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moving toward the coast, where it is of the moving mass. Large boulders floated away by the water of the ocean are carried down on the surface of the to a warmer clime, to be gradually melt. glacier, and these protect the snow and ed away. These mountains of Aoating ice under them from melting away as ice are known by the name of ice-bergs. rapidly as that around them. So, in the In Greenland some of these streams are course of time, all around is melted away, forty miles wide, while on the Antarctic leaving them standing on pinnacles. continent they are said to exist even on They soon, however, lose their balance, a more extensive scale.

and falling, protect the ice under them If we follow up any of these streams, as before, and thus form new projections. we shall find them to divide into branches Dirt also falls on the surface, and this the same as a stream of water, only that causes the snow under it to melt away there are not so many branches. The more rapidly than elsewhere, thus inice stream fills up and flows down the creasing the unevenness still more. very large ravines only.

Fissures are also formed, sometimes The glaciers, in sliding down to lower ten or fifteen feet wide, a hundred feet levels, are in all cases carried much be- deep, and stretching very frequently all low the snow line, that is, the line above the way across the glacier. In the winwhich the snow lies all the year round, ter season, when the heavy snows fall, year to another.

In they are covered over, and make travelSwitzerland, where the glaciers have ing very dangerous. Streams of water been studied with great care, their lower sometimes flow into these chasms, preextremities are found four and five cipitating their waters with a terrific thousand feet below the snow line. roar, and hollowing out great caverns Some seasons they creep much lower of very irregular form and extraordinary down than others, all depending on the beauty. These fissures seem to remain temperature and condition of the atmos- always in the same place, notwithstandphere. If, for a number of years to ing the forward motion of the glacier, come, the summers should be much like waterfalls and rapids in a river.

are now,

the glaciers When the bed of the ice stream increases would be enabled to creep down much in slope, the place where the break as they do sometimes

occurs is where the fissure is always in Switzerland, overturning the huts of found. We can at once understand why, the peasantry and destroying their fields. as we know that the ice must follow the

High up in the valleys, the snow that slope, and being brittle, it cannot bend, fills them up is very much the same as it but must break. As the ice passes on, fell, but every day the sun and winds the fissure may partially close up while melt a little of it, which trickles through,

a new one is forming at the same place and in the night time freezes, so that it as the old one. becomes more and more compact the Like streams of water, glaciers carry farther down we go. About half way

down with them immense quantities of down the valley the snow has changed earth and stones, but this heavy material to a mass of granules half snow and half is carried in two places, part on the surice, while still lower down and near the face, and part below, along the ground. end we find only the true glacier ice,

Where there are great changes of temwhich, however, is still not so compact perature between night and day, summer and hard as the ice we see here on our

and winter, the heat and cold causes the ponds and streams in winter.

rocks and soil on the mountain sides to The surface of the glacier is not by be loosened, and these rolling down, any means smooth, but covered with finally lodge on the surface of the glasharp projections, a number of feet high, cier, and thence are carried down until called needles, and cut up in various the ice melts away. Some jutting cliff directions by deep fissures, though most generally furnishes most of these bouldof the latter are set across the direction

ers, and in consequence of the progres

colder than they

lower than before,



sive motion of glaciers, the stones may

as the stream fows more slowly, a less be seen arranged in a long line from the coarse deposit is made, until lastly only cliff to the lower extremity. The mov

the very finest material is deposited, ing mass in grinding along the ground leaving the water perfectly clear. The carries along with it a large amount of rocks carried down by water are worn so soil and pulverized rock, as the lat that their corners are all rounded, formter would naturally be carried forward, ing cobble stones, gravel and sand, but in and ground up by reason of the friction. the glacier they are safely packed in the It makes no difference what may be

ice and snow, and carried down uninthe weight of the load carried or what jured, so that the rocks are just as angu. the size of the boulders, they are all

lar as when they were first broken off. carried to the end of the glaciers. In Nor are they separated in layers, the this respect the transporting power is

coarse material below and the fine above, different from water, as that always but all is mixed together without disdrops the coarser material first, and crimination.

