Quicksand: America's Pursuit of Power in the Middle East

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Penguin, 01.04.2010 - 720 Seiten
An unprecedented history of our involvement in the Middle East that traces our current quandaries there-in Iraq, Israel, Iran, Afghanistan, and elsewhere-back to their roots almost a century ago.

Geoffrey Wawro approaches America's role in the Middle East in a fundamentally new way-by encompassing the last century of the entire region, rather than focusing narrowly on a particular country or era. The result is a definitive and revelatory history whose drama, tragedy, and rich irony he relates with unprecedented verve. Wawro combed archives in the United States and Europe and traveled the Middle East to unearth new insights into the hidden motivations, backroom dealing, and outright espionage that shaped some of the most tumultuous events of the last one hundred years. Wawro offers piercing analysis of iconic events from the birth of Israel to the death of Sadat, from the Suez crisis to the energy crisis, from the Six-Day War to Desert One, from Iran-contra to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and the rise of al- Qaeda. Throughout, he draws telling parallels between America's past mistakes and its current quandaries, proving that we're in today's muddle not just because of our old errors, but because we keep repeating those errors.

America has juggled multiple commitments and conflicting priorities in the Middle East for nearly a century. Strands of idealism and ruthless practicality have alternated- and sometimes run together-in our policy. Quicksand untangles these strands as no history has done before by showing how our strategies unfolded over the entire century and across the entire region. We've persistently misread the intentions and motivations of every major player in the region because we've insisted on viewing them through the lens of our own culture, hopes, and fears. Most administrations since Eisenhower's have adopted their own "doctrine" for the Middle East, and almost every doctrine has failed precisely because it's a doctrine-a template into which events on the ground refuse to fit. Geoffrey Wawro's peerless and remarkably lively history is key to understanding our errors and the Middle East-at last- on its own terms.
 

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Inhalt

THE SHAH NOW LISTENS TO SAVAK MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE
ANTIAMERICANISM HAS SPREAD AND INTENSIFIED
CARTER AND KHOMEINI
HES A DEFECTIVE PERSONALITY
RIFTS IN THE CARTER ADMINISTRATION
THINKING THE UNTHINKABLE
NO COUP WOULD SUCCEED
ALL OUR INVESTMENT IN AN INDIVIDUAL RATHER THAN A COUNTRY CAME TO NAUGHT

