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specialty was crayon portraits. A friend or pens to a cause their consciences
of mine employed him to execute seve could not espouse. But the opposite is
ral. After much vexation and delay, the true in too many instances.
pictures were delivered by the artist, who

B. F. Cummings, fr.
was "half tight” when he brought them
home, and who boasted of the superiority

SEED-TIME OF YOUTH. of his work in a manner that would have THERE is no harm in a certain modermade Falstaff blush. On investigation, ate and occasional amount of innocent they proved to be pictures made from a pleasure. But a young who has his own photographic negative by a chemical and way to carve in life, can spare neither the mechanical process, touched up with time, the strength, nor the expense of crayon in a manner that required but much social pleasure. In the country, comparatively little skill, and were vastly where the style of living is simple, one different from a really artistic "freehand” can get all the gayety he needs without crayon portrait, though, as likenesses, spending much money. We recommend they were well enough, and a novice to every young man who is starting in would not detect their inferiority. This life the most rigorous economy in exartist proved to be a dishonest, drunken penses; in clothes, food, and equipment. profligate, brazen enough to beg outright Young men usually do not take their for money from his patrons.

measures of economy from what they Soon after this I became acquainted can actually endure, but from what with a "bohemian” of the other sex. society around them is accustomed to She was a middle-aged maiden lady, who demand. “wrote for the papers” and contributed By far the greater number of young to a biographical cyclopædia. She had men have only their hands, their good written biographical sketches of many character, and their mother-wit for capiprominent congressmen and politicians tal. Success will require ingenuity, of the day, and was, in truth, what industry, and rigorous economy. The the Yankees call “a mighty smart practice of these qualities for ten years woman.” But she lodged in a back ought to put a sensible man on a good room in a retired boarding house, lived foundation, on which he can build an eneconomically, and spent her time at liter- during prosperity. But if a young man ary drudgery, in single loneliness. must have three or four “outings" a year; Strong-minded, ascetic, cynical, shrewd, if he must join various societies which and well nigh without opportunity of so tax his slender resources severely; if be cial enjoyment, I did not envy her. must be counted upon for parties, balls,

I have, at various times, met others of suppers, or drinking bouts; if he must this fraternity, and contact with them has pay for billiards and prime cigars, he will sadly blurred the halo with which my find uphill work to save enough to make boyish imagination once surrounded his mid-life and old age comfortable. them. I have found them to be, in most Youth may be the time for pleasure, but instances, without home, creed, or firm that is no reason why a

man should moral principle, often immoral, generally squander the best part of his life. Youth impecunious, profligate, ever ready to is good for pleasure; but is the very prostitute their talent for money; mem time, too, for learning, for work, for selfbers of a class to whom may be traced discipline. And pleasure itself does not many of the calumnies and slanders that

need to be peculiarly expensive. Do not have so retarded the spread of truth, and be ashamed to economize, no matter injured the Saints.

what the girls think, nor what the boys True, all “bohemians” may not be thus think. Build yourself up in intelligence described. Among their numbers may and sound morals. frequently be found men of principle, as Resolve that except the most imperawell as of ability, who would scorn to do tive necessities required for health and a dishonorable act, or to lend their brains strength, you will not spend a penny;

Where Rhine's clear winding water flows;

Nor drank from Sinai's sacred rills.
But I have stood amid the thunders,
When shook the towering granite height,

25 either for charity or luxury, except out of swallow up your individuality–hat, coat, your income. Earn your money before and boots. Do not eat up and wear out you spend it. The effect of this will be all that you earn. Compel your selfish to curb all expensive impulses, and body to spare something for profits saved. reduce your actions in the spending of Be stingy to your own appetite, but money to a conscientious rule. We merciful to others' necessities. Help believe that sixteen men out of every others, and ask no help for yourself. twenty that begin life poor, remain so to See that you are proud. Let your pride the end of life; but that every one of be of the right kind. Be too proud to be these sixteen earns enough, if it be lazy; too proud to give up without saved, to make himself independent. conquering every difficulty; too proud to

Foolish spending is the father of wear a coat that you cannot afford to poverty. Do not be ashamed of hard buy; too proud to be in company that work. Work for the best salaries or you cannot keep up with its expenses; wages you can get, but work for half too proud to lie, or steal, or cheat; too price rather than be idle. Be your own

proud to adopt any bad habits because master, and do not let society or fashion others practice them.

