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THE JEANNETTE. I knew a boy who cured himself of a scientific character, as there is nothing longing to go to the Arctic regions by a in those remote and desolate regions to very simple plan. He read in the book tempt commercial enterprise-ueither inof an explorer, that if any one desired to habitants nor products. get an idea of what winter among the ice It seems almost unaccountable that was like, he should sit alone in a dark any youth who reads the adventures of coal-cellar for a few hours. Sitting there the survivors of the Jeannette should he would be able to imagine the gloom ever want to go into the Arctic regions, of the days: and a further effort of the but the ambition is a cherished one among imagination would enable him to add the many boys, and some of them would not bitterest cold to his sufierings.
abandon it even after a prolonged experi. This boy went into a coal-cellar and ment in a coal-cellar, or solitary confinestayed in it for several hours; he imag- ment in a large refrigerator. ined himself to be in the hold of an Arc One day was like nearly all the rest or. tic ship, surrounded by hummocks of board the Jeannette. At seven o'clock ice--and he didn't like it a bit. He aban in the morning, during the winter, all doned all intention of going to sea, and hands were called and the galley-fires the nearest he ever got to the Arctic Cir were lit; at nine, breakfast was served; cle was Bangor, Maine.
the hours from eleven to one were deThe survivors of the Jeannette arrived voted to exercise; dinner was eaten at in New York a few days ago, and what three, when the galley-fires were put ou! they tell is scarcely more than a repeti to save coal, and between seven and tion of thie now familiar perils and suf- eight there was tea. ferings of those who venture into the ice Only twenty-five pounds of coal a day bound seas. Their little ship was in the were allowed for heating the cabin; grip of the ice for nearly two years, and twenty-five for the forecastle and ninety then went down, leaving them to make a for cooking. The food consisted princilong and difficult journey to the wintry pally of canned articles, with the addicity of Siberia, Irkutsk. Some of their tion, now and then, of walrus sausages original number perished on the way, as and seal steaks. you know, and the fate of another boat's In the winter, of course, lights were crew is yet uncertain.
required at all times. Darkness reigned Familiar as the story of Arctic explor- day and night, except when the aurora ation is, it has a charm no less potent flashed its lovely colors up the sky. The than that which induces men to seek the men suffered in many ways from the cold, pole itself in the face of every discour and among others, with pains after eatagement and in defiance of every instinct | ing. The hours dragged along without of self-preservation.
interest. The ice thundered in the dark The survivors of the Jeannette, who ness, and the little ship quivered as if in landed in New York a few days ago, to pain. In many places it was twenty feet rejoin their friends after an absence of thick, and surrounded her in great hills. nearly three years, would, no doubt, be She was helpless in its clasp, and drifted willing to venture forth again, though to and fro with it. Sometimes the noise they have suffered so much; and like the and vibration were terrific, and the esfabled sirens, the spirit of the extreme quimo dogs whined with fear.
The ship North allures men into the frozen do- began to leak from the pressure, and main with inevitable fascination, while then the men found extra work at the visiting the greatest pains upon those pumps. who yield to the invitation.
It is a pitiful picture, this group of exThe benefits to be derived from Arctic plorers braving the Arctic night; poorly exploration must be almost entirely of a fed; chilled; ailing from blindness and
afraid to do his duty.
whose offence was
twenty-one months the ship was in the off, shaking his head ominously. We
They celebrated Washington's Birthday and the Fourth of July by decking in hot pursuit; but he and his companthe masts with flags. On Christmas eve an entertainment, and on Christmas day us, and when I saw them turn and run, a few luxuries were added to the ordiwritten out with mock pomposity.
But the voyage was lacking in inci- pected, and those on board had prepared “This part of the ocean is teeming with animal life, and navigable polynias are
The explorers in the Jeannette found few specimens, except bears, seals and
get bears, as they took to the water readily and so cut off their pur- | ship lay over on her side, and it was as if
But sometimes they closely aptured half-way up the gang-plank, where | pressed closer and closer upon her,
On another occasion, a mother and two cubs walked cautiously and wonderingly coming through the coal-bunkers !” he them, and the crew expected to bag all THE JEANNETTE.
