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universal, and continue in the earth until | scriptures, and as delivered through the a certain period in the history of the prophets of God who now live in the human family, which may with other midst of the Saints, for though "Heaven items form the subject matter of another and earth shall pass away" the word of article on this subject. As the predictions the Lord will never fail. of the Prophets relating to the past have

Matthias F. Cowley. been so literally verified, it should promote, in the hearts of the youth of Zion, The good things which belong to prosgreat faith in the words of the Lord, as perity are to be wished, but the good written in the Bible, Book of Mormon, things which belong to adversity are to Doctrine and Covenants, and all the holy be admired.-Bacon.

It now has

MUSIC. PROGRESSION, and that in a marked the growth of music as an art was rapid degree, has ever been characteristic of and substantial; and its soul expanded Utah. And in no one thing, perhaps, with redoubled energy. has more rapid advancement been made, many whole-hearted patrons; quite a than in music. The spirit of music has number of whom are leaders in society, been a prominent feature in the Mormon who have the necessary means and incharacter from the very birth of the Auence to materially aid the cause. Church. In the early days of Utah, The local presidents faithfully advocate when the tide of immigration, which the cause of music, both vocal and inSecretary Evarts subsequently strove strumental; and eventually, periodcals so impotently to check, commenced to devoted exclusively to the art, or adoptfill the chambers of the Rocky Mountains ing its advocacy as a leading feature, with a great and happy people, the will be established. Very respectable joyous spirit of song, time without num mercantile firms, also, begin to cater to ber, riveted the attention of the gentiles, the public taste. The Sabbath school who chanced to hear the little bands of system of the Latter-day Saints, if not pilgrim Saints pouring from their over the leading power in elevating music to flowing hearts the beautiful songs of a popular plain, is certainly a most Zion. It has held a controlling influence effective agent; and the drama, too, in our worshipping assemblies, and lends its aid. Poetry is now cheered in claimed a place in the foreground of our its onward march; and the composer public recreations and pleasures. The begins to exercise his God-given faculties echoes of our rugged cañons have re to good purpose.

But no royal road to sounded with the spirit of song as it excellence is found for the children of spontaneously burst from the throats of song and their kindred associates, to rough and ready mountain boys; the tread. The composer especially finds family circle has strengthened its holy the highway to fame steep and extremely bonds under the influence of music; difficult of ascent. it has held sway in all the social relation The outside world is literally flooded ships of our mountain home.

with publications, from which a great But the art divine, the cultured prac- variety of choice productions tice, was not very observably developed lected. These have the vantage ground until, outgrowing the pioneer stage,—they savor of age, and have an estabpopular sentiment began to trim from lished reputation; every facility is at the social tree the knarled knots up their command; and, therefore, great are on its trunk, and to prune its scraggy the odds against which our home talent limbs.

has to contend.

Perhaps the most The impetus once imparted, however, I serious obstacle, however, in the path of

can be se

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progress is the network of traditional There is no surer sign of true greatcobwebs that enwrap the souls of ness than is manifested in an ever ready many, children of the light though they disposition to aid the weak. Therefore might be, whose callings as school. I would plead with the liberal minded and teachers, sabbath-school officers, etc., large hearted of our community, whose closely connect them with musical inter- circumstances are favorable, to still ests. The noble cause is steadily gaining, further exercise their benevolence in this popular sentiment begins to lean in its laudable direction. Let organizations be favor, and I predict for our home artists, effected at our central localities with a whether poets, musicians, painters, sculp- view to bringing together, where needed, tors, or dramatists a glorious victory at no the instructor and those who can be indistant day. But, to gain it, a vigorous duced to become pupils. To awaken effort is needed; the pulpit and the stronger desires for improvement; and press, the capitalist, the public man and to place the study of music before the humble citizens must, one and all, give masses in such pleasing and effective the arts their most hearty support. methods as to break down the prejudice,

