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counted hosts of short sweet lives have in crude forms only it greets the longing been offered up at the shrine of passion, vision, but when warmed by true love, ignorance and irreligion!
based on true conceptions, and animated The spirit of true religion, the teach- by the true spirit, it becomes prolific of ings of a God-given faith, the author- | verdure, weighted with its wealth of ity of a divine Priesthood, ministering fruit; and yet the earthly harvest (even at around the sacred altar of enlightened its best) is but prophetic of that Home, homes, will in consideration of the mar where knowledge is perfect and wisdom riage covenant, in realizing its creative is “our righthand man,” we shall enjoy power, its enduring character, become all the potency of a religion heaven more orderly, more heavenly, or more created and also heaven controlled. decidedly a reflex of that which glows
H. W. Naisbitt. behind the vail.
A home without religion is a world None scale the rank of mediocrity but without its sun, life is bleak and limited; ! by self sacrifice.
OTTERS. AMONG the animals that live partly in clever creature. The entrance to his the water and partly on the land, that house is hidden under water, where no can run about on the shore and breathe dog nor other enemy is likely to find it, the air just as well as we can, and yet dive or to get in if they do find it; and his under the water and swim like a fish, home is so well planned that some part of one of the most interesting is the otter. it is always dry and well ventilated. A common otter is about the size of a When the otter wants his supper-for, small dog, having a narrow body two as he eats at night, it may be said that he feet long, and very short legs. It is takes neither breakfast nor dinner-he covered with handsome fur next to its slips quietly into the water, and as soon skin, and outside of this there is a coat as lie sees a fish, he gives chase to it. of long, coarse hair.
He has large, full eyes, like a seal's, and As this animal is very fond of the he can see in the water as well as on water, and lives principally on fish, it land. He is web-footed, and his long, makes its home on the shore of a creek flexible body and stout tail enable him or river. This home is a hole under to move through the water with a motion ground, generally quite close to the very much like that of a fish. He can water. The entrance to the burrow is thus swim very fast, and few fish are always under water, and leads upward to able to escape him. the main apartment, which is dug out as During the day-time, the otter generhigh up in a bank as possible, so that, in ally stays quiet in his burrow, but at case of a flood in the stream, the water night he comes out, and makes it very will not rise up along the entrance-way lively for the fish. Sometimes, when fish and into the otter's house. Sometimes are scarce, he will do his midnight hunt. the animal makes two or three chambers, ing on land, and will be glad to catch a one above another, so that, in case the chicken or any other small animal he water should rise in a lower room, he
may meet. and his family could go up higher, and
otter is caught when it is keep dry. He does not mind being quite young, it may be tamed. I once under the water for a time, but he can saw a couple of tame ones in New York, not live under water. From the top of and they were as lively and playful as a his house up to the surface of the pair of terrier dogs. Sometimes tame ground, he makes a small hole to let in otters are trained to catch fish for their air; so, you see, the otter is a very masters. In this kind of fishing, the
otter slips quietly into the water, and do not think the man could have been generally catches first all the fish he more surprised and delighted. wants to eat himself. When he has had In India and some other Eastern enough, he brings the next one he catches countries, this fishing with tame otters is to his master. A very well-trained otter made quite a business. Bishop Heber will go into the water several times in tells us that on the bank of a river in Hinthis way, and frequently will bring out a dostan he once saw eight or nine fine large fish each time. Otters are occasion- large otters tied to stakes driven into the ally employed by fishermen who use sand. These handsome fellows were nets. The nets are first set, and then either lying asleep on the shore or swimthe otters go into the water and drive the ming about in the water as far as their fish into the nets, where they are caught. ropes would let them. It is likely that
