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it has ever since given me an aversion to gaming. In my twelfth year, I suffered very much for two or three false concords. At fifteen I was sent to the university, and stayed there for some time; but a drum passing by, being a lover of music, I enlisted myself for a soldier. As years came on, I began to examine things, and grew discontented at the times. This made me quit the sword, and take to the study of the occult sciences, in which I was so wrapped up, that Oliver Cromwell had been buried, and taken up again, five years before I heard he was dead. This gave me first the reputation of a conjurer, which has been of great disadvantage to me ever since, and kept me out of all public employments. The greater part of my later years has been divided between Dick's coffee house, the Trumpet in Sheer Lane, and my own lodgings. In number 132 of The Tatler, Steele describes

THE CLUB AT THE TRUMPET. Habeo senectuti magnam gratiam, que mihi sermonis ariditatem anxit, potionis et cibi sustulit.-Tull, de Sen.

(I am much beholden to old age, which has increased my eagerness for conversation, in proportion as it has lessened my appetites of hunger and thirst.)

Sheer Lane, February 10. After having applied my mind with more than ordinary attention to my studies, it is my usual custom to relax and unbend it in the conversation of such, as are rather easy than shining companions. This I find particularly necessary for me before I retire to rest, in order to draw my slumbers upon me by degrees, and fall asleep insensibly. This is the particular use I make of a set of heavy honest men, with whom I have passed many hours with much indolence, though not with great pleasure. Their conversation is a kind of preparative for sleep: it takes the mind down from its abstractions, leads it into the familiar traces of thought, and lulls it into that state of tranquillity, which is the condition of a thinking man, when he is but half awake. After this, my reader will not be surprised to hear the account, which I am about to give of a club of my own contemporaries, among whom I pass two or three hours every evening. This I look upon as taking my first nap before I go to bed. The truth of it is, I should think myself unjust to posterity, as well as to the society at the Trumpet, of which I am a member, did not I in some part of my writings give an account of the persons among whom I have passed almost a sixth part of my time for these last forty years. Our club consisted originally of fifteen ; but, partly by the severity of the law in arbitrary times, and partly by the natural effects of old age, we are at present reduced to a third part of that number : in which, however, we have this consolation, that the best company is said to consist of five persons. I must confess, besides the aforementioned benefit which I meet with in the conversation of this select society, I am not the less pleased with the company, in that I find myself the greatest wit among them, and am heard as their oracle in all points of learning and difficulty.

Sir Jeoffery Notch, who is the oldest of the club, has been in possession of the right hand chair time out of mind, and is the only man among us that has the liberty of stirring the fire. This our foreman is a gentleman of an ancient family, that came to a great estate some years before he had discretion, and run it out in hounds, horses, and cock fighting; for which reason he looks upon himself as an honest, worthy gentleman, who has had misfortunes in the world, and calls every thriving man a pitiful upstart. Major Matchlock is the next senior, who served in the last

civil wars, and has all the battles by heart. He does not think

any action in Europe worth talking of since the fight of Marston Moor; and every night tells us of his having been knocked off his horse at the rising of the London apprentices ;' for which he is in great esteem among us.

Honest old Dick Reptile is the third of our society. He is a good-natured indolent man, who speaks little himself, but laughs at our jokes; and brings his young nephew along with him, a youth of eighteen years old, to show him good company, and give him a taste of the world. This young fellow sits generally silent; but whenever he opens his mouth, or laughs at any thing that passes, he is constantly told by his uncle, after a jocular manner, “Ay, ay, Jack, you young men think us fools; but we old men know you are.”

The greatest wit of our company, next to myself, is a bencher of the neighbouring inn, who in his youth frequented the ordinaries about Charing Cross, and pretends to have been intimate with Jack Ogle. He has about ten distichs of Hudibras without book, and never leaves the club until he has applied them all. If any modern wit be men. tioned, or any town-frolic spoken of, he shakes his head at the dulness of the present age, and tells us a story of Jack Ogle.