Such cities as Salt Lake, Ogden, Provo now existing, against mastering its notaand Logan have facilities and cultivated tion. Let us appreciate the fact that the talent for educating those who are natur time has come for the patrons of art to ally gifted in music, and can maintain arouse themselves and, by systematized organized choirs, bands, etc. But in and earnest effort prepare to place the rural districts and less populous Utah in the position she is destined to settlements the case is very different. occupy, the front rank among the leading Such localities are measurably destitute musical forces of the world. The very of persons who, by nature, culture, will genius of the grand cause in which we and condition, are prepared to teach music are engaged—the regeneration and peras an art, or even to effectually train and fection of all things-demands it. conduct a choir.

Advocate.

THE BIBLE. NOTWITHSTANDING the book called the law” should be put into the ark, where the Bible is so generally known among

doubtless other sacred records were also our young people, comparatively little is kept. Solomon, at the completion of understood concerning its origin, pres his Temple, commanded that the records ervation, compilation and translation. should be placed therein; where most We all understand that the Bible is probably they perished with other sacred composed of two parts termed the Old records at the capture of Jerusalem, by and New Testaments, the former con Nebuchadnezzar, at which time the Temtaining thirty-nine books and the latter ple was destroyed. twenty-seven; and both held sacred by After the return of the Jews from capall Christian nations. The Jews, how-tivity, Ezra, about 450 years B. C. was ever, believe only in the Old Testament commanded to bring forth the “book of which book they divide into twenty-two the law of the Lord,” which he accordingparts to correspond with their alpha- ly did, by collecting as many manuscript bet. Little is known of the sacred copies of the books which had been books previous to the time of the Jewish destroyed at Jerusalem as practicable captivity, but the earliest accounts state and from them prepared a correct that they were written in the Hebrew edition. Concerning this compilation, language, with the exception of certain Josephus says that from the time of Ezra later portions, written in Chaldaic. down to his own day no one had dared Moses commanded that the "books of either to add to or take from or alter any

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thing in the sacred book. So particular | rectly from the original Hebrew and were the Jews in this respect that they Greek, and not from the Septuagint as the even numbered the words and letters | Vulgate had been. The labor required contained in each book. The Masorites fifty-four of the most learned men of were a people who were exceedingly the kingdom three years to complete it. scrupulous to insure no change in the The division of the Scriptures made in wording of the manuscript, yet are fre the days of Ezra was into three branchquently condemned by biblical critics for es; viz: the “Law," the “Prophets," and altering the text to conform to their doc- the “Writings” or “Psalms.” For intrines and prejudices. The more general stance, our Savior said, "All things must opinion, however, is that they were sin be fulfilled which are written in the Law cere, fair and impartial.

of Moses, and the Prophets, and in the The most prominent translations of Psalms concerning me.” Luke xxii 44. the Bible are the Septuagint, the Vul Later division into chapters is said to gate, the Douay and the English King have been made by Cardinal Hugo, about James' translation. The Septuagint is a 1240, and about three hundred years subtranslation in Greek of the Hebrew Old sequently the chapters were divided inTestament, and was made in Alexandria, to verses by Robert Stevens, while on Egypt, about 200 years B. C. According horseback on a journey. to one account, a learned and noted Jew The books of the New Testament wishing a copy for his library, applied to were originally written in Greek. In one Eleazar, doubtless a member of the earlier years the number of books the TesSanhedrim, for six elders from each of tament contained was probably double the the twelve tribes, to make a translation

present number, but the authenticity of from the Hebrew text, which, when com some being questioned by various synods pleted was named after the seventy-two of Bishops of Rome, many were discardtranslators, the Septuagint, meaning ed. The first intimation we have of their seventy. This edition was highly es being in a state of compilation is that teemed in the days of the Savior, who about A. D. 170 there were a number of himself invariably quoted from it. Jo- books accepted by the consent of the sephus makes allusion to it as being Bishops in council assembled, which more authentic than the Hebrew from comprised but a portion of the Bible of which it was translated.

