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cult to preserve specimens of botany, and gathering sponge, and bringing it to me, still more so of entomology ; but the Labout twenty large pieces for an empty shells, though rare, beautiful, and valu- quart bottle. A good boiling is required able, are easily preserved. Of these I to extract the particles of salt from the shall take such as may be available for sponge. The day may come, perhaps, the chapel-bazaar, and a few, perhaps, of when this, with many other articles, will the most beautiful and valuable, for other lay the foundation of a brisk Feejeean purposes. The harp-shell is found in trade, to be carried on with civilized coungreat perfection among the islands : the tries. The wicker-work baskets of Feejee Nautilus, and a few of the orange cowrie, are strong, handsome, and useful, beyond with many other valuable shells, are any that I have seen at home or abroad. found by the natives on the reefs: we They sell a good one for two yards of cannot find them, but must depend on calico; a mat of good firm texture, and those who have had time and opportunity about eight feet square, will cost the for such tedious pursuits; and they sell same. In such articles of manufacture them at a price by no means trifling. this people excel. The clubs and spears Ships of war from America and France of Feejee are very neatly formed, and often call here, and buy such things at a awfully ponderous. Their bows and random price, and to the astonishment arrows also are excellent; but they know of the natives themselves. Our ships how to put a good price upon them. I of war very rarely call, though by have not purchased many, as they give doing so they might accomplish much the best they have to those they love ; good, and make a proper impression on and who are so likely to stand high in the native mind. But, while science their esteem as their benefactors ? brings the American ships of war, and 20th.-We have been fully engaged a zeal for planting Popery, where we to-day in sketching our plans for the have prepared the way, brings the navy Auckland school, to receive the children of France into these seas, there has yet of Missionaries in these seas; and also in been no inducement strong enough to laying down an educational scheme for bring British men-of-war into this group, Feejee ; and the rules for civil govern. or, if they have come, the natives did ment, which shall be recommended to not know them. One would think that the consideration of the Christian Chiefs, the murder of so many white men, and at a period as early as may be necessary. the horrid cannibalism of Feejee, where 21st.-How the Missionaries can so many Mission-families reside, might study, or exercise themselves, in this be sufficient to induce a call from ships oppressive climate, is scarcely conceivof war now stationed in the vicinage of able; yet they do both, and complain these islands; but what are these consi. not : but those who are newly arrived derations to officers who love their an- feel greatly distressed, until they become chorage and the port ? Beside, who and seasoned against the heat and the muswhat are these Mission families ? Mere quitoes. I not only feel very much sectaries! Who ever dreamt that they inconvenience from the heat, but the were subjects of Great Britain ? We perspiration flows down over my bald know that the Gospel needs not the aid head, and the evaporation from the rollof great guns ; but there are times when ing stream as it passes down over my refractory white men may be restrained face while writing, spreads a dense mist by the presence of a British authority; over the spectacle-glasses, so that I am and even the natives themselves may unable to proceed, until I have cooled receive a wrong impression when other myself by a plunge into the water. navies give countenance to those who are The old store at Vewa having been of their nation, while the English Pro- joined to the printing-office, and both havtestant Missionary, living where war and ing fallen into decay, a new printing-office cannibalism are the common practice of is now being erected under the eye of the the people, is not favoured with the Missionaries. A tribe of natives from the countenance of any part of the navy of neighbouring large island is engaged for his country. The Popish Priests know this purpose : they are to find the matewell how to avail themselves of such an rial, and build the house, trusting to argument, for the purpose of lowering our their employers for a righteous compenMissionaries in the eyes of these warlike sation when the work is all completed. barbarians.
