« ZurückWeiter »
at which a true female veteran would which if directed to their true objects blush, is remarkable for never naming would change the very face of the himself.
world,) all these are concentrated to With mysterious reverence,' I for. one point; a point in which the wise bear to descant upon these serious and and the weak, the learned and the interesting rites, for the most auguft ignorant, the fair and the frightful, and folemn celebration of which the sprightly and the dull
, the rich fa hion' nightly convenes thefe fplen- and the poor, the Patrician and Pledid myriads to her more fumptuous beian, meet in'one common and uni. temples. Rites ! which, when en- form equality ; an equality as teli. gaged in with due devotion, absorb giously refpected in these folemnities; the whole soul, and call every passion in which all distinctions are levelled into exercise, except indeed those of at one blow, and of which the very love, and peace, and' kindness, and spirit is therefore democrátical, as it gentleness. Inspiring rites! which is combated in all other instances. Aimulate fear, roule hope, kindle Behold four kings in majelty rever'd, zeal, quicken dulnefs, fiarpen dif- With hóary whiskers and a forky beard; cernment, exercile memory, inflamé And four fáir queens, whose hands for curiority: Rites ! in short, in the
iain a flow'r, due performance of which all the
Th' expressive emblem of their softer energies and attentions, all the powers Four knaves in garbs fuccinct, 2 trusty
pow's and abilities, all the abitra&tion and
band, exertion, all the diligence and de- Caps on their heads, and halberts in their votedness, all the facrifice of time, and party-coloured troops, 's thining
hand; all the contempt of ease, all the ne
in train, gleæ of neep, all the oblivion of Drawn forth to combat on the velvet care, all the risks of 'fortune Chalf of
AN ACCOUNT OF MR MUNGO PARK AND HIS TRAVELS.
AT T no period of time has the fpi: been so much obliged as to this gen
rit of enterprize been more ac. fleman, tive than the present, nor at any Mungo Park is a native of North time has the eagerness for discoveries Britain, and was born about the year been more amply rewarded. The 1770. He received a liberal educaknowledge of countries hitherto im- tion, and was brought up a surgeon. perfectly described, and some entire. In that capacity he made a voyage ly unknown, have been brought to to the East Indies, from whence he the notice of the world greatly to returned in 1793. : At that juncture the advantage of science, and will hearing that the Society, affociated hereafter produce benefits of much for prosecuting discoveries in the inhigher importance than the gratifi. terior of Africa, were desirous of encation of mere idle curiosity. To the gaging a person to explore that confirmness of individuals, aided by the tioent by the way of Gambia, he ofliberality of a fociety whose enquiries fered his service, and was accepted. have been equally meritorious and “ I had,” says be, “ a. paffionate desuccessful, a confiderable portion of fire to examine into the productions Africa is now known, which hitherto of a country so little known; and to has been impervious to every travel- become experimentally acquainted ler; and to no one has the world with the modes of life and character Ed. Mag. July 1799. E
of Rape of the Lock.
of the natives. knew that I was mouth the 22d, of May 1795. Or able to bear fatigue ; and I relied on the 4th of June saw the mountains my youth, and the strength of my over Mogadore on the coast of Africonftitution to preserve me from the ca, and on the 21st of the fame month effects of the climate. The salary anchored at Jellifree on the northern which the Committee allowed me bank of the river Gambia. On the was sufficiently large ; and I made 23d he departed from Jellifree and no ftipulation for future reward. If proceeded to Ventain, which he left I should perish in my journey I the 26th, and in six days reached was willing that my hopes and ex. Jonkakonda, where advice was sent pectations should perish with nie; to Dr Laidley, to whom he had letand if I should succeed in rendering ters of credit, of his arrival. That the geography of Africa more fami- gentleman haftened to him the folliar to my countrymen, and in open- lowing morning, and invited him to ing to their ambition and industry his house at Pisania, where he arrivnew sources of wealth, and new chan: ed the next day. nels of commerce, I knew that I was “ Being now," says he, “ settled in the hands of men of honour, who fome time at
firit object would not fail to bestow that remu. was to learn the Mandingo tongue, neration which my successful services being the language in almost general should appear to them to merit. The use throughout this part of Africa
į Committee of the Association, hav- and without which I was fully con. ing made fuch enquiries as they vinced that I never could acquire an thought necessary, declared them- extenfive knowledge of the country selves satisfied with the qualifications or its inhabitants. In this pursuit I that I possessed, and accepted me for was greatly allifted by Dr Laidley, the service ; and, with that liberality who by a long residence in the coun. which on all occasions diftinguishes try, and constant refidence with the their conduct, gave me every encou. natives, had made himself completely ragement which it was in their power master of it. Next to the language to grant, or which I could with pro- my great' object was to collect inforpriety asks.”
mation concerning the countries I His inftru&ions were plain and intended to visit. On this occafion concise: “ I was directed,” says he, I was referred to certain traders cal.