For my own part, I am esteemed among them, because they see I am something respected by others; though at the same time I understand by their behaviour, that I am considered by them as a man of a great deal of learning, but no knowledge of the world ; insomuch, that the Major sometime, in the height of his military pride, calls me the Philosopher: and Sir Jeoffery, no longer ago than last night, upon a dispute what day of the month it was then in Holland, pulled his pipe out of his mouth, and cried, “What does the scholar say to it ? ”

Our club meets precisely at six o'clock in the evening ;? but I did not come last night until half an hour after seven, by which means I escaped the battle of Naseby, which the Major usually begins at about three-quarters after six : I found also, that my good friend the Bencher had already spent three of his distichs; and only waited an opportunity to hear a sermon spoken of, that he might introduce the couplet where “a stick" rhymes to “ecclesiastic." 3 At my entrance into the room, they were naming a red petticoat and a cloak, by which I found that the Bencher had been diverting them with a story of Jack Ogle.*



1 July 14, 1647, the London apprentices presented a petition signed by above 10,000 hands; and on the 26th, they forced their way into the House of Commons.

2 Clubs at the universities met at six till 1730 ; now, in 1784, they do not meet before nine in the evening, or later. [Note to the edition by John Nichols and others. To other notes from this edition I append the letter N.]

" When pulpit drum ecclesiastic
Was beat with fist instead of a stick."

"Hudibras,” Part I., c. i., 1. 10. * Jack Ogle, said to have been descended from a decent family in Devonshire, was a man of some genius, and great extravagance, but rather artful than witty. The extensive knowledge which he is re. ported to have had of gaming, must have been built on the ruins of his moral character ; for every professed gamester is so much the worse man, in proportion as he is skilled in his profession.

Ogle had an only sister, more beautiful, it is said, than was neces. sary, to arrive, as she did, at the honour of being a mistress to the Duke of York. King Charles II. was wont to say of the Duke's mistresses, who were generally very plain, “that he supposed they were prescribed by the priests, to his brother, in the way of penance." This sister Ogle laid under very frequent contributions, to supply his wants, and support his extravagance. It is said, that by the interest of her royal keeper, Ogle was placed, as a private gentleman, in the first troop of foot-guards, at that time under the command of the Duke of Monmouth. To this æra of Ogle's life, the story of the red petticoat refers. He had pawned his trooper's cloak, and to save appearances at a review, had borrowed his landlady's red petticoat,

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I had no sooner taken my seat, but Sir Jeoffery, to show his good-will towards me, gave me a pipe of his own tobacco, and stirred up the fire. I look upon it as a point of morality, to be obliged by those who endeavour to oblige me; and therefore, in requital for his kindness, and to set the conversation a-going, I took the best occasion I could to put him upon telling us the story of old Gantlett, which he always does with very particular concern. He traced up his descent on both sides for several generations, describing his diet and manner of life, with his several battles, and particularly that in which he fell. This Gantlett was a game cock, upon whose head the knight, in his youth, had won five hundred pounds, and lost two thousand. This naturally set the Major upon the account of Edge Hill fight, and ended in a duel of Jack Ogle's.

Old Reptile was extremely attentive to all that was said, though it was the same he had heard every night for these twenty years, and, upon all occasions, winked upon his nephew to mind what passed.

This may suffice to give the world a taste of our innocent conversation, which we spun out until about ten of the clock, when my maid came with a lantern to light me home. I could not but reflect with myself, as I was going out, upon the talkative humour of old men, and the little figure which that part of life makes in one who cannot employ his natural propensity in discourses which would make him venerable. I must own, it makes me very melancholy in company, when I hear a young man begin a story; and have often observed, that one of a quarter of an hour long in a man of five-andtwenty, gathers circumstances every time he tells it, until it grows into a long Canterbury tale of two hours by that time he is threescore.

The only way of avoiding such a trifling and frivolous old age is, to lay up in our way to it such stores of knowledge and observation, as may make us useful and agreeable in our declining years. The mind of man in a long life will become a magazine of wisdom or folly, and will consequently discharge itself in something impertinent or imp

For which reason, as there is nothing more ridiculous than an old trifling story-teller, so there is nothing more venerable, than one who has turned his experience to the entertainment and advantage of mankind.

In short, we, who are in the last stage of life, and are apt to indulge ourselves in talk, ought to consider if what we speak be worth being heard, and endeavour to make our discourse like that of Nestor,' which Homer compares to the flowing of honey for its sweetness.

