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THE CONTRIBUTOR. I tributed to the veterans by troops of

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beautifully dressed little girls, members A MONTHLY MAGAZINE. of the Primary Associations. In the

afternoon a free matinee performance of JUNIUS F. WELLS,

“Queen's Evidence” at the Theatre, by
EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.

the “Home Dramatic Club," interested
the large audience of gray-haired men

and women as so many children. On Two Dollars a Year, In Advance.

the second day a grand social picnic was

given in Liberty Park. It is estimated Single Copy, Twenty Cents.

that ten thousand persons assembled

there. Tables were spread for the old SALT LAKE City,

JULY, 1882.

people and presided over by the ladies

of the Relief Society. The banquet was RESPECT FOR AGE.

a most bounteous and enjoyable one. The ovation tendered by the citizens Greetings of friends and the renewal of of Salt Lake to the Old Folks, on June friendships, after many years of separa28 and 29, was a glorious affair, cheering tion, cheered the hearts of many and the souls of many hundreds of weary made the day a truly happy one. After pilgrims and warming the hearts of thou- the feast came sports and the distribution sands with one of the noblest of human of prizes. Every worthy exploit or feat, sentiments-Respect for Age. This feel. | from foot racing over the measured ing is so indissolubly associated with course, to the peacefully living together self-respect, that such an expression of of a couple during the course of a long it as was witnessed on the occasion re lifetime, was rewarded with a suitable ferred to, distinguishes the people who prize. The exercises terminated, after participated as upright and virtuous, and all were satisfied, with the unanimous deserving the emulation and praise of verdict that the ovation was unparalleled the world.

for genuine pleasure and the care and It is doubtful if such a gathering of comfort which attended it. The citizens aged people, comprising so many in the of all classes contributed to the success decline of life, was ever witnessed before. of the occasion, by their means and atIt would be difficult to assemble so large tention to the wants of the aged guests, and harmonious a crowd of people in who thronged the streets wearing badges, any other community. The entire affair which were everywhere respectfully sawas unique and characteristic of no peo luted and recognized as a passport to the ple but those brought together and united | hearts, habitations and hospitalities of by the principles of truth and universal

the people. brotherhood contained in the Gospel of The committee managing this festive Christ. Truly the hearts of the children and unique gathering of aged people are turned to their fathers in this blessed consisted of gentlemen well known in dispensation of the fulness of times. the community. Their names will ever

The arrangements for entertaining the be held in honorable remembrance for eleven hundred old people, who had their efficiency, unselfishness and the reached the age of seventy and upwards, purely humanitarian sentiments which were very satisfactory and complete, re actuated them. They are: Bishop Edflecting great credit upon the committee. ward Hunter, George Goddard, C. R.

On the morning of the first day a grand Savage, Wm. Eddington, Wm. Naylor, concert was given in the Tabernacle, in John Kirkman, Wm. L. Binder. which the best musical talent of the City and several neighboring towns was en

IN MEMORIAM. gaged. Speeches by Presidents Taylor On the Twenty-third of July, Grandand Cannon and others were delivered, father Free, a veteran in the Church and and flowers and refreshments were dis.' honored ancestor of a large posterity,

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died, at his residence in Farmers' Ward. ored patriarch, a faithful father, a wise He was surrounded by loving relatives, counselor, a true brother, an unflinching who ministered to every want and eased friend and a consistent, honest man and the last hours of his mortal life, by deeds Latter-day Saint, he was as nearly perfect of kindness and attention which loving and without guile or selfishness as men hearts alone could suggest. He passed may hope to be in this world of temptapeacefully away, not fearing death, for tion and sin. his hope beyond the veil had taken away the sting of death and robbed the grave

THE UTAH COMMISSION. of its victory. No man ever died with a purer, more unfaltering faith in the vir On June 16 the President sent the tues of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. He nominations for the Utah Commission to expected when he left this life to receive the Senate; they were referred to the it again, and that his body, laid away in Committee on the Judiciary and reported mortality, would soon rise again incor back favorably, when the Senate conruptible and immortal. Among his last firmed them. The names are as follows: words he said: “The resurrection seems Alexander Ramsey, of Minnesota; Alvery near at hand to me."

