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times, only the high-priest was so consecrated, whence the Levit. iv. 3, anointed, or the priest that is anointed, did fignify the

high-priest, (in distinction to other inferior priests.) Of kings; all that succeeded in the kingdom of Ifrael, in a legal and orderly course, and those whom God did him

self by extraordinary designation confer that dignity upon, 1 Kings xix. were so separated, (as Hazael and Jehu.) Prophets; we

do not find that they were commonly, or according to

any rule, anointed; but one plain instance we have of 1 Kings xix. Elisha substituted to Elijah in this manner, it seems, as

being a prophet more than ordinary, endued with higher gifts, and designed to greater performances than common prophets were. Now whereas the people of the Jews were by prophetical admonitions brought into an opinion

and hope, that in times to come God would send an exDeut. xviii. traordinary prophet; I will raise them up a prophet from

among their brethren, like unto thee; and I will put my
words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them all that I
Shall command him; a prophet, who should establish a new
covenant with the house of Israel, and is therefore called
the messenger of the covenant, (Mal. i. 3.) who should
propagate the knowledge and worship of God, should en-
lighten and convert the Gentiles, who should instruct the
ignorant, strengthen the faint, comfort the afflicted, ac-.
cording to many passages concerning him in the prophets;
as for instance that in Isaiah lxi. 1. cited by St. Luke,
(Luke iv. 18.) The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because
the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the
meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, &c.
and that in the same prophet, chap. xlii. 1. alleged by St.
Matthew, (Matt. xii. 18.) Behold my servant, whom I up-
hold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put
my Spirit upon him, he Mall bring forth judgment to the
Gentiles: he shall not cry, &c.: which being inspired, is
the qualification of a prophet: and such promulgation of
God's will, such ministration of comfort and counsel from
God, are the proper offices of a prophet, (thật is, of an
especial minister and agent sent by God to transact his
affairs with men, and thew them his pleasure.) This Per-

son also the Jews did from the fame instructions expect to be a Prince, who should govern them in righteousness and in prosperity; endued with power to deliver them from all oppression and Navery, to subdue their enemies, and reduce all nations under subjection to their laws; according to thofe predictions; Isaiah xxxij. 1. Behold, a King Shall reign in righteousness, &c. Psalm cx. 2. The Lord fhall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion; rule thou in the midst of thine enemies : Jer. xxiii. 5. and xxxiii. 15. Behold, the days come, faith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch; and a King Mall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth; in his days Judah Mall be saved, and Israel Jhall dwell safely: and, Jer. xxx. 8. It shall come to pass in that day, faith the Vid. Ezek. Lord, I will break his yoke from off thy neck, and will burst &c. xxxvii. thy bonds, and strangers Mall no more serve themselves of 24. him; but they shall serve the Lord their God, and David Hof. iii. 5. their King, whom I will raise up unto them: Ifa. xi. 1, 10. And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jelle, Vid. Isa. ix. and a Branch shall grow out of his rools; and the Spirit of?. the Lord shall be upon him, &c.- he shall stand for an enhgn of the people ; to it shall the Gentiles seek, and his rest Shall be glorious : and many more places clearly speak to the same purpose. That this great Person also should be a Priest, they did or might have learned from the same prophets ; for of him Zechariah thus foretold; Thus faith Zech. vi.12. the Lord of hofts, Behold the man whose name is The Branch, (a name in so many places appropriated to the Messias ;) and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the Lord: even he shall build the temple of the Lord, and he shall bear the glory, and shall st and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne, and the counsel of peace Mall be between them both. Of him also David spake; The Lord hath sworn, and will not Pfal. cx. 4. repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. From divers passages also concerning his performances of propitiation and benediction, they might have collected the fame. It is no wonder then that the ancient Jews (although the text of Scripture does not,

xvi. 5.

viii. 8.

except once in the gth of Daniel, apply this name of Christ or Messias to this person, fo promised and prophefied of) did attribute especially this title to him, it seeming most proper of any, and most comprehensive, implying all the privileges, endowments, and performances belonging to him. It is observed that the Chaldee paraphrase (composed by the priests, as an interpretation of the less exactly understood ancient Hebrew Scripture, for

the benefit and instruction of the people) doth expressly Vid. Neh. mention the Messias in above seventy places; and accord

ing to their expofitions we see that the people did confi

dently expect a Person (under this name and notion) John iv. 25. Thould come; I know, said the woman of Samaria, (so far

had this belief extended, that the Meshas comes; and when he shall come, he will tell us all things: (observe, that they did promise to themselves a full declaration of all truth by the Messias.) And when St. John the Bap

tist did live and teach in a manner extraordinary, it is said, Luke iii. 15. That the people did expect, and all men mused in their

hearts concerning him, whether he were the Christ or not:

and when our Saviour's admirable works and discourses John vii.31. had convinced divers, they said, When Christ cometh, shall

he do greater miracles than this man hath done? So that it is evident the belief and expectation of a Messias to come was general among them. And that indeed Jesus was such, in correspondency to all those prophecies, and the characters in them described and prefignified; that he was signally chosen and consecrated by God, in a manner supereminent, to all these offices, prophetical, regal, and

sacerdotal, the New Testament doth abundantly shew us; A&S 2. 38. Him, faith St. Peter, in general, God anointed with the