I am afraid I shall be thought guilty of this excess I am speaking of, when I cannot conclude without observing, that Milton certainly thought of this passage in Homer, when, in his description of an eloquent spirit, he says,

His tongue dropped manna.? Note

may be taken by the way of one of the

advertisements to this number of The Tatler. "A black Indian boy, twelve years of age, fit to wait on a gentleman, to be disposed of, at Dennis's Coffee House in Finch Lane, near the Royal Exchange.”

In number 83 of The Tatler, Steele thus represents Mr. Bickerstaff gently answering a letter from the too susceptible

MARIA. Little did I think I should ever have business of this kind on my hands more; but, as little as any one who knows me would believe it, there is a lady at this time who professes love to me. Her passion and good humour you shall have in her own words.

“MR. BICKERSTAFF, “I had formerly a very good opinion of myself; but it is now withdrawn, and I have placed it upon you, Mr. Bickerstaff, for whom I am not ashamed to declare I have a very great passion and tenderness. It is not for your face, for that I never saw; your shape and height I am equally a stranger to; but your understanding charms me, and I am lost if you do not dissemble a little love for me. I am not without hopes; because I am not like the tawdry gay things that are fit only to make bone lace. I am neither childish-young, nor beldam-old, but, the world says, a good agreeable woman.

• Speak peace to a troubled heart, troubled only for you ; and in your next paper let me find your thoughts of me.

“Do not think of finding out who I for, notwithstand. ing your interest in dæmons, they cannot help you either to my name, or a sight of my face; therefore, do not let them


deceive you.

I am,

“I can bear no discourse, if you are not the subject; and believe me, I know more of love than you do of astronomy.

“Pray, say some civil things in return to my generosity, and you shall have my very best pen employed to thank you, and I will confirm it.

“Your admirer,

“Maria." There is something wonderfully pleasing in the favour of women; and this letter has put me in so good an humour, that nothing could displease me since I received it. My boy breaks glasses and pipes; and instead of giving him a knock on the pate, as my way is, for I hate scolding at servants, I only say, " Ah, Jack! thou hast a head, and so has a pin," or some such merry expression. But, alas! how am I mortified when he is putting on my fourth pair of stockings on these poor spindles of mine? * The fair one understands love better than I astronomy!” I am sure, without the help of that art, this poor meagre trunk of mine is a very ill habitation for love. She is pleased to speak civilly of my sense, but Ingenium malè habitat 3 is an invincible difficulty in cases of this nature. I had always, indeed, from a passion to please the eyes of the fair, a great pleasure in dress. Add to this, that I have writ songs since I was sixty, and have lived with all the circumspection of an old beau, as

I am. friend Horace has very well said, “ Every year takes something from us ;” and instructed me to form my pursuits and desires according to the stage of my life : therefore, I have no more to value myself upon, than that I can converse with young people without peevishness, or wishing myself a moment younger. For which reason, when I am amongst them, I rather moderate than interrupt their diversions. But though I have this complacency, I must not pretend to write to a lady civil things, as Maria desires. Time was, when I

But my

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which he carried rolled up en croupe behind him; the Duke of Monmouth smoakt it, and willing to enjoy the confusion of a detection, gave order to cloak all, with which Ogle, after some hesitation, WAS obliged to comply; although he could not cloak, he said he would petticoat with the best of them.

Such as are curions to know more of the silly history, the duels, and odd pranks of this mad fellow, may consult the wretched account of them in the “Memoirs of Gamesters," 1714, 12mo, p. 183. [N.]

| Experienced Nestor, in persuasion skilled,
Words sweet as honey from his lips distilled.

Pope's Homer, Book I.,
See the character of Belial, Milton, “Par. Lost," Book II., ver. 112.

But all was false and hollow, tbough his tongue
Dropt manna, and could make the worse appear
The better cause.

p. 331.

