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tion, afford interest, and tend to demon turn teachers, all scholars. Such is the strate the accuracy of the simple affirma- | object of these organizations. tive answer.

Again, we would suggest that it would This is but one example; other ques add much to the interest of the proceedtions should be answered in the same ings if, when the chairman asks the

Facts in history, philosophy, question “Any further remarks?” that geography etc., could thus be made inter those who are acquainted with the matter esting and each answer be a short lesson under consideration would arise and still in mutual improvement. It seems to the further elucidate the subject. In this writer of this, that when a question is way the old adage of “Many men, many asked for the one who receives it to go minds”would be illustrated,and frequently 10 Webster's or Worcester's Unabridged, out of apparently unpromising subjects and then come to the meeting of the much valuable information would be Association and answer the question in obtained. the words of the dictionary, does not In the above remarks we are not cover the ground. It is to a certain advocating long, prosy sermons on every extent carelessness, laziness, or want of subject introduced through a question; interest that suggests such an easy way of but simply the avoidance of the other fulfilling this duty; for duty it is, a duty extreme, which, while it technically fulwe assume when we become members of fils the requirement, yet leaves the general the society. We have no regularly learner but little wiser, and frequently is appointed teachers, no organization of entirely unsatisfactory to the person classes filled with pupils, whose only duty who, for the sake of valuable information, is to listen and learn. We are all in our penned the inquiry. Geo. Reynolds.

FASHION FOLLIES, CONSEQUENTLY, be it an era of pig-tails or absurdities in fashion of shoes since the high-heeled shoes, of starched ruffs or trunk- days when Egyptian priests wore sandals hose, all must continue to wear pig-tails, high- of palm and papyrus. Red shoes were heeled shoes, starched ruffs, or trunk-hose to the

used by Roman magistrates on ceremocrack of doom. Herbert Spencer.

nial occasions, while the senators and Whatever may be the abiding virtues patricians wore high shoes, like buskins, of high-heels, low-heels, or no heels, the ornamented with an ivory crescent. fashion of tight-fitting shoes bids fair to Wooden shoes were en regale in the be perpetuated—as saith the scientist- ninth and tenth centuries, and were even to the crack of doom, whatever period of worn by princes, but it is said a certain history that may be. We call the cus- | king offered a prize to any one who could tom a barbarism a la Chinese, but under explain how the whole earth could be sanction of civilization, thrust number covered with leather. He was answered ive feet into number four boots and then by the cobbler, who demonstrated satiswonder why so few people walk grace- factorily that “to him who wears shoes Fully. According to medieval legend, the whole earth is covered with leather.” St. Crispin was himself a martyr-not In the reign of William Rufus a fawithstanding the attention of angels who mous beau Robert-not Diavolo, though brought him free gifts of leather. Too surnamed the “Horned”— introduced humiliating for complaint, the martyrdom shoes with long, pointed toes twisted like nflicted by a tight shoe must be suffered a ram's horn. Though strongly opposed, in silence, as the victim finds little com the style became fashionable, and in the fort in the kind of consolation usually reign of Richard II the points reached bestowed.

the knee, to which they were secured by There have been many diversities and chains of silver or gold. The parts were

for years are lauded to the skies!

How often we hear the expression “We have no such men now.” I sight the vales of Utah are many who have to principles of truth, and have not be trayed the trust. What can they get do: Who can place a value upon their worth

Under the inspiration of the Lord, when 190

NOBLE MEN. cut to imitate the windows of a church, ornaments worn by the folly or favor of and the whole was made extravagantly fashion! Buckles, jewels, embroidery, conspicuous. For three centuries the crescents, stars and shields; bows of clergy, popes, and public officers sought elaborate fold and form, quite disguising in vain by declamations, bulls and orders the contour of slipper or foot. to break up the fashion. By an act of Few fashions have met such ardent parliament, in 1463, shoemakers were pro- disapproval of physicians, and sensible hibited from making for the unprivileged people generally, as high-heeled shoes. classes any shoes with points more than "Here are my common-sense shoes," two inches long; and afterwards, excom said a belle, glancing at the heels which munication was pronounced against any were of reasonable shape and form; “my person wearing such. The peculiar | street boots have heels twice as high, and feature of this bit of history is, that popes twice as uncomfortable, but,” she added, and parliament should attempt to super “of course I shall wear them." No:vise the fashion-plates. Doubtless, had withstanding discomfort, defective vishis holiness superintended the blowing ion, attitude, and other slight objections, of the far-famed slipper of Cinderella, pointed heels will continue to be worn he would have ordered it made of calf so long as fashion dictates, for do we skin instead of crystal.

not all, in a measure, sympathize with During the reign of Queen Mary such the little girl who prayed, “O, Lord, grant uncouth width of toe was displayed in that we may be stylish.”—Selected. the fashion of shoes that the Queen issued a proclamation limiting them to six inches breadth. Curious the shoe Shoot folly as it flies.- Pope.