HOME. Thou who wouldst brave the bounding billow,

And caught the snowslide's whelming terrors To view the wonders of the world,

Descending on the wings of death. And magnify with blind devotion,

Oh! tell me not that grander tempests, The scenes in froeign climes unfurled !

Reverberate with louder roar, Hast never dreamed of nearer splendors,

On Jura's cloud-enveloped summits, Than beautify an alien strand?

Than on the Rocky Mountains hoar; Of rarer gifts of glorious nature,

That fiercer rolls the thundering lauwine, Bequeathed unto thy native land?

Than the snowslide's fatal thrall, Hast never thought, while rapt admiring

And lovelier the Alpine cascade, The distant starlight overhead,

Than the Wasatch waterfall. There may be flowers of beauty blushing,

Say not the shores of limpid Leman, Neglected 'neath thy careless tread?

'Their cultured charms unrivaled hold; Must home's fair visions be misvalued,

Lake Mary lies in yonder mountains,

A wildwood beauty uncontrolled.
Because the stranger's shores are bright?
Are forms of loveliness less lovely,

Nor praise the skies of soft Italia,
When grown familiar to the sight?

Where suns in glory rise and set,

Till thou hast seen them bathe with hrightness, Ne'er has it been

lot to wander

The matchless hills of Deseret.
O'er Orient sands or Alpine snows,
Or linger in the vine-clad valleys,

Sing not of Erin's famed Killarney,

Laud not the wave of Galilee,

For I have sailed the buoyant waters I ne'er have watched the sun declining

Of Utah's wondrous saline sea; Along the classic Grecian hills,

I've climbed her everduring mountains,
Nor pressed the plains of Palestina,

I've rested in her peaceful vales,
I've quaffed her pure and sparkling streamlets,

I've breathed her life-imparting gales;

And trembled where the vivid lightnings

Blazed on the angry brow of night; I've seen the headlong torrent leaping

From crag to cloven gulf beneath,

I love the land that gave me being,

Her features e'er shall seem to me,
More beautiful than boasted marvels,
Of all the realms beyond the sea.

0. F. Whitney.

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James Abram Garfield was born in

Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, on the A MONTHLY MAGAZINE. nineteenth day of November, 1831; his

father died soon after, leaving his family JUNIUS F. WELLS,

dependent upon their widowed mother EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. for education and support. This mother

was a heroic woman, who instilled prin

ciples of independence and industry in Two Dollars a Year, In Advance.

the minds of her children, and lived to

see their fruition in the merited fame of Single Copy, Twenty Cents.

her son, whom she survives, though SALT LAKE City,

eighty years of age. In boyhood, GarOCTOBER, 1881.

field worked to help support the family,

occupation which satisfies the energies JAMES A. GARFIELD.

of most boys. Not so with him; while The President died at Francklyn cot- doing his share in this respect, he longed tage, Long Branch, New Jersey, Sep to do more for his own ambition. From tember 19, at 11.35 p.m. He lingered the beginning, he wanted to be a scholar, for eighty days from the time he was and this desire stimulated him to success. shot, July 2. His life was preserved by He left the farm and took the tow path, the skilful nursing of eminent physicians because canal men received money for and competent attendants; though the their labor, and he required money to go nature of the wound, as proved by the to college. He entered Williams' Col. autopsy, was fatal. His heroic struggle lege, Massachusetts, in 1854, and gradufor life during all those anxious days, ated two years after. and the brave trust in the future, if life He returned to Ohio, and engaged in should not be spared, which supported teaching, soon taking the presidency of the distinguished patient, won for him the college of Hiram, Portage County, the sympathy and admiration of the His success in this calling, and the local world. His death caused the civilized esteem in which he was held, soon portions of the globe to mourn. It secured him the suffrages 'of the people humbled the nation of which he was of his county, who sent him to the State president, as the chastisement of “Himn Senate when he was twenty-eight years who giveth life and taketh it away.”

