Central Asia in World History
Oxford University Press, USA, 05.01.2011 - 192 Seiten
A vast region stretching roughly from the Volga River to Manchuria and the northern Chinese borderlands, Central Asia has been called the "pivot of history," a land where nomadic invaders and Silk Road traders changed the destinies of states that ringed its borders, including pre-modern Europe, the Middle East, and China. In Central Asia in World History, Peter B. Golden provides an engaging account of this important region, ranging from prehistory to the present, focusing largely on the unique melting pot of cultures that this region has produced over millennia. Golden describes the traders who braved the heat and cold along caravan routes to link East Asia and Europe; the Mongol Empire of Chinggis Khan and his successors, the largest contiguous land empire in history; the invention of gunpowder, which allowed the great sedentary empires to overcome the horse-based nomads; the power struggles of Russia and China, and later Russia and Britain, for control of the area. Finally, he discusses the region today, a key area that neighbors such geopolitical hot spots as Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and China.
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A Layering of Peoples
CHAPTER 1 The Rise of Nomadism and Oasis CityStates
Warfare is Their Business
The Türks and Their Successors
CHAPTER 4 The Cities of the Silk Road and the Coming of Islam
Islam and the Turkic Peoples
CHAPTER 6 The Mongol Whirlwind
CHAPTER 7 The Later Chinggisids Temür and the Timurid Renaissance
CHAPTER 8 The Age of Gunpowder and the Crush of Empires
Abu’l-Khayr Afghanistan Altan amîr Arabic army Asian Avars Bactria became borderlands Buddhist Bukhara Bulghars Byzantine caliphate Central Asia century Chaghadaid Chaghatay China Chinese Chinggis Chinggisid Christianity cities clan conquered conquest culture Darya defeated dominant dynasty early eastern emperor Empire ethnic Eurasia Golden Horde horses India Iran Iranian Islam Jochid Jungar Kalmyks Kazakh Kazakhstan Khan Khan’s Khanate Khazar Khwarazm Khwarazmian Kushan Kyrgyz Lama lands language linguistic Manchu Manchuria Middle East migrations military modern Mongol Mongolia Moscow Muhammad Muslim neighboring nomads northern Oirats Ottoman Persian political population Qaghan Qara Khitai Qarakhanid Qing Qïpchaq raids realm region religion religious remained Republic rule ruler Russian Sâmânid Samarkand Sasanid shamans Siberia Silk Road Sogdian Soviet steppe Sûfîs Syr Darya Tajik Tang Tashkent Tatars Temür Tibetan Timurid trade traditions trans Transoxiana tribal union tribes Turkestan Turkic Turks Uighur Ulus University Press urban Uzbek Volga western Türk World History Xinjiang Xiongnu Yuezhi