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State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals,

and of Farenheit’s THERMOMETER in the open air, taken in the morning before fun-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from Oétober ist to 31st, in the vicinity of Edinburgh.

Weather.

M. 4

8 55

M

9 18

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10 26

46

53

Sa. 9.

42

48

29 02 29 481 29.781

W. 13. Th. 14 Fr. 15

High Water at LEITN.
for.NOVEMBER 1799.
(From the Edinburgh

Almanack)

Morn. Even•
Days. H. M. H. M.
F. I. 5 33 6 5
Sa. 2. 6 35 7 5
Su. 3. 7 33

8 2
8 28
T.
5.

9 42
W. 6. 10

4
Th. 7. 10 46.

II 7
Fr. 8. 1 I 27

IL 47

7
Su. 10. o 27

O 47
M. II.
I 7

I 28
T. 12
1 49

2 II
.2 33

2 56 3 19

4 9 4 35
Sa, 16.

5
Su. 13. 554.

620
M. 18. 6 47
T. 19. 7 38

8
W. 20.

8 28
Th.21. 9. 17

941
Fr. 22. 10 5 10 29
Sa. 23. 10 53
Su. 24. Il 43

O

9 0 36
T. 26. I

4 I 33
W. 17.
2 4

2.35
3 7 3 39

4 43
5 44

3.46

1

5 27

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7 12

1799. Barom. Thermom. Rain. O&t.

N. In. Pts. 29.355

38

50 2 29.15

0.2
3 29.16

43 55 0.15
4 29. 41 48
5 29.611 3849
29 571

0.3
7
20.425

4? 55 0.2
8

45 52

0.250 9

42 49 JO

35 49 0:04 II 29.5 44 -52

12 12

29. 52 57 0.04 13 29.4

42 55 14 29.251 42 50 15 29.555 42 Si 16 29.651

50 17 -29.741 32 50 18 29.639 29 19 29.51 44 20 29.6 43

50 21 29.251 45

0.125 22 29 252

47 23 295 37 50 24 29.5

50 25 29.675 43 26 29.5 33 27 29.9

50. 28 29.9 44 | 51 29 29.751 45 53 30 29.481

42

55 31. 29. 47 52

0.455

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Cloudy Rain Ditto Cloudy Ditto Rain Ditto Ditto Clear Showers Rain Showers Clear Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Rain Clear Ditto Ditto Rain Clear Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Raia

37

46

IT 18

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H. M.

First Qrir. 4. IT 21 morn. Full Moon 12.

I 51 aftern. Lati Qrır 20 II 37 norn New Moon 27. 3 37 morri.

Quantity of Rain 2.005

THE

THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

OR

LITERARY MISCELLANY,

FOR OCTOBER 1799.

FOR THE EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

The GLEANER, No. XII.

1

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As o'er the lucid waste of Greenland's snow
The lunar beams with ainber radiance glow,
The low brow'd rocks in misty grandeur rise,
And men are giants of stupendous fize,
In wild confusion blends cach gorycous hue,
Whose fairy brilliance fascinatis the view;
Through floods of dubious light, in vain we raise

The dazzled eye that wide at random strays.
GSBORNESE

IS BORNE's * descriptive poem, imagery and polished versification dif

termed THE VALES OF WEVER, fuse over the Botanic Garden, the
exhibits, on a smaller scale, the cha. peculiar defects of this species of com-
sacteristic beauties and defects of position are more apparent in this
Darwin's Botanical Garden. The poem, than in that splendid work.
diction is uniformly ornate, and finic. Pipe has observed, that pure descrip.
ally splendid ; the verification po. tive poetry is as absurd as a fealt com.
lished and correct, but fatiguingly pored entirely of fauces; and the aui.
monotonous; the flile impreslive and thor of the Heroic Epiftle to Sir
energetic, in numerous passages ; but W. Chambers seems to have dilated
as this energy rather proceeds from the same idea in the following paf-
the combination of words, than from fage, in which he comments on one
the originality of ideas, it foon palls of the sublime flights of the Orien.
and loses its effect upon the mind. tal Gardener, ... What is nature ?
As the measure is incapable of sup- ground, plants, and water.”
porting the majelty, which brilliant