NOBLE MEN. Upon the records of the past are en- to his memory the names of Washing. graven the names of men, who have

ton, Jefferson and their colleagues, who taken important parts in the different framed the Constitution and fought dispensations of time, since man was valiantly for liberty and free government. placed upon the earth. The Bible

It is seldom that we appreciate the honors such men as Abel, Noah, Enoch, worth of men in the day and age in which Abraham, Jacob, Moses, Aaron and they live. This seems to have been the many others, who were holy men of God,

case in ages past and it is the same toand leaders in their day and generation; day. There are living some noble me. the New Testament—those who espoused who would lay their lives down for pricthe cause of our Redeemer – Peter, ciples of truth and wbo labor with James, John, Paul and others, who dis

their might for the benefit of their fellows. played their integrity and left examples How little they are known for the worthy the imitation of all men. The

worth, while others who have been dead Book of Mormon also contains the names of men who endured hardships, enmity and persecution for the love of the Gospel of Christ and for complying such ignorance, when I reflect that with the teachings of divine revelation.

In secular history we find mention of been tried, tried to the core, for holia men, who have their names engraven, as it were, upon the hearts of mankind for their deeds of charity and faithfulness to principles of liberty and truth. In

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case.

wont

corn.

shoulders to the wheel of state and save a best game a farm produces. He buys tottering nation if need be. Necessity in the original pig for a dollar and a half, the past has brought noble spirits to the and feeds him forty dollars' worth of front and so it will again. It would in corn, and then sells him for about nine deed be a dark world if this were not the dollars. This is the only crop he makes · The world is to judge any money on.

He loses on the corn, wrongly. Many who deserve its lauda but he makes seven dollars and a half tion are despised and persecuted and die on the hog. He does not mind this, unnoticed by the majority. Others, per- because he never expects to make haps, who merit it not receive the fame. anything on

And any way it This is not the case with the judgment of turns out, he has the excitement of raisthe Lord. The

most humble worker ing the hog, whether he gets the worth of will receive a just reward when His ap- | him or not. His strawberries would be pointed time shall come.

a success if the robins would eat turnips, In looking for examples of worth it is but they won't, and hence the difficulty. not necessary to cull them entirely from One of Mr. Beecher's most harassing those of the dead. From the living difficulties in his farming operations noble ones may be chosen. It is a pecu comes of the close resemblance of difliar trait in the human family to look up ferent sorts of seeds and plants to each on the faults of living men and to a other. Two years ago, his far-sightedgreat extent neglect or lose sight of ness warned him that there was going to their virtues, but after life has departed be a great scarcity of watermelons, and the latter come to the front. I am happy therefore, he put in a crop of twentyin the contemplation that the noble seven acres of that fruit. But when among the living are growing in pop- they came up, they turned out to be ular favor, and that their labors are being pumpkins, and a dead loss was the conappreciated. While we honor noble men sequence. Sometimes a portion of his we should not forget a meed of praise to

crop goes into the ground the most the noble women of the world, who are promising sweet potatoes, and comes up and have been cotemporary with them in the infernalist carrots—though I have the progress of truth and liberty. never heard him express it just in that

7. E. Carlisle.

way.

When he bought his farm, he

found one egg in every hen's nest on the BEECHER'S FARM.

place. He said that here was just the ACCC

so many farmers failed; they

scattered their forces too much; concenm consists of thirty- | tration was the idea. So he gathered arried on on strict | those eggs together, and put them all

He never puts in under one experienced old hen. The any part of

chout consulting his hen roosted over that contract night and and reaps, and digs day for eleven weeks, under the anxious g to the best authori- personal supervision of Mr. Beecher norities cost more than himself, but she could not "phase” those

mplements do. As soon eggs. Why? Because they were the as the library is complete, the farm will infamous porcelain things which are

a profitable investment. used by ingenious and fraudulent farmers Mr. Beecher raises some of the finest

as “nest eggs.” But perhaps Mr. crops of wheat in the country, but the Beecher's most disastrous experience unfavorable difference between the cost

was the time he tried to raise an immense of producing it and its market value

crop of dried apples. He planted fifteen after it is produced, has interfered con

hundred dollars worth, but never one of siderably with its success as a commer

them sprouted. He has never been able His special weakness to understand to this day what was the however is hogs. He considers hogs the matter with those apples.

reason

NG TO MARK TWAIN.

MR. BE six acres scientific

book. He and sows a ties, and th the other far

begin to be

cial enterprise.

192

ASSOCIATION INTELLIGENÇE.

I.

ASSOCIATION INTELLIGENCE.
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS.