gernon S. Paddock, of Nebraska; G. Absalom Pennington Free, the son of F. Godfrey, of Iowa; Ambrose B. CarleAndrew Free and Mary Pennington, was ton, of Indiana; James R. Pettigrew, of born in Burke County, North Carolina,

Arkansas, March 22, 1798, having lived during the Three of these are republicans and time of all the Presidents of the United two are democrats. Mr. Ramsey, the States. He removed early in life to chairman, is a staunch republican, who Kentucky, thence to St. Clair Co., Illi has been in public life for many years. nois, where, engaged in farming, he was He was born near Harrisburg, Pennsylprosperously located, when the Elders vania, September 8, 1815; received his visited him, bearing the welcome tidings, education in that State, at Lafayette Colof the Gospel as restored through the lege, and held several clerkships in the Prophet Joseph Smith. He gladly re political and State organizations before ceived the messengers of truth, and iden 1844, when he was sent to Congress and tifying himself with the Church, followed served two terms. He was appointed by it through its trials in Missouri and Illi President Taylor, in 1849, Governor of nois. With his large family he accom

Minnesota, then a Territory, being its panied the Saints under the leadership first Governor; he held the office until of President Young to Winter Quarters, 1853, and was Mayor of St. Paulin 1855. and in 1848 to this valley, where he has

Mr. Ramsey took a leading part in prosince remained. During all these years

curing the admission of the Territory he has been true and faithful, receiving into the Union, and in 1859 was elected ordinations to the various offices of the

Governor of the State, being re-elected High Priesthood, and being endowed

in 1861. At the expiration of his second with all the blessings pertaining to the

term as Governor, he took his seat in the new and everlasting covenant. His ad

U. S. Senate, to which he had been monitions to his children and their off

elected in 1863. He occupied that posispring have been given in the spirit of

tion until 1875, and was soon after called kindness and love, and confirmed by an

to the Cabinet of President Hayes as example of fidelity to principles of tem

Secretary of War. perance, virtue, truth and righteousness,

Mr. Paddock was born at Glen's Falls, such as is rarely met in the world. It

in the State of New York; studied law has often been said of Grandfather Free

and was admitted to the bar in his native that he came as near living every princi

town. He went to Nebraska in 1857; ple which was made known to him as

was appointed Secretary of the Terriany man.

All this we believe, and more than words can express, for as an hon

tory in 1861, holding that office until the admission of the State into the Union in

316

GENERAL SKOBELEFF.

1867. In 1875 he was elected a U. S. the Indiana Legislature, a Circuit Judge Senator. Like Senator Ramsey, he has and Professor of Law in the State Unihad experience in engineering a Terri- versity. He is about fifty-six years old, tory into the Union, which by some peo- and is said to have a high reputation for ple is supposed to be a chief qualification legal ability and literary attainments. for the office to which they are now ap James R. Pettigrew, of Fayetteville, pointed; it being supposed that the Ad- Arkansas, bas been a member of the ministration is more in favor of creating Legislature of that State, and was, until out of our Territory a republican State his appointment on the Commission, with officers selected from the minority, Journal Clerk of the U. S. Senate. He than in uprooting polygamy.

is a man of middle age, a lawyer by proG. F. Godfrey, of Iowa, is a republi- fession, and a democrat. can, about forty-two years of age. He These five gentlemen constitute the entered the army

a Lieutenant, | Utah Commission, with Hon. Arthur L. served during the war of the Rebellion, Thomas, Secretary of the Territory, as and was promoted to be Colonel of cav their Secretary alry. At the close of the war, he engaged Congress has voted them a salary of in the practice of law at Des Moines, Iowa, five thousand dollars a year each, and where for several years he held the of made an appropriation of fifteen thoufice of Receiver of Public Moneys, and sand for their immediate expenses. What subsequently acted as Assistant District their duties are, the lawyers and politiAttorney.

cians have not yet determined. As they Ambrose B. Carleton, of Terre Haute, have not yet arrived in Utah, and have Indiana, is a lawyer by profession, and a as yet done nothing, it perhaps is wiser democrat in politics. He was formerly to await developments before commenting a law partner of Senator Voorhees, and upon the labors before them or the at various times has been a member of methods to be pursued.