on my arrival in Africa, to pass on led Statees. These are free black to the river Niger, either by the way merchants, of great consideration in of Bambouk, or by such other route this part of Africa, who come down as should be found most convenient. from the interior countries chiefly That I should ascertain the courfe, with enslaved Negroes for sale ; but and if possible, the rise and termina. I foon discovered that very little de. tion of the river. That I should use pendance could be placed on the acmy utmost exertions to visit the prin. counts which they gave ; for they cipal towns or cities in its neighbour. contradicted each other in the most hood, particularly Tombuetoo and important particulars, and all of them Houffa ; and that I should be after. seemed extremely unwilling that I wards at liberty to returo to Europe, should profecute my journey. These either by the way of Gambia, or by circumstances increased my anxiety such other route, as under all the to ascertain the truth from my own then existing circumstances of my fi- personal observations." tuation and prospects should appear “ In researches of this kind, and to me to be most adviseable." in observing the manners and cuiHe accordingly failed from Ports- toms of the natives in a country so
little known to the nations of Eu- ley in order to pursue his journey, rope, and furnished with so many taking with him a negro servant who Atriking and uncommon objects of spoke both English and Mandingo nature, my time passed not unplea. tongres, named Johnson, a native of fantly; and I began to Bacter myself Africa, who in his youth had been that I had escaped the fever or sea. conveyed to Jamaica as a Nave, had foning, to which Europeans, on their been made free and taken to Engfirst arrival in hot climates, are gene. land by his malter, where he had rerally subject. But on the 31st of fided many years, and at length found July ( imprudently exposed myself his way back to his native country. to the night dew, in observing an e. He was also provided with a negro clipse of the moon, with a view to boy named Demba, who was promis. determine the longitude of the place : 'ed his freedom on his return if he the next day I found myself attacked behaved well. He had also a horse, with a smart fever and delirium ; and and was accompanied by a free man such an illness followed as confined named Madiboo, who was travelling me to the house during the greatest to the kingdom of Bambara, and two part of August. My recovery was Statees or Nave merchants of the Severy now: but I embraced every rawoolli nation, who offered their short interval of convalescence to walk services as far as they were respectiveout, and make myself acquainted ly to proceed, as did a negro named with the productions of the country. Tami returning to his native counIn one of those excursions having try. rambled further than usual in a hot They were accompanied also by day, I brought on a return of my Dr Laidley, Messrs. Amsley, and a fever, and on the roth of September number of domestics the two first I was again confined to my bed. The days journey. On the 3d of De. fever however was not so violent as cember he took his leave of them and before ; and in the course of three rode Nowly into the woods. His sen. weeks I was able, when the weather sations at this moment are thus des would permit, to renew my botanical scribed : “ I had now before me à excursions ; and when it rained I a- boundless forest, and a country, the mused myself with drawing plants, inhabitants of which were strangers &c. in my chamber. The care and to civilized life, and to moft of whom attention of Dr Laidley contributed a white man was the object of curio. greatly to alleviate my sufferings; fity or plunder. I reflected that I his company and conversation be. had parted from the last European guiled the tedious hours during that I might probably behold, and pergloomy season, when the rain falls haps quitted for ever the comforts of in torrents; when suffocating heats Christian society.
Thoughts like oppress by day ; and when the night these would neceffarily cast a gloom is fpent by the terrified traveller in over the mind, and I rode musing a. listening to the croaking of frogs (of long for about three miles, when I which the numbers are beyond ima was awakened from my reverie by a gination, the thrill cry of the jackall, body of people who came running up and the deep howling of the hyena : and stopped the affes, giving me to a dismal concert, interrupted only by understand that I mutt go with them the roar of such tremendous thunder to Peckaba to present myself to the as no person can form a conception King of Walli, or pay customs to of but those who have heard it." them." With this demand, after
On the 2d of December 1795 he some attempts at explanation, he was departed from the house of Dr Laid. _obliged to comply.