3 Wit is ill housed,

could have told her, “ I had received a letter from her fair “Madam," said I, “I am confident you have not stated hands; and, that if this paper trembled as she read it, it then your case with sincerity, and that there is some secret pang best expressed its author," or some other gay conceit. Though which you have concealed from me: for I see by your aspect I never saw her, I could have told her, “ that good sense and the generosity of your mind; and that open ingenuous air good humour smiled in her eyes : that constancy and good lets me know, that you have too great a sense of the generous nature dwelt in her heart: that beauty and good breeding passion of love, to prefer the ostentation of life in the arms appeared in all her actions." When I was five-and-twenty, of Crassus, to the entertainments and conveniences of it in upon sight of one syllable, even wrong spelt by a lady I the company of your beloved Lorio; for so he is indeed, never saw, I could tell her, " that her height was that which Madam; you speak his name with different accent from was fit for inviting our approach, and commanding our the rest of your discourse. The idea his image raises in you respect; that a smile sat on her lips, which prefaced her gives new life to your features, and new grace to your expressions before she uttered them, and her aspect prevented speech. Nay, blush not, Madam; there is no dishonour in her speech. All she could say, though she had an infinite loving a man of merit ; I assure you, I am grieved at this deal of wit, was but a repetition of what was expressed by dallying with yourself, when you put another in competition her form; her form! which struck her beholders with ideas with him, for no other reason but superior wealth.” more moving and forcible than ever were inspired by music, “To tell you, then," said she, “the bottom of my heart, painting, or eloquence.” At this rate I panted in those days; there is Clotilda lies by, and plants herself in the way of but, ah! sixty-three! I am very sorry I can only return the Crassus, and I am confident will snap him if I refuse him. I agreeable Maria a passion expressed rather from the head cannot bear to think that she will shine above me. When than the heart.

our coaches meet, to see her chariot hung behind with four " Dear MADAM,

footmen, and mine with but two: hers, powdered, gay, and “ You have already seen the best of me, and I so passion

saucy, kept only for show; mine, a couple of careful rogues ately love you, that I desire we may never meet. If you

that are good for something: I own, I cannot bear that

Clotilda should be in all the pride and wantonness of wealth, will examine your heart, you will find that you join the man

and I only in the ease and affluence of it.” with the philosopher: and if you have that kind opinion of

Here I interrupted : “ Well, Madam, now I see your my sense as you pretend, I question not but you add to it

whole affliction; you could be bappy, but that you fear complexion, air, and shape: but, dear Molly, a man in his

another would be happier. Or her, you could be solidly grand climacteric is of no sex. Be a good girl; and conduct yourself with honour and virtue, when you love one younger

happy, but that another is to be happy in appearance. This than myself. I am, with the greatest tenderness,

is an evil which you must get over, or never know happiness.

We will put the case, Madam, that you married Crassus, and “ Your innocent lover,

she Lorio." “I. B."

She answered, “ Speak not of it. I could tear her eyes Again in number 91 Steele writes :

out at the mention of it."