There is a story told of a man in when these otters were used for fishing, England who had a tame otter which their native masters did not set them followed him about on shore like a dog, loose and allow them to swim about as and which, also, used to fish for him. they pleased; but made them go into the The two companions would go out on water with the long cord still fastened to the river in a boat, when the otter would their necks. In this way the otter could jump overboard, and bring fish back to swim far enough to catch fish, and his the man. If the animal stayed away too master would be always sure of having long, his master would call him by his his otter, whether he got any fish or not. name, and he would immediately return. In England, otter-hunting used to be
One day the man was away from home, a favorite amusement, and in some parts and his young son thought it would be a of the country it is carried on yet. A good idea to take his father's otter and certain kind of dog, called the otter go fishing. So he took the little animal hound, is especially trained for this sport into the boat, and rowed out upon the and the hunters use short spears. Some river. The otter jumped into the river of the hunters and dogs go on one side exactly as he used to do for the boy's of the stream where otters are expected father, but he stayed below a long time, to be found, and some on the other. If and when the boy called him he did not an otter has recently been along the come back. Either he did not know his bank, the dogs catch his scent, and they name when spoken by a strange voice, bark and howl, and scratch the ground, or he did not like the boy well enough and the men shout and beat the reedy to come back to him, for he remained bushes and the shore until the poor out of sight, and after the boy had called otter is frightened out of his house, and him in vain for a long time, he was obliged takes to the water. But here he is to return to shore without him.
discovered by the bubbles of air which Several days after this, the man was come up where he is breathing, and the walking along the river-bank near the men wade into the stream and strike at place where his son had gone fishing. the place where they suppose the otter He was greatly grieved at the loss of his is. The dogs, too, sometimes go into pet otter, and I expect the boy had been the water, and in this way the otter is whipped. The man stood at the edge of either killed or driven ashore. When he the water, and began to call the otter by goes on land he generally shows fight, his name. He did not think there was and the dogs often have a very hard time any particular use in doing this, but it before he is killed. reminded him of his little friend and of There are otters, however, which are old fishing times. But you can scarce
much better worth hunting than the ly imagine his astonishment when, in common otter. These are the great seaa few moments, his faithful otter came otters, which are found in the regions swimming out of the water, and lay down | about Behring's Straits and in Kamon the shore at his feet. If he had schatka, also in some of the waters of brought a string of fish along with him, I South America. These are much larger
THE ECHO CAÑON WAR.
than the common otter, some of them water with their parents, and come up in weighing seventy or eighty pounds. some spot among the reeds and grass These animals are hunted for the sake of where it is impossible to see them. their fur, which is very valuable, and they There is an animal in this country are probably not so active and difficult to which is placed by some writers in the kill as the common otter, which has so otter tribe, although we do not generally many enemies that it is obliged to be consider it as such. This is the mink, very cunning and courageous. Upin or minx, and it is a great deal more those cold regions where the sea otter troublesome to us than any ordinaryotter; lives, he is only occasionally disturbed for it does not confine itself to catching by man, and probably never by any other fish, but will come into the barn-yard and creature. These otters do not appear to kill chickens or any other poultry it can pursue ordinary fish in the water, but feed lay hold of. Its work, like that of the upon lobsters and other shell-fish.
common otter, is done at night. Sea-otters are said to be very affection The fur of all the otter family is soft ate to their young, but it is not likely and valuable, and if it were not for this that they are more so than the common fact, there would probably be a great otter; the difference probably is that the
many more otters in the world than there sea-otter is much less wild and shy than
are now.–St. Nicholas. the common otter, and its habits and disposition toward its young are therefore Some souls are in danger of being lost, more easily observed. Ordinary young because they are too small to be discover. otters, even when mere infants, will, at ed; we suppose the Lord would not obthe slightest sign of danger, pop into the 'ject to saving them, if he could find them.
