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and contortions of contracted religious

bigots. You are supposed to stand on WHEN General Wells went to the

elevated ground, representing the power front he was accompanied by Presidents

and securing the interests of the whole John Taylor and George A. Smith, who participated in the councils and rendered

of a great and mighty nation. That important service among the men, be- many of you are thus honorable, I am sides exercising a most salutary influence

proud, as an American citizen, to ac

knowledge; but you must excuse me, my upon the enemy through communications which passed between them and certain

dear sir, if I cannot concede with you officers of the army. The following let

that all your officials are so high-toned, ter to Captain Marcy has often been al- disinterested, humane and gentlemanly, luded to as a remarkably clear, cutting

as a knowledge of some of their anteceand salient exposition of the rights and

dents expressly demonstrate. However, duties of the opposing forces, and dis- it is not with the personal character, the

amiable qualities, high-toned feelings, or plays a keen appreciation of the situation, expressed in the peculiarly brilliant gentlemanly deportment of the officers literary style of the author:

in your expedition that we at present

have to do. The question that concerns GREAT SALT LAKE City, us is one that is independent of your perOctober 21, 1857.

sonal, generous, friendly and humane MY DEAR SIR: I embrace this the feelings or any individual predilection of earliest opportunity of answering your yours; it is one that involves the dearest communication to me, embracing a letter rights of American citizens, strikes at from Mr. Fuller, of New York, to you,

the root of our social and political exisintroductory letter to me, and also tence, if it does not threaten our entire one from W. I. Appleby to Governor i annihilation from the earth. Excuse Young; the latter, immediately on its me, sir, when I say that you are merely receipt, I forwarded to his excellency; the servants of a lamentably corrupt adand here let me state, sir, that I sincerely ministration; that your primary law is regret that circumstances now existing obedience to orders, and that you came have hitherto prevented a personal inter- here with armed foreigners with cannon, view.

rifles, bayonets and broads words, exI can readily believe your statement, pressly, and for the openly avowed purthat it is very far from your feelings, and pose of “cutting out the loathsome ulcer most of the command that are with you, from the body politic.” I am aware what to interfere with our social habits or re our friend Fuller says in relation to this ligious views. One must naturally sup matter, and I entertain no doubt of his pose that among gentlemen educated for generous and humane feelings, nor do I the army alone, who have been occupied of yours, sir; but I do know that he is by the study of the art of war, whose mistaken in relation to the rabid tone pulses have throbbed with pleasure at

and false, furious attacks of a venal and the contemplation of the deeds of our

corrupt press. I do know that they are venerated fathers, whose minds have

merely the mouthpiece, the tools, the been elated by the recital of the heroic barking dogs of a corrupt administration. deeds of other nations, and who have

I do know that Mr. Buchanan was well listened almost exclusively to the decla- apprised of the nature of the testimony mations of patriots and heroes, that there adduced against us by ex-Judge Drumis not much time and less inclination to

mond and others; for he was informed

of it to my knowledge by a member of litical demagogues, the interested twad his own cabinet, and I further know, dle of sectional declaimers, or the throes

from personal intercourse with members

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listen to the low party bickerings of po



of the Senate and House of Representa Buchanan, with Douglas, Cass, Thomp. tives of the United States, that there son and others of his advisers, after failhave been various plans concerted at ing to devise legal measures, hit upon headquarters for some time past, for the the expedient of an armed force against overthrow of this people. Captain, Mr. Utah; and thus thought, by the sacrifice Fuller informs me that you are a politi of the Mormons, to untie the knotty cian; if so, you must know that in the question; do a thousand times worse last presidential campaign the republican than the republicans ever meant; fairly party had opposition to slavery and po- out-Herod Herod, and by religiously exlygamy as two of the principal planks in patriating, destroying, or killing a hun. their platform. You may know, sir, that dred thousand innocent American citi. Utah was picked out, and the only Ter zens, satisfy a pious, humane, patriotic ritory excluded from a participation in feeling of their constituents; take the pre-emption rights to land. You may wind out of the sails of the republicans, also be aware that bills were introduced and gain to themselves immortal laurels. into Congress for the persecution of the Captain, I have heard of a pious PresMormons; but other business was too byterian doctrine that would inculcate pressing at that time for them to receive thankfulness to the all-wise Creator for attention. You may be aware that meas the privilege of being damned. Now, ures were also set on foot, and bills pre as we are not Presbyterians, nor believe pared to divide up Utah among the terri