“Well then, I pronounce Lorio to be the man; but I I was very much surprised this evening with a visit from must tell you, that what we call settling in the world is, in one of the top Toasts of the town, who came privately in a kind, leaving it; and you must at once resolve to keep a chair, and bolted into my room, while I was reading a your thoughts of happiness within the reach of your fortune, chapter of Agrippa upon the occult sciences; but, as she and not measure it by comparison with others. But, indeed, entered with all the air and blooin that nature ever bestowed Madam, when I behold that beauteous form of your's, and on woman, I threw down the conjurer, and met the charmer. consider the generality of your sex, as to their disposal of I had no sooner placed her at my right hand by the fire, but themselves in marriage, or their parents doing it for them she opened to me the reason of her visit. “Mr. Bickerstaff," without their own approbation, I cannot but look upon all said the fine creature, “I have been your correspondent such matches as the most impudent prostitutions. Do but some time, though I never saw you before; I have writ by observe, when you are at a play, the familiar wenches that the name of Maria. You have told me, you were too far sit laughing among the men. These appear detestable to you gone in life to think of love. Therefore, I am answered as in the boxes. Each of them would give up her person for a to the passion I spoke of; and,” continued she, smiling, “I guinea; and some of you would take the worst there for life will not stay until you grow young again, as you men never for twenty thousand. If so, how do you differ but in price? fail to do in your dotage ; but am come to consult you about As to the circumstance of marriage, I take that to be hardly disposing of myself to another. My person you see; my an alteration of the case ; for wedlock is but a more solemn fortune is very considerable ; but I am at present under prostitution, where there is not an union of minds. You would much perplexity how to act in a great conjuncture. I hardly believe it, but there have been designs even upon me. have two lovers, Crassus and Lorio: Crassus is prodigiously “A neighbour in this very lane, who knows I have, by rich, but has no one distinguishing quality ; though at the leading a very wary life, laid up a little money, had a great same time he is not remarkable on the defective side. Lorio mind to marry me to his daughter. I was frequently invited has travelled, is well bred, pleasant in discourse, discreet in to their table: the girl was always very pleasant and agreehis conduct, agreeable in his person ; and with all this, he able. After dinner, Miss Molly would be sure to fill my pipe has a competency of fortune without superfluity. When I for me, and put more sugar than ordinary into my coffee ; consider Lorio, my mind is filled with an idea of the great for she was sure I was good natured. If I chanced to hem, satisfactions of a pleasant conversation. When I think of the mother would applaud my vigour ; and has often said on Crassus, my equipage, numerous servants, gay liveries, and that occasion,‘I wonder, Mr. Bickerstaff, you do not marry, various dresses, are opposed to the charms of his rival. In a I am sure you would have children.' Things went so far, word, when I cast my eyes upon Lorio, I forget and despise that my mistress presented me with a wrought night-cap and fortune; when I behold Crassus, I think only of pleasing my a laced band of her own working. I began to think of it in vanity, and enjoying an uncontrolled expence in all the earnest ; but one day, having an occasion to ride to Islington, pleasures of life, except love." She paused here.

as two or three people were lifting me upon my pad, I spied her at a convenient distance laughing at her lover, with a seen anything above themselves for these twerty years last parcel of romps of her acquaintance. One of them, who I past. I am sure that is the case of Sir Harry. Besides suppose had the same design upon me, told me she said, “Do which, I was sensible that there was a great point in adjustyou see how briskly my old gentleman mounts ?' This made ing my behaviour to the simple squire, so as to give him me cut off my amour, and to reflect with myself, that no satisfaction, and not disoblige the justice of the quorum. married life could be so unhappy, as where the wife proposes The hour of nine was come this morning, and I had no no other advantage from her husband, than that of making sooner set chairs, by the steward's letter, and fixed my teaherself fine, and keeping her out of the dirt.”

equipage, but I heard a knock at my door, which was opened, My fair client burst out a laughing at the account I gave but no one entered; after which followed a long silence, her of my escape, and went away seemingly convinced of the which was broke at last by, “Sir, I beg your pardon ; I think reasonableness of my discourse to her.

I know better : ” and another voice, “Nay, good Sir Giles—” I looked out from my window, and saw the good company all with their hats off, and arms spread, offering the door to each other. After many offers, they entered with much solemnity, in the order Mr. Thrifty was so kind as to name them to me. But they are now got to my chamber door, and I saw my old friend Sir Harry enter. I met him with all the respect due to so reverend a vegetable ; for, you are to know, that is my sense of a person who remains idle in the same place for half a century. I got him with great success into his chair by the fire, without throwing down any of my cups. The knight-bachelor told me, “ he had a great respect for my whole family, and would, with my leave, place himself next to Sir Harry, at whose right hand he had sat at every quarter sessions these thirty years, unless he was sick."

The steward in the rear whispered the young Templar, “ That is true, to my knowledge." I had the misfortune, as they stood cheek by jowl, to desire the squire to sit down before the justice of the quorum, to the no small satisfaction of the former, and resentment of the latter. But I saw my error too late, and got them as soon as I could into their seats. “Well,” said I, “gentlemen, after I have told you how glad I am of this great honour, I am to desire you to drink a dish of tea.” They answered one and all,“ that they never

drank tea in a morning."_“Not in a morning!” said I, JOSEPH ADDISON.

staring round me. Upon which the pert Jackanapes, Nic From the Portrait by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1716.

