Conscription in Britain, 1939-1964: The Militarisation of a Generation
Taylor & Francis, 2006 - 307 Seiten
Compulsory military service in Britain can be traced back to Anglo-Saxon times, but it was only in the twentieth century that it became universal. Conscription occurred during both world wars with a total of eight million men in total being conscripted into the army, navy and air forces, and after the end of the Second World War compulsory service continued for another eighteen years to meet overseas commitments and under the threat of the Cold War.
Conscription in Britain 1939-1963 outlines the historical record of conscription from the fyrd of the Dark Ages, through to Nelson's day and up to and including the First World War. The book goes on to concentrate on conscription during the Second World War and National Service which continued in the decades afterwards. The strategic and political considerations that governed British military recruitment in the period 1939-1963 are described and analyzed. Individual experiences in the services are examined, putting human flesh on the strategic and political skeleton. The book looks at aspects of conscription including the demands made on the services, how officers and men were selected and trained, and how discipline was imposed. The years following the Second World War are also investigated, considering the effect of twenty four years continuous conscription on the services themselves; on women's rights; on attitudes towards authority and patriotism; on race issues and on the breakout of individualism in the 1960s.
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The continental and the maritime
Survival and success
Cold War and imperial decline
Pacifism and pledges
Pulling together mostly
The exempted and the rejected
Misfortunes of war
Patriots and neutrals
At sea and down the pit
Defending the home front
At the lathe on the land
Wrens Atts and Waffs
Pegs and holes
Officers and gentlemen
Colour class and creed
Roll on demob
Expediency not ideology
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