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And hail her passage to the Realms of Reft,
F. Why so ? if Satire knows its Time and Place,
Notes. She died in 1737. Her death gave occasion, as is observed above, to many indiscreet and mean performances unworthy of her memory, whose last moments manifested the utmost courage and resolution. P.
How highly our Poet thought of that truly great personage may be seen by one of his letters to Mr. Allen, written at that time; in which, amongst others, equally refpectful, are the following words : 56 The Queen shewed, * by the confession of all about her, the utmost firmness s and temper to her last moments, and through the course
of great torments. What character historians will al" low her, I do not know ; but all her domestic servants, “ and those nearest her, give her the best testimony, that « of fincere tears." · VER. 92. Immortal sok, and grave Demore!] A title given that Lord by King James IŤ. He was of the Bed. chamber to King William ; he was so to King George I. ng was so to King George II. This Lord was very kilful
Silent and foft, as Saints remove to Heav'n,
Notes. in all the forms of the House, in which he discharged himself with great gravity. P. ...in
VER. 97. There, where no Paffion, etc.] The excellent writer De l'Esprit des Loix gives the following character of the Spirit of Courts, and the Principle of Monarchies : " Qu'on lise ce que les Historiens de tous les tems ont dit r sur la Cour des Monarques ; qu'on se rapelle les con“ versations des hommes de tous les Païs sur le miserable “ caractère des COURTISANS; ce ne sont point des choses “ de speculation, mais d'une trifte expérience. L'ambi. * tion dans l'oisiveté, la basseffe dans l'orgueil, le defir de « s'enrichir fans travail, l'aversion pour la vérité; la fia. os terie, la trahison, la perfidie, l'abandon de tous ses “ engagemens, le mepris des devoirs du Citoyen, la crainte “ de la vertu da Prince, l'esperance de fes foiblesses, et “ plus, que tout cela, LE RIDICULE PERPBTUEL JETTE « SUR LA VERTU, font, je crois, le Caractère de la pla. " part des Courtisans marqué dans tous les lieux et dans « tous les tems. Or il est très mal-aisé que les Principaux “ d'un Etat soient malhonnêtes-gens, et que les inferieurs « foient gens-de-bien, que ceux-là soyent trompeurs, & " que ceux-ci consentent à n'être que dupes. Que fi dans “ le Peuple il se trouve quelque malheureux honnête. « homme, le Cardinal de Richelieu dans fon Teftament “ politique insinue, qu’un Monarque doit se garder de s'en “ servir. Tant-il eft vrai que la Vertu n'est pas le ressort « de ce Gouvernment."
There, where no Father's, Brother's Friend's disgrace
And at a Peer or Peeress, shall I fret,
Who starves a Mother,
VER. 115. Cibber's Son, Rich] Two Players : look
A Fav'rite's Porter with his Master vie, . Be brib'd as often, and as often lie? Shall Ward draw Contracts with a Statesman's skill ? Or Japhet pocket, like his Grace, a Will ? 120 Is it for Bond, or Peter, (paltry things) To pay their Debts, or keep their Faith, like Kings ? If Blount dispatch'd himself he play'd the man, And so may'st thou, illustrious Passeran!, But shall a Printer, weary of his life, ': 125 Learn, from their Books, to hang himself and Wife? This, this, my Friend, I cannot, must not bear ; Vice thus abus'd, demands a Nation's care : -This calls the Church to deprecate our Sin, And hurls the Thunder of the Laws on Gin. 130
Notes. VBR. 123. If Blount] Author of an impious and foolish book called the Oracles of Reason, who being in love with a near kipfwoman of his, and rejected, gave himself a stab in the arm, as pretending to kill himself, of the consequence of which he really died. P..
VER. 124. Palleran!] Author of another book of ihe same stamp, called A pbilosophical discourse on death, being a defence of suicide.
Ver. 125. But shall a Printer, etc.) A Fact that happened in London a few years paft. The unhappy man left behind him a paper justifying his action by the reasonings of some of these authors P. · VER. 129. This calls toe Church to deprecate our Sir, Alluding to the forms of prayer, composed in the times of public calamity ; where the fault is generally laid upon the People.
Ver. 130. Gix.] A spirituous liquor, the exorbiace
Let modeft Foster, if he will, excell line
VER, 131. Let modeft Foster,] This confirms an obfervation which Mr. Hobbes made long ago, That there be very few Bishops that act a fermon so well, as divers Presbyterians and fanatic Preachers can do. Hift. of Civ. Wars. p. 62. SCRIBL.
Ver. 134. Landaffe] A poor Bishoprick in Wales, as poorly supplied. P.
Ver. 135. Let humble ALLEN with an aukward Shame, Do good by fealth, and blush to find it Fame.] The true Character of our Author's moral pieces, considered as a Supplement to human laws (the force of which they have defervedly obtained) is, that his praise is always delicate, and his reproof never misplaced : and therefore the firft not reaching the bead, and the latter too sensibly touching the heart of his vulgar readers, have made him censured as a cold Panegyrift, and a caustic Satirist; whereas, indeed, he was the warmelt friend, and the mott placable
The lines above have been commonly given as an instance of this ungenerous backwardness in doing justice to merit. And, indeed, if fairly given, would bear hard upon the Author, who believed the person here celebrated to be one of the greatest characters in private life that ever was ; aud known by him to be, in fact, all, ang