295 frost-bite, and in constant peril-groping of them, but they managed to escape.
way about the deck and on the sur The mother-bear lay down once or twice rounding ice in the cold of death, and as if wounded, but she rose again and waiting for the long-hidden sun to come
drove her cubs before her, and showed again. Yet they were of good heart. impatience when they moved slowly; There were no bickerings among them,
Some foxes were also seen. They seemed no embittering jealousies, no signs of in
to follow the bears as the pilot-fish folsubordination or discontent.
lows the shark, and the jackal the lion. The most touching thing in the record
The naturalist of the expedition, Dr. of the survivors is the consideration Raymond Newcomb, a young gentleman which each showed to the others. When
of Salem, Mass., was not impressed with one of them was crippled, he was unwill
the courage of the bears. ing to leave his share of the work to his
“Having read and beard much of the companions, and begged to be allowed
ferocious polar bear,” he says, “I can 10 continue, until the captain positively
never forget my feelings as on one occaordered him into the hospital. Among sion Mr. Collins (the meteorologist) and the whole number there does not seem
I approached two large ones which we to have been one who was not a hero, had discovered. not one who was petulant in suffering, or
I thought they were going to show fight. Cocking our pieces
we walked towards them, but when we The discipline was strict, but the conduct of the crew was so good that it was
were within four hundred yards one of
them turned and left. only necessary to punish one member,
“We got about one hundred yards profanity, during the nearer, when the remaining bear started pack.
immediately let go a shot each, which in-
ion soon distanced us. At first, I thought
it was going to be a fight for life between
The sinking of the ship was not unex-
went down. It was evident that she
could not withstand the pressure which
deck-seams cracked. Iron bars sprang
out of their sockets and danced like
rushed up from below. " The ice is
save the rush of the water; the ship was
the Jeannette'sss Minstrel Troupe”
nary dinner, the menu of which was
proached the ship, and one of them ven
it was killed
up to the ship.
settling fast. The boats and provisions others, Lieutenant Danenhauer and Dr. were transferred to the ice: she keeled Newcomb, safely landed, after much sufover until the yard-arms were against fering, at the mouth of the Lena River the ice and the starboard rail was under in Siberia. Capt. De Long's boat also water.
succeeded in landing, but his party, with “Just before the watch from our tent the exception of two seamen, died miswas called,” Dr. Newcomb, has written, erably while looking for succor. " I heard a noise which must have been The third boat has not been heard the ship as she went down. I looked out from, but there is scarcely any doubt soon after and she was gone, her only that she went down in the gale. requiem being the melancholy howl of a Courage is always noble, and we cansingle dog. Only a few floating articles not withhold our admiration from those marked the place.
who suffered so much and did their duty “Insignificant as the Jeannette was in so bravely in the Arctic seas, but when comparison with the ice, her disappear we count the lives sacrificed and see the ance made a great change in the scene. few survivors returned to us, one of them During her existence there was always partially blind, the others more or less something animated to turn to and look shattered in constitution, we wish the at, but now all was a dreary blank. high qualities which are necessary in
The story of the retreat is now well | Arctic exploration could be used in fields known. A heavy gale overtook the three where, though the perils may not be less, boats in which the party was divided, the recompense would be more adequate and during it they were separated. than it is ever likely to be at the long.
The crew of one boat including, among sought pole. - Pouth's Companion.