For what is Nature ? ring her changes round,
Her three fat rotes are water, plants, and ground;
Prolung your pcal, yet spite of all your clatter,
The tedious chime is, ground, and plants, and water.
So when some John his dull invention racks
To rival Boodle's dinners or Almacks ;
Three nionitrous legs of mutton shock our eyes,

Three roated geese, three butter'd apple pyes.
The propriety of these expressions, by vague and indiscriminate invec.
which depreciate descriptive poetry tive, can never be allowed; neverthe-
Hh2

lese J. Gilbornc, Esq.

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less it is impossible to deny that no The poem is divided into three cantos-
other species of poetry becomes so -The first canto is appropriated to
cloying and mawkish when it is the description of mountain and
merely fupported by an artificial bril. woodland scenery; the effects of moon-
liance of verlification, and an undilo light, frost, snow storms, and mid-
tinguishing profofion of epithets In night tempeits, are delineated, with
the Botanic Garden the colouring the various aspect of the scenery,
is vivid, and sometimes glaring, but under the variations of the atmos-
often indistinct from excessive {plen- phere. In minute touches of descrip-
dor; the images are presented with tion, the author has more frequently
great vivacity and force, but their true succeeded, than in delineating the
natural proportions are often facrifi- outline and expreffing the general
ced. If we may borrow an expression effect of the scene which he endea-
from painting, there is a general de vours to represent. We traverse che
ficiency of shade, the eye finds no re Vales of Wever, we climb the steeps
lief, the contour of ojects is injured of the hills, we perambulate the
by their own luitre, and by that of the wo dlands, and descend over the flop.
bodies by which they are surrounded. ing lawns; but the scene never ex.
The art empl yed in the composition pands before us in its just propor-
is continually obtruded on the mind tions, and our attention is equally
by the oftentatious ditplay of beau attracted by the minutelt objects and
ties, and, like a series of witticisms, by the most important. When objects
foon palls, and becomes tiresome. In are described with all the exactness
the Vales of Wever these defects are and precision of the naturalist, they
apparent, though mingled with nu. feldom figure in our minds, accord.
merous beauties; for though the ing to their true dimensions and in-
author, to use Sancho's expression, portance; the smallest impress us as
sometimes “ wants better breal than .forcibly as the greatest, and we are
is made of wheat,” yet he is often' often led to admire the most trivial;
content with the pure grain and sub- like the Swedish naturalist, Haffel-
ftitutes not chaff for that which is of quill, who is said to have turned with
the finest quality. The Vales of disgust from the mighty Pyramids
Wever are formed by the branches of of Egypt, to contemplate the ant hills
that elevated track, 'in Staffordshire, of the defart. Thus we may adopt
which is denominated the Wever Hills. the language of Gisborne himself :

Here as the filent orb of night
Silvers the crags with sacred light,
Pours through the gaping rocks her beams,
And sheds a glory on the streams,
Old towers and ramparts burst around
Inchantment walks the hoary ground:
Black shades contralt the illumin'd scene,
And horror frowns those dells between.
Pale o'er the woodlands moonshine glows,
And pale the lustrous deluge flows,
Kolls o'er the graves on Wever's brow,
While yellow vapour swims below.

1

In minute description of particular derable ability in selecting those objects the author has been much minute circunstances, and subrile remore fuccessful, and exhibits confi. lations, which paint objects to the

imagination more forcibly than common minds are impressed by the actual view. Thus :

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Next the tall ash, with airy grace,
Sweeps from the rock’s averied face,
Slowly expands her green attire,
And bids her pensile gems aspire :
While hollies spread their horrent screen,
And triumph in immortal green;
And many a tiine worn elder shoots,
The gray moss twining round his roots ;
Bofom'd in glonm yon birch displays
High o'er the bank her streaming sprays,
Silvers her.bark with flakes of white,
And glitters with unborrow'd light.
Round crags by rude concussions torn,
The rival of the berried chorn,
Clusters with crimson tufts her boughs,
And all the living coral glows.

