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“We have now pointed out with dis es in which they are divided. The police passionate yet earnest words, the deplor- reports of our great cities divide them inable consequences of mis-governed sex to 'public prostitutes,' 'waiter girls,' and ual instinct on the individual, on his fam-kept women' or 'private mistresses.' ily, on his children, and through these, These latter may move, and undoubtedly on society and the race at large. There do move, in the circles of the very best remains for us to turn a still darker page society: and, no doubt frequently meet and to reveal an abyss of misery, iniquity and associate with the wives of men who and disease, from which the philanthro- keep them. For, so says our author, pist too often turns away with a shudder. / “many of the mistresses dress as well, This abyss is prostitution, the great drive as elegant equipages, and behave social evil of our day, invading all grades in public as decorously as any lady." of society, contaminating with leprous Speaking of that class of unfortunates touch the fairest of our land, destroying who bear assumed names and are "morthe pure joys of the domestic hearth, the abie,” “they are of all nationalities, well spring of disgusting maladies, the Americans and Germans predominating; inexhaustible source of all manner of the Celtic race, that is the Scotch, Welsh evil. Too often the clergyman and and Irish, being in the minority, in prostatesman prefer to shut their eyes and portion to the general population. What shun the unpleasant topic. This is not is surprising, in Philadelphia, New York, our purpose. Such a course can com and probably other northern cities, there mand no admiration and effect no good are houses fitted up with considerable ex. results.”

pense in which all the inmates are mixed, Unfortunately, as some of our read- negro and white blood, quadroons and ers well know, we have clergymen octoroons. They are patronized excluand statesmen who are not in the con sively by white men.” dition prescribed by our Savior “to throw “The houses of assignation, according the first stone.” Dr. Napheys contin- to the police reports of New York, are ues: “Rather will we risk the charge of yearly on the increase, while the houses over-plainness of speech than hesitate to of prostitution are decreasing." This exhibit the nature, the extent, and the tells its own story, and shows that while consequences of this infecting ulcer in the business is still carried on more sethe body politic of our land. Our state-cretly, it is being supported by the so ments are based on careful studies of called better classes of society, and not original documents, and the opinions of so much by those who are considered dethose physicians and philanthropists who graded beyond hopes of reclamation. have devoted most time to combating With these explanations in mind, we this pest. We shall aim to exhibit is as shall proceed to estimate the magnitude it actually exists in our midst, choosing of this great evil in some of our cities, the most trustworthy and the most recent and thus show the imperative importance sources of information, and promising in a hygienic as well as a purely moral that all our statements are taken directly view, of taking some measure to curb it. from original authorities.”

According to the police reports of 1869 "There is no branch of social science there were in New York and Brooklyn that offers greater difficulties to the in- four hundred and ninety six houses of vestigator than that which concerns itself prostitution and one hundred and seven with the number, the life, the fate and houses of assignation. The whole numcondition of fallen women.

ber of women known to the police as great majority of them entirely elude the public prostitutes was two thousand one searches of the police, and conceal their hundred and seven; but various compecalling under some outward garb of honest tent authorities estimate the actual numoccupation. Before we proceed, there- ber of those who subsist in great part fore, to estimate the numbers in our large or entirely on the wages of sin at the cities, we must explain the different class.

enormous number of thirty thousand."

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Thus, by this estimate, made by our own authorities, by friends, not enemies, we learn that over seventy five per cent of the prostitutes known in those two cities is of that kind designated as "private" prostitution. Or, to put it plainer, of the thirty thousand degraded women who sell their bodies and souls to gratify the lust of men in New York and Brooklyn, nearly twenty-eight thousand of them are supported by “private” contributions of "private” men, married as well as others. Is this a "national dishonor?” We cannot say, for we know not how much of this sort of abomination, filth and disease will constitute "National Dishonor”! But we know that such pollu

tions are a stink in the nostrils of the Almighty God, and they should be so in those of every pure minded man and woman in Christendom. How far the acts of individuals, though their name be legion, would, in a free country, constitute “national dishonor,” the writer is not prepared to say; but cannot fail to think where prominent government officials, law makers and judges not only wink at, but actually criminate themselves in their heaven condemned pollutions, which bring the curse of God upon the people, that the nation, if not in the eyes of Christians "dishonored," is sadly, sadly tainted, and morally disgraced.