as

GENERAL SKOBELEFF. The life of General Skobeleff supplies Cabul in 1842 when sitting in his garden a striking illustration of the doctrine of at Bokhara, not knowing but that the heredity. He was a soldier born of sold next day he might have to share the iers. Not only is his father a general fate of Elphinstone. How he found of distinguished ability, but his grand time to read amid the exciting life he father rose by sheer force of fighting led is a mystery. After his dismissal capacity from the ranks to first rank as a from the university he was sent with a general in the Caucasus. From his youth regiment of the Guards to assist in supupward Michael Dimitrievitch was a man pressing the Polish insurrection. That was of war.

When only eighteen he took so in 1863, when he was eighteen. Skobeenergetic a part in some disturbances at leff returned with his regiment to St. the university that his attendance at the Petersburg, but soon sickened of the seat of learning was summarily dispensed sybaritism which is in vogue with guardswith, but not before he had acquired a men elsewhere than in Loudon. He mastery of several languages and an om could not stand the idle life of the "fine nivorous appetite for reading. There gentlemen of the Guard,” and he left were few better read men in Europe than their society for the Staff College about the general who made himself the idol of the time the Prussians were winning the the Russian army before he was three battle of Sadowa. After two years' diliand thirty. Wherever he went he car gent study he was sent off with a capried his books with him, and read, for tain's commission to the Caucasusinstance, the account of the massacre of where his grandfather had gained his

GENERAL SKOBELEFF.

317

laurels—the year before the Franco-Prus Lieutenant Greene, "he succeeded so sian war broke out. He was then a thoroughly in making himself one with youngster of four and twenty. The first

his division that his men responded to two or three years were passed in guer his thoughts as readily as the muscles rilla war in the mountains-a service obey the will. I doubt if a more thoruseful but uneventful. In 1873, when

oughly ideal relation between a general his upward career may properly be said to and his men has existed since the days begin, he was transferred to Turkestan,and of Cromwell.” took part in the famous expedition to His custom of wearing white, as if to Khiva as lieutenant-colonel of a Cossack court the bullets of his enemies, his reckregiment. No sooner had the Khiva less personal bravery, and the strange war been settled than the Russo-Turk custom of his of always "going into batish war broke out, and Skobeleff marched tle in his cleanest uniform and fresh off to Bulgaria without a command. underclothing covered with perfume, and

The story of his exploits in the Bul- wearing a diamond-hilted sword, in garian campaign included all that was order that, as he said, he might die with most exciting in the war which brought his best clothes on,” gained him the the Russian army within sight of the reputation of a wild dare devil, which minarets of Stamboul. From the day somewhat obscured his real capacity as when, “to show the stuff he was made a general. In reality they only showed of,” he swam his horse across the Dan how thoroughly he had divined that ube while General Dragomiroff was secret of power which lies in fascinating forcing the passage at Simnitza, to the the imagination as well as of appealing time when he could with difficulty be

to the reason of men. When he was restrained from marching into Constan sent to take Gæk Tepe and subdue the tinople as soon as the British feet en Tekkes many shook their heads, and tered the Sea of Marmora, he was the predicted that his impetuosity would be most prominent actor in the drama. He his ruin. So far from that being the became the legendary hero of the cam case he displayed the utmost caution, paign, and in the minds of the common acted with the greatest deliberation; repeople he almost monopolized its glories. fused to move from July to December, He was always in the forefront of the until he made all his preparations: and hottest battles; four horses were shot after he had carried, on camels to the under him in ten days, but he was only trenches, no fewer than one million wounded once, and after being in con five hundred and seventy-five thousand stant expectation of death for months he rounds of ammunition, to say nothing of returned home safe and sound. His several thousands of heavy shot and white uniform was to his soldiers like the shell, he laid siege to Gæk Tepe white plume of Henri Quatre at the and captured that hitherto impregnable battle of Ivry. “I have heard the sold- stronghold. He had ten thousand iers speak of him," says Lieutenant troops against forty thousand Asiatics, Greene, "as a general under whom they and he achieved the conquest of the would rather fight and die than fight and Akhal Tekke country with a loss of live under another.” They had often to nine hundred and thirty-seven die-sometimes fifty per cent. of his Only once in that campaign did Skobecommand perished, but he spared no leff display his usual recklessness. After exertion to minister to their wants and to the fortress had fallen he was riding supply their needs. His division was through the country with his escort when the best fed and the best clothed and he met several Tekkes. He asked who best armed in the army. He was always they were. They answered: “Friendly with them in the most exposed positions Tekkes.” “How can I believe your in the fight, sleeping with them in the word?” he asked again, “Tekkes never trenches and looking after all their neces lie,” was their confident response. “Well,” sities in the camp. In short says | replied Skobeleff, “if that is the case, I

