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The proclamation of the Elders was

venue.

Christendom preparing for the enunci- of inspirational energy as the tender grass ation of the Gospel; by dreams and religious world of approaching change. ciples of spiritual intercouse, for spiritual ERAS OF THE CHURCH.

109 a living. It is lawful for them to glean / many of the roads or paths in India are and gather, also what is given them narrow, and the gentoo code sets forth a without asking, and what they can obtain certain formula governing travelers, who by asking; also when distressed they should step aside, when they meet in can cultivate the earth, traffic and loan narrow paths. The man that can see, money, and apply themselves to the pro gives way to a blind man, one that can fession of the Kshatriya and Vaisya, but hear to he that is deaf; a man to a wonever descend to that of the Sudra. man; a man without a load to him They look upon service for hire, as a that has a burden; an inferior person dog's life; which they must avoid. They to a superior; a man who is in health to as a body, are celebrated beggars, and him that is sick, and all persons must from this source they derive much re give the road to a Brahman.

They are also the recipients of He from his primogenitureship and gifts which they receive from the poor

eminence of birth, having sprung from as well as the rich. No one is expected the superior part of deity, viz. his mouth, to sacrifice, unless he bestows presents

has, from his standpoint, an undisputed upon them with a liberal hand. The right, to all the wealth of the universe, king is under obligations to protect the

in form, if not in effect. His privileges Brahman, under all circumstances. By are immensely superior to his fellow doing so, the priest has power to greatly

citizens. For instance, in the scale of increase his virtue. Menu states, “of punishments for violation of law, if a that King in whose dominions a learned Brahman be the offender, he is mildly Brahman is afflicted with hunger, the dealt with, while others of an inferior whole kingdom will in a short time, be caste, and more especially a Sudra, for a afflicted with famine.”

similar offense, would receive a cruel and Prior to English supremacy in Hin- sanguinary punishment. Neither the doostan, the country was more or less

life nor property of a Brahman is to be distracted through intrigue and misrule, jeopordized, even, if adjudged guilty of which were the origin of frequent san

the most palpable offenses against the guinary revolutions. During these strug

law. One of the ordinances of Menu gles, many of the rich were in the habit states: “Neither shall the King slay a of concealing their treasures.

Brahman though convicted of all possiBrahman was the discoverer of the se

ble crimes. Let him banish the offender creted wealth, he keeps the whole. If

from his realm but with all his property the Kshatriyas or Vaisyas be the finders

secure, and his body unhurt. a part goes to the magistrate, but if a

William Fotheringham. Sudra, he, only retains two twelfths. The Brahmans are honored and respec

Many pant for the prize, but will not ted in every condition. I will here state,

run in the race.

ERAS OF THE CHURCH. The first era of this Church was a

every where seconded by the “signs spiritual one; mighty forces of this following the believers," and the spirit work all through of gathering sprung up at the bidding

was revelation in regard to the first prin

If a

character were

at

ther
, and in minds particularly sensitive Salvation

became as absolute a need, as

there was a general anticipation in the

sustenance and growth.

After much

IIO

ERAS OF THE CHURCH.

travail and persecution, continued yet | gions of human interest and enduring inevitable collision precipitated "the exo existence. Yet there are already "signs;" dus”; the massacre of the Prophets was and he who runs may read this in the a sign that there had been “war in hea- increase of intellectual activity among ven" so also was there now “war on our youth, the intense hunger and thirst earth”; not a war of canister and grape, for knowledge, the exhibition of mental of howitzer and cannon, but a war of force in both sexes, and the almost unispiritual forces more decided and des versal organization in order to meet tined to greater conclusions, than any in the emergencies of the time. Other the history of the earth. The final religious organizations have had their exodus and resettlement of the people developement in this direction; havmade the temporal question most absorb- ing a paid ministry, an educated class ing, to open farms, plant orchards, build of sectarian culture and calibre, the homes, establish towns, cities and indust- product of schools and colleges, what ries, lay the foundations and supply wonder that they have multliplied books organization for their extension and pro and formed libraries, and created tomes tect those who were fleeing “as doves to of concordance and commentary, of the window," involved not only a vast a theology and divinity, of songs and mount of temporal labor, but it also psalm. Churches humble in origin have controlled a good share of the force become fashionable and wealthy, educawhich, in earlier history had run into a tion and culture, talent and ambition, more spiritual groove. It is not to be enthusiasm and religious fervor have assumed, however, that this in volved a rallied to each standard; "Book consuspension of spiritual intercourse, may- cerns” and publishing houses have been hap this became more general and nearer created and sustained, the clergy have universal although exhibited in directions had leisure and opportunity which towhich appeared more earthly in their gether have helped the grand result. In character.