On the 5th of December he reach. benevolence, immediately took the ed Medina, the capital of the King basket from her head, and shewing of Walli's dominions, where he was me that it contained ground nuts, received with great hospitality and asked me if I could eat them. Being kindness. He was pressed not to pro- answered in the afirmative, she pre. ceed in his journey, and warned of sented me with a few handfuls, and the danger he incurred. These warn walked away before I had time to ings, however, had no effect: he took thaok her for this seasonable supply. a farewell of the King, and on the -This triling circumitance gave me 7th departed from Konjour, and peculiar fatisfa&tion. I reflected with crofling the wilderness arrived at Tal. pleasure on the conduct of this poor lika, in the kingdom of Bondou. untutored Nave, who, without exaOn December 14th he left Tallika, mining into my
character or circum. and on the 21st entered Fatteconda, ftances, liftened implicitly to the dicthe capital of the fame kingdom, tates of her own heart. Experience where he had more than one inter- had tavght her that hunger was painview with the King. After some ful, and her own distrelles made her delays, he was permitted to depart commiserate those of others." on his journey, and they took leave From this distressed fituation he of each other in terms of friendship. was relieved by a visit from Demba
On the 24th of December he ar. Sego, nephew of the King of Raffon, rived at Joag, the frontier town of who offered to conduct him in fafety Kajaega, where he was iil-treated to that kingdom : an offer which he and robbed of half his effects by or- readily and gratefully accepted, and der of Batcheri, the King, and he accordingly set out on the 27th of was at the same time strongly folici. December. On the 29th he came ted by his companions to give up his to Tufee, where he was detained fome journey, which it was alledged was time, and on the 10th of January too dangerous to be perfifted in. His 1796 left that place for Koniakary, situation was critical and hazardous. which he reached the 14th. He was He was kept without food, which it the next day admitted to an audi. appeared impossible to procure. On ence of the King, who he found well this occasion he experienced the kind- disposed towards him, but full of ness of a female, whose charity de- doubts as to the truth of the motives ferves particular notice.
assigned for his journey. On the iit “ Towards evening," says he, "as of February he departed for Kemmo, I was fitting upon the Bentang chew. and was received with great kindness ing straws, an old female Nave, paf. by the King of Kaarta, who advised fing by with a basket upon her head, him of the dangers he would be subasked me if I had got my dinner. As ject iu from pursuing his journey, on I thought she only laughed at me, l account of the approaching hoftilities gave her no answer ; but my boy, with the King of Bambara. Difrewho was fitting close by, answered garding this caution, he took the for me, and told her, that the King's path to Ludamar, a Moorish kingpeople had robbed me of all my mo- dum, being accommodated with a ney.
guide to Jarra, the frontier town of On hearing this, the good old the Moorith territories. woman, with a look of unaffected
(10 be continued.)
One of the Senators of the College of Muftice. THIS very learned and refpe&table As a Judge, his decisions were
Judge was the eldeft son of sound, upright, and learned, and Burnet, Esq. of Monboddo, in Kio: marked with acute discrimination; cardineshire, and was born in the year and free from those paradoxes and 19714. After passing through the partialities which appear in his writufual course of ichool education, he ings. He attended his judicial duty prosecuted his itudies at the univer- with indefatigable diligence till within fities of Aberdeen, Edinburgh, and a few days of his death, which hapLeyden, with distinguished reputa pened at his house in Edinburgh May tion. He was admitted an advocate in 26.(1799,) at the advanced age of 851737, and on the i 2th of Feb. 1767, His private life was spent in the he was raised to the bench by the practice of all the focial virtues, and title of Lord Monboddo, in the room in the enjoyment of much domeftic of Lord. Milton, appointed a judge felicity. Although rigidly temperate the 4th of June 1742, and who had in his habits of life, he, however, defucceeded Sir John Lauder, of Foun-' lighted much in the convivial society taivhall, admitted Nov. 1, 1689, of his friends, and among these he being the third on the bench, in fuc- conld number almost all the most emi. cession since the Revolution.
nent of those who were diftinguished He married Miss Farquharson, a in Scotland for virtue, literature, or very amiable woman, by whom he genuine elegance of conversation and had a son and two daughters. manners. One of those who esteemed
Lord Monboddo is well known to him the most was the late Lord Garthe world as
a man of letters. His denstone, a man who possessed na first publication was “ a Differtation mean portion of the fame overflowing on the Origin and Progress of Lan- benignity of disposition, the fame goage," in 2 vols. 8vo. 1773 ; which uniin peachable integrity as a judge, were followed by four more vols. the the same partial fondness for litera. last published not long before his ture and the fine arts. His son, a very death. In this work, intended chiefly promising boy, in whose education he to vindicate the honours of Grecian took great delight, was, indeed, literature, he ascribes the origin of snatched away from his affections by alphabetical writing to the Egyp- a premature death. But, when it was tians; and itrenuoully maintains, that too late for forrow and anxiety to the Quran-Outang is a class of the avail, the afficted father ftifled the human species, and that his want of emotions of nature in bis breast, and speech is merely accidental. He also wound up the energies of his soul to endeavours io establish the reality of the firmeft tone of stoical fortitude. the existence of Mermaids, and other He was, in like manner, hereaved of fictitious animals. He was induced to his excellent lady, the object of his undertake another work, for the pur. dearest tenderneis; and he endured pofe of defending the cause of Gre- the loss with a fimilar firmness, fitted cian Philosophy; and published, in 5 to do honour either to philosophy or vols. 4to. just completed in a 6th, a to religion. In addition to his office work entitled, “ Antient Metaphy- as a Judge in the Court of Seffion, fics,” which, like the other, is re an offer was made to him of a feat in markable for a surprising mixture of the Court of Justiciary. But, though erudition and genius, with the most the emoluments of this would have absurd whim and conceit.
made a convenient addition to his