island of Barbadoes. By Richard Ligon, Gent.,' fol. 1673. The first edition had appeared in 1657. Steele's beautiful story is elaborated from the following short passage in the page he cites. After telling that he had an Indian slave woman, 'of excellent shape and colour,' who would not be wooed by any means to wear clothes, Mr. Ligon says : This Indian *dwelling near the Sea Coast, upon the Main, an English sbip put in to a Bay, and sent some of her Men a shoar, to try what victuals or 'water they could find, for in some distress they were : But the 'Indians perceiving them to go up so far into the Country, as they were 'sure they could not make a safe retreat, intercepted them in their return, and fell upon them, chasing them into a Wood, and being dispersed there, some were taken and some kill'd: But a young man 'amongst them straggling from the rest, was met by this Indian 'maid, who upon the first sight fell in love with him, and hid him close from her Countrymen (the Indians) in a Cave, and there fed him, till they could safely go down to the shoar, where the ship lay 'at anchor, expecting the return of their friends. But at last, seeing
them upon the shoar, sent the long-Boat for them, took them aboard, and brought them away. But the youth, when he came ashoar in *the Barbadoes, forgot the kindness of the poor maid, that had ven
tured her life for his safety, and sold her for a slave, who was as free "born as he: And so poor Yarico for her love, lost her liberty.'
Mind thus turned, young Inkle had a Person every way that the poor Girl, to incline him to commiserate her Con. agreeable, a ruddy Vigour in his Countenance, Strength in dition, told him that she was with Child by him: But he his Limbs, with Ringlets of fair Hair loosely flowing on his only made use of that Information, to rise in his Demands Shoulders. It happened, in the Course of the Voyage, that upon the Purchaser. the Achilles, in some Distress, put into a Creek on the Main I was so touch'd with this Story, (which I think should be of America, in search of Provisions: The Youth, who is the always a Counterpart to the Ephesian Matron) that I left the Hero of my Story, among others, went ashore on this Room with Tears in my Eyes; which a Woman of Arietta's Occasion. From their first Landing they were observed by good Sense, did, I am sure, take for greater Applause, than a Party of Indians, who hid themselves in the Woods for any Compliments I could make her.
R. that Purpose. The English unadvisedly marched a great distance from the Shore into the Country, and were inter.
To Steele's tale let us add (the 159th Spectator) cepted by the Natives, who slew the greatest Number of Addison's them. Our Adventurer escaped among others, by flying into
VISION OF MIRZA. a Forest. Upon his coming into a remote and pathless Part
Omnem quæ nunc obducta tuenti of the Wood, he threw himself (tired and] breathless on a
Mortales hebetat risus tibi, et humida circum little Hillock, when an Indian Maid rushed from a Thicket
Caligat, nubem eripiam -, L-VIRG. behind him: After the first Surprize, they appeared mutually When I was at Grand Cairo, I picked up several Oriental agreeable to each other. If the European was highly charmed Manuscripts, which I have still by me. Among others I met with the Limbs, Features, and wild Graces of the Naked with one entitled The Visions of Mirzah, which I have read American; the American was no less taken with the Dress, over with great Pleasure. I intend to give it to the Publick Complexion, and Shape of an European, covered from Head when I have no other Entertainment for them; and shall to Foot. The Indian grew immediately enamoured of him, | begin with the first Vision, which I have translated Word and consequently sollicitous for his Preservation : She for Word as follows. therefore conveyed him to a Cave, where she gave him a On the fifth Day of the Moon, which according to the Delicious Repast of Fruits, and led him to a Stream to slake Custom of my Forefathers I always keep holy, after having his Thirst. In the midst of these good offices, she would ' washed my self, and offered up my Morning Devotions, I sometimes play with his Hair, and delight in the Opposition ascended the high Hills of Bagdat, in order to pass the rest of its Colour to th: of her Fingers: Then open his Bosome, of the Day in Meditation and Prayer. As I was here then laugh at him for covering it. She was, it seems, a “airing my self on the Tops of the Mountains, I fell into a Person of Distinction, for she every day came to him in a profound Contemplation on the Vanity of human Life; and different Dress, of the most beautiful Shells, Bugles, and passing from one Thought to another, Surely, said I, Man is Bredes. She likewise brought him a great many Spoils, • but a Shadow and Life a Dream. Whilst I was thus musing, which her other Lovers had presented to her; so that his 'I cast my Eyes towards the Summit of a Rock that was Cave was richly adorned with all the spotted Skins of Beasts, 'not far from me, where I discovered one in the Habit of a and most Party-coloured Feathers of Fowls, which that “Shepherd, with a little Musical Instrument in his Hand. As World afforded. To make his Confinement more tolerable, • I looked upon him he applied it to his Lips, and began to she would carry him in the Dusk of the Evening, or by the “play upon it. The Sound of it was exceeding sweet, and favour of Moon-light, to unfrequented Groves, and Solitudes, "wrought into a Variety of Tunes that were inexpressibly and show him where to lye down in Safety, and sleep amidst * melodious, and altogether different from anything I had the Falls of Waters, and Melody of Nightingales. Her Part ever heard : They put me in mind of those heavenly Airs was to watch and hold him in her Arms, for fear of her 'that are played to the departed Souls of good Men upon Country-men, and wake on Occasions to consult his Safety. *their first Arrival in Paradise, to wear out the Impressions In this manner did the Lovers pass away their Time, till they of the last Agonies, and qualify them for the Pleasures of had learn’d a Language of their own, in which the Voyager that happy Plave. My Heart melted away in secret communicated to his Mistress, how happy he should be to * Raptures. have her in his Country, where she should be Cloathed in I had been often told that the Rock before me was the such Silks as his Waistcoat was made of, and be carried in Haunt of a Genius; and that several had been entertained Houses drawn by Horses, without being exposed to Wind or * with Musick who had passed by it, but never heard that Weather. All this he promised her the Enjoyment of, with- the Musician had before made himself visible. When he out such Fears and Alarms as they were there tormented “had raised my Thoughts by those transporting Airs which with. In this tender Correspondence these Lovers lived for ' he played, to taste the Pleasures of his Conversation, as I several Months, when Yarico, instructed by her Lover, dis- looked upon him like one astonished, he beckoned to me, covered a Vessel on the Coast, to which she made Signals, and by the waving of his Hand directed me to approach the and in the Night, with the utmost Joy and Satisfaction * Place where he sat. I drew near with that Reverence accompanied him to a Shipg-Crew of his Country-Men, bound * which is due to a superior Nature; and as my Heart was for Barbadoes. When a Vessel from the Main arrives in that ' entirely subdued by the captivating Strains I had heard, I Island, it seems the Planters come down to the Shoar, where "fell down at his Feet and wept. The Genius smiled upon there is an immediate Market of the Indians and other Slaves, 'me with a Look of Compassion and Affability that familiar. as with us of Horses and Oxen.
ized him to my Imagination, and at once dispelled all the To be short, Dr. Thomas Inkle, now coming into English * Fears and Apprehensions with which I approached him. Territories, began seriously to reflect upon his loss of Time, • He lifted me from the Ground, and taking me by the hand, and to weigh with himself how many Days Interest of • Mirzah, said he, I have heard thee in thy Soliloquies ; follow his Mony he had lost during his Stay with Yarico. This Thought made the Young Man very pensive, and careful what
1 “Behold! for I will purge the haze Account he should be able to give his Friends of his Voyage.
That darkles round their mortal gaze Upon which Considerations, the prudent and frugal young
Aud blunts its keepness." Man sold Yarico to a Barbadian Merchant ; notwithstanding
Æneid, II., 603-5 (Comington's Translation).