Holy Spirit and power ; not with external affusion of material oil, (that did only signify, as Cyrus also was not, who yet is called God's Messias,) but with real infufion of divine grace and power, enabling him to execute all those great and extraordinary functions: with this gladsome oil he was thoroughly perfumed and replenished without

measure: with this he was fan&tified from the womb; Pfal. xlv. s. when the power of the Highest did over shadow him, at or in



his conception : with this, at his baptism, he was folemnly Luke iv. 1. and visibly inaugurated; when the heavens were opened John ii. 34. unto him, and the Spirit of God descended upon him as a Matt. iij.16. dove, and came upon him: with this, in all the course of his life and ministry, he was continually accompanied ; Acts x. 88. the virtue of it being in most sensible effects of wise and gracious discourse, holy and blameless conversation, miraculous and glorious performances for the good and benefit of mankind, to the delight and consolation of all well-disposed minds, discovered and diffused. He was by this made (in right and in effea) a Prophet, a King, a Prief. 1. A Prophet : for they were not mistaken, who (upon our Saviour's admirable raising the widow's child) were amazed, and glorified God, saying, That a great Lukevii. 16. Prophet was raised up among them, and that God had visited his people: nor the disciples, who called him a Prophet, mighty in deed and speech before God and all the Luke xxiv. people: nor they, who confessed, (in St. John's Gospel,) This is in truth the Prophet that is to come into the world. John vi. 14. An extraordinary commission he had from God, declared by vocal attestation of God himself from heaven, by the express testimony of St. John Baptist, by the performance of innumerable great figns and miraculous works, (arguments in the highest degree, to utmost possibility, sufficient to assert and confirm it ;) he was in greatest perfection qualified for the exercise of that function; by inspiration complete and unlimited, by disposition of mind altogether pure and holy, declared in a continual practice of life void of all fin and guile, by an insuperable courage and con- 1 Pet. ii. 22. ftancy, an incomparable meekness and patience, a most winning goodness and sweetness, a transcendant wisdom -and discretion, a most powerful awfulness and majesty expressed in all his demeanour and actions. And suitable to the authority of his commiffion and the qualifications of his person was the weight and the extent of his doctrine, .concerning no less than the salvation of mankind, the reconciliation of God to the world, the entire will of God and whole duty of man, with all the covenants and conditions, the promises and threatenings relating to our fu


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ture state; mysteries never before revealed, decrees never to be reversed. He did not (as other prophets have done) prophefy about the constitution of one particular law or religion, the reproof or reformation of one state, the judgment and fate determined to this or that nation; but to the instruction and conversion of all people, the settling of a law universal and perpetual, the final doom of all the world, did his prophetical revelations extend. So was he

a Prophet. 2. And a King also he is, such as the ProAmos ix. phets foretold he should be, who should raise the taber

nacle of David that was fallen, and restore the kingdom to Israel, (Acts i. 6.) that should enact laws, and reduce the nations into subjection to them; fhould erect a kingdom, and govern it in righteousness, peace, and prosperity, subduing and extirpating all the enemies thereof: (a King not of this world, though over it; ruling not in external pomp and state, but by secret providence and power; not so much over the bodies and temporal estates, as in the hearts and consciences of men; not chiefly by outward compulsion and violence, but by inward allurement

and perfuafion :) a King he is indeed over all the world: Rev. v. 13. to the Lamb is to be ascribed all power and authority by

every creature : he is truly styled King of kings, and Lord Phil. ii. 9. of lords. God hath advanced him, (úmepúų woe,) and hath Epb. i. 21. given him a name (that is, a title of dignity and authority) Col. ii. 10. above every name; that at the name of Jesus every knee

should bend, whether of things in heaven, or upon the earth,

or under the ground. Of him in a higher and exacter sense Pf. lxxii.11. it was said than of Solomon, All kings fall down before

him, all nations do serve him. All men whatever (all creaMat. xxviii. tures) are his yaffals, subject and tributary to him; All Johnii.35.power is given unto him in heaven and earth. But in espexfii. 3. xvii. cial manner he is King over his Church, over that people Pl. cxxxii. whom by the sword of his word and prevalent operation

of his Spirit he hath subdued to himself, (that mystical Mic. iv. 7,

Sion, built upon the rock of his heavenly grace and truth, Ifa . ii. 2, in which it is said, God will place his residence, and reign

for ever; from whence the law shall go forth, and to which all nations shall flow.) Over this he reigns; hay

xix. 16. i. s.




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