This, I am happy to say, they readily 19th.-The wind is from the north, and uniforınly do in Feejee, where our and the heat is, therefore, intense. Mul- credit stands sufficiently high to secure titudes of the native women and young their full confidence. people are on the reefs and in the sea, This house is erected of strong timber, for the frame-work, and of the large and her care, and where the tedious natives long bamboo which abounds here, for the crowd around. side-walls and roof: the lower part is Such is a very faint picture of the de thatched with the leaves of a tree, and voted men employed in these Missions, the upper with the sugar-cane leaf, fas- of whom it would be wise to say, what tened to small straight canes. The we often hear said in a very different whole looks very well, both within and sense, “ They may do to go abroad ; without, and will stand firmly for six or they may be fit for the Mission-work.” seven years. The size of this office is Whoever has been tempted to think that twenty-one feet by twenty-two, and the inferior men are good enough to send out entire cost, except the windows and door, as Missionaries, cannot have estimated is £2. 10s., in Mission property. The the cost of sending them, the mighty number of men at work is sixty, and the obstacles they have to overcome, the time they take is three days.
versatility of gifts and graces they need, We have a stone-built house, and one and the untold evils which must result of timber, in Vewa, erected, of course, from an unqualified standard-bearer. by white men. We shall forth with get Let no young Superintendent propose, title-deeds from the King, or Chiefs, as nor any Quarterly-Meeting pass, a canthe best thing that can be done under the didate for the Christian ministry, of club-law system: but in case of a war, slender abilities, and questionable qualifideeds, lease, and all may be destroyed. cations, under the absurd and inexcusable
We shall, however, feel it a duty in inspression that such a man, though not every place to set apart a piece of land fit for the home work, “may do to go for Mission purposes, and pay for the abroad.” Our work abroad requires men fee-simple thereof, to the amount of front of all the wisdom, courage, and piety three to ten acres, at a price averaging a that can be obtained. No man is too pound an acre. This may now be dine good for the Mission-work. This field in Feejee without any difficulty ; but will give full scope to all his energies who can say what may be hereafter! and powers, no matter how much they
22d -Our Missionaries here are hard. may have been cultivated, improved, and working men, and men of all work. refined. If possible, the man who is to They rise early and translate the Scrip. spend his life in learning a strange lantures, or prepare other good books : they guage, and in raising and ruling new teach the natives useful arts, and guide churches, far away from the wise counsel them in all they do: one part of the day of his fathers, should have his full time is devoted to native schools, and another in one of our admirable Institutions, and to the schooling of their own children. there be instructed in those things which They preach the Gospel to all who will may prepare him rightly to discharge hear it, morning, noon, and night. They the duties of the pastoral office. These
tle disputes for all parties. They are observations which are pressed upon me consulted about every important enter. in my every day movements, in the disprise, and have their hand in everything charge of my duties, among the South-Sea that is going on. They are lawyers, Mission-Stations. physicians, privy-councillors, builders, To show how thoroughly an English. agriculturists, and frequent travellers on man may become inured to the heat of the high seas in the frail native canoes. the tropics, I set down the casual remark They are men,
of Mr. Hunt, made to me last evening, “ Whose path is on the mountain-wave,
when the perspiration was oozing from Whose home is on the sea ! "
every pore, as we stood under the vertical
sun. “ The house,” said he," which They study hard, that they may give a the natives have constructed, will not faithful translation of the word of God; admit any air, and will be very warm several of them daily read Hebrew, Greek, and comfortable.” and Latin, for this end; beside their 230.-We have just learned that a constant application to the perfecting of wliole town has embraced Christianity, their knowledge of the native language, near Bua, the new station for which we in which they preach and converse daily are to sail next week. It seems that with ease and fluency. These things this people have heard one of our simple they do in the ordinary course of their Native Teachers propound the Gospel to regular labour as Pastors of the Aock of them, and they have in a body thrown Christ; beside the oversight they are away their heathen gods, just at the moobliged to take of their own domestic ment when we are preparing to take Mr. affairs, where the busy housewife plies and Mrs. W'illiams there, more fully to