Moses Thatcher.


sized by the flap of a whale's tail, hairLONDON TO HAMBURG.

breadth escapes from a thousand danThe tight, little, deep-sea steamers gers, of spectacles in the water and the plying between London and Hamburg sky, and how the sagacity or courage of are officered by a race of England's jol- brave captains, mates or forecastlemen liest mariners.

The captains are those had saved the ship, discovered an abansquare built, ruddy faced, offhand, swear doned crew,or accomplished an extraordiing fellows, who always seem to fill their nary run in the face of unsurpassed double-breasted, brass-buttoned coats a difficulties. As long as consciousness relittle two full, and gain temporary relief mained—it succumbed to mixed drinks by the letting off from time to time of at the moment the pilot came on board the surplus profanity which swells them at the mouth of the Elbe—the captain up. They are of that class of captains talked, more to the wonderment than the their vessels being confined to second instruction of his guests. class oceans—who are not above the The voyage from the Thames across proverbial yarn spinning characteristics, the German ocean to the broad and which have made sea captains famous beautiful Elbe, is one of many pleasures

On the Atlantic steam and few discomforts, provided you are ers, it is beneath the dignity of the scien on the right ship with fair weather; in tific commanders to tell stories; they case the vessel is inferior and the sea talk international politics and entertain tempest-torn, as is most generally the the saloon passengers, from the head of condition, one must be a philosopher or the captain's table, with learned disquisi-a mariner to find any satisfaction in it. tions on religion, supplemented with

The innumerable fishing craft, sailing small talk, of the most approved and vessels, yachts and steamers, from all aesthetic order, for the ladies.

ports of the world seeking the harbor of The stout fisted, brawny Englishman, Hamburg and the coast of England, full of beer and profanity, who com

give the surface of the North Sea the manded the Sir Robert Peel, was not of appearance of being more thickly inhabthe above description. He had been a

ited than any other of the oceans. You whaler in the Arctic ocean, and told of

never out of sight of a vessel, ships collided with icebergs, boats cap

and land birds follow you from one

the world over.




shore to the other. The lower Elbe is a a most disastrous conflict ensued, the broad picturesque stream, and affords inhabitants suffering great indignities one of the pleasantest river excursions and hardships from the French. During in northern Germany. Its hilly banks this period of disorder it is said that the are cultivated and adorned with beauti- city lost the enormous sum of thirteen ful villas, small fishing towns, and the million pounds. After the peace of imposing commercial city of Hamburg, Vienna, Hamburg rapidly increased in which, with its forest of masts rising population, wealth and power, and notfrom the harbor,rivals the great sea ports withstanding the disastrous fire of 1842, of Liverpool and Glasgow.

when a fourth of the city was destroyed, Hamburg contains about three hundred she has continued to prosper, and to-day thousand inhabitants, and is the princi- ranks among the first independent cities pal shipping town of northern Europe. of the world. It is situated about sixty miles from the The attractions of Hamburg beyond mouth of the Elbe, and on a small those which her cosmopolitan commerce stream called the Alster, which forms a create-located about the harbor and large basin outside the town and a exchange—are meagre. The pleasantsmaller one within it, and is then dis est portion of the city is around the charged through locks into the canals Binnen Alster, which is a mile in cirwhich flow through the lower part of the cumference, and is navigated by small town. Nothing is known of the origin screw steamers, sail boats, canoes, etc. of Hamburg