ESTABLISH TEL AVIV IN A MER ICA
THE NAZI RISE TO POWER AND ITS IMPACT ON PALESTINE
WE HAVE TAKEN THEIR COUNTRY
THE PALESTINIANS AND THE AXIS
JEWISH TERRORISM
THE REALLY DANGEROUS PEOPLE
WAHHABISM
IBN SAUD
PROTECTING THE PURITY OF ISLAM
THE END OF THE CALIPHATE
THE BIRTH OF SAUDI ARABIA
THE SAUDIS STRIKE IT RICH
HOSTAGES TO FORTUNE
IBN SAUDS FAIRY GODMOTHER
THE CENTER OF GRAVITY OF WORLD OIL PRODUCTION
THE GREAT OIL PUDDLE EXPANDS
IF ONLY ALLAH HAD NOT DRENCHED OUR LANDS IN OIL
OILISM IS THE EVIL IN THE WORLD TODAY
MAKE SAUD THE GREAT GOOKETY GOOK OF THE MUSLIM WORLD
ON GREAT BITTER LAKE
AMERICAS ISRAEL LOBBY TAKES SHAPE
THE TRUMAN TOUCH
MARTIAL LAW
PALESTINE AND THE US ELECTIONS OF 1948
PEOPLE IN STATE ARE BITCHING THINGS UP
THE UNS FIRST GREAT TEST
TRUMAN PRESSURES THE UN
THE PARTITION OF PALESTINE
KILL THE JEWS
MAKE THE ARABS TREK
THE STATE OF ISRAEL IS BORN
TRUM AN DEFIES THE STRIPEDPANTS BOYS IN THE STATE DEPARTMENT
WAR
REFUGEES IN A US ELECTION YEAR
THE PALESTINIAN REFUGEE PROBLEM EMERGES
THE BERNADOTTE PLAN
THE STERN GANG KILLS BERNADOTTE
THE SPOILS OF WAR
TRUM AN S LAST STAND
THE COLD WAR IN IRAN
LONDONS CASH COW
MOSADDEQ
MOSADDEQ NATIONALIZES ANGLOIRANIAN AND BRITAIN APPEALS TO THE UN
AMERICAN DOUBTS
THE RETURN OF MOSADDEQ
EISENHOWER PONDERS A COUP
WASHINGTON TAKES CHARGE
THE LAST ACT OF FIGARO
AJAX
THE FREE OFFICERS REVOLT
COLONEL NASSER
PROJECT FAT FUCKER
NASSERISM
TOWARD THE UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC
THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD
LIQUIDATING CAPITALISM
THE ISRAEL LOBBY INTERVENES
A HEAD FOR AN EY E
THE BIRTH OF AIPAC
THE BAGHDAD PACT
BRITAIN LEAVES EGYPT
NASSER IS A COMPLETE STUMBLING BLOCK
THE SUEZ CRISIS
ANTHONY EDEN S MOMENT
THE RISE OF THE IDF
OPERATION MUSKETEER
MOUNTING THE ROSTRUM OF SHAME
DULLESS MOST AGONIZING DAY
THE SHOCKING RECORD OF NASSER NIXON AND DULLES
WHOS THE ENEMY?
THE KHRUSHCHEVBULGANIN ULTIMATUM
THE RUN ON THE POUND
MACMILLANS REVOLT
THE WEASELS WERE AT WORK AGAIN
THE DEATH KNELL OF GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE
ISRAEL WINS
PERPETUATING FEUDAL DESPOTISM
EATING DIRT IN BERMUDA
THE IRAQ COUP
CRISIS IN LEBANON
CHAMOUN STEALS THE ELECTION OF 1957
OPERATION BLUE BAT
THE EISENHOWER DOCTRINE IS DEAD
NASSER REHABILITATED
NASSERS VIETNAM
SOLVING THE ISRAELIPALESTINIAN QUESTION?
ISRAELS BREAKTHROUGH TO MILITARY PREDOMINANCE
ISRAEL MUST BE STOPPED
US VULNERABILITY IN THE MIDDLE EAST
THERE HAS TO BE A POLICY FOR THE MIDDLE EAST
NASSERS GAMBLE
ISRAEL MOBILIZES
UNLEASH THE ISRAELIS LIKE A SHERIFF IN HIGH NOON
NASSERS BIG LIE
AMERICA IS NOW THE NUMBER ONE ENEMY OF THE ARABS
A CONTINUOUS UNFOLDING OF SURPRISES
ATTACK ON THE USS LIBERTY
NONE OF THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES WILL BE GIVEN BACK EVER
WEVE BEEN GIVEN A GOOD DOWRY BUT IT COMES WITH A BRIDE WE DONT LIKE
NASSER IS PART OF A DREAMWORLD OF ARAB GREATNESS
THE FILLING IN THE SANDWICH IS PURE KOSHER
WE HAVE TURNED AWAY FROM GOD AND GOD HAS TURNED AWAY FROM US
ARE YOU BUILDING A DEMOCRACY OR AN ARMED EMPIRE?
AMERICAN WORRIES ABOUT SAUDI ARABIA
PROTECT ME
REDEEMING ISRAELS NARROW HIPSSETTLEMENT POLICY
WEAPONS SUPPLY IS THE GUTS OF THE USISRAELI RELATIONSHIP
THE YOM KIPPUR WAR
THE OIL WEAPON
KISSINGER WALKS A TIGHTROPE
THEY CANT DO THAT HENRY THEY CANT DO THAT TO US AGAIN
WORLD WAR III?
MY JOB IS TO SERVE THE INTERESTS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY
TAMING THE MADMEN OF THE MIDDLE EAST
REZA KHAN
THE SHAH OF IRAN
THE NIXON DOCTRINE AND THE IRANIAN MILITARY
AN ISLAND OF STABILITY?
ROOTS OF THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION
THE SHAH IS NO LONGER WILLING TO PLAY THE ROLE OF AMERICAN SATELLITE
WE DONT WANT DEMOCRACY AS YOU HAVE IT IN THE WEST