explain to them the way of salvation could not help me; but your God has Who can deny that the finger of God cured me. I shall, therefore, lotu at was here? Here are a people prepared once.” He did so; and many of his of the Lord, and here is a Missionary people are being instructed, in order that prepared for this people. Neither party they may be saved. Mr. Hunt related knew what the other was doing ; but the to me a second case, very similar to the Lord was present with both, giving seed foregoing, where the Priest was brought to the sower, and bread to the eater. to receive Christianity by reason of a “Go, preach the Gospel to every crea- cure which had resulted from his taking ture, and, lo, I am with you alway to medicine prescribed by the Missionaries. the end of the world.” It is in this way And even imperial Bau has changed its that his work appears unto his servants. haughty tone towards us, since some of
Bau will surely lotu before long; and their children, and others, have been then, Mr. Hunt says, full one hundred cured of sore diseases in this way. This thousand souls will be waiting for the is just what one might expect from such word of life at our hands. It is esti. people, influenced by the kindness and mated that in Feejee there are three benefits received at the hands of Christ's hundred thousand souls, who at present messengers; and it shows that medicine bid fair to be cast upon us for reli. for the body should be liberally supplied gious instruction. I have sometimes to mere Heathen Stations, and that, in heard comparisons instituted between the hands of careful and duly prepared our different Mission Stations, and the men, such medicine may prepare the palm given to those where the multitude people to hear of the spiritual remedy was greatest. True it is that all souls that saves the soul of the vilest offender. are the Lord's; but we do not see him 24th.– The Lord's day. I preached always saving men in the greatest num- to a full and well-behaved congregation bers, where they are the most densely of Feejeeans; and the word was decrowded. There are some places where voured by them. They seemed to bow the people receive the word of God with before the Lord, and fully to enter into all readiness of mind, and multitudes the spirit of Christian worship. There there are added to the Lord. Where he is evidently a great work now in progress works, the Mission prospers; and the here, and I expect soon to “see greater prosperous Missions ought not to be things than these.” The brethren are lightly esteemed, seeing that the Lord repairing to their respective Stations as hath delighted to honour them. The fast as the vessel can take them, and are Friendly Isles and Feejee are of this encouraged to expect that happy effects happy number. The triumphs won will crown the labours of this year. here are truly illustrious. Such cannibals They are full of zeal and hope them. and bloody men are seen fully saved ! selves, and are, I believe, likely to be yea, suffering the loss of all things for extensively useful in their respective Christ's sake! They flee to Vewa that islands and Circuits. they may enjoy quiet from without, and Mr. Hunt is appointed to translate the read the New Testament, which is now Old Testament into Feejeean; and Mr. complete in the Feejeean language. Lyth to read and revise the manuscript : Several of these men are Chiefs of high it will then be seen by as many other rank among their countrymen, whom brethren as can conveniently inspect it, they long to instruct in the things con- and immediately pass through the press, cerning the kingdom of God. To train so as in three or four years to be comthem for this purpose, a native Institu. pleted. This is a great work, and God has tion is in operation here, and the angels provided for it, by giving us instruments, with their trumpets are preparing to who seem every way qualified for its sound. These are the things which performance in a manner the most creChrist, by the power of his Gospel, is ditable to themselves, and satisfactory doing in poor Heathen Feejee. And who to all concerned. The New Testament, hath despised the day of small things ? now in print, gives very general satis
In one of the distant towns, where we facti have two hundred members, it happened The Stations of the Missionaries in that the Chief of the place was also the Feejee are already so extended, that 10 Priest. He was taken ill, and did all in visit them all, I have to perform a voyhis power by enchantment and by Feejee age of about seven hundred miles. In medicine ; but, when all had failed, he a year or two more we shall, by God's sent for some medicine from the Mis- blessing, have taken possession of both sionaries, which issued in his recovery. the centre and the circumference of the He then said, “ I tried my god, and he entire group. In all parts the seed is beginning to grow, poor Somosomo ex. work to a sad extent, and was then dis. cepted ; and even there we are by no covered, and made full confession. The means without hope that what has been babe is not dead, but seems to pine away, cast into the ground, and buried there, and shows great difficulty of breathing. may one day spring up, and ripen to the No doubt the injury is considerable ; Gospel harvest.