men.

318

GENERAL SKOBELEFF.

most sorrow.

will send my escort home and will re While the body was lying in state in turn accompanied by you.” He was as the church at Moscow, surging crowds good as his word, and his trust in the paraded the streets, exhibiting the utword of the nomads was not misplaced.

The following brief de General Skobeleff was a Russian of scription of the first requiem services, the Russians. His life had but one seri held on July roth, before the removal of ous cloud, due to an alliance with one the body to the family burying place, was who was as cosmopolitan as he was Mus cabled over the globe: covite. The careless, impetuous and “Crowds have been to see Skobeleff's unguarded speech he made in Paris, re- body at the church to which it was transspecting the Eastern question, showed ferred on Saturday evening. The visithat he was singularly undiplomatic, tors were deeply affected and many eyes effusive and enthusiastic. In fact, his were wet. The little church was fragrant speeches in public have ever indicated with flowers and wreaths. Among the this. Five years ago he used to horrify most remarkable tributes was that of the the English war correspondents in Bul- Academie d'Etat, the major being over garia by discussing plans for the inva- eighteen feet in circumference, and decsion of India, being entirely uncon orated with ribbons of honor of St. cerned as to the effect of his utterances George, with the following: "Skobeleff, upon the most interested opposers to the Hero." Archimandrite Athanasius such a project in the world. He fully officiated, assisted by numerous priests. shared the national resentment against The Prince Dolgouriki, Minister of War, the interference of the congress of Berlin. and Counts Adelberg and Barenoff, and

The remarkable advancement of Sko all old comrades of Plevna,were present. beleff, in military prowess and in the At eleven o'clock, the mass of requiem hearts of his countrymen, led his great was celebrated. Skobeleff's family was est admirers to expect everything of him represented by General Tchernieff and in the future. One of these wrote, a Prince Belosseley, who received each short time before his death, as follows: fresh arrival. Troops lined the road to “He has a great career before him. It Rizan. A surging crowd of one hundred is not often that such enthusiasm is thousand people filled the streets. The linked to a stupendous military genius. roads were covered with human forms. If he should live twenty years more, he At noon, Grand Dukes Nicholas and will be commander-in-chief in the next Alexis arrived from St. Petersburg, and war about the Eastern question, and his were driven to the church, cheered by the tory will then speak of him as one of the people all the way. On reaching the five great soldiers of the century, side by building, Archimandrite said a few words side with Napoleon, Wellington, Grant and uncovered the body of the hero. 1: and Moltke.”

was placed on a bier and borne in sol. These brilliant expectations, however, emn procession to Rizan, followed by the were destined to disappointment. The Grand Dukes, all the generals, the Moshero of whom so much was hoped fell a cow military band, and Prince Dolgouprey to the universal enemy, Death, on riki and staff. Prayers were again said the sixth of July, dying suddenly of in the presence of an enormous crowd, heart disease, at the Hotel Dassou, Mos and the body being placed in a car recow. His untimely departure caused the served for it, the train started for Rizan. profoundest grief and disappointment

W. among all classes of Russians. The Czar wrote to the General's sister, as fol For affection, or the faintest imitation lows: “I am terribly overcome and of it, a man should feel obliged to his grieved by the sudden death of your very dog. But for the gross assistance brother. It is an irreparable loss to the of patronage or purse, let him pause be army. All will weep for him.

It is a

fore accepting them from any one.-Carsad loss to the country.”

lyle.

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