It was doubtless settled On three sides of this basin the finest at a very early period, its natural advan- buildings are erected and occupied by tages distinguishing it as a most desir. the best shops, while the northern side able site for a great city. In the time of consists of a wide promenade adorned Charlemagne, from 805 A. D., that with trees and fine shrubbery; it separemperor gave it considerable attention, ates the small inner basin from the Ausbuilding a castle there and founding a sen Alster, which is very large, extendchurch, which was raised afterwards to ing beyond the city limits several miles; the rank of an arch-bishopric. During its banks are lined with country residenthe succeeding centuries the town was ces and pleasant woods and drives. frequently pillaged by Danes and Nor The exchange is the daily scene of mans, but under the jurisdiction of great commotion; for two or three hours Adolph IV,and other counts of Holstein, every afternoon, from four to five thouin the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, sand brokers, merchants and shipowners Hamburg was very greatly favored, congregate there and create a perfect many of the privileges and immunities babel. Their noisy calls and bids, which formed the foundation of its sub- frantic gestures, pushing and clamoring, sequent independence being then se as viewed from the gallery above them, cured. In the thirteenth century Ham are more suggestive of an insane asylum burg entered into treaty with Lubeck, than of a commercial mart, where values and formed with other cities the power and discounts are being negotiated. The ful Hanseatic League, which embraced building is a very large one, containing a ninety cities, and became a most power reading room, restaurant and commercial ful, peaceloving but progressive and con library of forty thousand volumes. The quering organization. It subdued south- Botanical and Zoological Gardens of ern Sweden and Denmark, and for over Hamburg are among the best of Gerа

century flourished independently. many, particularly the latter, which is Some of the cities thus declared free supplied by voyagers from all parts of have maintained their independence to the globe with curious animals, birds and the present time.

reptiles. A good aquarium is connected In 1810 Hamburg was annexed to the with it, in which may be seen specimens French Republic;three years after, in an of the finny tribe from all the navigable attempt to rebel against the foreign yoke, waters of the world.

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The churches, public institutions, pal- | Hamburg antiquities, where among other aces and principal residences are all curiosities, is preserved an old tombstone modern, being erected since the great fire representing an ass blowing the bagpipes, of 1842. For this reason Hamburg is not with a quaint inscription, signifying that considered one of the necessary places the world being turned upside down, it is to be visited by the tourist. The Johan: the appropriate thing for his long eared neum, a spacious edifice erected in 1834, highness to make the music for the rest contains the chief educational institutions of the donkeys to dance to. of Hamburg, among them a college,

De Vallibus. gymnasium or grammar school, a commercial school, and the town library, which consists of three hundred thou

It is pretty tough to be poor, but being sand volumes and five thousand MSS.

ashamed of it is putting salt on a sore. It also contains the Museum of Natural The Western lady who read in a newsHistory, in which are many skeletons paper that baking powder was a good and the finest display of conchylia thing, thought she'd bake some, and her in Germany; the shells of every de- old man, on arriving at where the cabin scription there exhibited are wonder had stood, said he wouldn't mind the fully beautiful and interesting. In the

affair so much, if she had let the dog same building is located the Museum of out.


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mits led.- Byron.


tation, is not the surest way of winning He who ascends to mountain tops shall find their friendship and sympathy. Though The loftiest peaks most wrapt in clouds and

petted and praised in the beginning of

his career, extolled for his talents and He who surpasses or subdues mankind,

even defended in his wickedness, the Must look down on the hate of those below.


when his star began to Though high above the sun of glory glow, And far beneath the earth and ocean spread,

wane, when friends and admirers deRound him are icy rocks, and loudly blow

serted him, when former champions Contending tempests on his naked head,

were converted into accusers, and where And thus reward the toils which to those sum

once he had been courted, fondled and caressed, he finally was shunned, ex

ecrated and condemned. He had aimed The great but unhappy poet who pen for the highest pinnacle of earthly glory, ned those lines, was one who realized, had spared no pains and begrudged no undoubtedly, to the fullest extent, the expenditures, had directed every talent, cruel truth of the words he was uttering. employed every means and strained every ever had ampler oppor

energy in the direction of this exclusive tunity of testing them with the hard accomplishment, and in the morning of touch-stone of experience. Gifted by his life, like a pilgrim who had lost his nature with transcendent genius, which