in this kind of self-abnegation, you will, tories of Nebraska, Kansas, Oregon I am sure, excuse us for finding fault at and New Mexico, (giving a slice to Cali being thus summarily dealt with, no matfornia,) for the purpose of bringing us ter how agreeable the excision or expa. into collision with the people of those

triation might be to our political, patriTerritories, not to say anything about otic, or very pious friends. We have thousands of our letters detained at the lived long enough in the world to know post office at Independence. I might that we are a portion of the body politic, enumerate injuries by the score, and if have some rights as well as other people, these things are not so, why is it that

and that if others do not respect us, we, Ulah is so “knotty a question ?" If at least, have manhood enough to respect people were no more ready to interfere ourselves. with us and our institutions than we are Permit me here to refer to a remark with them and theirs, these difficulties made by our friend Mr. Fuller, to you, would vanish into thin air. Why, again

viz.: “That he had rendered me certain I ask, could Drummond and a host of services in the city of New York, and others, mean scribblers, palm their bare that he had no doubt that when you had faced lies with such impunity, and have seen and known us as he had, that you their infamous slanders swallowed with would report as favorably as he had unsuch gusto? Was it not that the admin finchingly done.” Now those favors to istration and their satelites, having which Mr. Fuller refers were simply tellplanned our destruction, were eager to ing a few plain matters of fact, tbat had catch at anything to render specious their come under his own observation during contemplated acts of blood? Or, in plain a short sojourn at Salt Lake. This, of terms, the democrats advocated strongly course, I could duly appreciate, for I popular sovereignty. The republicans always admired a man who dare tell tell them, that if they join in maintaining the truth. But, captain, does it not strike inviolable the domestic institutions of you as humiliating to manhood and to the south they must also swallow polyga- the pride of all honorable American citi. my. The democrats thought this would zens, when among the thousands that not do, as it would interfere with the re have passed through and sojourned ligious scruples of many of their sup among us, and knew as well as Mr. Ful. porters, and they looked about for some ler did our true social and moral posimeans to dispose of the knotty question. I tion, that perhaps one in ten thousand



dare state their honest convictions; and have carefully considered all these matfurther, that Mr. Fuller, with his knowl ters, and are prepared to meet the "teredge of human nature, should look upon rible vengeance” we have been very poyou as a rara avis, possessing the moral | litely informed will be the result of our courage and integrity to declare the truth acts. It is in vain to hide it from you in opposition to the floods of falsehood that this people have suffered so much that have deluged our nation. Surely, from every kind of official that they will we have fallen on unlucky times, when endure it no longer. It is not with them honesty is avowed to be at so great a an idle phantom, but a stern reality. It premium.

is not, as some suppose, the voice of In regard to our religion it is perhaps Brigham only, but the universal, deep unnecessary to say much; yet, whatever settled feeling of the whole community. others' feelings may be about it, with us Their cry is, "Give us our constitutional it is honestly a matter of conscience. rights; give us liberty or death.” A This is a right guaranteed to us by the strange cry in our boasted model republic Constitution of our country; yet it is on

but a truth deeply and indelibly graven on this ground, and this alone, that we have the hearts of a hundred thousand Amerisuffered a continued series of persecu can citizens by a series of twenty-seven tions, and that this present crusade is years' unmitigated and unprovoked, yet set on loot against us In regard to this unrequited wrongs. Having told you of people, I have travelled extensively in this, you will not be surprised that when the United States, and through Europe, fifty have been called to assist in repel. yet have never found so moral, chaste, lling our aggressors, a hundred have voland virtuous a people, nor do I expect to

unteered, and, when a hundred have find them.