but whether, under the judicious treat25th.-A female came this evening, ment of Mr. Lyth, its life can be prewith several other sick persons, in the served, time will show. I fear the effects usual way, to be cured of her disease. will remain co-eval with life. It appeared that her arm was disabled, It is a fixed opinion in the minds of and rather painful from the extraordinary our Missionaries, that men in their wild, course which this poor silly Heathen had Heathen state are generated with a more adopted. The case was this :-One of depraved and vicious nature, than is the her fingers had become painful, and she case in Christian and civilized countries. had proceeded in the most deliberate I am not aware of any reason why this manner to cut off the finger next to it; may not be the case. Human nature is but, as the pain in the diseased finger fallen and corrupt all the world over, and did not abate, she cut off another finger; there is none that doeth good, no, not having now only two left, and one of one; but does it therefore follow that them diseased. The pain, however, had there are no degrees of wicked men, and left the finger, and settled in the arm, of vicious natures ? Mr. Fletcher obwhen she came to Mr. Hunt to be cured. serves that oak-trees are oak-trees all the Such a thing, I am informed, is by no world over, but some grow more crooked means unusual among the Feejeeans. than others. The oracle says, that They use the knife very freely upon “the wicked shall wax worse and worse.” themselves when affliction overtakes And analogy says the same: take the them, Medical knowledge has done wild fig, and compare it with the same much to prepare the way for the truth in shrub and plant in your garden. Do these islands; and, as Mr. Lyth is a the same with the crab-tree and the Surgeon, most of the brethren have taken apple; or, compare any wild shrub, à leaf out of his book.
flower, or tree with those that are cultiOne of the most painful and barbarous vated and trained. Go from the vegetable facts connected with any Mission family to the animal world, and compare your in these seas, has just now come to light. domestic poultry with wild-fowl, wild Our excellent young friends, Mr. and rabbits with tame ones, wild cattle with Mrs. Watsford, who have been at Ono, tame ones, and so examine any other one of the out-islets, during the year, analogies: then say whether the wild have come in for their full share of do ones do not come forth as the inferior mestic trial, arising from the want of and degraded offspring of the wild famiservants. The natives there have no lies, and cannot be elevated to the higher idea of serving in a family, where all condition of the family, until, like them, their time would be occupied, and where they have passed under cultivation. The everything would appear new and strange. state of the poor Heathen is awfully deThe King of Ono, however, sent one of graded, and has strong claims upon his young daughters as a child's-maid; Christian pity and benevolence; and and this girl has showed herself a tho those who devote their lives to the Misrough Feejeean for cunning and cruelty, sionary work should have a place in the in which these people surpass all others prayers and other kind offices of all that I am acquainted with. Her cunning churches and good men every where, and led her to invent such strings of lies as at all times. really surprise one ; and all of them The King of Vewa sent one of his tended to ruin the character of Mr. and men to-day, begging Mr. Hunt to give Mrs. Watsford. To this vile practice him a piece of pork for his dinner! she added the most shocking cruelty, Both the Queen and himself are proabout which there can be no mistake; fessed Christians, and bear the fruits of for the whole affair has been openly con faith and love; but they are not very fessed, and too clearly demonstrated, to wise in their economical affairs. The admit of any question. It appears that command of Feejee riches is very great; she intended to murder the babe of Mrs. but still they are often without a meal Watsford, and to conceal the fact. Her when they are hungry. The King's name plan was to avail herself of those times is Melchisedek, and his history will vie when the child was cross, to hug it in with that of the most bloody of his race ; her arms so strongly as to crush its but in the arts of cunning and deception frame together! She proceeded in this he stands unrivalled in the annals of Feejee. The conversion of such a war. coat, (beside his usual linen,) and over rior might be expected to excite the all a wide-brim straw hat. They neither wrath of his compeers; and