Linguistic Semantics: An Introduction

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Cambridge University Press, 30.11.1995 - 376 Seiten
Linguistic Semantics: An Introduction is the successor to Sir John Lyons' important textbook Language, Meaning and Context (1981). While preserving the general structure of the earlier book, the author has substantially expanded its scope to introduce several topics that were not previously discussed, and to take account of new developments in linguistic semantics over the past decade. The resulting work is an invaluable guide to the subject, offering clarifications of its specialized terms and explaining its relationship to formal and philosophical and to contemporary semantics and pragmatics. With its clear and accessible style it will appeal to a wide student readership. Sir John Lyons is one of the most important and internationally renowned contributors to the study of linguistics. His many publications include his Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics (1968) and Semantics (1977).
 

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Inhalt

Setting the scene
1
11 The meaning of meaning
3
12 The metalanguage of semantics
6
13 Linguistic and nonlinguistic semantics
11
14 Language speech and utterance langue and parole competence and performance
16
forms and meanings
22
16 Sentences and utterances text conversation and discourse
32
17 Theories of meaning and kinds of meaning
40
conjunction and disjunction
162
implication
167
negation
169
66 Sentencetype clausetype and mood
176
67 The meaning of interrogative and declarative sentences
182
imperatives exclamatives volitives etc
193
The formalization of sentencemeaning
199
71 Formal semantics and linguistic semantics
200

Lexical meaning
46
21 Forms and expressions
48
22 Homonymy and polysemy lexical and grammatical ambiguity
54
23 Synonymy
60
24 Full and empty wordforms
65
25 Lexical meaning and grammatical meaning
71
Defining the meaning of words
75
31 Denotation and sense
77
32 Basic and nonbasic expressions
83
33 Natural and cultural kinds
89
34 Semantic prototypes
96
The structural approach
102
41 Structural semantics
103
42 Componential analysis
107
43 The empirical basis for componential analysis
114
44 Entailment and possible worlds
117
45 Senserelations and meaningpostulates
124
Sentencemeaning
131
51 Grammaticality acceptability and meaningfulness
132
52 The meaningfulness of sentences
134
53 Corrigibility and translatability
138
54 Verifiability and verificationism
140
55 Propositions and propositional content
141
56 Nonfactual significance and emotivism
144
57 Truthconditions
146
58 Tautologies and contradictions
149
Sentencemeaning and propositional content
153
61 Thematic meaning
154
62 Simple and composite sentences
157
72 Compositionality grammatical and semantic isomorphism and saving the appearances
204
73 Deep structure and semantic representations
209
74 Projectionrules and selection restrictions
215
75 Montague grammar
221
76 Possible worlds
226
Utterancemeaning
234
81 Utterances
235
82 Locutionary acts
240
83 Illocutionary force
247
84 Statements questions and directives
253
Text and discourse context and cotext
258
91 Textsentences
259
92 What is a text? And what is text?
262
93 Utterancemeaning and context
265
94 Implication and conventional implicatures
271
95 Conversational implicatures
277
96 What is context?
290
The subjectivity of utterance
293
101 Reference
294
102 Indexicality and deixis
302
103 The grammatical category of tense
312
104 The grammatical category of aspect
320
105 Modality modal expressions and mood
327
106 Subjectivity and locutionary agency
336
Suggestions for further reading
343
Bibliography
347
Index
360
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