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cool wind sways and bends them hither

or, as

one writer has beautifully exand thither, they make pathetic music pressed it, “like far-off reminiscenses of which is intensely "sweet, but sad.” | youth.” The approach of spring speaks Keats expresses this fanciful sentiment | tenderly to me of lovely flowers and concerning the reeds fancifully, and it hanging vines, of the sweet music of accords with the strain in which I am song-birds, and glad hum of bees, of gay writing:

butterflies, of young lambs skipping and how did we weep to find

calves bleating, and all these are most Naught but a lonely sighing of the wind

welcome to one whose heart is in symAlong the reedy stream; a half-heard strain; pathy with the pulse of nature. And Full of sweet desolation, balmy pain."

while admiring all these, the works of a N. P. Willis gives a truly poetical Supreme Being, let us look up and adore

the great Creator, not only of that which definition of the reed and the willow:

we see, but of the soul by which we sense "The reeds bent down the stream,

and enjoy them. Like the Psalmist of old, The willow leaves, whose flowers the water

one might well exclaim at this season, Like a gentle nurse bears on its bosom,

“Let the heavens rejoice, and let the Quietly gave way, and leaned

earth be glad. Let the field be joyful In graceful attitudes to rest."

and all that is therein; then shall all the The reed is often used as illustrative trees of the wood rejoice.” of weakness; always ready to bow be

Amethyst. fore every breath of authority, yielding and submissive, as some of “the lords of SPECULATION.-A Yankee boy on his creation” who are compared to sturdy way to school took notice that a milloaks, desire women to be. But as I am shaft which consisted of a long, straight, not moralizing, I will refrain from giving slim, tree trunk, was wearing out; its my views on this point.

giving way was only a question of time. In some countries there are many He knew that seasoned wood would be flowers that make their appearance early needful to replace it; a green trunk would in the season. In England, among wild not answer. He cut one, stripped the flowers, the yellow daffodils bloom in bark, smoothed the knots, and laid it in March; and this pretty blossom is a favor- | his father's door-yard. A year later the ite flower with some of the poets well shaft broke, and the mill-owner was anxknown to fame. Wordsworth speaks iously looking for a substitute. "What gracefully in verse of the floral splendor will you take for that hickory pole?" of the daffodils haunting him, he says, "One hundred dollars, sir.” “A hundred “They flash upon him in the bliss of dollars for that stick!" "Yes, sir; I cut solitude," and Herrick thus laments it for your mill a year ago, when I saw their too early disappearance:

the shaft was wearing out.” And the “Fair daffodils, we weep to see

mill man was glad to pay rather than You haste away so soon;

have his mill stand idle while he sea. As yet the early rising sun

soned a new shaft for himself. Now this Has not attained its noon;

youth rendered a useful service to the Stay, stay

neighborhood, and deserved his money. Until the hasting day

This was speculation; genuine, natural,
Has run

honest speculation.
But to the even song,
And having prayed together, we

That mercy I to others show,
Will go with you along."

That mercy show to me.-Pope. And 0, the violets of spring! who does not love them? Modest, dainty and fra

He can't be wrong whose life is in the grant. Who does not appreciate their

right. lovely sweetness? The perfume is Virtue has many preachers, but few wafted to my senses from far off years; martyrs.




The shadows rest upon the mountains high,

And blue and purple haze enwraps them now, And clouds, fantastical, pil'd against the sky,

Wreathe quaint, odd garlands round the mountain's brow.

How gently twine shadows and clouds so gray,

Changing to dullness things but late so bright, Yet from the beauteous west the closing day

Casts glim'ring glances of its fading light.

Oft have I watch'd the phantoms twilight made,

Dissolving day and night in one another, And in similitude my fancies play'd

With light and shade, and blended them together. The soft breeze gently whispers in the leaves,

In tones so musical, and sweet, and low, The echoes thrilling me-' till mem'ry weaves

The reveries of the hour with long ago.'' The visions of the past fill all my soul,

And through the vista of the years grown grim I trace the outlines, as upon a scroll,

Of forms and scenes familiar, though so dim.
I see the forests near my childhood's home

And here again the voices of the breeze,
And troop on troop the floods of mem'ries come,

And I seem wand'ring 'mid those ancient trees.
And all that then was mine, of youthful hope,

And sweet affection, with her myriad powers : All these, I gather in the shadow'd scope

Of fancy, as I muse in twilight hours.
Sweet tones of love fall lightly on my ear,

Again I feel the clasp of hands now cold,
And shudd'ring pause, 'twixt happiness and fear,

As the vast panorama is unrolled.
'Tis pleasant thus to view the path we've trod,

And mark where here and there our feet have stray'd, Where sometime fell a heavy, chast'ning rod

And soft the whisper, be not thou afraid, Sooth'd all the wound-and cheered us ever on,

And list'ning close the still small voice we hear, Now plainer grown than when life first begun,

Helping and guiding us as the goal we near. If on our way some shadows in the years,

Darken'd our path, and hid the light from view, Now looking back through mists of bitter tears,

We know, WHOSE Hand has led us safely through.
When the last eventide has fully come,

And twilight reveries on earth are o'er;
May hope triumphant light us to that home,
Where tears, and doubt, and grief are known no more.