Doubt, tipped me the wink, and put out his tongue at his

grandfather. Here followed a profound silence, when the One of the most delightful examples of the humour steward in his boots and whip proposed, “that we should of Addison is in a contribution of his to the Bicker- adjourn to some public house, where every body might call staff sketches, number 86 of The Tatler.

for what they pleased, and enter upon the business.” We

all stood up in an instant, and Sir Harry filed off from the THE DEPUTATION.

left, very discreetly, countermarching behind the chairs to. From my own Apartment, October 25.

wards the door. After him, Sir Giles in the same manner. When I came home last night, my servant delivered me

The simple squire made a sudden start to follow; but the the following letter:

justice of the quorum whipped between upon the stand of “Sir,

October 24.

the stairs. A maid, going up with coals, made us halt, and

put us into such confusion, that we stood all in a heap, with“I have orders from Sir Harry Quickset, of Staffordshire,

out any visible possibility of recovering our order; for the baronet, to acquaint you, that his honour Sir Harry himself,

young jackanapes seemed to make a jest of this matter, and Sir Giles Wheelbarrow, knight, Thomas Rentfree, esquire,

had so contrived, by pressing amongst us, under pretence of justice of the quorum, Andrew Windmill, esquire, and Mr.

making way, that his grandfather was got into the middle, Nicholas Doubt, of the Inner Temple, Sir Harry's grandson,

and he knew nobody was of quality to stir a step, until Sir will wait upon you at the hour of nine to-morrow morning, Harry moved first. We were fixed in this perplexity for being Tuesday the twenty-fifth of October, upon business

some time, until we heard a very loud noise in the street; which Sir Harry will impart to you by word of mouth. I

and Sir Harry asking what it was, I, to make them move, thought it proper to acquaint you before hand so many

said, "it was fire." L'pon this, all ran down as fast as they persons of quality came, that you might not be surprised could, without order or ceremony, until we got into the therewith. Which concludes, though by many years absence

street, where we drew up in very good order, and filed off since I saw you at Stafford, unknown, Sir,

down Sheer Lane; the impertinent Templar driving us “ Your most humble servant, before him, as in a string, and pointing to his acquaintance

“John Thrifty.” who passed by. I received this message with less surprise than I believe I must confess, I love to use people according to their own Mr. Thrifty imagined ; for I knew the good company too sense of good breeding, and therefore whipped in between well to feel any palpitations at their approach: but I was in the justice and the simple squire. He could not properly very great concern how I should adjust the ceremonial, and take this ill; but I overheard him whisper the steward, demean myself to all these great men, who perhaps had not " that he thought it hard, that a common conjurer should



I am to acquaint you, that I am to be yours for some time to come; it being our orders to vary our stations, and sometimes to have one patient under our protection, and sometimes another, with a power of assuming what shape we please, to ensnare our wards into their own good. I have of late been upon such hard duty, and know you have so much work for me, that I think fit to appear to you face to face, to desire you will give me as little occasion for vigilance as you can.”

And this is Pacolet's farther account of himself, given by Steele in number 15 :

take place of him, though an elder squire.” In this order we marched down Sheer Lane, at the upper end of which I lodge. When we came to Temple Bar, Sir Harry and Sir Giles got over ; but a run of the coaches kept the rest of us on this side of the street; however, we all at last landed, and drew up in very good order before Ben Tooke's shop, who favoured our rallying with great humanity; from whence we proceeded again, until we came to Dick's coffee house, where I designed to carry them. Here we were at our old difficulty, and took up the street upon the same ceremony. We proceeded through the entry, and were so necessarily kept in order by the situation, that we were now got into the coffee house itself, where, as soon as we arrived,

we repeated our civilities to each other; after which, we · marched up to the high table, which has an ascent to it in

closed in the middle of the room. The whole house was alarmed at this entry, made up of persons of so much state and rusticity Sir Harry called for a mug of ale, and Dyer's Letter. The boy brought the ale in an instant; but said, " they did not take in the Letter.”—“No!” says Sir Harry, “then take back your mug; we are like indeed to have good liquor at this house !” Here the Templar tipped me a second wink, and, if I had not looked very grave upon him, I found he was disposed to be very familiar with me. In short, I observed after a long pause, that the gentlemen did not care to enter upon business until after their morning draught, for which reason I called for a bottle of mum; and, finding that had no effect upon them, I order a second, and a third, after which Sir Harry reached over to me, and told me in a low voice, " that the place was too public for business; but he would call upon me again to-morrow morning at my own lodgings, and bring some more friends with him.”