7. B. Toronto.

came to town to

were less culti

NO; A TEMPERANCE STORY. Call again, boys."

lacked, it had plenty of saloons. These “We will, good night.”

were quite extensively patronized by the “Good night.”

youthful portion of the community. Not The above conversation occurred, say

only did the boys, from the surrounding twenty-five years ago, just as three settlements in the country, indulge in promising young men of about the age frequent tips when they of twenty passed out of a saloon situated

sell the products of the farm, but also on a prominent street in one of our those who plied their various occupawestern cities. The young men hastened up the street; city, were frequently seen indulging in

tions in, and immediately around the the rude plank sidewalk creaking under the intoxicating liquid.

But it was their feet, was about the only noise made, noticeable, then as now, that the boys for it was already late, and no one, save

from the country made themselves more a person here and there, who had spent ridiculous after they had indulged in the the evening in the saloons, was out. hellish beverage than did the youth or The town, or rather city, for it was incor men of the city. They porated, was an old fashioned one, with vated, and had the fault of using slang the rude conveniences of the early west and very low, silly language, of which ern settlement. But very few substan- their otherwise equal brethren of the tial houses were erected, and business city could not so justly be accused. was done in one-story lumber buildings. And, as the language a person uses Though some of the more wealthy of betrays his general behavior, so it was the citizens had erected brick buildings that the conduct of the former was more one and two stories high; and there objectionable than that of the latter; were even two buildings of brick that though it might be better to say nothing towered what seemed then an immense of conduct or character, as that of neithheight, three stories in air. But the er class (when intoxicated) is worth the upper stories were not occupied, and fre time it takes to speak of it. quently the remark could be heard from The streets of the city were wide and old heads that those buildings were a dusty. They were arranged so that a hundred years in advance of the general line of shade trees could be planted on growth of the town.

each side at a convenient distance from Like many of the western cities of the board, willow or picket fences, to to-day, whatever other commodity it make a pleasant pathway. The streets




crossed each other at short distances, reason that after their day's work running east and west, north and south, was done, they were frequently together. making square blocks of the city, which At first they were contented with each blocks contained about five acres of other's company, and would loiter leisureground. The business part of town con ly along to their homes speaking of bussisted of one of these blocks. The iness and other matters, just as one will stores faced the north, east and south; in walking with a companion whom he the west side of the block, not having has known for a life time. been built up, was occupied by two or

But men are seldom satisfied with threee small dwellings.

The inside of what they are. If a man is happy, he the block seemed to be the common thinks others are happier.

In our property of all, for here was thrown old endeavors to get something better, we boxes and rubbish of all kinds until, in often leave the happiness we possess, the hot summer months, the air in this and vainly pursue its shadow. These quarter was poisoned with the gases of young men wished to see more of pleasthe decaying garbage.

One night they stopped in front of The occupation of the people, outside a saloon to listen to the merry noises of those who transacted business, was

that came from the bar, and from the farming. The whole of the city was

billiard and pool tables. The next laid out similarly to that of the business night they went in, just to see what was block.

Neat cottages, surrounded by going on. A third night they went again flower gardens and orchards, extended that they might be able to tell what ugly for long distances on either side of the sights of wasted and wasting life were business part of town. But the farms to be seen. They spoke of the terrors, were outside of the city.