it did so for dress in costly array, nor fare sumpa long time, during which the haughty tuously at any time; but, having food Chief's of Bau meditated the destruction and raiment of the plainest kind, they of Vewa; but, it seems, the Mission are there with content, and pursue their established there was its wall of defence: high and holy vocation, preaching the and is it not true of all God's servants Gospel, the whole and pure Gospel, that He is a wall of fire round about justification by faith, and entire sancti. them? How else could our Missionaries fication or perfect love, holiness brought live in Feejee ? It is the common re- into the heart by the Holy Spirit, remark of all the white men in Feejee, ceived by the earnest, praying penitent, that they are only safe when they are through simple faith in Christ, exercised under the wing of the Missionaries. in full expectation of a present salvation. Some live, therefore, as near the Mission These things they teach and exhort with premises as they can; and so gracious all long-suffering and doctrine ; saying, is the Lord, who hath redeemed all men, " Save yourselves from this untoward that a few of these runaway sailors come generation.” And the Lord works with under the influence of divine grace and them, and signs follow in them that truth, both at Tonga and Feejee. I am believe. glad to find that our brethren, for the 28th. The heat is so great here tomost part, treat this class of persons day, that my going into a cold bath in with kindness, and afford them many the shade was quite agreeable at first; helps, which they could not obtain else. but, after a little, I felt a desire to be where. By such means the Christian refreshed with a lower temperature ; a Minister is most likely to win souls, thing that could not be, for I had got and to exalt his Lord and Master. into the coldest element, in the coldest
26th.-- This morning, a case of printed place to be found. The old hands say, calico, a private order of Mr. Williams's, « The weather is very hot now; but which had been lying some time in the we can bear it very well, feeling little store here, (because it was not safe to inconvenience, and suffering no injury." have many things at Somosomo, where What a kind Father is “our Father ! ” he lived,) was found drenched with wet, The brig returned from Lakemba and in consequence of the bad roof of the Ono, to which places she had conveyed comnion Mission-store. Many of the Mr. Calvert and Mr. and Mrs. Hazle. articles are stained and spoiled. These wood. On entering among these Vewa things, being his barter, are of great reefs, she struck the bottom, but did not consequence to him. Not long since, a stick fast. This navigation is really case of axes was lost at Somosomo, very difficult, and especially as the helps when they were in the act of landing by good charts are few, and other marks them. In this way our brethren have of direction to the mariner, such as their patience exercised, by losing their buoys, beacons, and lights, are not in supplies just when they are most needed. existence. When the case was opened, Mr. and From Ono the news is cheering ; but Mrs. Williams were both present, and owing to the rough sea, many things preparing to move to their new Siation designed for Mr. Hazlewood could not at Bua; but not one syllable of com- be landed, and going without them for plaint or of murmuring escaped their one year must be his hard lot. A change lips : they meekly submitted to their of clothes must be reckoned among the loss as to one of the light things which articles of which he is minus. Many of they were accustomed to, in bearing the his things, such as furniture and supburden of the Lord in Feejee.
plies from New Zealand, are broken and I have a full opportunity of observing spoiled ; partly, perhaps, through the how the Mission-families live; being at frequent landing of them from place to their houses from month to month. place, and partly through the carelessTheir table presents pork and yam, with ness of the seamen who did the work. water, (the best they can get, but ofteri The smashing of the poor Missionfar from good,) and pork and yam again, aries' property is really frightful, and with tea and sugar, as the main stand-by must be reformed. The many voyages comfort of their frugal board. Poultry we have to make, the want of packing, and fish are obtained, now and then, in some cases, because the vessel cannot and bread-fruit when in season. A wait so long, and the habits of seamen, Missionary's suit in general consists of a all contribute to make us suffer very thin pair of cotton trousers, and a calico heavy losses.