He worked his way in the The life of General Garfield was a re political world as he had in the private markable one. It abounds in those inci walks of life. He was a Republican, but dents that develop the noblest traits of not condescending to take the mean human nature. Faith, obedience, love, course to defeat opponents and gain a patience, perseverance,

living party advantage, usually characteristic principles with him, shining in all the of most partizans, he was not considacts of his life, and making it one of the ered the most zealous party leader. It best examples for youth to emulate, that was said of him, that his political sentiis found in the annals of illustrious men. ments were defined by the Republican His career is an abiding testimony of the party, but his patriotism, when it came liberality and equality of our Republi to acts, forgot party lines. Thus, while can institutions and of the power of his party would have him committed to a patience and perseverence in the achieve certain policy, if, when the time came to ment of worthy aims in life; for it shows act, some other appeared better, he was how the highest trust and place of con apt to be found compromising party for sequence in the nation could be deserved, principle. It therefore became a someand was gladly bestowed upon a son of what noted observation, that Garfield the people, that worked his own way was a more stalwart party man, on paper from obscurity and poverty, to eminence than in fact.

Hon. George Q. Cannon, in his ad

of age.


and power.



mirable tribute, paid to the President's York Senators, who were deservedly
memory, at the memorial services, beld rebuked for their opposition to the ad-
in the Tabernacle, September 26th, inti- ministration, by their State refusing to
mates that this characteristic would have re-elect them.
greatly modified his seeming unfriendli The assassin of the President claims
ness to our people—as indicated in his that this division of the party afforded
inaugural address—if he had lived to at him grounds for his murderous act. He
tempt carrying out measures against us. could see no union of the divided fac-
In regard to his attitude toward us, it is tions while Garfield lived, and the insane
a well known fact, that in all the efforts wretch, consequently resolved to take
of zealots in and out of Congress to

his life. On the resignation of the crush us, Garfield was opposed to them. Senators, the Cabinet members who had His acts of courtesy and service to our previously entertained varied and difDelegate, won from the latter a deep ferent views on the subject, became feeling of regard and confidence. When united, and on the morning of the assasGeneral Garfield visited Utah in 1877, he sination the President was congratulatmade many friends by his gentlemanly ing himself and the Cabinet on the deportment and apparent freedom from harmonious arrangement of all differthe common prejudice, which most visi ences and the prospects for a peaceful tors from abroad come laden with. This

and prosperous administration. may, however, be accounted for. He But the inscrutable providences of a was reared in the neighborhood where

Higher Power decreed otherwise for Mr. the Church had its origin, and was

Garfield. He is dead. The Vice Presifamiliar with its doctrines and with many dent, Mr. Chester A. Arthur, is Presifamilies connected with

our people. dent; and the former Cabinet may be This knowledge, of course, dispelled the supplanted by a new one any day. prejudice that would otherwise have The funeral of the President was a most probably warped his judgment, as very solemn and imposing one. The it is ignorance of our faith and practices body was taken to Washington and laid that lies at the root of the general oppo

in state one day at the Capitol. It was Besides this, he was a then conveyed to Cleveland, Ohio, where

small and unpopular on Monday, September 26, the last church, the Campbellite, many of the

services of respect were paid. Tens of doctrines of which are similar to ours.

thousands of people from all over the General Garfield was elected to Con Union were present.

