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F. A Dean, Sir ? no: his Fortune is not made, You hurt a man that's rising in the Trade. 35
P. If not the Tradesman who set up to day, Much less the 'Prentice who to morrow may. . Down, down, proud Satire ! tho’a Realm be spoil'd, Arraign no mightier Thief than wretched Wild; Or, if a Court or Country's made a job, 40 Go drench a Pick-pocket, and join the Mob. ..
But, Sir, I beg you (for the Love of Vice !) The matter's weighty, pray consider twice ; Have you less pity for the needy Cheat, The poor and friendless Villain, than the Great? 45 Alas! the small Discredit of a Bribe Scarce hurts the Lawyer, but undoes the Scribe. Then better sure it Charity becomes To tax Directors, who (thank God) have Plums; Still better, Ministers; or, if the thing May pinch ev'n there--why lay it on a King.
Notes. Ver. 35. You hurt a mar that's rising in the Trade.] For, as the reasonable De la Bruyere observes, “ Qui ne: « fait être un ERASME, doit penser à être Evéque.” SCRIBL.
Ver. 39. Wretched Wild.] Jonathan Wild, a famous Thief, and Thief-Impeacher, who was at last caught in his own train and hanged. P.
VER. 42. for the love of Vice] We must consider the Poet as here directing his discourse to a follower of the new sys. tem of Politics, That private vices are public benefits. SCRIBL.
F. Stop ! stop!
P. Must Satire, then, nor rise nor fall ? Speak out, and bid me blame no Rogues at all..
F. Yes, strike that Wild, I'll justify the blow.
P. Strike? why the man was hang'd ten years ago : Who now that obsolete Example fears ?
56 Ev’n Peter trembles only for his Ears.
F. What always Peter ? Peter thinks you mad,
P. As S---k, if he lives, will love the PRINCE.
P. Do I wrong the Man ?
Notes. Ver. 57. Ev'n Peter trembles only for his ears.] Peter had, the year before this, narrowly escaped the Pillory for forgery: and got off with a severe rebuke only from the bench. P.
Ver. 65. Scarb'row] Earl of; and Knight of the Garter, whose personal attachments to the King appeared from his fteddy adherence to the royal intereit, after his resig. nation of his great employment of Master of the Horse ; and whose known honour and virtue made him esteemed by all parties. P.
VER. 66. Elber's peaceful grove,] The house and garo
The Scene, the Master, opening to my view, .
Ev’n in a Bishop I can spy Desert; . no
Manners with Candour are to Benfon giv'n,
But does the Court a worthy Man remove ?
VER. 67. Kent and Nature) Means no more than art and natare. And in this consists the compliment to the Artist.
VER. 71. Secker is decent] These words (like those y 135. of the first Dialogue) are another instance of the mafignity of the public judgment. The Poet thought, and not without reason, that they conveyed a very high idea of the worthy person to whom they are applied ; to be DECENT (or to become every itation of life in which a 'man is placed) being the nobleł encomium on his wisdom and virtue. It is the very topic he employs in speaking of a favourite friend, one he most esteemed and loved,
Noble and young, who frikes the heart,
With ev'ry Sprightly, ev'ry DECENT part. The word in both places implying every endowment of the heart. As in that celebrated verse of Horace, from whence the expression was taken, aud which no one has a better right to apply to himself than this excellent prelate :
Quid verum atque DECENS curo et rogo; et omnis in hoc fum. So that to be decent is to excell in the moral character.
I fhun his Zenith, court his mild Decline;
80 Compar'd, and knew their gen’rous End the fame: How pleasing ATTERBURY's softer hour! .. How Thind the Soul, unconquer'd in the Tow'r!
NOTES. Ver. 77. Sommers) John Lord Sommers died in 1716. He had been Lord Keeper in the reign of William III. who took from him the seals in 1700. The author had the honour of knowing him in 1706. A faithful, able, and incorrupt minister; who, to the qualities of a consummate statesman, added those of a man of Learning and Politeness. P. .
Ibid Halifax] A peer, no less distinguished by his love of letters than his abilities in Parliament. He was disgraced in 1710, on the Change of Q. Anne's ministry. P. - Ver. 79. Shrewsbury,] Charles Talbot, Duke of Shrewsbury, had been Secretary of fate, Embassador in France, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Chamberlain, and Lord Treasurer. He several times quitted his employments, and was often recalled. He died in 1718. P.
Ver. 80. Carleton] Hen. Boyle; Lord Carleton (nephew of the famous Robert Boyle) who was Secretary of state under William III. and Prelident of the Council under Q. Anne, P.
Ibid. Stanhope James Earl Stanhope. A Nobleman of equal courage, ipirit, and learning. General in Spain, and Secretary of itate. P. .
How can I PULT'NEY, CHESTERFIELD forget,
Yet think not, Friendship only prompts my lays;
Ver. 84. Chesterfield] Philip Earl of Chesterfield, commonly given by Writers of all Parties for an EXAMPLETO the Age he lives in, of superior talents, and public Virtue.
Ver. 88. Wyndham] Sir William Wyndham, Chancellor of the Exchequer under Queen Anne, made early a confiderable figure; but since a much greater both by his a. bility and eloquence, joined with the utmoft judgment and temper. P. : Ver. 92. And if yet higher, etc.] He was at this time honoured with the esteem and favour of his Royal Highness the Prince..
Ver. 93. Still let me Say! No Follower, but a Friend.] i. e. Unrelated to their parties, and attached only to their perfons.