to-day. Gradually the whole book beNext in order comes the Vulgate, came time-honored and thereby authen. which translation was made from the ticated until Christendom to-day accepts Septuagint about A. D. 390, by Jerome, the whole book without question. and is at the present date the book of In the early introduction of Christianauthority in the Roman Catholic church. ity into England, by St. Austin, portions

The Douay Bible, which differs so of the New Testament were translated materially from the English Bible, is by King Alfred himself, and others under merely an English translation of the his direction, for the use of the people, Vulgate and received its name through then very ignorant and barbarous. The being first published in Douay, a town in first partial translation of the Old TestaFrance. The cause of its many imper ment was made by the Bishop of Sherfections is probably from its being tran borne, about 706. Father Bede is said to slated from the Vulgate which was a have made the first complete English translation of the Suptuagint, as before translation of the Scriptures, in the thirstated. Had the translation been made teenth century, King Alfred also translatdirectly from the latter book it would per ed a portion of the Psalms. haps have been more correct.

Scores of translations have since then Our English Bible, commonly known been made. One has recently been exas King James' translation, being trans ecuted in England by a body of men comlated by order of and dedicated to King posed of Americans and Englishmen, James I of England, was translated di- , who, imagining they understand better

THE ECHO CAÑON WAR.

177

the principles of translation and from their the Lord, by which "holy men of old improved knowledge of the originals wrote and spoke." Ed. E. Brain. consider they have rendered a more correct translation, than any heretofore, Fools rush in where angels fear to and this independently of the Spirit of tread.

THE ECHO CANYON WAR.

terminating war be purposed against The first councils of our people, on them and blood alone can cleanse pollearning of the approach of the army, lution from the Nation's bulwarks, to the were held in the spirit of self-defence. God of our fathers let the appeal be made. It was decided that political and religious You are instructed to hold your comliberty were dearer than life. These de- mand in readiness to march at the shortliberations resulted in pacific instructions est possible notice to any part of the to the Church and civil authorities, ex- | Territory. See that the law is strictly horting the people to faithfulness and enforced in regard to arms and ammuconfidence in the protecting power of nition, and as far as practicable that each the Almighty. The following communi Ten be provided with a good wagon and cation to the district military command- four horses or mules, as well as the ing officers, was the first official notice necessary clothing, etc., for a winter given them of the threatened invasion campaign. Particularly let yourinfluence of the Territory and of the intention to be used for the preservation of the grain. forcibly resist the enemy.

Avoid all excitement, but be ready.
Headquarters Nauvoo Legion,

Daniel H. Wells,
Adjt. General's Office,

Lieut. General Commanding. G. S. L. City, Aug. 1, 1857. By James Ferguson, Adjt. Gen. Sir: Reports, tolerably well authenti Copies of this letter were sent to the cated, have reached this office that an following: Col. W. H. Dame, Parowan; army from the Eastern States is now en Maj. L. W. McCullough, Fillmore; Maj. route to invade this Territory.

C. W. Bradley, Nephi; Maj. Warren S. The people of this Territory have Snow, Sanpete; Gen. Aaron Johnson, lived in strict obedience to the laws of Peteetneet; Col. Wm. B. Pace, Provo; the parent and home governments, and Maj. Samuel Smith, Box Elder; Col. C. are ever zealous for the supremacy of the W. West, Weber; Col. P. C. Merrill, Constitution and the rights guaranteed Davis; Maj. David Evans, Lehi; Maj. thereby. In such time, when anarchy Allen Weeks, Cedar; Maj. John Rowtakes the place of orderly government berry, Tooele. and mobocratic tyranny usurps the power Within a few days these instructions of rulers, they have left the inalienable reached the various districts and were right to defend themselves against all quietly acted upon. There was a univeraggression upon their constitutional priv- sal cleaning of arms, filling up of carileges. It is enough that for successive tridge boxes, and attention given to the years they have witnessed the desolation equipment of horses, teams and camping of their homes; the barbarous wrath of outfits. mobs poured upon their unoffending On the thirteenth of August orders brethren and sisters; their leaders arrest were issued for the first movement of ed, incarcerated and slain, and them our forces. It was directed to Col. selves driven to cull life from the hospi- | Robert T. Burton, instructing him to tality of the desert and the savage. take the field with one hundred and sixty They are not willing to endure longer men from the first regiment. He, howthese unceasing outrages; but is an ex ever, started on the fifteenth with but

178

THE ECHO CANON WAR.