the Church of Jesus Christ of LatterNevertheless as the spiritual era was day Saints no such conditions, no such prophetic of the temporal, so are the fostering human care has been demanded two combined and continuous, prophetic and exhausted; our Apostles, and Elders of the intellectual era which must of and Bishops, have had to earn their necessity yet characterize the Church; living by "by the sweat of their brows," in fact its dawning came in the beginning, meanwhile there has been a steady acbut it as had a more lengthened twilight, cretion of material, which will in the not and even now there is barely, in the glow far distance future be utilized for the of the morning sun of advancing intelli- intellectual gratification and stimulus of gence, but a faint conception of what the youth of this, and adjoining Territhe day will surely bring.

tories of the Latter-day Saints. There It was a great struggle to break the is a new generation in existence since traditions of ages; it was beyond human we began to hoard our treasures of power to sweep away the darkness History, Biography, Travel, Miracle, which centuries had near solidified be- | Theology and Song. The deposits to be tween humanity and the source of light found in the Times and Seasons the and life. It was a great thing to lay "a Millennial Star, the Journal of Diso foundation in the desert,” for the temporal courses, files of the Deseret News, in the salvation of the gathering hosts, and to Juvenile, the CONTRIBUTOR, in private anticipate and provide for the marvellous journals, and unwritten testimony and fecundity of the owned of God. But experience, are all so many mines waitthere is yet a greater struggle for us and ing to be worked, and have their hidden ours, and that is to grasp the sceptre of treasure stamped and circulated to give intellectual supremacy and finally outvie a marvellous impetus to the mental comthe world in that, as we have already merce of a little world! It was well done in the temporal and spiritual re said in the last number of the CONTRIB

WINTER PLEASURES.

III

UTOR that it was now difficult to find the resources have increased also, and a continuous readable History of the there appears to be no good reason why Church, or of the lives of the Apostles we should not now have a good and but we have had plans and schemes popular History of the Church, and a for supplying this need, yet each deferred good and reliable history of the Proin turn for other alls, until five years, phet, and of the past and leading men at the headquarters of the Church in of Israel; no reason why we should not Europe, a "Book of Mormon” could not have a reproduction of the “Compenbe had "for love or money,” and at dium" for use among our young students; the present time, notwithstanding the no reason why there should not be every fact that hundreds of missionaries annual- month, one volume at least, issued from ly go from Zion to the nations, and many the Church press, of doctrine, biogthousands of our youth meet in “Sabbath raphy, travel or testimony, suited to schools,” in “Theological classes” and meet a large variety of taste. These, in “Mutual Improvement Societies," with hymn books, poetry, sermons that invaluable aid to every student of (revised) and current literature, such as the principles of the Gospel, called a the CONTRIBUTOR the Juvenile Instruc"Compendium,” has been many, many

tor, the Exponent, ahd the newspapers years out of print.