Lovely indeed and deprecated the existence of such in their summer dresses, were these places, but they were gradually falling staunch supporters of the people. And

into the error that Pope has so beautiit was indeed a pleasure to know that fully portrayed: nearly every man that lived in the city, “Vice is a monster of such frightful mein, had a farm from which he received his That to be hated needs but to be seen; main support, and upon which he gave

But seen to oft, familiar with her face, employment to his boys. Some of the

We first endure, then pity, then embrace." more successful had begun the merchan. And, therefore, when they went again, dise business in connection with farming. they saw no harm in taking a glass of The older boys of such families were

wine, though they did not make it a busicalled from the farm to aid in the offices

ness to stay and drink more. It was as

they left this time that the conversation The three young men 10 whom refer

took place which is at the head of this ence has been made, were men of this

article. class. Their fathers were successful as

man has taken his first farmers and merchants. They had been glass with an idea that there is no harm called from their farm to assist in the in it, the story is told. The reader may countinghouse. The change had been

guess the end of this narrative. As man gratifying to them.

They gradually is known by the company he keeps, it grew up to business, until they were will not be necessary to tell the story of entrusted with responsible positions in each of these young men.

But we will various transactions for their fathers. give a sketch of the history of one of They had grown up together on the them, and by this life judge those of his farms, and their affections for each other companions. And if in so doing we continued in their new circumstances. As judge them wrongfully, when inforit is true that friendship formed in child- mation of error shall reach us, we will hood are the most enduring, especially be pleased to tell of their happier lot, when childhood friends are spared the and be glad to know they have re

It was for this l pented.

and sales-rooms.

as After a

pains of separation.



Time sped on. From day to day, it with flowers—they knew not of the week to week, month to month, the three serpents that lay coiled behind." young men continued in the busy, but But though unseen, there were sercomparatively quiet life of counting- pents; and they seemed to hiss and to house clerks. At the age of twenty-four, twine their slimy forms around every the subject of our sketch, then bright letter of the words of the bar-keeper, and in the bud of manhood, chose for “CALL AGAIN.” himself a wife.

Years came and went. The rapid deOf the quiet hours, of the sighs, the velopment of the western country is looks, the eyes, the touches of the hand proverbial. Our city was not behind. that this labor of love embraced, all | To-day, the business block is built all men shall be left in ignorance. This is around with fine brick edifices. Three not a love story. Besides, the reader blocks on either side, where once were may have experienced all this, and con dwelling houses, are now lined with sequently can obtain a better knowledge business houses, hotels, banks, and by recollections of the past than by magnificent saloons. The streets are reading an attempted description; and if lighted with electricity; the old lumber the reader has not had this experience, sidewalks have given place to substanhe must be content with the assurance tial asphaltum. Everything is hurry and of sages, poets and others, who should bustle. Street cars, news boys, bells, know, that the happiest moments of his clocks, whistles, make an intolerable life lie in the future.

racket. Business has swallowed up the He married. A good and lovely wife humbler and happier avocation of the made his pleasant home happy. His | farmer. And where, twenty-five years residence was made beautiful ,by trees ago, each head of a family had a farm, which threw their cooling shadows over now each capitalist has twenty farms; the paths and walks; a fountain watered their former owners, slaves to their own the flowers that grew in rich profusion indiscretion and folly. Fortunes have around the little lawn that lay in front of thus been built upon failures. And we the cottage. In the back ground fruit rest assured that this will continue to be trees were planted. By bountiful crops, so, as long as men gain knowledge from these rewarded the labor that had been experience rather than, in such cases, bestowed upon them. At night when he from what they see in others. Never returned from his labor, he would often mortgage your home or farm simply to sit upon the porch with his wife; the

experience results; but go to those who surroundings, their love, and the bright have done so, and hy what you see, learn prospects of the future, suggested to the passer-by true earthly happiness, and About three blocks north of the busioften caused envy in the hearts of those est part of town stands a lonely house. less fortunately situated.