way, he found himself upon the summit raised him to the loftiest pinnacle of re

of a proud but barren eminence, far nown, placed him high above the most

above the communion and sympathy of eminent of his contemporaries, and made

his race, far beneath the attainment of him alike the envy and the admiration of

true glory and happiness, with clouds of his age, he speedily learned the sad calumny enveloping him about, with the lesson-sad but necessary to be learned poignant stings of outraged conscience that to be great does not always mean to

working within, and the tempests of rebe happy, and that to outstrip all competitors in a mad race for power or repu: I mercilessiy upon his unprotected head.

Few men, indeed,



His situation was indeed pitiable. Con-, of every ruse, the object of every humilscious of guilt, but still too proud to re iating word or action which jealous spleen pent; stubborn and unbending to his God had the power to inflict. We older and forsaken by his fellowman; he hung children look back and laugh over these like a target between heaven and earth, childish reminiscences, and not unlike unshielded from above and unpitied from the self-righteous Pharisee, who "would below, exposed in all his moral nakedness not have stoned the prophets if he had to the keen fiery darts of envy, reproba- | lived in their day,” vainly imagine that tion and revenge. It was then he discov such things belong entirely to the past. ered that his seemingly high aim had Men, however, are but "children of a been low; that his time and his talents larger growth,” and too often manifest, had been wasted in the pursuit of a even in their old age, the selfish and unbodiless illusion; that the bright, alluring reasonable traits exhibited in their days path which he had chosen, instead of of childhood. All are not alike. Some leading him, as he bad hoped, through sincerely struggle against, and succeed bowers of bliss to a garden of glory in conquering their evil impulses, and frebeyond, had enticed him up the devious, quently, in their stead, develop rare rock-strewn mountain-side, filled his sen

virtues which once gave little if any sitive fesh with thorns and briers, and evidence of existence, while others are left him cold and bleeding upon the

fortunate in the absence of such rices naked rocks of disappointment and des and the possession of these virtues from pair. Such was the fate of this man of the beginning. Nevertheless, there are “sublime possibilities,” but mistaken men now living, and their name is legion, aspirations; such is the fate awaiting

who either have never studied to subdue every man who labors to exalt and glor their selfish passions, or have made little ify himself, and neglects to seek first the perceptible progress in the work of subjuKingdom of God and its righteousness. gation. Men who seem to be forever But the case of Lord Byron is only one

miserable if they see anybody else atpicked out of ten thousand. The un tempting to be otherwise; who, like "the happy consequences of being eminent lean and hungry Cassius," are never at are shown forth in the lives of the best ease while they behold one greater than as well as the brightest of mankind. themselves; who labor all day and lie We are quite as often called upon to com awake nights, devising schemes of treachmiserate the lot of the prominent among

ery that will hinder the advancement of men, as to gaze with envious or admiring their rivals, and ruin the hopes and hapeyes upon their exalted station. No piness of those who have attained or are matter where we may look for an illustra- striving to attain, the summit of their letion of this fact, any field wherein it is gitimate desires. possible for man to excel his fellow-man Put the passion of envy is not confined will readily furnish an abundance of ex to any particular class. The successful amples. Like a mark to be shot at is man who has “reached the highest the man who either lifts himself or is point of ali his greatness" is quite as lifted into any kind of conspicuousness. apt to exhibit it as the disappointed He was a clear observer who said that seeker after name and position. The censure was a tax, paid for the privilege young are envious of the honors of of being eminent. I recollect with much the old, and the old are jealous of distinctness, in the days of early child the encroachments of the young. There hood, how heartily hated by his school is a class more expressively than elegantly mates was the boy of model behavior, termed “old fogies,” who seem to think who wore the teacher's silver medal as that the glory of life went out with the a reward for well learned lessons and last sun set and that it would be the exemplary deportment. Though totally climax of folly and presumption for innocent of any other offence, he was another sun to attempt to rise upon made the butt of every jest, the victim the world, who apparently imagine

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