SEIZING THE DEN OF SPIES
KHOMEINIS ISLAMIC REPUBLIC
ECONOMICS IS FOR DONKEYS
THE HOSTAGE CRISIS
DESERT ONE
A CONFRONTATION STATE IS BORN
THE SAUDI ANGLE
DRAW THE SOVIETS INTO THE AFGHAN TRAP
THE SOVIET INVASION
THE CARTER DOCTRINE
PROBLEMS WITH PAKISTAN
OSAMA BIN LADEN APPEARS
CHARLIE WILSONS WAR
YOU ARE CREATING A FRANKENSTEIN
BIN LADEN TAKES AIM AT AMERICA
REAGANS RABI D RIGHT AND THE JIHAD
YOU SEE WHAT OSAMA IS DOING
THE IRANIRAQ WAR
REAGAN S SUPPORT FOR SADDAM HUSSEIN
IRANCONTRA
BUSH 41
WOLFOWITZ SOUNDS THE ALARM ON IRAQ
SADDAM TAKES AIM AT KUWAIT
SADDAM INVADES KUWAIT
WE NEED AN OBJECTIVE
CENTCOM
OPERATION DESERT SHIELD
CONGRESS VOTES FOR WAR
THE COALITION FORMS
WE WILL TURN IRAQ INTO A WEAK AND BACKWARD COUNTRY
OPERATION INSTANT THUNDER
THE GREAT SCUD HUNT
KHAFJI
COLIN I CAN T LET NORM DO THIS HIGHDIDDLEDIDDLE UPTHEMIDDLE PLAN
CHENEYS WESTERN EXCURSION
POWELL LACKS THE STOMACH FOR WAR
THE GOOD LORD HAS A WAY OF TAKING CARE OF DRUNKEN SAILORS AND PISSEDOFF MARINES
LIKE A BEAGLE CHASING A RABBIT
HIGH WAY OF DEATH
YOU HAVE GOT TO BE SHITTING ME WHY A CEASEFIRE NOW?
AND NOW WE HAVE SADDAM HUSSEIN STILL THERETHE MAN THAT WREAKED THIS HAVOC UPON HIS NEIGHBORS
MR PRESIDENT I KNOW WHAT YOU WANT I JUST DON T SEE HOW ITS GOING TO HAPPEN
HAD WE TAKEN ALL OF IRAQ WE WOULD HAVE BEEN LIKE THE DINOSAUR IN THE TAR PIT
BIN LADENS RESURGENCE
SUDAN
JIHAD AGAINST AMERICA?
BIN LADEN WAS ONE OF HUNDREDS OF THINGS TO WORRY ABOUT
BIN LADEN FLEES TO AFGHANISTAN
THE TALIBAN
THROW REASON TO THE DOGS IT STINKS OF CORRUPTION
KHOBAR TOWERS
KILL THE AMERICANS AND THEIR ALLIES
THE MOST DANGEROUS NONSTATE TERRORIST ACTOR IN THE WORLD TODAY
WHAT YOU ARE DOING NOW IS GOING TO BRING A LOT OF HARM TO THE AFGHAN PEOPLE
ATTACK ON THE USS COLE
BY FAR YOUR BIGGEST THREAT IS BIN LADEN AND THE ALQAEDA
THE BIG WEDDING
ALL RIGHT YOUVE COVERED YOUR ASS NOW
9II
DEATH TO PAKISTAN
TORA BORA
OPERATION ANACONDA
BUSH PUNTS
THE BUSH DOCTRINE
IRAQI OIL
IRAQ IS NOT AFGHANISTAN
PROGRESS IN THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM
PREPARING THE BAY OF GOATS
HITCHE IRAQ TO THE WAGON OF TERROR
THE OFFICE OF SPECIAL PLANS
THE IRAQI EXILES
THE WILSON AFFAIR
THE PERILS OF GROUPTHINK
SHARONS WAR
MEDIEVAL INQUISITORS CONVINCED OF THE EXISTENCE OF WITCHES
SADDAMS DETERRENCE BY DOUBT
THE POTTERY BARN RULE
HAUL ASS AND BY PASS
THE BIGGEST RISK BY FAR IS STRATEGIC
WE WILL IN FACT BE GREETED AS LIBERATORS
SCIENTIFIC WILDASSED GUESSES
TELL ME HOW THIS ENDS
DEBAATHIFICATION
FREEDOMS UNTIDY
THE ISRAELIS WON IN SIX DAYSBUT HAVE BEEN FIGHTING EVER SINCEFOR THIRTY YEARS
AMERICAN VICEROY
PASTING TOGETHER FEATHERS HOPING FOR A DUCK
MISSION ACCOMPLISHED
BRING EM ON
AHMED CHALABI AND THE EXILES
LET FREEDOM REIGN
IT IS BETTER TO BE DEALING WITH TERRORISTS IN IRAQ THAN IN THE UNITED STATES
ABU GHRAIB
IM A NEOCONSERVATIVE WHOS BEEN MUGGED BY REALITY
THIS IS A WAR AGAINST TERRORISM AND IRAQ IS JUST ONE CAMPAIGN
YOU HAVE ALLOWED THE PERSIANS TO TAKE OVER IRAQ
IRAQ 20
GENERAL DAVID PETRAEUS
WE HAVENT TURNED ANY CORNERS
INTRODUCTION
ZION
OIL
EXODUS
AJAX
NASSER
SUEZ
THE EISENHOWER DOCTRINE
A SIXDAY WAR
THE NIXON DOCTRINE
GREAT CIVILIZATION
DESERT ONE
JIHAD
SADDAM
DESERT STORM
911
ENDURING FREEDOM
INTO IRAQ
IRAQI FREEDOM
CONCLUSION
Urheberrecht

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Über den Autor (2010)

Geoffrey Wawro is the General Olinto Mark Barsanti Professor of Military History and director of the Military History Center at the University of North Texas. Wawro has hosted many programs on the History Channel and taught for several years at the U.S. Naval War College. He received his BA from Brown and his PhD from Yale, and he lives in Dallas, Texas.

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