should have full swing to work in unison Twenty-five years ago it was in con and with persistent energy, to advance templation by the officers of the “Cen- | the mental and intellectual status of the tral Polysophical Society” to begin the people, that knowledge may speedily creation of a "Home library” by issuing "cover the earth as the waters cover the a quarterly volume of the best produc- face of the great deep!” When all the tions of its members, and also by select- spiritual, temporal, and intellectual funcing from the contributions of auxiliary tions, faculties and powers of the “best societies all through the Territory that people on the earth,” are thus directed by which was most worthy of reproduction; the authority and Priesthood of God, had this been adopted and continued, there would ere now have been a good

as to “bring again Zion” and establish

His Kingdom; it will be known that this foundation laid, but “the move south,” | trinity, conjointly, circumscribes manthe changes consequent thereon, and kind; that it is simply a reflex of the other and probably more pressing labors mighty, the continuous, the unchangehave deferred the

matter until now. However while the need has increased

able, and eternal Jehovah in his word and works!

H. W. Naisbitt.

course

as

WINTER PLEASURES. ANOTHER New Year!

How auspic- | the respite from outdoor labor; and the ious its dawn! Prosperity and peace merry jingle of the sleigh-bells keep are in the habitations of the Saints. It rapturous time to the music of glad is a time for happy greetings; the inter

young hearts. Young men and maidens change of kindly feelings between rela

view this time of leisure and social intertions and friends. It is also a fitting

most enjoyable, and most time to bestow material favors upon the propitious in promoting matrimonial enneedy. King Winter has shown his

gagements. most magnificent gray and frosty beard

“Learn to win a lady's faith and wrapped his flowing, snowy robes around the summits of the lofty hills,

Nobly as the thing is high;

Bravely, as for life and death, and the heavy garment reaches far down With a loyal gravity. over the beautiful valley. Now is the sea

Lead her from the festive boards, son for recreation and winter enjoyment,

Point her to the starry skies;

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WINTER PLEASURES.

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Guard her hy your truthful words, essential for us to become well acquainted

Pure from courtship's flatteries." with each other. In mingling together One revels not so much in thoughts socially, we usually see people in their of nature as in fireside pleasures. The best light, it brings out the finest ex. home, the hearthstone, the bright cheery pressions of the individual's real self. fire; these are appeciated now. The

Business and the cares of life, which warm cosy corner and comfortable easy

ofttimes press heavily upon the mind, chair are the luxuries sought after and making one appear to great disadvantage, indulged in most. The bright, heavy

are momentarily cast aside and scope is curtains fall gracefully over the frosted given to the higher impulses which windows; yes, frost work on the glass, beautify the soul, and possess a greater what skill can equal it? Imitate it as the charm than wealth or any of its material artist may, he can never compete with pleasures or advantages. Life is only the Great Master in this classical legen- short at least, and while it is our duty to dary picturemaking.

provide for our temporal wants, it is not "As by some genii's quaint device."

good, or beneficial to stile the affections, The glowing fire on the clean swept

the kindly feelings of the human heart, hearthstone, which throws over all ob

which are more truly elevating in their

character than the wealth of the Indies. jects in the room a luxurious warmth, is

We talk a great deal about cultispecially inviting, and almost without

vation, about excellence of attainments being aware of the inclination, one sinks

in these days, but the culture which reinto a profound reverie, where lights

fines most is that which touches the and shadows blend into fantastical pic

heart; and those attainments are most tures and the imagination revels fancy

excellent and most desirable, which infree in the realms of waking dreamland.

spire us with courage to perform life's Weil may dreams present us fictions, duties acceptably, and these include, in Since our waking moments turn

a great degree love for all mankind, and With such fanciful convictions

many courtesies to and much charity As make life itself a dream."