The procession gress in 1863, and served nine terms. He and burial services were of the grandest was chosen in 1880 to fill the senatorial description suitable to such an occasion. seat at the expiration of the term of Sena- The body was interred in Lakeview tor Thurman, but before Congress met, at

Cemetery, and will be surmounted by a which he would have entered upon this

monument that the subscriptions of the office, he was nominated at Chicago, as whole people will erect to the memory of Repub lican candidate for President of

the great statesman, whose sorrowful the United States. He was elected by doom, filled their hearts with sadness,

over General Hancock, but whose cherished memory will remain the Democratic candidate. In assuming a lively incentive to vigorous and patrithis high office, and performing the otic action for generations to come. duties thereof, with his customary independence, he gave offense to certain Sen

WILLIAM C. STAINES. ators, particularly Roscoe Conkling, of AMONG the noble men that the Reaper

The difference between of Life's harvest has gathered home this them caused a split in the Republican season, one of the noblest was Elder party, and created great excitement William C. Staines. He died Wednesthroughout the land. It finally culmi- day evening, August 3, at his residence nated in the resignation of the New in the Twentieth Ward of this city. His

sition to us. member of a


large majority

New York.



funeral services were conducted by the Church until his death. He performed a
Stake presidency in the Assembly Hall mission, full of exciting interest, to the
Friday afternoon, August 5, when Presi Ponca Indians, in 1846, and spent about
dent Joseph F. Smith preached a power three years as a missionary in the Lon-
ful sermon on the Resurrection and Res don Conference, England. In 1863-4-5
toration, through the atonement of our he assisted in forwarding the emigrating
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, a single Saints from New York, and since the lat-
passage of which is as follows: "To ter year, until his release last summer, he
the mind that is illumined by the Spirit occupied the responsible position of
of Truth, there is no doubt as to the ex Church Emigration Agent, which he filled
istence of man in time and in eternity. with ability and honor. In that capacity
There is no doubt that Brother Staines he forwarded over fifty thousand persons
will be raised from the dead, and that you from New York to Utah Territory.
and I and every son and daughter of Brother Staines was not only a useful
Adam will be raised from the dead. God man, but he was one of the most com-
has declared it; angels have declared it; panionable and friendly that ever lived.
prophets have written it; it is recorded With all classes of men he had the won-
in the Bible, in the Book of Mormon, in derful power to make his influence for
the Doctrine and Covenants; it is in good felt. With young men he ever
scribed upon the hearts of those that seemed young himself, his cheerfulness
have received the Spirit of God. Every driving away all restraint from those he
soul that has a being in this world will approached, and winning their confidence
come forth in the resurrection from the and trust. The noble qualities of his
dead to live again.”

head and heart made him the valued Wm. C. Staines was born at Higham friend of hosts of people, old and young, Ferries, Northamptonshire, England, of all shades of opinion, at home and September 23, 1818. He received the abroad. He gained a name and fame Gospel at the age of twenty-four, and among them that will be enshrined in lived a true and faithful member of the their memories forever.

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ABOUT OUR ASSOCIATIONS. I don't know that my opinion on the desire and pray ever so earnestly for our subject is of any value but at least I have Associations to be better attended. a right to express one and if you don't But if we don't make a cause we shall choose to listen, why don't.

not find the effect. My dear friend you My dear James Thomas, and Sarah were not made President of the Y. M. Mary, don't you know that everything M. I. A. in your little town because you occurs upon natural principles? You were thought to possess all the virtue may fish all day up a dry creek and go and intelligence needful for the position; on your knees and pray ever so frequent on the contrary, you are expected to ly and ever so well, for "a bite,” but re occupy yourself in increasing your turn home in the evening in the same limited knowledge; and while you humcondition you left, minus your temper bly seek God in prayer, let your labors mayhap. I heard an excellent man say show how anxious you are to magnify that if he was rewarded according to his your position. You may not have the desires, his reward would be great; he least idea of human nature-then set to laid on his lounge one Sunday and his work to study it. You can't catch flies desire was to go to meeting, but—he with salt, but sprinkle in sugar and bedidn't go, and he "rather guessed he hold they are abundant. would receive his deserts and not his give you wisdom and then use it; and desires." We may have ever such a for pity's sake don't mistake self-conceit

Ask God to

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