And, if let alone, they are been called, the number has been more the most patriotic, and appreciate more than doubled; the only feeling is "don't fully the blessings of religious, civil and let us be overlooked or forgotten.” And political freedom than any other portion here let me inform you that I have seen of the United States. They have, how thousands of hands raised simultaneousever, discovered the difference between ly, voting to burn our property rather a blind submission to the caprices of than let it fall into the hands of our enepolitical demagogues and obedience to mies. They have been so frequently the Constitution, laws and institutions of robbed and despoiled without redress, the United States; nor can they, in the that they have solemnly decreed that, if present instance, be hoodwinked by the they cannot enjoy their own property, cry of "treason." If it be treason to nobody else shall. You will see by this stand up for our constitutional rights; if that it would be literally madness for your it be treason to resist the unconstitution small force to attempt to come into the set. al acts of a vitiated and corrupt adminis tlements. It would only be courting destration, who,

a mercenary armed truction. But, say you, have you countforce, would seek to rob us of the rights ed the cost? have you considered the of franchise, cut our throats to subserve wealth and power of the United States “their party, and seek to force upon us his

and the fearful odds against you? Yes; corrupt fools, and violently invade the

and here let me inform you that, if necesrights of American citizens; if

be sitated, we would as soon meet a hundred treason to maintain inviolate our homes,

thousand as one thousand and, if driven our firesides, our wives, and our honor,

to the necessity, will burn every house, from abe corrupting and withering blight tree, shrub, rail, every patch of grass and of a debauched soldiery; if it be treason

stack of straw and hay, and flee to the to keep in violate the Constitution and

mountains. You will then obtain a barinstitutions of the United States, when

ren desolate wilderness, but will not nearly all the States are seeking to trample them under their feet, then,

have conquered the people, and the

in same principle in regard to other properguilty of treason. We ty will be carried out. If this people


deed, we are



have to burn their property to save it to submit to be sustained by the bayo. from the hands of legalized mobs, they net's point. We cannot be dragooned will see to it that their enemies shall into servile obedience to any man. be without fuel; they will haunt them These things settled, captain, and all by day and by night. Such is, in part, the like preliminaries of etiquette are our plan. The three hundred thou- easily arranged; and permit me here to sand dollars worth of our property state, that no man would be more courdestroyed already in Green River teous and civil than Governor Young, County is only a faint sample of and nowhere could you find in your cawhat will be done throughout the Terri- pacity of an officer of the United States tory. We have been twice driven, by a more generous and hearty welcome tamely submitting to the authority of than at the hands of his excellency. But corrupt officials, and left our houses and when, instead of battling with the enehomes for others to inhabit, but are now mies of our country, you come (though determined that, if we are again robbed probably reluctantly) to make war upon of our possessions, our enemies shall my family and friends, our civilities are also feel how pleasant it is be houseless naturally cooled, and we instinctively at least for once, and be permitted, as grasp the sword; Minie rides, Colt's rethey have sought to do to us, “to dig volvers, sabres, and cannon may display their own dark graves, creep into them, very good workmanship and great artisand die.”

tic skill, but we very much object to hav. You see we are not backward in show- ing their temper and capabilities ing our hands. Is it not strange to what tried upon us. We may admire the lengths the human family may be goaded capabilities, gentlemanly deportment, by a continued series of opp ssions? | heroism and triotism of United States The administration may yet find leisure officers; but in an official capacity to pause over the consequences of their of enemies, we would rather see their acts and it may yet become a question for backs than their faces. The guillothem to solve, whether they have blood tine may be a very pretty instrument, and treasure enough to crush out the sa and show great artistic skill, but I don't cred principles of liberty from the bosoms like to try my neck in it. of a hundred thousand freemen, and Now, captain, notwithstanding all this, make them bow in craven servility to the I shall be very happy to see you if cirmendacious acts of a perjured degraded cumstances should so transpire as to tyrant. You may have learned already make it convenient for you to come, and that it is anything but pleasant for even to extend to you the courtesies of our a small army to contend with the chilling city, for I am sure you are not our perblasts of this inhospitable climate. How sonal enemy. I shall be happy to ren. a large army would fare without resour der you any information in my power in ces you can picture to yourself. We regard to your contemplated explorahave weighed those matters; it is for the tions. administration to post their own I am heartily sorry that things are so counts. It may not be amiss, however, unpleasant at the present time, and I here to state that, if they continue to cannot but realize the awkwardness of prosecute this inhuman fratricidal war, your position, and that of your compa: and our Nero would light the fires, and, triots, and let me here say that anything sitting in his chair of state, laugh at that lays in my power compatible with burning Rome, there is a day of reckon the conduct of a gentleman you can ing even for Neroes. There are gener command. If you have leisure, I should ally two sides to a question. As I be- be most happy to hear from you. You fore said, we wish for peace, but that we will, I am sure, excuse me, if I disclaim are determined on having it if we have the prefix of reverend to my name; adto fight for it. We will not bave officers dress John Taylor, Great Salt Lake forced upon us who are so degraded as City.