From my own Apartment, May 12. I have taken a resolution hereafter, on any want of intelligence, to carry my familiar abroad with me, who has promised to give me very proper and just notices of persons and things, to make up the history of the passing day. He is wonderfully skilful in the knowledge of men and manners, which has made me more than ordinary curious to know how he came to that perfection, and I communicated to him that doubt. “Mr. Pacolet,” said I, “I am mightily surprised to see you so good a judge of our nature and circumstances, since you are a mere spirit, and have no knowledge of the bodily part of us." He answered, smiling, “ You are mistaken ; I have been one of you, and lived a month amongst you, which gives me an exact sense of your condition. You are to know, that all, who enter into human life, have a certain date or stamen given to their being, which they only who die of age may be said to have arrived at; but it is ordered sometimes by fate, that such as die infants are, after death, to attend mankind to the end of that stamen of being in themselves, which was broke off by sickness or any other disaster. These are proper guardians to men, as being sensible of the infirmity of their state. You aro philosopher enough to know, that the difference of men's understandings proceeds only from the various dispositions of their organs; so that he, who dies at a month old, is in the next life as knowing, though more innocent, as they who live to fifty; and after death, they have as perfect a memory and judgement of all that passed in their life-time, as I have of all the revolutions in that uneasy, turbulent condition of yours; and you would say I had enough of it in a month, were I to tell you all my misfortunes.” “ A life of a month cannot have, one would think, much variety. But pray,” said I, “let us have your story."

Then he proceeds in the following manner :

“It was one of the most wealthy families in Great Britain into which I was born, and it was a very great happiness to me that it so happened, otherwise I had still, in all probability, been living: but I shall recount to you all the occurrences of my short and miserable existence, just as, by examining into the traces made in my brain, they appeared to me at that time. The first thing that ever struck my senses was a noise over my head of one shrieking; after which, methought, I took a full jump, and found myself in the hands of a sorceress, who seemed as if she had been long waking, and employed in some incantation: I was thoroughly frightened, and cried out; but she immediately seemed to go on in some magical operation, and anointed me from head to foot. What they meant, I could not imagine: for there gathered a great crowd about me, crying, “An Heir! an Heir !' upon which I grew a little still, and believed this was a ceremony to be used only to great persons, and such as made them, what they called Heirs. I lay very quiet; but the witch, for no manner of reason or provocation in the world, takes me and binds my head as hard as possibly she

Pleasant use is made of a familiar, Pacolet, who is thus introduced by Steele in number 13 of The Tatler :

PACOLET. Much hurry and business has to day perplexed me into a mood too thoughtful for going into company; for which reason, instead of the tavern, I went into Lincoln's Inn walks; and, having taken a round or two, I sat down, according to the allowed familiarity of these places, on a bench; at the other end of which sat a venerable gentleman, who speaking with a very affable air, “Mr. Bickerstaff, said he, “I take it for a very great piece of good fortune that you have found me out.” “Sir," said I, “I had never, that I know of, the honour of seeing you before." • That,” replied he, “ is what I have often lamented ; but, I assure you, I have for many years done you good offices, without being observed by you ; or else, when you had any little glimpse of my being concerned in an affair, you have fled from me, and shunned me like an enemy; but however, the part I am to act in the world is such, that I am to go on in doing good, though I meet with never so many repulses, even from those I oblige.” This, thought I, shews a great good-nature, but little judgement in tho persons upon whom he confers his favours. He immediately took notice to me, that he observed by my countenance I thought him indiscreet in his beneficence, and proceeded to tell me his quality in the following manner: “I know thee, Isaac, to be so well versed in the occult sciences, that I need not much preface, or make long preparations to gain your faith that there are airy beings, who are employed in the care and attendance of men, as nurses are to infants, until they come to an age in which they can act of themselves. These beings are usually called amongst men, guardian angels; and, Mr. Bickerstaff,

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