THE LOST COLONY. ALTHOUGH now consisting of little else | Danish Antiquarian Society at Copenthan barren rocks, mountains covered hagen, which go far to show that those with snow and ice, and valleys covered bold navigators discovered the coast of with glaciers-although its coasts are Labrador, and proceeding to the south, now lined with floods of ice, and fell in with the Island of Nowfoundland; chequered with icebergs of immense continuing their course, they beheld the size, Greenland was once casily accessi sandy shores of Cape Cod, centuries ble; its soil was fruitful, and well repaid before the American continent was disthe cultivation of the earth. It was dis covered by Christopher Columbus! It covered by the Scandinavians, towards is even believed that these Scandinavian the close of the tenth century, and a set adventurers effected a settlement on the tlement was effected on the eastern coast, shores of what is now known as Narrain the year 982, by a company of adven- ganseit Bay, in Rhode Island, and in turers from Iceland, under command of consequence of the multitude of grapes Eric the Red. Emigrants flocked which abounded in the woods, they called thither from Iceland and Norway, and the new and fruitful country V'inland. the results of European enterprise and But owing to the great number of hostile civilization appeared on different parts of savages who inhabited these regions, the the coast. A colony was established in colonists, after some sanguinary skir. Greenland, and it bid fair to go on and mishes, forsook the coast and returned :0 prosper.
Greenland. Voyages of exploration were projected The colony, however, continued to in Greenland, and carried into effect by flourish, and the intercourse between it the hardy mariners of those days. and the mother country was constant and Papers have been published by the regular. In the year 1400 it is said to
effect a landing:
and the very rocks were rent with the unexpected event took place, never had selves. Their fate, however, is a mysject. All which is known of this unfortunate people is, that they no longer exist. The ruins of their habitations and their churches have since been discove their eyes on a vasi, dreary, and monotoered along the coast by adventurous men, who have taken advantage of an amelior- | surrounding myriads of icebergs, extendation in the climate to explore that sterile | ing to the utmost limit of their vision. country, and establish settlements again on various parts of the coast; and also by missionaries, who have braved hard- | colonists, who had lingered on the stage ships and perils to introduce among the aboriginal inhabitants the blessings of panions, ali, of each sex and every age, civilization and Christianity. No other traces of those early European settlers THE LOST COLONY.
287 have numbered one hundred and ninety have been discovered, and we can only villages, a' bishopric, twelve parishes, speculate upon their fate. and two monasteries. During this period It would require no vivid fancy to of four hundred years, vessels were imagine the appalling sense of destitupassing, at regular intervals, between the tion which blanched the features and Danish provinces in Europe and Green
chilled the hearts of those unhappy land. But in the year 1406 this inter colonists when they began to realize course was interrupted in a fatal manner. their forlorn condition; when the cold A mighty wall arose, as if by magic, rapidly increased, and their harbors bealong the coast, and the navigators who
came permanently blocked with enorsought those shores could behold the mous icebergs, and the genial rays of the mountains in the distance, but could not
were obscured by fogs; when the During the greater
winters became for the first time inpart of the fifteenth, the whole of the tensely rigid, cheerless and dreary; sixteenth and seventeenth centuries,
when the summers were also cold and Greenland was inaccessible to European
the soil unproductive; when the mounwhole coast
tains, no longer crowned with forests, blockaded by large masses and islands
were covered with snow and ice throughof ice, which had been drifting from the
out the year, and the valleys filled with north for years, and which” at length glaciers; when the wonted inhabitants
waters of the coast, and of the woods and waters were destroyed changed the temperature of the atmos or exiled by the severity of the weather, phere, and
presented an impassable and their places perhaps supplied by barrier to the entrance in their ports of monsters of huge and frightful character. of miles from the land, was frozen to a The sea, at the distance It were easy to follow this people in
fancy to their dwellings; to see them great depth, vegetation was destroyed, sad, spiritless and despairing, while con
them as their numbers gradually diminish The colony of Greenland, after this through the combined influence of want
and continual suffering; to behold them any intercourse with their friends in the struggling for existence, and striving, mother country. They were cut oti from nobly striving
, to adapt their constituof the world. And by tions, their habits, their feelings, and
and unanticipated change their wants, to their strangely changed deprived of all resources within them
also doubtless circumstances, but all in vain; to behold
them gazing from their icy cliffs, with
straining eyes, to the eastward, towards is silent on the sub that quarter of the globe, so far distant,
where their friends and relations reside, in a more genial clime, surrounded with all the blessings of life, but compelled to rest nous sea of ice, a mass of frozen waves,
Fancy might even go farther than this, and portray the last of these unhappy
friend or foe.