THE ECHO CANYON WAR.
they had enjoyed and their love of freeThe news brought on the twenty-fourth dom was promoted and increased by of July, soon spread throughout the the untrammelled exercise of its bless. Territory. No people threatened with ings for so long a time. Besides this, the invasion of their domain, the over the spirit of liberty, which is characterthrow of their institutions and the des- istic of mountain regions, was every where truction of their leaders, ever viewed the declared, even in the very elements, to hostile attitude of a great foe, with less predominate over every other influence. apprehension, as to results, than did the A people situated as ours were, with the people of Utah. They had an abiding favor of God to rely upon and unwaverfaith that the time had come when the ing confidence in their leaders, were too favor of the Lord of Hosts would be strongly fortified for an aggressor to ever manifested in their preservation, and rest make much head against them. Our ed secure in the belief that President people felt that they had suffered the yoke Young's prediction of ten years previous of mobocratic rule long enough and they would surely be fulfilled. He publicly declared, in unmistakable language, their stated on that occasion that if our enemies determination to resist the effort of the would leave us alone for ten years, we government to again expose them to the would ask no odds of them. The people rapacious plunderers, who sought their needed at least ten years respite from the lives, their homes, and were bent upon drivings and burnings and murderings their humiliation and destruction. The that had driven them from state to state puplic discourses of those days following and finally from the realm of civilization the “Twenty-fourth,” breathed this spirit, into the unknown wilderness of the West. and it was taken up and carried to every They had profited by the period of peace household.
diately upon my arrival I informed I those troops arrive they will find Utah a € City without molestation, and imTHE ECHO CAÑON WAR.
147 When Captain Van Vliet, the first Governor Brigham Young that I desired official personage sent from the army an interview, which he appointed for the headquarters, arrived in Salt Lake City, next day. On the evening of the day of September 8, be found the people in this my arrival Governor Young, with many of condition. He was however welcomed and the leading men of the city, called upon received many courtesies and testimonials me at my quarters. The governor reof kindness, which his gentlemanly de ceived me most cordially and treated me portment just ified. He mingled quite during my stay, which continued some freely with the inhabitants of the city six days, with the greatest hospitality and during his stay, partaking of their boun- kindness. In this interview the governor ties, and having a very pleasant time. We made known to me his views with regard subjoin his official report of his visit, as to the approach of the United States showing the object for which he came and troops, in plain and unmistakable lanthe spirit of the people that he was sent guage. to deal with. It was addressed to Cap He stated that the Mormons had been tain Pleasanton, Assistant Adjutant Gen- persecuted, murdered and robbed in Miseral, Army for Utah, Fort Leavenworth, souri and Illinois both by the mob and Kansas.
State authorities, and that now the United Ham's Fork,
States were about to pursue the same September 16, 1857. course, and that, therefore, he and the Captain: I have the honor to report, people of Utah had determined to resist for the information of the commanding all persecution at the commencement, general, the result of my trip to the and that the troops now on the march for Territory of Utah.
Utah should not enter the Great Salt Lake In obedience to special instructions, valley. As he uttered these words all dated headquarters army for Utah, Fort present concurred most heartily in what Leavenworth, July 28, 1857, I left Fort he said. Leavenw orth, July 30, and reached Fort The next day, as agreed upon, I called Kearney in nine traveling days, Fort Lar upon the governor and delivered in person amie in ten, and Great Salt Lake City in the letter with which I had been intrusted. thirty-th ree and a half. At Fort Kearney in that interview, and in several subseI was de tained one day by the changes i quent ones, the same determination to had to make and by sickness, and at Fort resist to the death the entrance of the Laramie three days, as all the animals troops into the valley was expressed by were forty miles from the post, and when Governor Young and those about him. brought in all had to be shod before they The governor informed me that there could take the road. I traveled as rapid was abundance of everything I required ly as it is possible to do with six mule for the troops, such as lumber, forage,etc.,
as. Several of my teams broke but that none would be sold to us. In
and at least half of my animals the course of my conversations with the unserviceable and will remain so governor and influential men in the Terri
they recruit. During my progress tory, I told them plainly and frankly towa rds Utah I met many people from what I conceived would be the result of that Territory, and also several mountain their present course. I told them that
at Green River, and all informed me they might prevent the small military that I would not be allowed to enter force now approaching Utah from getting Utah, and if I did I would run great risk through the narrow defiles and rugged of losing my life. I treated all this, passes of the mountains this year, but however, as idle talk, but it induced me that next season the United States governto leave my wagons and escort at Ham's ment would send troops sufficient to overFork, 143 miles this side of the city, and come all opposition. The answer to this proceed alone. I reached Great Salt was invariably the same: “We are aware
that such will be the case; but when
THE ECHO CANON WAR.