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seventy men from the Life Guards. | scouting and other military movements, Among the officers accompanying this forwarding by express all information expedition were Col. Jas. Cummings, of of interest to General Wells and Govthe general staff, Maj. J. M. Barlow, ernor Young On the 17th they reQuartermaster and Commissary, Capt.ceived an express from Salt Lake, by H. P. Kimball, Maj. H. W. Lawrence, J. M. Simmons and O. Spencer, and Lieuts. J. Q. Knowlton and C. F. Decker. from this date men were kept in the They were afterwards joined by a saddle night and day between the front pany from Provo, commanded by Capt. and headquarters. Sept. 16th, N. V. Joshua Clark. The instructions given | Jones and Stephen Taylor brought an exCol. Burton were to march to the east on press from the city, and on the 21st Col. the main traveled road, affording aid and Burton took three men, H. P. Kimball, protection to the incoming trains of im H. W. Lawrence and John Smith migrants, and to act as a corps of obser and again moved east to the vicinity vation to learn the strength and equip- of Devil's Gate, and camped, Sept. 22nd, ment of forces reported on the way to within half a mile of Col. E. B. AlexanUtah, and report to headquarters; but der's command. Here they first met the not to interfere with life or property advance of the Utah army, and from of any one they might encounter on the that time were its immediate neighbors road. Speaking of this trip, Gen. Bur until it arrived at Ham's Fork. ton says: We arrived at Fort Bridger The system of expressing information August 21st, and met the first company to and from Salt Lake City by daring, of immigrants at Pacific Springs on the hardy men, mounted on mustang horses, 26th. On the following day we met

was most thorough and safe. The adMoody's company from Texas, also ventures of those thus engaged and the several large supply trains, entirely un tales of cold, hunger, and many

discomprotected by any escort. On the 29th I forts which they can tell, would fill volleft my wagons and half of the men umes with matter of the intensest inand animals on the Sweetwater, proceed- terest, enlivened by an amount of philoing with pack animals. On the 30th I sophical humor, which one is surprised arrived at Devil's Gate, with Kimball, to find the threatening prospects of the Cummings and Decker's command com times in no way daunted. It is safe to ing up the next day; here on the 31st we say that no body of men marshalled out met Jones, Stringam and others on their to fight for home, country and religion way from Deer Creek to Salt Lake City, ever enjoyed themselves better or were and on the day after Capt. John R. Mur more susceptible to the ridiculous or dock, from the States. The latter brought fun-creating situations than they: Esword of the intense bitterness expressed capes from imminent danger would be all over the Union against the Mormons, heralded with more laughter than interest, and of the expectations that many enter- –for they were common-and the particutained that the people of Utah were larly awkward, though perilous accident about to be annihilated by the strong of a comrade, from whatever cause, more arm of the military power. These compa- | frequently excited the risibles than the nies proceeded immediately on their way pity of his fellows. to the city, while Col. Burton and com It was thought by Governor Young mand were engaged cacheing provisions and General Wells that when Capt. Van for future use. On Sept. Sth he sent an Vliet returned and reported the disexpress to the Platte, which returned on couraging result of his labors in behalf the 12th. From this time the expedition of the army, that rather than risk men returned slowly towards the city, thor and animals out in the cold and severe oughly examining the country, and post- winter, the officers in charge would oring themselves upon all points likely to der a retreat, at least to Laramie or be of advantage later in the campaign. some other military post, where the solThey also kept a good look out on the diers could be comfortable and out of

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