Emmeline B. Wells.

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THE CONTRIBUTOR. practising it before any such law was


made, yet under this bill he is denied A MONTHLY MAGAZINE. the rights of citizenship. The meaning of

an ex post facto law is, law which inflicts JUNIUS F. WELLS,

punishment for an act which was not a EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.

crime at the time it was committed. There are other features of the bill

which are equally flagrant violations of Two Dollars a Year, In Advance.

the Constitution. It is, however, not our Single Copy, Twenty Cents.

intention now to discuss the legal value

of this enactment, but to endeavor, so SALT LAKE CITY,

far as our understanding of it will perMARCH, 1882.

mit, to indicate its probable effect upon

the people of Utah and to call the attenTHE “EDMUNDS BILL."

tion of the younger portion to the duties SENATOR George F. Edmunds, of such legislation imposes upon them. Vermont, has succeeded in securing the Of course the abolition or prevention passage by Congress and the executive

of polygamy, which the bill is ostensibly approval of his anti-polygamy bill. It intended to accomplish, is as far from is now a law of the land. Its provisions, being effected as though the statute in several respects, are regarded by our had not been passed. It does not in people and by many outsiders, Congress- the least daunt the believers in that inmen included, as unconstitutional and

stitution. If polygamy as commanded vicious, being designed, in the spirit of by the revelations of God, is necessary intolerance, to do the greatest injustice to to be practised at all, it is none the less the citizens of Utah who are affected by obligatory upon the Church, because them. It is believed that the law will human governments impose pains and not stand a fair test in the courts. Some penalties. No faithful member would of the salient points made by honorable hesitate a moment to obey the dictates Senators and Representatives, who op of conscience for fear of consequences. posed the bill, were not replied to by its Though he might expect to suffer the advocates, but they will no doubt be punishment prescribed by the law, he raised again in the courts, when they would count that a matter of small conmust be considered and set aside, or the sideration compared with the importance bill must be declared unconstitutional of keeping God's commandments. The and therefore void.

bill therefore will fail, as indeed every It was claimed by several Senators human effort must fail, to prevent the that the section of the bill which dis- practice of those principles which have franchises American citizens for the been revealed for the regeneration and crime of polygamy, before they are con salvation of man.

Its promoters have victed of that crime by a competent undertaken to measure arms with the court, is in its very nature a bill of at Almighty, to proscribe and punish what tainder, inflicting pains and penalties He has commanded and blessed. We without investigation and trial. The shall see what the outcome will be. Constitution, Art.I, Section 9, says: “No From the history of others, who have at bill of attainder or ex post facto law various times in the past presumed to shall be passed.” It is further claimed sit in judgment upon the Latter-day that this Constitutional provision is vio Saints, one is measurably safe in prelated, in causing the disfranchising clause dicting the triumph of our cause and the of the bill to disable those who ever confusion of those who oppose it. It have been guilty of polygamy. That is, might be considered an absurd challenge if a man were a polygamist thirty years of human probabilities to prophesy that ago, before there was any law whatever the distinguished Senator from l'eragainst polygamy, and though he ceased mont has reached the zenith of his

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political career, particularly as he had Those who are not among the politithe honor the other day to decline the cally ostracised owe it to themselves and President's nomination to a Supreme the community, while suffrage is still exCourt justiceship, but is it not as probable tended to them, to exercise its duties with to prove a true prophesy as that of all commendable zeal. None should Joseph Smith, when he told Stephen A. fail to qualify as voters who are of age. Douglass, twenty years before the event, Every alien should be naturalized at the that he would aspire to the presidency, earliest possible day; and if we are perbut if he raised his arm or voice against mitted to vote, we should poll the largest our people he would fail to reach the vote ever returned from an election in goal of his ambition? The famous “loath- | Utah. There are enough young men some ulcer" campaign speech of that and women in the Territory, who have, distinguished politician, to use a vulgar- in the past, thought father and mother ism, effectually "cooked his goose.” could do all the voting that was necessary,

