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Such men are the salt of the earth, and perchance are subordinate instruments of perpetuating those blessings which their Christian bravery would fain support. Or, if their efforts be frustrated by overbearing and resistless foes, they can appeal to God, (who abandons an undeserving church) for the sincerity of their zeal, and can anticipate the favor of God in a better world, where no error shall pollute the New Jerusalem. There will they find a Judge, who estimates not our exertions by their positive success; but who will welcome all his true children, all who would rather die beneath the ruins of his altar, than fly in the hour of its peril—with that voice of consolation, “ Well done, good and faithful servant, enter ye into the joy of your Lord.”


APPENDIX, A. Page 5.

Extracts from a Discourse on the Troubles at Frankfort.

The answer and judgment of that famous and excellent

learned man, Mr. John Calvin, the late pastor of Geneva, touching the Book of England, after he had perused the same, faithfully translated out of Latin by Mr. Wittingham. " To the godly and learned men, Mr. John Knox, and Mr. William Wittingham, his faithful brethren at Frankfort, &c.

“ This thing truly grieveth me very much, and it is a great shame that contention should arise among brethren, banished and driven out of their country for one faith, and for that cause which only ought to have holden you bound together, as it were with an holy band, in this your dispersion.

“ In the Liturgy of England, I see there are many more tolerable foolish things: by these words I mean, that there was not the purity which was to be desired. These vices, though they could not at the first day be amended, yet seeing there was not manifest impiety, they were for a season to be tolerated. I cannot tell what they mean which so greatly delight in Popish dregs: they love the things whereunto they are accustomed. First of all, this is a thing both trifling and childish : furthermore, this new order far differeth from a change.

“At length brotherly reconciliation was effected; and this friendship continued till the 13th of March following; at which time Dr. Cox, and others with him, came to Frankfort, out of England, who began to break that order which was agreed upon. It was greatly suspected that these persons had been at mass in England, and had subscribed to wicked articles, as one of them shortly after, even in the pulpit, sorrowfully confessed. The Phanix.

On the return of these refugees to this country, religious dissentions multiplied, the reign of Elizabeth was disturbed, and the peace and prosperity of the Church of England interrupted and broken.

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APPENDIX, B. PAGE 6. Extracts from Eikwv Baoilikn, or the "Works' of King'? Charles the First. 1 in bucitet sout

.vy ul. 10 160T “ The Popish lords and priests of Ireland were the prime eomposers of the tragedies in that country; first secretly whispering, and at last publickly imputing, that horrid massacre to the councils of the King: which slanders were co loured by acts of the Irish rebels, who, to dishearten the English from any resistance, bragged that the Queen was with their army—that the King would come amongst them with an auxiliary force—that they did but maintain his cause against the Puritans—that they had a commission for what they did, shewing indeed a patent, that they themselves had drawn, but thereto was affixed an old broad seal, that had been taken from an obsolete patent out of Farnham Abbey, by 'one Plunckett, in the presence of many of their lords and priests, as was afterwards attested by the confession of many."

If King Charles were to be blamed, he was much to be pitied: if he had done wrong, he sorely paid for the wrong: Rebellion,' is évident from Archbishop Laud's Diary, and from other documents relative to those unhappy times.

A, natural despotic disposition, increased by Jesuitical counsels, brought the unhappy Charles into a conflict, with what Tacitus terms, a Republican Ferocia and this Ferocia. inflamed by religious fanaticism, destroyed the ill-fated monarch. Whatever may be the conduct of the rulers of this world, it is the duty of a Christian to suffer for conscience sake, and resist not evil.”. Remembering what God saith, Vengeance is mine, I will repay." + bing bingoest jest 15: BTT a kasnik:

3! to?'ts tamil to ir Page 11, Note 2. Lid est Extracts from Notes to the Rhenish Testament, which every

true Roman Catholic regards, as of equal authority

with 1990

Die TV! ." Note on Deut. xxii. 12, intimates That the church such as proudly, refuse to obey their decisions on controversial points." ;


that the cestuits were very busy,

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That on Matt. xiii. 29.—“ The good must tolerate the evil, when it is too strong, &c. Otherwise Heretics ought to be chastised, or executed.'