“While the Prophet was considering 1. It is generally understood by the these ten horns, he saw another little Church that an account of Ishmael's horn springing up among them; ver. 8. lineage was given in the “Book of Lehi,” | This evidently points out the power of which was a part of the manuscript lost the church and bishop of Rome, which, by Martin Harris and never re-translated. from small beginnings, thrust itself up It is stated by the best authority that among the ten kingdoms, and at length Ishmael was therein represented to be of got possession of three of them, having the tribe of Ephraim.

turned out those who held them, namely, 2. The account of Adam's baptism the ex-archate of Ravenna, the kingdom and of others of the patriarchs is given of the Lombards, and the state of Rome; in the Pearl of Great Price. The child and the dominion of the Roman pontiff dren of Israel were baptized in the sea. over these three kingdoms has ever i Cor., X, 2. Josephus states that it was since been denoted by his triple crown. a common ordinance among the Jews, In this horn, as the church of Rome bebefore Christ's time. There are many came when it obtained temporal authorpassages in the Book of Mormon, which ity, were eyes like the eyes of man. show that baptism, with the other princi- This circumstance denoted the policy, ples of the Gospel, was taught prior to sagacity, subtlety, and watchfulness by the advent of the Savior.

which the little horn would spy out occa

sions of extending and establishing its QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.

What are the names of the nations interests, and advancing its exorbitant represented by the toes of the great pretensions; and the court of Rome has image, described in the second chapter

ever been remarkable for this above all of Daniel?

C. W.

the states in the world, as every person

in the least acquainted with history must The ten toes are variously stated.

know. It had also a mouth speaking The following list is largely accepted great things; and we shall have frequent by sectarian commentators:

occasion to speak of the arrogant claims, The Senate at Rome.

blasphemous titles, and great swelling The Greeks at Ravenna. 3. The Lombards in Lombardy.

words of vanity of this horn.” 4. The Huns in Hungary.

QUESTIONS TO ANSWER. 5. The Alemanes in Germany.

1. In the Doctrine and Covenants, 6. The Franks in France.

section 27, we read of Elias and Elijah

and in the nioth section the same names 7. The Burgundians in Burgundy. 8. The Goths in Spain.

Are they names of one person

0. 9. The Britons.

or two separate individuals? 10. The Saxons in Britain.

Ray.

If the Apostles did not receive the Will you explain the following by what power did they hold the Apos

Holy Ghost until the day of Pentecost verse: I considered the horns, and behold

tleship, heal the sick, and cast out devils, there came up among them another little

before that day? horn, before whom there were three of

3 In the seventh chapter of Revelathe first horns plucked up by the roots;

tions, is the tribe of Dan omitted and, behold, in this horn were eyes like

and that of Manasseh inserted? the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking

7. H. D. great things.-Daniel, vii, 8.

[I should not like either to affirm or Persons asking questions or in any deny that the following is the correct in way contributing to this Magazine are terpretation.-G. R.]

requested to sign their full names, not Regarding Daniel, vii, 8, Dr. Scott necessarily for publication but for the inwrites

formation of the editor.

I.

2.

occur.

2

2.

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VII.

SERMONS AND WRITINGS OF THE PROPHET JOSEPH.

He is a wise lawgiver, and will judge BAPTISM FOR THE DEAD.

all men "according to the deeds done in The great designs of God in relation the body, whether they be good or evil,” to the salvation of the human family, or whether these deeds were done in are very little understood by the profess-England, America, Spain, Turkey, or edly wise and intelligent generation in India. He will judge them, “not accordwhich we live; various and conflicting ing to what they have not, but according are the opinions of men concerning the to what they have," those who have plan of salvation, the requisitions of the lived without law, will be judged without Almighty, the necessary preparations for law, and those who have a law, will be heaven, the state and condition of de- judged by that law. We need not doubt parted spirits, and the happiness or mis the wisdom and intelligence of the Great ery that is consequent upon the practice Jehovah ; He will award judgment or merof righteousness and iniquity according cy to all nations according to their several to their several notions of virtue and deserts, their means of obtaining intellivice.

gence, the laws by which they are govThe Mussulman condemns the Heathen, erned, the facilities afforded them of obthe Jew, and the Christian, and the whole taining correct information, and His inworld of mankind that reject his Koran,

scrutable designs in relation to the human as infidels, and consigns the whole of family; and when the designs of God them to perdition. The Jew believes shall be made manifest, and the curtain that the whole world that rejects his fait

of futurity be withdrawn, we shall all of and are not circumcised, are Gentile us eventually have to confess that the dogs, and will be damned.' The Heathen Judge of all the earth has done right. are equally as tenacious about their prin

The situation of the Christian nations ciples, and the Christian consigns all to

after death, is a subject that has called perdition who cannot bow to his creed, forth all the wisdom and talent of the and submit to his ipse dixit.

philosopher and the divine, and it is an portion of the human opinion which is generally received, that race are judging and condemning the

the destiny of man is irretrievably fixed other without mercy, the Great Parent of

at his death, and that he is either made the universe looks upon the whole of the eternally happy, or eternally miserable; human family with a fatherly care and

that if a man dies without a knowledge paternal regard; He views them as His of God, he must be eternally damned, offspring, and without any of those con.

without any mitigation of his punishment, tracted feelings that influence the chil

alleviation of his pain, or the most latent dren of men, causes "his sun to rise on

hope of a deliverance while endless ages the evil and the good, and sends his rain

shall roll along. However orthodox on the just and the unjust.” He holds

this principle may be, we shall find that the reins of judgment in His hands;

it is at variance with the testimony of

But while one

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