for our fellow beings. Those who associThese hours of momentary rest from ate largely with their fellow-men are the active labor by the winter firesides are highest type of character, possess the a sort of peaceful relief to mind and greatest magnanimity, are more ready to body, and give opportunity to recuperate forgive a wrong and have fewer rough after the long protracted toil of the edges or sharp corners that need toning more laborious months. There is a down and modifying. Consequently little time for the renewal of old friend such men and women are the ones, who ships and agreeable associations, which are most attractive to those whose perstrengthen the affections and make life ceptions are not dulled or blunted by more desirable to all. Such reunions evil. I believe that our Father in hea. and awakening of latent feeling in the ven is pleased when we come together in human breast, bring into exercise those social entertainments, where there is orattributes of the soul that help to make der and harmony. All our relations with us more like Him, who said “Do unto each other as a people should be characothers as ye would that they should do un terized by purity of purpose and a desire to you.” We all like attention and courtesy to benefit and bless others as well as from others, though we may be neglectful ourselves and in doing this we are entitled in rendering it. Yet methinks, we should to the blessings of God upon our efforts. take time to be loving and gentle, and The pleasures of the winter season respectful and sociable, for after all we are of such a nature that some are very make people better if we make them apt to indulge to excess and then they happy. Times of festivity, jollity and pall upon our senses and we are ready innocent mirth are good for us all. to declare them all vanity. Dancing is

We are all one great family and it seems one of the pastimes that is greaty

RAPHAEL THE PAINTER.

113

abused; in moderation it is good and everywhere attractive and entertaining. tends to grace and ease of manner Reading is one of the pleasures of winwhich is an accomplishment, that adds ter we should not forget to class among much to the deportment, and is certainly | its enjoyments. And a careful selecdesirable; the music of the ball-room and tion of books or papers is an essential the motion of the dancing is, more especi- matter. After reading, converse together ally to the young, like enchantment. It in the home, at the table or the fireside bewilders and dazzles them, consequent upon the subjects and you will find it a ly if left to themselves, they frequently fruitful source of pleasure, and a great ruin their health by over indulgence; and improvement of one's conversational yet a little amusement of this nature is powers. healthful and beautiful. To enumerate I have a picture in my mind of a large all the amusements adapted to the winter family, seated around an open fire-place, season would be impossible, but suffice in a very unpretentious living room, the to say, there is an abundance for old and table loaded with nuts and apples, a few young,

and we should not neglect a books with homely well worn binding, reasonable amount of pleasurable en plainly showing they had been often joyment, for it is invigorating in its physi- used; some old-style musical instrucal tendency, and in its moral tone, elevat ments were there, the young people are ing. The great difficulty is to exercise now singing, old-fashioned simple baldiscretion in these matters and keep lads to amuse father and mother; there within proper bounds.

was no blaze of chandeliers, only the We are so apt to overdo things that we glimmering fitful light of the pine-knots, like, to the neglect of mightier matters which always bring out such wierd shadthat are not so pleasant in their nature. ows and remind one of Macbeth's witchBut this is the season to enjoy the song, es. By and by when the trilling of the and the dance, the fireside winter tales, fresh young voices died out, then the music and conversation, those charms young folks said, now its your turn father that give such zest to home-life, and that or mother, tell us a story of when you are such potent influences in renovating were young, how was it you fell in love, society when rightly applied. Our for it must be a love story, mind, and the young people have the most advantageous simple but truthful story was told opportunities at the present time to im- by the winter fireside as effectively as if prove, yes, to excel in those things that it had been presented on the stage in a make homes delightful and their society | melo-drama.

Amethyst.

RAPHAEL THE PAINTER. In the year 1483 on Good Friday, | Perugino, then among the most celebrat“Raffaele Sanzio d'Urbino' was born,

ed of Italian artists. This master was in a little mountain village near Perugia, charmed with the talent of his pupil and Italy. His father was a painter and the gladly gave him all the advantages of a child was gifted with the same talent, seat in his studio, predicting for him that manifested in his earliest years by a

the future should know him for the merit fondness of colors, his little hands

of his works, and that his name would sought no other toys but the brushes and be celebrated in the world. A prophecy paints of his father's studio.

As he fulfilled beyond the master's expectation! grew older the natural love he exhibited By the time Raphael was seventeen for the canvas and his instinctive ability years of age his paintings were conto draw and harmonize colors gave such sidered to equal, and many of them to evidence of genius, that he was soon

excel those of Perugino, which of course placed under the tutelage of the great gave him considerable reputation and

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