Yon oak, whose tottering trunk displays
The tarnishid pride of other days,
Still wreathes his shatter'd head with green,
With charm of contrait aids the scene.
Oft have I linger'd to survey
That trunk with age

epamellid

grey ;
O’er his rent bark pale lichen bends,
And moss her folds of velvet blends ;
Where insect nacions range unseen,
And mine the arborescent screen;
Weave with nice skill the eider fold,
And cradle embryo young from cold ;
With what fell art the fpider spreads
His glittering (nare, mechanic threads;
Redundant meshes bright unfurls,

And round cach bud ingenious whirls. The fantastic appearances of the the luxuriance of spring. Where the ice columns formed by the incessant water trickles molt copiously down drappings of the cliffs of Wootton, the rocks, columns are formed, of are described with energy and enthu. considerable height, jagged and fluted farm. In severe winters these cliffs in a fantastic manner. Those of uniare beautifully glazed with a bright form thickness appear as elegant fupcoating of ice, through which, vari- porters to the impending shelves and ous species of moss and fern display canopies of rock.

Prone from these crags, high roof'd with snow,
Pellucid piles incelant grow;
Valt columns deck'd with frerwork nice
Glimmer on pedeit als of ice ;
The sun, the whelming whirlwind brave,
And seem to prop the penfile cave:
Indignant frost the rock surveys,
And eyes beneath the cryital glaze,

Green

Green foliage smile, and spangled Aling
O’er his pale ice che tints of spring.-
Spite of the tyrant, Flora spreads
With fern her moss embosom'd beds,
Beneath an icy mirror, weaves

A rich embroidery of leaves.
This canto describes the vale of woods on the sides, which are inter-
Wootton, which is copfined by fide. rupted with glades and tony pastures.
screens of wood and rock. On the There, as soon as the severity of win-
north it divides at the foot of a steep ter is part, the melody of the missel-
woody promontory into two distinct toe thrush is heard at the first break
dales, through one of which a small of day, and early in summer the
rivulet frets over a ftony bottorn, and mouse.ear scorpion grafs displays its
terminates in a tteep narrow channel. bright blue fɔwers, decorated with a
In the second canto, the sequeftered golden circle in the centre. The dif.
romantic valley of Northwood is de- ferent appearances of the summer and
lineated. It consists of a long wind- the winter morning milts are describ-
ing bosom overshadowed with steeped in a manner highly poetical.

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Qace more the morn with blushing rays
Steals o’er my Northwood's filvan maze,
Fringes her flowery meads with dews,
And loft unrolls her diftant views :
From her brook's vocal channel fteams
The curling milt in filvery gleams,
Through crowding alders smokes afar,
Swells from the vale, and melts in air.
Not fo when Winter's icy band
Whitens Britannia's shivering land;
Then flow the billowy vapours glide
And roll their lazy oceans wide.
Oft have I mark'd from Mathfield's brow
Her mist-embolom'd realms below,
While here and there a waving tree
Waded amidst the vapoury fea,
And Athborne's spire to distant fight,

Tower'd like a naft in dubious light.
The descriptions of the burning are extremely poetical, particularly
of furze, and of a Lapland Spring, the latt.

Their diamond arms the mountains bend,
The forelt's ice.girt arms extend ;
The torpid cataract displays
Cerulean curves of magic rays;
The ruliic on his lawns below
Shoves from his cor the melting snow,
Salutes the wond’rous change, and feems
To taste of life's diviner Itreams :
Breathes with delight the temperate air,
And views with half-lut eyes the boundless glare.

The

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