The Edmunds bill disfranchises all to overbalance the falling off from the polygamists, men and wome

nen. Exactly registry lists, through this bill of attainhow they will be distinguished from the der. Surely, they will not hesitate now rest of the voting community remains to to do their duty! We may thus make be seen; it will depend upon the methods the wrath of man praise the institutions adopted by the commissioners appointed of God. For if the children of polygaby the President. The election law of mists shall come to the front and outvote the Territory is to be regarded, and it is their disfranchised parents, will it not supposed there will be tacked on to the show to the world how great and glorious oath which it requires all persons to take an institution polygamy is, to thus probefore registering, an additional affirm- duce citizens and voters in a greater proation that they not practical portion than the most capricious dodgpolygamists or bigamists. Whatever the ing of the Constitution will allow a corform may be, no doubt every means will rupt Congress to cut them down. We be employed to bar from the polls and rest secure in the expectation that every from office every one made an offender public spirited young man and woman in by this law, and if we are not wrongly the community will be on hand when the informed of the habits of “returning time comes to register and see that their boards," the disfranchisement will not friends do also, and at the August elecstop there. It is to be apprehended tion the people's party will roll up such that, having the counting of the voies as majorities that the star chamber Comwell as receiving them, the peculiar mission will have to out-Murray our mathematical formula which Governor gubernatorial mathematical phenomena, Murray was governed by, in making to count them out. thirteen hundred more than eighteen thousand, will be learned by these gentle

THE PETITIONS. men, and applied, if a possible technicality The memorials to Congress, which can be discovered by which to throw were so numerously signed by the people out the monogamic Mormon vote, as well of Utah were duly forwarded to Washingas to prevent polygamists from voting. ton, reaching the Capitol before the We hope the President will be so wise House of Representatives passed the in his selection of men that they may be “Edmunds Bill.” They were read and reof a character above such baseness, that ferred. These petitions simply asked the they may be men who will earnestly seek Congress of the United States to delay to administer the law as it is written, in legislation on the Mormon question unimpartial justice; for though the law is til a commission of its own appointment most foul in its condemnation of citizens, might investigate the situation here. it to some extent permits a portion of our They were unheeded, the most incommunity to exercise some of the decent haste being shown by the suprights of citizenship.

porters of the bill to pass it, without



amendments, as it came from the Senate. their place and position, yielded princiA gag was put upon the members, and ples of honor and sense of justice, to the only debate permitted consisted of the merciless clamor of bigoted sectafive minute speeches, occupying alto rians and office seekers. gether but two hours. The House is The young men's memorial was most responsible for enacting this unconstitu- promptly signed and returned, the foltional measure, which strikes at the very lowing being the number of signers from foundation of popular government, while the respective Stakes, that were reported ignoring the protest of over fifty thou- | in time to be sent with the first express: sand persons, whose interests are as Salt Lake, 2537; Utah, 2155; Cache, sailed by it. It is a source of gratifica- | 1772; Sanpete, 1521; Weber, 1040; tain to those who signed these various Davis, 855; Summit, 522; Box Elder, petitions, to know that whatever distress 499; Tooele, 491; Bear Lake, 471; Juab, may come upon them and the govern- 346; Morgan, 303; Parowan, 194. Total ment, through the hasty, ill considered

13,035 A few days after these were and intolerant action of Congress, it sent, an additional number were receivei is in the face of an earnest protest. and forwarded. The totals of the resThis fact relieves the victims of the bill pective memorials as they were finally from the charge of apathy and shoulders summed up were as follows: the entire responsibility of its enact Relief Society, 19,108; Citizens,16,256, ment and the consequent evils which it Young Men, 15,636; Young Ladies, entails, upon those, who, fearing to lose 14,152; Grand total, 65,152.

ANSWERING QUESTIONS. There seems to be a feeling among in the spirit, intent and meaning for some of the members of the Mutual Im which it was given, by a simple, unqualiprovement Associations, when they have fied affirmative? The answer would be a question given to them, to answer it in perfectly right and truthful so far as i: the shortest possible time and in the goes; but it does not go anything like fewest imaginable words; as though far enough. How much better it wouk brevity, under these circumstances, was be to give scriptural reasons from the the most desirable of all attainments. teachings of the Savior and the servants We do not so regard it. If we under of God, showing why baptism is essential stand the object of these associations to salvation. Thus it could be affirmed aright, it that of mutual improvement that they who refuse to be baptized "reject (hence their name), every member doing the counsel of God against themselves," his and her part according to their several

Luke vii, 29, 30.

And certainly those abilities, in teaching, edifying, pleasing who reject God's counsel can never be and interesting their associates. And saved. Again, Jesus said, "He that bewhen a question is asked it is always lieveth and is baptized shall be saved, desirable that it be answered with suffi but he that believeth

not shall be cient fulness that those who listen may damned;" therefore according to the understand, not only that a thing is so teaching of the Son of God, baptism is but why it is so.

essential to salvation. Still further, For instance, the very important ques

Ananias said to Paul, “Arise and be baption might be given a member to answer, tized, and wash away thy sins." Is it "Is baptism essential to salvation ?" necessary that our sins be washed away That question could be answered by the before we enter heaven? If so, baptiso member simply rising, saying emphati- is unquestionbly essential. So we might cally“Yes" or "It is,” and then resuming continue with many other pertinent quohis seat.

But is the question answered | tations, all of which would give instruc:

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