That on John xv. 7, says—“ The prayer of a Protestant cannot be heard by heaven." 129inya abzal pian

Acts x, 9.—“The church service of England, being in heresy and schism, is therefore not only unprofitable, but damnable. The church of God, (viz. that of Rome) calling the Protestants' doctrines heresy, in the worst part there can be, and in the worst sort there ever was, doth rightly and most justly.

hiwow poi di tu. 1 Tim. iii. 12. —“The speeches, preachings, and writings of Protestants, are pestiferous, contagious, and creeping like a cancer, and therefore never to be heard."

niya, you Heb. v. 7. The translators of the English Protestant Bible ought to be abhorred to the depths of hell......A Ca. tholic man should give the curse, the execration, and the anathema, to Heretics, though they were his parents." htoi

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Extract from an account of the state of Religion in England,

written in the reign of Charles I. originally in French. “ The most politic Princes, though they make no account of religion, yet appear very religious, and take care to punish those who attempt to introduce any innovations; being sensible that the alteration of religion must needs be attended with troubles and disorders in the state. And indeed it appears,' that those' countries (such as Spain and Italy, which have undergone no change of religion, have constantly enjoyed peace and tranquility ; * whereas those that have been divided by new opinions, have felt the dismal effects of intestine wars; as it hath happened in France and Germany.

“ When England separated from the Church of Rome, it was not so much out of a desire of a Reformation, as out of 21:34-351

* The author might have added, poverty and slavery; which are the certain causes of the peace and tranquility, here spoken of; and never fail in time to make the Prince as mean and inglorious as the people. This is a false cause assigned for such disturbances. They are produced evidently by Princes and States not allowing liberty in religion ; which is plain from hence, that wherever it is allowed, it is seen greatly 10 contribute to the happiness, wealth, and glory of a nation.

revenge; Henry VIII. being highly displeased with the court of Rome, for refusing to approve his divorce. In the reign of his son Edward, the Reformation was settled with the public consent of the whole kingdom, for the reason just now mentioned. The same kingdom was as easily reconciled with the Church of Rome, under the reign of Mary, as it had freely separated from it. When Queen Elizabeth came to the crown, it was her interest to favour the Reformation ; and she found her people as willing to embrace it, as they had been to reject it in the time of Mary. The long reign of that Princess set it upon a lasting foundation, insomuch that it has prevailed under her successors, James and Charles.

“ Thus England was divided into Protestants and Catholics. But many Protestants, who pretended that the Church of England was not sufficiently reformed, refused to submit to her government: and formed a third party, called Puritans. Those parties still prevail.

“These three religious parties are opposite to one another. But the Church of England hates the Puritans more than the Catholics; the Catholics hate the Puritans more than the Church of England; and the Puritans hate the Catholics more than that Church: so that the Church of England and the Catholics do easily agree about the destruction of the Puritans. And therefore, if great men did not make use of religion, as a pretence to obtain their private ends, it would be no difficult thing to oppress the Puritan party : but they have taken it under their protection.

“ As for what concerns the reconciliation of the Church of England with that of Rome; it has been talked of in general by the Archbishop's friends, who affirmed that he was very well disposed towards it; and that if such a thing was not done in his life-time, it would perhaps be difficult to do it after his death. And indeed within these thiree


the Archbishop has all along introduced some new things bordering upon the practice of the Church of Rome ; and the Bishop Chichester, (a great confidant of the Archbishop,) the High Treasurer, and eight Bishops, whom he had on his side, did very much desire a reconciliation, and parted every day with their old opinions, to come near to those of the Church of Rome; urging, the Pope should also on his part make some steps to meet them, and the Court of Rome abate something of the strictness of their opinions, without which there could be no agreement. And what is more, the Universities, Bishops, Doctors of this realm, daily embrace the Catholic doctrines; though they make but a half-profession

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