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But hear me further — Japhet, 'tis agreed,
Ask you what Provocation I have had ?
I grant it, Sir ; and further, 'tis agreed,
F. You're strangely proud.
P. So proud, I am no Slave :) So impudent, I own myself no Knave : 206 So odd, my Country's Ruin makes me grave. Yes, I am proud; I muft be proud to fee Men not afraid of God, afraid of me: Safe from the Bar, the Pulpit, and the Throne, 210 Yet touch'd and sham'd by Ridicule alone.
O facred weapon ! left for Truth's defence, Sole Dread of Folly, Vice, and Infolence ! To all but Heay'n-directed hands deny'd, The Muse may give thee, but the Gods muft guide:
Notes. From Terence : “ Homo lum: humani nihil a me alienum " puto." P.
Ver. 208. Yes, I am proud ; etc.) In this ironical exultation the Puet insinuates a subject of the dcepelt humiliation,
VER, 211. Yet touch'd and fam'd by Ridicule alone. ] The Pallions are given us to awake and support Virtue." But they frequently betray their trust, and go over to the inte. rests of Vice. Ridicule, when employed in the cause of Virtue, shames and brings them back to their duty. Hence the use and importance of Satire.
VER. 214. To all but Heav'n-directed bands] “ The fr Citizen (says Plata, in his fifth book of Laws) who does "" no injury to any one, without queftion, merits our ef. $ teem. He, who, not content with being barely just
himself, opposes the course of injustice, by prosecuting "! it before the Magistrate, merits our efteem vastly more. $ The first discharges the duty of a single Citizen ; but !! the o:ber does the office of a Body. But he whose zeal " ftops not here, but proceeds to ASSIST THE MAGISTRATI
Rev'rent I touch thee! but with honest zeal; tik
Notes. " IN PUNIHING is the mot precious blefling of Society. “ This is the PERFECT CITIZEN, to whom we should " adjudge the prize of Virtue."
- VER. 220. Ye Inse&s-The Mufe's wing shall brush yox all away:] This it did very effectually; and the memory of them had been now forgotten, had not the Poet's charity, for a while, protracted their miserable Being. There is now in his library a complete collection of all the horrid Libels written and published against him ;
The tale reviv'd, tbe bye fo oft o'rtbrown,
Bebold, my defire is, that mine aduerfary should write 4 book. Surely I should take it upon my shoulder, and bind it
Ch. xxxi. 35, 36. VER. 222. Cobwebs] Weak and light fophiftry againft virtue and honour. Thin colours over vice, as unable to By Hide the light of Truth, as cobwebs to fhade the fun.
as a crown to me.
All his Grace preaches, all his Lordship-fings, 224 All that makes Saints of Queens, and Gods of Kings. All, all but Truth, drops dead-born from the Press, Like the last Gazette, or the last Address.
When black Ambition stains a public Caufe, A Monarch's sword when mad Vain-glory drawsy, Not Waller's Wreath can hide the Nation's Scar, Nor Boileau turn the Feather to a Star.
231 Not so, when diadem'd with rays divine, Touch'd with the Flame that breaks from Virtue's Shrine,
-With that which follow'd Julius to the kies.
VIR. 228. When black Ambition etc.] The case of Cromwell in the civil war of England; and (x 229.) of Louis XIV. in his conquest of the Low Countries. P.
V8R. 231. Nor Boileau turn the Feather to a Star.] See his Ode on Namur; where (to use his own words) “ fait un Aftre de la Plume blanche que le Roy porte or“ dinairement à fon Chapeau, et qui est en effet espece “ de Comete, fatale à nos ennemis.' P.
Her Prieftefs Muse forbids the Good to die,
Yes, the last Pen for Freedom let me draw,
grave the broken staves and ensigns of honour. P. Ver.
239. Stair;} John Dalrymple Earl of Stair, Knight the Thistle ; ferved in all the wars under the Duke ** Marlborough ; and afterwards as Embassador in France.
VER. 240, 241. Hough and Digby) Dr. John Hough ihop of Worcetter, and the Lord Digby. The one an fertor of the Church of England in opposition to the false measures of King James II. The other as firmly attached
to the cause of that King. Both acting out of principle, and equally men of honour and virtue. P.
TER. 249. on the edge of Law:] From the summit of