usually engage in a verbal game of "tit, government itself, for the economical RUSSIANS AND JEWS.

343 I need not here assure you that per "but doctor's mistakes are buried six feet sonally there can be no feelings of enmi under ground; a lawyer's are not.” ty between us and your officers. We “No,” replied Warren;" but they are regard you as the agents of the admin sometimes hung as many feet above istration in the discharge of a probably ground.” The advantage was with the unpleasant duty, and very likely ignorant doctor. of the ultimate designs of the adminis When disputing as to the comparative tration. As I left the east this summer, methods of their profession, Sir Henry you will excuse me when I say I am Holland said to Bobus Smith, ex-advoprobably better posted in some of these cate-general: matters than you are, having been one of “You must admit that your profession a delegation from the citizens of this does not make angels of men.” Territory to apply for admission into the The lawyer replied: “There you have Union.

I can only regret that it is not the best of it; yours certainly gives them our real enemies that are here instead of the best chance." you. We do not wish to harm you, or any of the command to which you be

RUSSIANS AND JEWS. long, and I can assure you that in any A Swiss writer, who has been study. other capacity than the one you now oc ing the condition of the Russian peasantcupy, you would be received as civilly ry, especially with a view to the discovand treated as courteously as in any othery of the causes of the wholesale local er portion of our Union.

persecutions of the Jews, has come to On my departure from the States the the conclusion that the phenomenon is fluctuating tide of popular opinion against neither religious nor political, but entireus seemed to be on the wave. By this ly social. The Imperial Government is time, there may be quite a reaction in about to issue a series of stringent measthe public mind. If so it may probably ures for the protection of the Jews and affect materially the position of the ad- the severe punishment of their ill users. ministration, and tend to more constitu- The writer feels certain that the Czar tional, pacific and humane measures. In and his government cannot amend the such

event our relative positions stupendous evil by mere repression and would be materially changed, and in- punishment. No cure is possible so stead of meeting as enemies, we could long as the Russian peasant-farmer class meet, as all Americans should, friends to remains in its present hopeless condieach other, and united against our legiti- tion. Throughout the whole of Central mate enemies only. Such an issue is Russia, with its great Russian populadevoutly to be desired, and I can assure tion of thirty-five millions—that is to say, you that no one would more appreciate one-third part of the Russian Empire

result to our present awk with nearly one-half of its inhabitantsward and unpleasant position than yours

the interests of the peasants must be truly,

John Taylor. made the first and foremost care of the

government, to the postponement of the

less important interests of the nobility LAWYERS and doctors, when they en

and the other great land-owners. The counter each other in a court of justice, question is one of life and death for the tat, too.” A New York lawyer, who was

future and prosperity of Central Russia cross-examining Dr. Warren, declared depend entirely upon the welfare and that a doctor ought to be able to give an thrift of the small peasant-farming class.

disease without making As it is, the main bulk of the taxes is “Doctors make fewer mistakes than

contributed by this poverty-stricken

class. the lawyers,” responded the physician.

Quoting the report of the tax

commissioners, the writer shows that the “That's not so," said the counsellor ;' peasants are

now annually paying in


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