The shade trees are cut down, their In the course of time, bright children branches are gone, as if they had been blest their home. There seemed to be stripped to serve as wood for the misernothing that could ever cloud the sun of able creatures that inhabit it. The fence their happiness. In that home, affability is down. The fruit trees have been desand kindness, industry and love, charity | troyed by loose animals who have made and good-will, made their dwelling place their scanty shade a resting place. The delightful. As Bulwer says of Glaucus windows are broken; the ruins of what and Ione, so might it be said of these: was once a fountain, are scattered in “There was poetry in their very union. front; near one side of the house is an They imagined the heavens smiled old broken down baby carriage. The upon their affection. As the persecuted rooms inside look uninviting and cold, seek refuge at the shrine, so they recog even shabby and dirty. The rising nized in the altar of their love an asylum moon, shining over the old tree stumps from the sorrows of earth; they covered as it once did through the proud foliage

your lesson.



of their branches, shows a sad picture of ill clad, bended with age, was tottering mi sery and disgrace, where but a few to town to sell her family Bible, the last ye ars ago it shone to reveal true love comfort she had, for drink. She had and happiness. A poorly clad woman sold her bed and preferred lying on the her hair in disorder, is lying in front of foor that she might have drink. Was the door.

she not young once? Was she not good? “That old woman's drunk again,” | Was she not affable and kind? Yes; but shout the little urchins as we stop to drink works ruin; it places hatred where look at the sad picture.

love should dwell; it gives destruction "What, a woman drunk!"

for prosperity; ugliness for beauty,sorrow Yes, she was driven to it; her hus- for happiness; for manhood and womanband is a drunkard. He was once a hood, weakness and idiocy; for health promising young merchant. His father and strength, sickness and a clouded died and the business fell to his son, and mind; it embitters the sweets of life and for some years it prospered. He mar causes father and mother to forget their ried this woman, and they liv happily offspring.

And with all its attendant together until he began to drink. It curses, drink had wrought this change crept slowly upon him; he took one upon the once happy couple. What a drink first, he imagined no harm in it; sad picture this, compared with that of he was invited to call again, which he twenty-five years ago. This couple will did, until he became what he now is-a soon die uncared for, unhonored and disdrunkard, whom nobody respects, and pised; only to awaken in the other world whom all shun. He had a lovely house

to find themselves in a self-made Hell, here, a good wife, and children to make tortured with the bitter recollections of him happy. He owned a good store in a life spent in sin and uselessness. the city, and was doing a lively business.

And all this because a promising His store is in other hands now; he does youth did not say the simple “NO” to the not own a cent; even this uncultivated invitation, “Call again.” spot is not his. The owner lets him In conclusion, I wish to state that occupy the place simply from pity. this did not take place twenty-five years Day-time sees him loafing around the ago, but that it happened in one of the benches of the drunkard, and night finds

streets of Ogden City on the evening of him in the saloons waiting for drink, Saturday, September 3d, 1881. And if bearing the insults, slurs and jeers of this should ever fall under the eyes of unknown companions with the hope that

the three young men whose conversation their pity and love for fun will give him with the bar keeper is given at the head drink. When the hour for closing comes, of this article, I beg of them never to he is turned into the street and his rest “call again,” lest the story which I have ing place is the cold ground or the prison told become a reality in their lives. Cell. His children are paupers, growing

Edward H. Anderson. up in ignorance and disgrace. And his wise-heavens what a pity!-a drunkard

Few persons have the wisdom to pretoo. She was good, lovely, affectionate.

fer censure which is useful to them, to It seems impossible that a woman of praise which deceives them. this character can become so degraded The kind of little boys who go to as the drunken hag we see before us. heaven.—The teacher had grown eloBut it is not. She endured her troubles quent in picturing to his little pupils the long and well. She saw her husband dis beauties of heaven, and he finally asked: graced, his property gone, and above all, “What kind of little boys go to heaven?” the love he bore for her destroyed in his A lively four-year-old boy, with kicklove for drink. She sought succor in ing boots, flourished his fist. “Well, the same evil, the result of which is ruin you may answer," said the teacher. alike to either sex. Have you not wit “Dead ones!” the little fellow shouted, nessed this? A few days ago, a woman, at the extent of his lungs.

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