continued for ages!
this sudden of climate
of life until he had seen all of his com
die a miserable death, the prey of want and despair. Poets have described, in
GIRL AND ENPRESS.
lines of beauty and sublimity, the hor received by the people with an enthusrors which may be supposed to surround iasm that even embraced her husband, "the last man;" but there seems to be a despite the rumors of his sinister characremoteness, and indeed an air of improb- ter and violent temper, that from the ability about the subject, which robs i beginning had threatened to make the it of half its force and majesty. But match an unpopular one. The Czaro here is an event which has actually witz apparently took kindly to this popuoccurred, and worthy of being commem larity, and when at Copenhagen mingled orated by the ablest pen in the land. freely with the populace. His bluff, Here, indeed, we may imagine, without soldierly way soon found favor, and offending probability, the wild horrors, when Dagmar's children, in little killed invading the very temple of reason, and suits and with dark hair “banged" over accumulating, until madness takes pos their foreheads, began to be seen about session of the mind.
Here we may
the park, at Fredericksborg, "grandlook for the reality of the fanciful pic- papa's” summer palace, the reconciliature, presented with so much terrible tion to the foreigner was complete. distinctness by poets. John S. Sleper. One of the causes that contributed to
the popularity of the Princess Dagmar GIRL AND EMPRESS.
was, perhaps, her name. Her father had The Princess Dagmar, as the Empress wisely given to all his children, except of Russia, is still called in the land of Alexandra, old historical Danish names. her birth, grew up with her sister Alex identified with the past of the nation. andra, now the Princess of Wales, at Frederick Christian, Valdemar, and the Danish Court with very modest sur Thyra, are all names that hold a high roundings. The Queen was an excel place in Danish history, and live in its lent mother, and sought to develop in songs and traditions. But of all the her daughters the woman in preference nation's great names, none is dearer to to the princess. It used to be said at the heart of the Danish people than that the capital that the princesses were made of Dagmar, the Queen of the victorious to help in making their own dresses, and Valdemar, and the friend of the needs that the furniture in their common bed and oppressed throughout the land,
covered with inexpensive whose goodness was so great ibat on her calico. A story of the näive admiration untimely death-bed, according to tradiexpressed by Princess Dagmar on being tion, no greater sin weighed upon her shown the wedding trousseau of one of conscience ihan sewing a lace sleeve on the noble ladies at court, and her longing Sunday. The people of Copenhagen, wonder whether she would ever herself | among whom the Princess Dagmar own “such handsome things, was told moved, liked to compare her virtues with with a touch of sympathetic pride by the those of the beloved Queen, and, at her people of Copenhagen, with whom the
departure for her Russian home, the two princesses were great favorites. servent wish followed her that she would Dagmar bad won her way deepest into prove in truth a veritable Dagmar-a the people's heart, however. Her sweet “harbinger of day” to the unhappy peodisposition, the winning grace of her ple wliose Empress she was some day to manner, and the perfect freedom with
become. The Princess Dagmar was not which she, like her sisters (and indeed a handsome child, her features being the whole royal family), moved among clumsy though pleasing; but she grew all classes of the people were well calcu into a very beautiful woman, like her lated to gain for her an affection, which sister Alexandra. In every print-shop followed her to her new home, and found in Copenhagen, pictures of her and her expression at her wedding in a score of husband, with their children, are for sale. ways that touched the heart of the prin. | The children have little of their mother's cess profoundly. At every subsequent looks, but bear a strong resemblance to appearance at her father's court, she was their father.-Selected.