desert. Every house will be burned to ! in the season, I believe the troops could the ground, every tree cut down, and force their way in, and they may be able every field laid waste. We have three to do so even now; but the attempt will years provisions on hand, which we will be fraught with considerable danger, aris"cache,' and then take to the mountains ing from the filling up of the cañons and and bid defiance to all the powers of the passes with snow. I do not wish it to be government.” I attended their service considered that I am advocating either on Sunday, and, in course of a sermon | the one course or the other. I simply delivered by Elder Taylor, he referred to wish to lay the facts before the General, the approach of the troops and declared leaving it to his better judgment to decide they should not enter the Territory. He upon the proper movements. Notwiththen referred to the probability of an standing my inability to make the puroverpowering force being sent against chases I was ordered to, and all that Govthem, and desired all present, who would ernor Young said in regard to opposing apply the torch to their own buildings, cut the entrance of the troops into the valley, down their trees, and lay waste their | I examined the country in the vicinity of fields, to hold up their hands. Every the city with the view of selecting a proper hand, in an audience numbering over four military site. I visited the military rethousand persons, was raised at the same serve, Rush valley, but found it, in my moment. During my stay in the city I opinion, entirely unsuitable for a military visited several families, and all with whom station. It contains but little grass and I was thrown looked upon the present is very much exposed to the cold winds movement of the troops towards their of winter; its only advantage being the Territory as the commencement of an- close proximity of fine wood. It is too other religious persecution, and express- far from the city, being between forty and ed a fixed determination to sustain Gov- | forty-five miles, and will require teams ernor Young in any measures he might four days to go there and return. I exadopt. From all these facts I am forced amined another point on the road to to the conclusion that Governor Young Rush valley, and only about thirty miles and the people of Utah will prevent, if from the city, which I consider a much possible, the army for Utah from entering more eligible position. It is in Tooele valtheir Territory this season. This, in my ley,three miles to the north of Tooele city, opinion, will not be a difficult task, owing and possesses wood, water and grass ; to the lateness of the season, the small but it is occupied by the Mormons, who ness of our force, and the defences that
have some sixty acres under cultivation, nature has thrown around the valleyof the with houses and barns on their land. Great Salt Lake. There is but one road These persons would have to be disposrunning into the valley on the side which sessed or bought out. In fact there is no our troops are approaching, and for over place within forty, fifty or sixty miles of fifty miles it passes through narrow can the city, suitable for a military position, ons and over rugged mountains which a that is not occupied by the inhabitants small force could hold against great odds. and under cultivation.
Finding that I I am inclined, however, to believe that could neither make the purchases ordered the Mormons will not resort to actual hos- to, nor shake the determination of the tilities until the last moment. Their plan people to resist the authority of the of operations will be to burn the grass, United States, I left the city and returned cut up the roads, and stampede the
to my camp on Ham's Fork. On my return animals, so as to delay the troops until I examined the vicinity of Fort Bridger, snow commences to fall, which will render and found it a very suitable position for the road impassable. Snow falls early in wintering the troops and grazing the anithis region; in fact last night it commenc mals, should it be necessary to stop at ed falling at Fort Bridger, and this morn that point. The Mormons occupy the ing the sorrounding mountains are cloth fort at present, and also have a settlement ed in white. Were it one month earlier about ten miles further up Black's fork,